Radiation Protection And Dosimetry

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Radiation Protection And Dosimetry

Author : Michael G. Stabin
ISBN : 9780387499833
Genre : Science
File Size : 89.85 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of all relevant topics in the field of radiation protection (health physics). The text is organized to introduce the reader to basic principles of radiation emission and propagation, to review current knowledge and historical aspects of the biological effects of radiation, and to cover important operational topics such as radiation shielding and dosimetry. The author’s website contains materials for instructors including PowerPoint slides for lectures and worked-out solutions to end-of-chapter exercises. The book serves as an essential handbook for practicing health physics professionals.
Category: Science

Ionizing Radiationprotection And Dosimetry

Author : Guy Paic
ISBN : 0849367131
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.44 MB
Format : PDF
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This guidebook explores the basics of the interaction of radiation with matter both from the physical and chemical aspects and the relation to biological effects. Calculations of absorbed doses and dose equivalent and ways to minimize exposure and optimization of radiation protection in light of the latest international recommenda-tions are discussed and examples are shown. Frequently used dosimeters, radiation detectors with an emphasis on TL and chemi-cal dosimeters and the dosimetry of fast neutron beams with spe-cial attention to medical uses in neutron therapy are discussed. The latest data on exposure resulting from natural and man-made sources in the environment is also covered.
Category: Science

Advanced Radiation Protection Dosimetry

Author : Shaheen Dewji
ISBN : 9780429621550
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.46 MB
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Although many radiation protection scientists and engineers use dose coefficients, few know the origin of those dose coefficients. This is the first book in over 40 years to address the topic of radiation protection dosimetry in intimate detail. Advanced Radiation Protection Dosimetry covers all methods used in radiation protection dosimetry, including advanced external and internal radiation dosimetry concepts and regulatory applications. This book is an ideal reference for both scientists and practitioners in radiation protection and students in graduate health physics and medical physics courses. Features: A much-needed book filling a gap in the market in a rapidly expanding area Contains the history, evolution, and the most up-to-date computational dosimetry models Authored and edited by internationally recognized authorities and subject area specialists Interrogates both the origins and methodologies of dose coefficient calculation Incorporates the latest international guidance for radiation dosimetry and protection
Category: Science

Atoms Radiation And Radiation Protection

Author : James E. Turner
ISBN : 3527616985
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.51 MB
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Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection offers professionals and advanced students a comprehensive coverage of the major concepts that underlie the origins and transport of ionizing radiation in matter. Understanding atomic structure and the physical mechanisms of radiation interactions is the foundation on which much of the current practice of radiological health protection is based. The work covers the detection and measurement of radiation and the statistical interpretation of the data. The procedures that are used to protect man and the environment from the potential harmful effects of radiation are thoroughly described. Basic principles are illustrated with an abundance of worked examples that exemplify practical applications. Chapters include problem sets (with partial answers) and extensive tables and graphs for continued use as a reference work. This completely revised and enlarged third edition includes thorough updates of the material, including the latest recommendations of the ICRP and NCRP.
Category: Science

Introduction To Radiation Protection Dosimetry

Author : J Sabol
ISBN : 9789814501019
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.83 MB
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One essential characteristic of life is the exchange of matter and energy between organisms and their environment. Radiation is a form of energy that has always been around in nature and will forever be the companion of human beings throughout life. In order to assess the impact of radiation exposures properly, it is essential to introduce appropriate quantities and units which can then be used for quantification of exposures from various sources. In principle, radiation protection is mainly aimed at controlling radiation exposure, while radiation dosimetry deals primarily with the measurement of relevant radiation quantities especially doses. This book is divided into two parts. The first contains up-to-date definitions of the most significant radiation quantities including their interpretation. In the second part, the exposures of both individuals and population at large to various types of natural and man-made sources are compared and discussed. The concept of quantities and units as well as analysis of exposure due to various sources in our environment is based on the latest, highly regarded authentic sources such as ICRU, ICRP, IAEA and particularly UNSCEAR reports and recommendations. The material reflects the latest review of the current terminology in radiation protection dosimetry and the contemporary assessment of radiation exposures of the population, radiation workers and patients. Contents:IntroductionRadiation Quantities and Units: Definitions and Interpretations:Quantities and Units — General AspectsSources of RadiationRadiation FieldsInteractions of Radiation with MatterDosimetry Quantities and UnitsQuantities and Units in Radiation ProtectionOther Quantities Recently Adopted by the ICRU and ICRPAssessment of Exposures from Natural and Man-Made Sources:Basis for ComparisonPublic Exposure from Natural RadiationPopulation Exposures from Man-Made SourcesExposures from the Medical Use of Radiation and RadionuclidesOccupational Radiation Exposures Readership: Nuclear physicists, radiation physicists and environmentalists interested in radiation exposures and radioactive contamination. keywords:Radiation Protection;Dosimetry;Radiation Quantities and Units;Radiation Exposure;Medical Exposure;Occupational Exposure;Public Exposure “… an excellent job … especially that of serving as a valuable reference … Thus, if your need is an excellent compilation of the quantities and units associated with radiation protection dosimetry, this book is an excellent choice. If your need is an excellent compilation of population and occupational exposures due to natural and artificial radiation sources, this book is an excellent choice.” John W Poston, Sr. Official Journal of the Health Phys. Society USA
Category: Science

