Quran Of The Oppressed

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Qur An Of The Oppressed

Author : Assistant Professor in the International Studies Department Shadaab Rahemtulla
ISBN : 9780198796480
Genre :
File Size : 32.58 MB
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This study analyses the commentaries of four Muslim intellectuals who have turned to scripture as a liberating text to confront an array of problems, from patriarchy, racism, and empire to poverty and interreligious communal violence. Shadaab Rahemtulla considers the exegeses of the SouthAfrican Farid Esack (b. 1956), the Indian Asghar Ali Engineer (1939-2013), the African American Amina Wadud (b. 1952), and the Pakistani-American Asma Barlas (b. 1950). The authors considered all proritise the Qur'an over the hadith. Rahemtulla considers this an essential move for a Muslimliberation theology and concludes with proposals with a new construal of what a politically radical Islam might mean, sharply differentitated from Islamism.This work provides a rich analysis of the thought-ways of specific Muslim intellectuals, it substantiates a broadly framed school of thought. Rahemtulla draws out their specific and general importance without displaying an uncritical sympathy. He sheds light on the impact of modern exegeticalcommentary which is more self-conciously concerned with historical context and present realities. In a mutally reinforcing way, this work thus illuminates both the role of agency and heremnetucal approaches in Modern Islamic thought.
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The Oppressed

Author : Hashem Mohamed
ISBN : 197352709X
Genre :
File Size : 77.85 MB
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How women are treated by Islam?Is it true that a woman worth less than a man, the husband is allowed to rape and beat his wife while she is not allowed to work or leave the house?She is forced, oppressed and suffered from FGM and she can be a victim of honor killing?Does Islam need a reformation? Do women have any rights in Islam? What is Sharia anyway? This book is a result of a long study of the Quran, hadith and Islamic history. In this book we will understand the situation of women in our modern world. We will search for the roots of FGM, honor killing and will know what Islam says about them. We will try to find the Islamic meaning of Hijab, the reasons behind it, and will see if there is a relationship between wearing it and being oppressed. Then we will go back in the history and will see what the situation of women was during the Islamic caliphate and at the time of Mohamed, the prophet of Islam. We will understand what sharia is and what women's rights in Islam are. This book is for everyone who cares about women's rights.This book is for every man who thinks that he can use the religion to justify his bad actions toward women. This book is for the Muslim woman who doesn't know her rights. This book is for you.
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Qur An Liberation And Pluralism

Author : Farid Esack
ISBN : UOM:39015041335467
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35.85 MB
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The demise of apartheid in South Africa in the 1980s followed an unprecedented unity in struggle against oppression from members of different faith traditions. Determined as South African Muslims were to participate with the rest of the oppressed in solidarity against apartheid, this brought them into conflict with interpretations of the Qur'an that denied virtue outside Islam, and left them searching for a theology that would allow them to both co-operate against injustice and be true to their faith. In this challenging account, Farid Esack reflects on key qur'anic passages used in the context of oppression to rethink the role of Islam in a plural society. He exposes how traditional interpretations of the Qur'an were used to legitimize an unjust order, and demonstrates that those very texts used to support religious intolerance, if interpreted within a contemporary socio-historical context, support active solidarity with the religious Other for change.
Category: Political Science

The Prayer Of The Oppressed

Author : Hamza Yusuf
ISBN : 9781618130204
Genre : Religion
File Size : 66.66 MB
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The Power of this prayer of Imam Muhammad al-Dar’i lies in its simplicity, its purity, and its sincere supplication. It is essentially a plea to God that our transgressions be overlooked, that divine mercy be bestowed upon us, that social justice be restored in spite of us, that wrongs be righted, and that righteousness reign once again in our lands, so that the destitute may no longer be in need, the young may be educated, the animals’ purpose fulfilled, rain restored, and bounties poured forth. It is a plea to be freed from the aggression of foreigners in lands over which they have no right—a plea much needed in our modern world, rampant as it is with invasions and territorial occupations. Ultimately, it asks not that our enemies be destroyed, but simply that their plots, and the harm they cause, be halted. Its essence is mercy, which in turn is the essence of the Messenger of God, Muhammad (peace and blessing of God be upon him): “And We have only sent you as a mercy to all the worlds.”
Category: Religion

Qur An And Woman

Author : Amina Wadud
ISBN : 0198029438
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67.39 MB
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Fourteen centuries of Islamic thought have produced a legacy of interpretive readings of the Qu'ran written almost entirely by men. Now, with Qu'ran and Woman, Amina Wadud provides a first interpretive reading by a woman, a reading which validates the female voice in the Qu'ran and brings it out of the shadows. Muslim progressives have long argued that it is not the religion but patriarchal interpretation and implementation of the Qu'ran that have kept women oppressed. For many, the way to reform is the reexamination and reinterpretation of religious texts. Qu'ran and Woman contributes a gender inclusive reading to one of the most fundamental disciplines in Islamic thought, Qu'ranic exegesis. Wadud breaks down specific texts and key words which have been used to limit women's public and private role, even to justify violence toward Muslim women, revealing that their original meaning and context defy such interpretations. What her analysis clarifies is the lack of gender bias, precedence, or prejudice in the essential language of the Qur'an. Despite much Qu'ranic evidence about the significance of women, gender reform in Muslim society has been stubbornly resisted. Wadud's reading of the Qu'ran confirms women's equality and constitutes legitimate grounds for contesting the unequal treatment that women have experienced historically and continue to experience legally in Muslim communities. The Qu'ran does not prescribe one timeless and unchanging social structure for men and women, Wadud argues lucidly, affirming that the Qu'ran holds greater possibilities for guiding human society to a more fulfilling and productive mutual collaboration between men and women than as yet attained by Muslims or non-Muslims.
Category: Social Science

