Psychiatry As Cognitive Neuroscience

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Psychiatry As Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Matthew Broome
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124184669
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64.38 MB
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'Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience' is a philosophical analysis of the study of psychpathology, considering how cognitive neuroscience has been applied in psychiatry. The text examines many neuroscientific methods, such as neuroimaging, and a variety of psychiatric disorders, including depression, and schizophrenia.
Category: Medical

Humanizing Madness

Author : Niall McLaren
ISBN : 9781932690392
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60.59 MB
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This reference takes each of the major theories in psychiatry and demonstrates conclusively that it is so flawed as to be beyond salvation. McLaren shows how the phenomena of mental disorder can be described in a parsimonious dualist model which leads directly to a humanist form of management.
Category: Medical

The Self In Neuroscience And Psychiatry

Author : Tilo Kircher
ISBN : 0521533503
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21.45 MB
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This 2003 book focuses on neuropsychiatric models of self-consciousness, set against introductory essays describing the philosophical, historical and psychological approaches.
Category: Medical

Neuropsychiatry And Behavioral Neuroscience

Author : Jeffrey L. Cummings
ISBN : 9780195138580
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48.19 MB
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This is the long-awaited new edition of Jeffrey Cummings' classic work, Clinical Neuropsychiatry, originally published in 1985. This new title reflects the authors' effort to link the recent explosion of new information from neurochemistry, neuroanatomy, genetics, neuropharmacology, neuro-pathology, and neuroimaging to the clinical descriptions. Each chapter has a consistent approach and the book as whole provides a practical, easy-to-use synthesis of clinical advice and basic science. The volume is enhanced by 4-colour images throughout.
Category: Medical

Cognitive Neuroscience Of Attention

Author : Michael I. Posner
ISBN : 9781609189853
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 21.89 MB
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This authoritative reference provides a comprehensive examination of the nature and functions of attention and its relationship to broader cognitive processes. The editor and contributors are leading experts who review the breadth of current knowledge, including behavioral, neuroimaging, cellular, and genetic studies, as well as developmental and clinical research. Chapters are brief yet substantive, offering clear presentations of cutting-edge concepts, methods, and findings. The book addresses the role of attention deficits in psychological disorders and normal aging and considers the implications for intervention and prevention. It includes 85 illustrations. New to This Edition *Significant updates and many new chapters reflecting major advances in the field. *Important breakthroughs in neuroimaging and cognitive modeling. *Chapters on the development of emotion regulation and temperament. *Expanded section on disorders, including up-to-date coverage of ADHD as well as chapters on psychopathy and autism. *Chapters on cognitive training and rehabilitation.
Category: Psychology

Principles Of Behavioral And Cognitive Neurology

Author : M.-Marsel Mesulam
ISBN : 0198030800
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82.71 MB
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This thoroughly revised new edition of a classic book provides a clinically inspired but scientifically guided approach to the biological foundations of human mental function in health and disease. It includes authoritative coverage of all the major areas related to behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and neuropsychiatry. Each chapter, written by a world-renowned expert in the relevant area, provides an introductory background as well as an up-to-date review of the most recent developments. Clinical relevance is emphasized but is placed in the context of cognitive neuroscience, basic neuroscience, and functional imaging. Major cognitive domains such as frontal lobe function, attention and neglect, memory, language, prosody, complex visual processing, and object identification are reviewed in detail. A comprehensive chapter on behavioral neuroanatomy provides a background for brain-behavior interactions in the cerebral cortex, limbic system, basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebullum. Chapters on temperolimbic epilepsy, major psychiatric syndromes, and dementia provide in-depth analyses of these neurobehavioral entities and their neurobiological coordinates. Changes for this second edition include the reflection throughout the book of the new and flourishing alliance of behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and neuropsychiatry with cognitive science;major revision of all chapters; new authorship of those on language and memory; and the inclusion of entirely new chapters on psychiatric syndromes and the dementias. Both as a textbook and a reference work, the second edition of Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology represents an invaluable resource for behavioral neurologists, neuropsychologists, neuropsychiatrists, cognitive and basic neuroscientists, geriatricians, physiatrists, and their students and trainees.
Category: Medical

Essentials Of Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Bradley R. Postle
ISBN : 9781119674153
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34.67 MB
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Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience introduces and explicates key principles and concepts in cognitive neuroscience in such a way that the reader will be equipped to critically evaluate the ever-growing body of findings that the field is generating. For some students this knowledge will be needed for subsequent formal study, and for all readers it will be needed to evaluate and interpret reports about cognitive neuroscience research that make their way daily into the news media and popular culture. New to the 2nd Edition New chapter on methodology Updated content considers the growing influence of perspectives from predictive coding, reinforcement learning, deep neural networks, and AI on cognitive neuroscience; as well as important empirical results from the past few years ranging from object and face recognition to perceptual decision making to working memory to language comprehension
Category: Psychology