Fundamentals Of Nuclear Medicine Dosimetry

Author : Michael G. Stabin
ISBN : 0387745793
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89.11 MB
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Written by a leading international authority in the field, this book is ideal for physicians and residents in nuclear medicine who want to improve their knowledge in internal dosimetry. The text is a practical introduction that guides the reader through fundamental concepts in the calculation of radiation dose, including discussions of standardized models, methods of calculations, and available software applications. This comprehensive guide discusses too the biological effects of radiation on living systems. The book also includes an overview of regulatory aspects related to the radiation dosimetry of new radiopharmaceuticals.
Category: Medical

Clinical Toxicology An Issue Of Emergency Medicine Clinics Of North America E Book

Author : Daniel M Lugassy
ISBN : 9780323266550
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.84 MB
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This issue of Emergency Medicine Clinics focuses on Clinical Toxicology and is edited by Drs. Daniel Lugassy and Silas Smith and includes such topics as Emerging Drugs of Abuse, Pediatric Toxicology; Dosing and Medical Errors and Child Abuse,The Approach to Toxin-Induced Coagulopathy,The Approach to Toxin-Induced Cardiovascular Failure, The Approach to Toxin-Induced Metabolic Acidosis, The Approach to Withdrawal Syndromes, The Approach to Radiation Exposure, and more.
Category: Medical

World Congress On Medical Physics And Biomedical Engineering September 7 12 2009 Munich Germany

Author : Olaf Dössel
ISBN : 9783642039027
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76.58 MB
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Present Your Research to the World! The World Congress 2009 on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering – the triennial scientific meeting of the IUPESM - is the world’s leading forum for presenting the results of current scientific work in health-related physics and technologies to an international audience. With more than 2,800 presentations it will be the biggest conference in the fields of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in 2009! Medical physics, biomedical engineering and bioengineering have been driving forces of innovation and progress in medicine and healthcare over the past two decades. As new key technologies arise with significant potential to open new options in diagnostics and therapeutics, it is a multidisciplinary task to evaluate their benefit for medicine and healthcare with respect to the quality of performance and therapeutic output. Covering key aspects such as information and communication technologies, micro- and nanosystems, optics and biotechnology, the congress will serve as an inter- and multidisciplinary platform that brings together people from basic research, R&D, industry and medical application to discuss these issues. As a major event for science, medicine and technology the congress provides a comprehensive overview and in–depth, first-hand information on new developments, advanced technologies and current and future applications. With this Final Program we would like to give you an overview of the dimension of the congress and invite you to join us in Munich! Olaf Dössel Congress President Wolfgang C.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Practical Radiation Protection In Healthcare

Author : Colin J. Martin
ISBN : 9780199655212
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86.25 MB
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The application of radiation to medical problems plays an ever-increasing role in diagnosis and treatment of disease. It is essential that medical physicists have the knowledge, understanding and practical skills to implement radiation protection as new techniques are developed. Practical Radiation Protection in Healthcare provides a practical guide for medical physicists and others involved with radiation protection in the healthcare environment. The guidance is based on principles set out in current recommendations of the International Commission for Radiological Protection and methods developed by a variety of professional bodies. Written by practitioners experienced in the field this practical reference manual covers both established techniques and new areas of application. This new edition has be fully revised and updated to cover new requirements linked to the increased knowledge of radiation effects, and the development of new technology. Each specialist area is covered in a separate chapter to allow easy reference with individual chapters being assigned to different types of non-ionising radiations. Tabulated data is included to allow the reader to carry out calculations for situations encountered frequently without reference to further texts.
Category: Medical

Advances In Radiation Protection

Author : M. Oberhofer
ISBN : 0792312325
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33.51 MB
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Based on the Lectures given during the Ispra-Course held at the Centro de Formação Técnica, Lisbon, Portugal, October 23-27, 1989, in collaboration with the Laboratorio Nacional de Engenharia e Tecnologia
Category: Medical

Inis Atomindex

Author :
ISBN : MINN:319510006497042
Genre : Nuclear energy
File Size : 20.47 MB
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Category: Nuclear energy