Islam And The Everyday World

Author : Sohrab Behdad
ISBN : 9781134206759
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22.70 MB
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This is a new examination of how Shari’a law affects public policy both theoretically and in practice, across a wide range of public policy areas, including for example human rights and family law. The process by which public policy is decided - through elections, debates, political processes, and political discourse - has an additional dimension in the Islamic world. This is because Shari'a (divine law) has a great deal to say on many mundane matters of everyday life and must be taken into account in matters of public policy. In addition, matters are complicated further by the fact that there are differing interpretations of the Shari'a and how it should be applied to contemporary social issues. Written by leading experts in their field, this is the first comprehensive single volume analysis of Islam and public policy in the English language and offers further understanding of Islam and its wider social and political implications.
Category: Political Science

Believing Women In Islam

Author : Asma Barlas
ISBN : 9780863564727
Genre : Religion
File Size : 80.47 MB
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Does Islam call for the oppression of women? The subjugation of women in many Muslim countries is often used as evidence of this, while many Muslims read the Qur’an in ways that seem to justify sexual oppression and inequality. In this paradigm-shifting book, Asma Barlas argues that, far from supporting male privilege, the Qur’an actually affirms the complete equality of the sexes. Offering a historical analysis of religious authority and knowledge, Barlas shows how, for centuries, Muslims have read patriarchy into the Qur’an to justify existing religious and social structures. In this seminal volume, she takes readers into the heart of Islamic teachings on women, gender and patriarchy, offering an egalitarian reading of Islam’s most sacred scripture. This revised edition includes two new chapters, a new preface, and updates throughout.
Category: Religion

Islam And The Veil

Author : Theodore Gabriel
ISBN : 9781441161376
Genre : Religion
File Size : 28.22 MB
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This volume is centred around the theme of veiling in Islam and provides multifarious aspects of the discussion regarding veiling of Muslim women, especially in the West. The issue of veiling has been intensively debated in Western society and has implications for religious liberty, inter-communal relationships and cultural interaction. Islam and the Veil seeks to generate open and objective discussion of this highly important, though controversial, subject, with contributions from distinguished scholars and academics, including female practitioners of Islam. This subject has inflamed passions and generated heated debate in the media in recent years, particularly in the West. This book aims to look at the historical background, theological and social factors underlying the veiling of women in Islam. Such discussion will provide the reader with a well-balanced and unbiased analysis of this important aspect of Islamic practice.
Category: Religion

Political Violence In Judaism Christianity And Islam

Author : Jonathan Fine
ISBN : 9781442247567
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47.90 MB
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Religious political violence is by no means a new phenomenon, yet there are critical differences between the various historical instances of such violence and its more current permutations. Since the mid-1970s, religious fundamentalist movements have been seeking to influence world order by participating in local political systems. For example, Islamic fundamentalism is at the heart of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, the Christian fundamental right wing has seen a resurgence in Europe, and Jewish fundamentalism is behind the actions of Meir Kahane’s Kach movement and the settler movement. The shift in recent years from secular to religious political violence necessitates a reevaluation of contemporary political violence and of the concept of religious violence. This text analyzes the evolution of religious political violence, in both historical and contemporary perspectives. Since religious political violent events are usually associated with the term “terrorism,” the book first analyzes the origins of this controversial term and its religious manifestations. It then outlines and highlights the differences between secular and religious political violence, on ideological, strategic, and tactical levels before comparing the concept of Holy War in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Lastly, it shows how modern radical monotheistic religious groups interpret and manipulate their religious sources and ideas to advocate their political agendas, including the practice of violence. A unique comparative study of religious political violence across Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, this text features many international case studies from the Crusades to the Arab Spring.
Category: Political Science

A Worthy Muslim

Author : Amir Makin
ISBN : 0979946409
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45.28 MB
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Nearly 60% of Muslims born in America who choose to practice Islam are African Americans. Yet their understanding of using Islam in the struggle to overcome institutional racism and its many symptoms are rarely discussed. This book explains how oppressed communities can handle and overcome oppression by seriously examining the practice of true Islam. The author analyzes the difference between what is incorrectly perceived as Islam and the way of life called Al Islam while also detailing how different prophets implemented Quranic teachings when standing against injustice. Information is then used to examine real world situations of oppression that occur in today's climate with a particular emphasis on the disadvantaged and impoverished of American society from not only a socioeconomic standpoint, but a psychological and spiritual vantage as well. Does Islam obligate its adherents to confront racial supremacy? Why have some Muslim African Americans abandoned the fight for social justice? These topics and more are addressed here.
Category: Social Science