Cognitive Science And The Unconscious

Author : Dan J. Stein
ISBN : 0880484985
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45.2 MB
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Can a worthwhile exchange be set up between the seemingly opposing viewpoints of psychoanalytic therapy and cognitive science? Stein and the other contributing authors of Cognitive Science and the Unconscious say yes. In fact, it is their contention that such an interchange of theory and method -- combining the theoretical clarity and empirical rigor of cognitive science with the richness and complexity of clinical work -- holds the promise of enriching both disciplines. The concept of unconsciousness, as variously conceived by psychoanalysis ("The Unconscious") and cognitive science ("unconscious processing"), is the reference point of this dialogue. Written by a distinguished group of researchers and clinicians, this volume examines those aspects of the unconscious mind most relevant to the psychiatric practitioner, including unconscious processing of affective and traumatic experience, unconscious mechanisms in dissociative states and disorders, and cognitive approaches to dreaming and repression. Although cognitive psychology forms the backbone of the book, many of the chapters illuminate relevant work from the fields of artificial intelligence, linguistics, and biology.
Category: Medical

Cognitive Neuroscience Of Memory

Author : Hans J. Markowitsch
ISBN : UOM:39015047557619
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56.21 MB
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This book gives an integrated overview of anatomical, functional, and cognitive-behavioral aspects of memory and long-term information processing in both normal subjects as well as in brain-damaged or psychiatric patients. The volume contains both contributions from leading experts in the various fields, including Endel Tulving, and chapters expressing alternative views and new approaches, as well as discussions of terminology and current controversies. The book is unique in that it takes a theoretically integrated "cognitive" approach to the neurosciences. The principle themes include: neural representation of information and the means of examining them; dynamic brain imaging methods; the implications of recent results on the interdependence of brain and behavior; and frameworks for explaining seemingly discrepant or incompatible findings. Providing clear and readable coverage of the terminology and topics that are essential for an understanding of current theories and work in the neurosciences, this volume is essential reading for all neuroscientists interested in cognition, including graduate students and researchers.
Category: Psychology

The Neuroscience Of Hallucinations

Author : Renaud Jardri
ISBN : 9781461441212
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.70 MB
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Hallucinatory phenomena have held the fascination of science since the dawn of medicine, and the popular imagination from the beginning of recorded history. Their study has become a critical aspect of our knowledge of the brain, making significant strides in recent years with advances in neuroimaging, and has established common ground among what normally are regarded as disparate fields. The Neuroscience of Hallucinations synthesizes the most up-to-date findings on these intriguing auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, and somatosensory experiences, from their molecular origins to their cognitive expression. In recognition of the wide audience for this information among the neuroscientific, medical, and psychology communities, its editors bring a mature evidence base to highly subjective experience. This knowledge is presented in comprehensive detail as leading researchers across the disciplines ground readers in the basics, offer current cognitive, neurobiological, and computational models of hallucinations, analyze the latest neuroimaging technologies, and discuss emerging interventions, including neuromodulation therapies, new antipsychotic drugs, and integrative programs. Among the topics covered: Hallucinations in the healthy individual. A pathophysiology of transdiagnostic hallucinations including computational and connectivity modeling. Molecular mechanisms of hallucinogenic drugs. Structural and functional variations in the hallucinatory brain in schizophrenia. The neurodevelopment of hallucinations. Innovations in brain stimulation techniques and imaging-guided therapy. Psychiatrists, neurologists, neuropsychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, clinical psychologists, and pharmacologists will welcome The Neuroscience of Hallucinations as a vital guide to the current state and promising future of their shared field.
Category: Medical

