Ptolemys Geography

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Ptolemy S Geography

Author : Ptolemy
ISBN : 9780691214115
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.13 MB
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Ptolemy's Geography is the only book on cartography to have survived from the classical period and one of the most influential scientific works of all time. Written in the second century AD, for more than fifteen centuries it was the most detailed topography of Europe and Asia available and the best reference on how to gather data and draw maps. Ptolemy championed the use of astronomical observation and applied mathematics in determining geographical locations. But more importantly, he introduced the practice of writing down coordinates of latitude and longitude for every feature drawn on a world map, so that someone else possessing only the text of the Geography could reproduce Ptolemy's map at any time, in whole or in part, at any scale. Here Berggren and Jones render an exemplary translation of the Geography and provide a thorough introduction, which treats the historical and technical background of Ptolemy's work, the contents of the Geography, and the later history of the work.
Category: Science

Geography Of Claudius Ptolemy

Author : Claudius Ptolemy
ISBN : 1605204390
Genre : History
File Size : 67.96 MB
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Geography of Claudius Ptolemy, originally titled Geographia and written in the second century, is a depiction of the geography of the Roman Empire at the time. Though inaccurate due to Ptolemy's varying methods of measurement and use of outdated data, Geography of Claudius Ptolemy is nonetheless an excellent example of ancient geographical study and scientific method. This edition contains more than 40 maps and illustrations, reproduced based on Ptolemy's original manuscript. It remains a fascinating read for students of scientific history and Greek influence. CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY (A.D. 90- A.D. 168) was a poet, mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, and geographer who wrote in Greek, though he was a Roman citizen. He is most well-known for three scientific treatises he wrote on astronomy, astrology, and geography, respectively titled Almagest, Apotelesmatika, and Geographia. His work influenced early Islamic and European studies, which in turn influenced much of the modern world. Ptolemy died in Alexandria as a member of Greek society.
Category: History

Ptolemy S Geography In The Renaissance

Author : Zur Shalev
ISBN : 0854811524
Genre : Early maps
File Size : 90.29 MB
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The rediscovery of Ptolemy's Geography has long been hailed as a key moment in the emergence of Renaissance culture, symbolizing a new rational spatiality, and preparing the way for the Age of Discovery. And yet, the process of the Geography's introduction, integration and impact in Western Europe, as the essays in this volume collectively suggest, was more complex and less predictable than has been traditionally assumed. Whereas previously Ptolemy's maps attracted most scholarly attention, in this volume the textual tradition of the Geography - Ptolemy's text, added prefaces, annotations and treatises - stand at the centre. Bringing together a wealth of previously unexplored sources and contexts, the essays examine the Geography as it took part in and influenced diverse areas of Renaissance culture, such as visual theory and communication, humanistic philological, historical and antiquarian practices, astrology, education and religion. The emerging Geography is perhaps less revolutionary but more satisfyingly embedded into the culture that produced and used it. This volume points to new directions for the study of the remaining questions that still hover around Ptolemy's seminal work and for the study of early modern geography as a whole.
Category: Early maps

The Geography

Author : Ptolemy
ISBN : STANFORD:36105008898608
Genre : History
File Size : 22.1 MB
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Best known today as the author of the "Almagest, " in which he expounded the geocentric astronomical system that held sway in Europe until the 16th century, Claudius Ptolemy was also famed as a geographer. His reputation in this area rests mainly on his "Guide to Geography, " one of the great classics in the history of civilization, which listed over 8,000 places in Europe, Africa and Asia, tabulated according to latitude and longitude.
Category: History

Ptolemy Geography Book 6 Maps In Simplified Reconstruction Notes And Indexes With A Supplement Nw And W India

Author : Ptolemy
ISBN : UOM:39015058113872
Genre : History
File Size : 48.34 MB
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Book 6 of Ptolemy's "Geography" (2nd cent. AD) deals with Assyria, Media, Susiana, Persis, Parthia, the Carmanian Desert, Arabia Felix, Carmania, Hyrcania, Margiana, Bactriana, Sogdiana, Sakaland, Skythia, Serica, Areia, Paropanisadai, Drangiana, Archaosia, and Gedrosia. In the present part of ther work the authors offer the first complete critical edition of this important text. A second part will deal with the respective maps, and a third part will be formed by a commentary with philological, historical, and linguitic analysis of the single geographical ent ethnographical names.
Category: History

Ptolemy S Geography

Author : Henry Newton Stevens
ISBN : 137607902X
Genre : History
File Size : 88.96 MB
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Category: History

Ptolemy S Philosophy

Author : Jacqueline Feke
ISBN : 9780691179582
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.65 MB
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The Greco-Roman mathematician Claudius Ptolemy is one of the most significant figures in the history of science. He is remembered today for his astronomy, but his philosophy is almost entirely lost to history. This groundbreaking book is the first to reconstruct Ptolemy’s general philosophical system—including his metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics—and to explore its relationship to astronomy, harmonics, element theory, astrology, cosmology, psychology, and theology. In this stimulating intellectual history, Jacqueline Feke uncovers references to a complex and sophisticated philosophical agenda scattered among Ptolemy’s technical studies in the physical and mathematical sciences. She shows how he developed a philosophy that was radical and even subversive, appropriating ideas and turning them against the very philosophers from whom he drew influence. Feke reveals how Ptolemy’s unique system is at once a critique of prevailing philosophical trends and a conception of the world in which mathematics reigns supreme. A compelling work of scholarship, Ptolemy’s Philosophy demonstrates how Ptolemy situated mathematics at the very foundation of all philosophy—theoretical and practical—and advanced the mathematical way of life as the true path to human perfection.
Category: Science