Black Pilgrimage To Islam

Author : Robert Dannin
ISBN : 0195300246
Genre : Religion
File Size : 20.21 MB
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Islam has become an increasingly attractive option for many African-Americans. This book offers an ethnographic study of this phenomenon & asks what attraction the Qur'an has for them & how the Islamic lifestyle accommodates mainstream US values.
Category: Religion

Islam And The Heroic Image

Author : John Renard
ISBN : 0865546401
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 38.84 MB
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Throughout the world and over many centuries, the cultures in which Islam has been a major presence have created stories in word and picture to celebrate the men and women who best exemplify each culture's aspirations. This is the story of how those heroic figures have both shaped and been shaped by the religious tradition called Islam.
Category: Literary Criticism

Islam And The European Empires

Author : David Motadel
ISBN : 9780191030260
Genre : History
File Size : 31.6 MB
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At the height of the imperial age, European powers ruled over most parts of the Islamic world. The British, French, Russian, and Dutch empires each governed more Muslims than any independent Muslim state. European officials believed Islam to be of great political significance, and were quite cautious when it came to matters of the religious life of their Muslim subjects. In the colonies, they regularly employed Islamic religious leaders and institutions to bolster imperial rule. At the same time, the European presence in Muslim lands was confronted by religious resistance movements and Islamic insurgency. Across the globe, from the West African savanna to the shores of Southeast Asia, Muslim rebels called for holy war against non-Muslim intruders. Islam and the European Empires presents the first comparative account of the engagement of all major European empires with Islam. Bringing together fifteen of the world's leading scholars in the field, the volume explores a wide array of themes, ranging from the accommodation of Islam under imperial rule to Islamic anti-colonial resistance. A truly global history of empire, the volume makes a major contribution not only to our knowledge of the intersection of Islam and imperialism, but also more generally to our understanding of religion and power in the modern world.
Category: History

Islam And The Arab Awakening

Author : Tariq Ramadan
ISBN : 9780199977024
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38.63 MB
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One of the most important developments in the modern history of the Middle East, the so-called Arab Spring began in Tunisia in December 2010, bringing down dictators, sparking a civil war in Libya, and igniting a bloody uprising in Syria. Its long-term repercussions in Egypt and elsewhere remain unclear. Now one of the world's leading Islamic thinkers examines and explains it, in this searching, provocative, and necessary book. Time Magazine named Tariq Ramadan one of the most important innovators of the twenty-first century. A Muslim intellectual and prolific author, he has won global renown for his reflections on Islam and the contemporary challenges in both the Muslim majority societies and the West. In Islam and the Arab Awakening, he explores the uprisings, offering rare insight into their origin, significance, and possible futures. As early as 2003, he writes, there had been talk of democratization in the Middle East and North Africa. The U.S. government and private organizations set up networks and provided training for young leaders, especially in the use of the Internet and social media, and the West abandoned its unconditional support of authoritarian governments. But the West did not create the uprisings. Indeed, one lesson Ramadan presents is that these mass movements and their consequences cannot be totally controlled. Something irreversible has taken place: dictators have been overthrown without weapons. But, he writes, democratic processes are only beginning to emerge, and unanswered questions remain. What role will religion play? How should Islamic principles and goals be rethought? Can a sterile, polarizing debate between Islamism and secularism be avoided? Avoiding both naive confidence and conspiratorial paranoia, Ramadan voices a tentative optimism. If a true civil society can be established, he argues, this moment's fragile hope will live.
Category: Political Science

Critical Perspectives On Islam And The Western World

Author : Jonathan Johansen
ISBN : 1404205381
Genre : History
File Size : 61.81 MB
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Primary and secondary source documents discuss the Islamic view of Western culture, the Western perspective on Islam, the confrontation of the two cultures, jihad, and Islam in Europe.
Category: History

Islam And The Foundations Of Political Power

Author : Ali Abdel Razek
ISBN : 9780748689408
Genre : History
File Size : 35.61 MB
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The translation of an essay first published in Egypt in 1925, which took the contemporaries of its author by storm. At a time when the Muslim world was in great turmoil over the question of the abolition of the caliphate by Mustapha Kamal Ataturk in Turke
Category: History

Orthodox Christians And Islam In The Postmodern Age

Author : Andrew Sharp
ISBN : 9789004228030
Genre : Religion
File Size : 26.89 MB
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This book is the first comprehensive attempt to assess an Orthodox Christian ‘position’ on Islam. It demonstrates how a growing number of ordained and lay leaders have reframed the discussion within the Orthodox Church, while participating in dialogue with Muslims.
Category: Religion

Khomeinism

Author : Ervand Abrahamian
ISBN : 0520085035
Genre : History
File Size : 29.67 MB
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The author argues that the Ayatollah Khomeini and his Islamic movement should be seen as a form of Third World political populism - a radical but pragmatic middle-class movement that strives to enter, rather than reject, the modern age.
Category: History