Handbook Of Anatomical Models For Radiation Dosimetry

Author : Xie George Xu
ISBN : 1420059807
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.26 MB
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Over the past few decades, the radiological science community has developed and applied numerous models of the human body for radiation protection, diagnostic imaging, and nuclear medicine therapy. The Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry provides a comprehensive review of the development and application of these computational models, known as "phantoms." An ambitious and unparalleled project, this pioneering work is the result of several years of planning and preparation involving 64 authors from across the world. It brings together recommendations and information sanctioned by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and documents 40 years of history and the progress of those involved with cutting-edge work with Monte Carlo Codes and radiation protection dosimetry. This volume was in part spurred on by the ICRP’s key decision to adopt voxelized computational phantoms as standards for radiation protection purposes. It is an invaluable reference for those working in that area as well as those employing or developing anatomical models for a a number of clinical applications. Assembling the work of nearly all major phantom developers around the world, this volume examines: The history of the research and development in computational phantoms Detailed accounts for each of the well-known phantoms, including the MIRD-5, GSF Voxel Family Phantoms, NCAT, UF Hybrid Pediatric Phantoms, VIP-Man, and the latest ICRP Reference Phantoms Physical phantoms for experimental radiation dosimetry The smallest voxel size (0.2 mm), phantoms developed from the Chinese Visible Human Project Applications for radiation protection dosimetry involving environmental, nuclear power plant, and internal contamination exposures Medical applications, including nuclear medicine therapy, CT examinations, x-ray radiological image optimization, nuclear medicine imaging, external photon and proton treatments, and management of respiration in modern image-guided radiation treatment Patient-specific phantoms used for radiation treatment planning involving two Monte Carlo code systems: GEANT4 and EGS Future needs for research and development Related data sets are available for download on the authors’ website. The breadth and depth of this work enables readers to obtain a unique sense of the complete scientific process in computational phantom development, from the conception of an idea, to the identification of original anatomical data, to solutions of various computing problems, and finally, to the ownership and sharing of results in this groundbreaking field that holds so much promise.
Category: Science

Radiation Protection At Light Water Reactors

Author : Robert Prince
ISBN : 9783642283871
Genre : Science
File Size : 62.96 MB
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This book is aimed at Health Physicists wishing to gain a better understanding of the principles and practices associated with a light water reactor (LWR) radiation protection program. The role of key program elements is presented in sufficient detail to assist practicing radiation protection professionals in improving and strengthening their current program. Details related to daily operation and discipline areas vital to maintaining an effective LWR radiation protection program are presented. Programmatic areas and functions important in preventing, responding to, and minimizing radiological incidents and the importance of performing effective incident evaluations and investigations are described. Elements that are integral in ensuring continuous program improvements are emphasized throughout the text.
Category: Science

Advanced Monte Carlo For Radiation Physics Particle Transport Simulation And Applications

Author : Andreas Kling
ISBN : 9783642182112
Genre : Science
File Size : 21.46 MB
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This book focuses on the state of the art of Monte Carlo methods in radiation physics and particle transport simulation and applications. Special attention is paid to algorithm development for modeling, and the analysis of experiments and measurements in a variety of fields.
Category: Science

Radiation Dosimetry Instrumentation And Methods

Author : Gad Shani
ISBN : 9781482274202
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90.15 MB
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Radiation dosimetry has made great progress in the last decade, mainly because radiation therapy is much more widely used. Since the first edition, many new developments have been made in the basic methods for dosimetry, i.e. ionization chambers, TLD, chemical dosimeters, and photographic films. Radiation Dosimetry: Instrumentation and Methods, Second Edition brings to the reader these latest developments. Written at a high level for medical physicists, engineers, and advanced dosimetrists, it concentrates only on evolvement during the last decade, relying on the first edition to provide the basics.
Category: Medical

Techniques And Management Of Personnel Thermoluminescence Dosimetry Services

Author : M. Oberhofer
ISBN : 0792324366
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59.59 MB
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The International Commission on Radiological Protection and the Euratom Council directive have specified that workers exposed to ionizing radiation shall be subjected to individual dose monitoring. In the past, individual doses have almost always been monitored by film badge dosimeters, but thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) are now coming into widespread use, principally due to the availability of automated readout systems. Techniques and Management of Personnel Thermoluminescence Dosimetry Services gives details of the operation of and experience gained with a number of large-scale TL personnel dosimetry services, with particular attention being paid to the management aspects of such services. For technical and administrative personnel in TLD services, TLD system designers, staff of licensing authorities concerned with dosimetric licensing, students of radiation protection, especially in the area of protection from ionizing radiation. A basic knowledge of atomic and nuclear physics is assumed, and a training in radiation protection or health physics would be an advantage.
Category: Medical

The Dosimetry Of Ionizing Radiation

Author : Kenneth R. Kase
ISBN : 9781483273181
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.72 MB
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The Dosimetry of Ionizing Radiation, Volume II, attempts to fill the need for updated reference material on the field of radiation dosimetry. This book presents some broad topics in dosimetry and a variety of radiation dosimetry instrumentation and its application. The book opens with a chapter that extends and applies the concepts of microdosimetry to biological systems. This is followed by separate chapters on the state-of-the-art equipment and techniques used to determine neutron spectra; studies to determine recombination effects in ionization chambers exposed to high-intensity pulsed radiation; advances in water and polystyrene calorimetry; and beta-photon dosimetry for radiation protection. This book is clearly a valuable collection of work by outstanding authorities in their individual fields. It has an international flavor, with authors from England, Canada, and the United States. The quality of the work is equal to the best of what has been published in the past.
Category: Science