Ceylon In Ptolemy S Geography

Author : J. R. Sinnatamby
ISBN : UOM:39015027060824
Genre : Classical geography
File Size : 55.87 MB
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Category: Classical geography

A List Of Editions Of Ptolemy S Geography

Author :
ISBN : 0267093764
Genre : Art
File Size : 68.26 MB
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Excerpt from A List of Editions of Ptolemy's Geography: 1475-1730 Collation: 124 leaves, one of which is blank - comprising the dedication and text in 69 leaves, followed by one blank leaf (the first gathering in eight, the second in ten, the third in eight, the fourth in ten, the fifth, sixth and seventh in eights, and the eighth in ten); and 27 maps on 54 leaves. Without signature marks or catchwords. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Category: Art

Europe And The British Geographical Imagination 1760 1830

Author : Paul Stock
ISBN : 9780192533869
Genre : History
File Size : 44.78 MB
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Europe and the British Geographical Imagination, 1760-1830 explores what literate British people understood by the word 'Europe' in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Was Europe unified by shared religious heritage? Where were the edges of Europe? Was Europe primarily a commercial network or were there common political practices too? Was Britain itself a European country? While intellectual history is concerned predominantly with prominent thinkers, Paul Stock traces the history of ideas in non-elite contexts, offering a detailed analysis of nearly 350 geographical reference works, textbooks, dictionaries, and encyclopaedias, which were widely read by literate Britons of all classes, and can reveal the formative ideas about Europe circulating in Britain: ideas about religion; the natural environment; race and other theories of human difference; the state; borders; the identification of the 'centre' and 'edges' of Europe; commerce and empire; and ideas about the past, progress, and historical change. By showing how these and other questions were discussed in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century British culture, Europe and the British Geographical Imagination, 1760-1830 provides a thorough and much-needed historical analysis of Britain's enduringly complex intellectual relationship with Europe.
Category: History

The Ancient Geography Of India

Author : Alexander Cunningham
ISBN : 9781108056458
Genre : History
File Size : 36.37 MB
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First published in 1871, this is a detailed geographical study of India's Buddhist period, up to the seventh century CE. Written by the influential archaeologist Sir Alexander Cunningham (1814-93), it draws on material ranging from the campaigns of Alexander the Great to the travels of the Buddhist pilgrim Xuanzang.
Category: History

The World Map 1300 1492

Author : Evelyn Edson
ISBN : 0801885892
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.26 MB
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In the two centuries before Columbus, mapmaking was transformed. The World Map, 1300--1492 investigates this important, transitional period of mapmaking. Beginning with a 1436 atlas of ten maps produced by Venetian Andrea Bianco, Evelyn Edson uses maps of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries to examine how the discoveries of missionaries and merchants affected the content and configuration of world maps. She finds that both the makers and users of maps struggled with changes brought about by technological innovation -- the compass, quadrant, and astrolabe -- rediscovery of classical mapmaking approaches, and increased travel. To reconcile the tensions between the conservative and progressive worldviews, mapmakers used a careful blend of the old and the new to depict a world that was changing -- and growing -- before their eyes. This engaging and informative study reveals how the ingenuity, creativity, and adaptability of these craftsmen helped pave the way for an age of discovery.
Category: Science

Ptolemy In Perspective

Author : Alexander Jones
ISBN : 9789048127887
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.20 MB
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Ptolemy was the most important physical scientist of the Roman Empire, and for a millennium and a half his writings on astronomy, astrology, and geography were models for imitation, resources for new work, and targets of criticism. Ptolemy in Perspective traces reactions to Ptolemy from his own times to ours. The nine studies show the complex processes by which an ancient scientist and his work gained and subsequently lost an overreaching reputation and authority.
Category: Science

Picturing Experience In The Early Printed Book

Author : Elizabeth Ross
ISBN : 9780271064949
Genre : Religion
File Size : 57.26 MB
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Bernhard von Breydenbach’s Peregrinatio in terram sanctam (Journey to the Holy Land), first published in 1486, is one of the seminal books of early printing and is especially renowned for the originality of its woodcuts. In Picturing Experience in the Early Printed Book, Elizabeth Ross considers the Peregrinatio from a variety of perspectives to explain its value for the cultural history of the period. Breydenbach, a high-ranking cleric in Mainz, recruited the painter Erhard Reuwich of Utrecht for a religious and artistic adventure in a political hot spot—a pilgrimage to research the peoples, places, plants, and animals of the Levant. The book they published after their return ambitiously engaged with the potential of the new print medium to give an account of their experience. The Peregrinatio also aspired to rouse readers to a new crusade against Islam by depicting a contest in the Mediterranean between the Christian bastion of the city of Venice and the region’s Muslim empires. This crusading rhetoric fit neatly with the state of the printing industry in Mainz, which largely subsisted as a tool for bishops’ consolidation of authority, including selling the pope’s plans to combat the Ottoman Empire. Taking an artist on such an enterprise was unprecedented. Reuwich set a new benchmark for technical achievement with his woodcuts, notably a panorama of Venice that folds out to 1.62 meters in length and a foldout map that stretches from Damascus to Sudan around the first topographically accurate view of Jerusalem. The conception and execution of the Peregrinatio show how and why early printed books constructed new means of visual representation from existing ones—and how the form of a printed book emerged out of the interaction of eyewitness experience and medieval scholarship, real travel and spiritual pilgrimage, curiosity and fixed belief, texts and images.
Category: Religion