Developmental Neuropsychiatry

Author : James C. Harris
ISBN : 019513110X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.24 MB
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Although developmental concepts have held a prominent place in American psychiatry for over fifty years because of the dominance of psychodynamic theory, it is only in recent years that advances in neuroscience have begun to impact developmental psychiatry. James Harris's two volume work on developmental neuropsychiatry sets the agenda for this emerging clinical specialty. Written by an individual with the developmental expertise of a pediatrician, the behavioral sophistication of an adult and child psychiatrist, and a deep appreciation of neuroscience, these two books offer an integrated yet comprehensive approach to developmental neuropsychiatry. In Volume I, Part I discusses basic neural science, including aspects of molecular neurobiology, developmental neuroanatomy, neurotransmitter systems and neuronal signaling mechanisms, sleep and circadian rhythms, and basic genetics. Part II provides background on cognitive neuroscience that relate to attention, emotion, language, memory, neural networks, and consciousness. Part III emphasizes the developmental perspective which is crucial to an understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders. It offers an ethological framework as well as background information on cognitive development, emotion expression and regulation, language development, temperament and personality, and the emergence of the self.
Category: Medical

Handbook Of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Monica Luciana Collins
ISBN : 9780262141048
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40.90 MB
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The publication of the second edition of this handbook testifies to the rapid evolution of developmental cognitive neuroscience as a distinct field. Brain imaging and recording technologies, along with well-defined behavioral tasks -- the essential methodological tools of cognitive neuroscience -- are now being used to study development. Technological advances have yielded methods that can be safely used to study structure-function relations and their development in children's brains. These new techniques combined with more refined cognitive models account for the progress and heightened activity in developmental cognitive neuroscience research. The Handbook covers basic aspects of neural development, sensory and sensorimotor systems, language, cognition, emotion, and the implications of lifelong neural plasticity for brain and behavioral development. The second edition reflects the dramatic expansion of the field in the seven years since the publication of the first edition. This new Handbook has grown from forty-one chapters to fifty-four, all original to this edition. It places greater emphasis on affective and social neuroscience -- an offshoot of cognitive neuroscience that is now influencing the developmental literature. The second edition also places a greater emphasis on clinical disorders, primarily because such research is inherently translational in nature. Finally, the book's new discussions of recent breakthroughs in imaging genomics include one entire chapter devoted to the subject. The intersection of brain, behavior, and genetics represents an exciting new area of inquiry, and the second edition of this essential reference work will be a valuable resource for researchers interested in the development of brain-behavior relations in the context of both typical and atypical development.
Category: Medical

Cognitive Dimensions Of Major Depressive Disorder

Author : Bernhard T. Baune
ISBN : 9780198810940
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64.25 MB
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Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent mental disorders worldwide, and is estimated to affect 300 million people. Most research defines MDD as a categorical disorder and investigations on clinical, functional, and biological correlates are assessed by established diagnostic instruments. However, given the phenotypic and biological heterogeneity of depression, a re-focus on the clinical phenotype of MDD is required. Bridging psychiatric and psychological traditions Cognitive Dimensions of Major Depressive Disorder, discusses the characteristics of the dimensional approach of MDD. Focusing on the cognitive and emotional processes of depression, this guide offers extended and novel diagnostic and treatment approaches ranging from pharmacological to psychological interventions targeting dimensions of depression. Edited by pioneers in this field, this resource discusses hot topics such as how to define the dimensional approach to depression, the neurobiological underpinnings of cognitive dysfunction in depression, and the impairment of emotional processing deficits in depression. Cognitive Dimensions of Major Depressive Disorder is suitable for students, trainees, clinicians and scientists in the fields of psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, cognitive neuroscience, neurology, general practice and also for various other health care professionals.
Category: Medical

The Neurology Of Consciousness

Author : Steven Laureys
ISBN : 9780128011751
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74.45 MB
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The second edition of The Neurology of Consciousness is a comprehensive update of this ground-breaking work on human consciousness, the first book in this area to summarize the neuroanatomical and functional underpinnings of consciousness by emphasizing a lesional approach offered by the study of neurological patients. Since the publication of the first edition in 2009, new methodologies have made consciousness much more accessible scientifically, and, in particular, the study of disorders, disruptions, and disturbances of consciousness has added tremendously to our understanding of the biological basis of human consciousness. The publication of a new edition is both critical and timely for continued understanding of the field of consciousness. In this critical and timely update, revised and new contributions by internationally renowned researchers—edited by the leaders in the field of consciousness research—provide a unique and comprehensive focus on human consciousness. The new edition of The Neurobiology of Consciousness will continue to be an indispensable resource for researchers and students working on the cognitive neuroscience of consciousness and related disorders, as well as for neuroscientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists contemplating consciousness as one of the philosophical, ethical, sociological, political, and religious questions of our time. New chapters on the neuroanatomical basis of consciousness and short-term memory, and expanded coverage of comas and neuroethics, including the ethics of brain death The first comprehensive, authoritative collection to describe disorders of consciousness and how they are used to study and understand the neural correlates of conscious perception in humans. Includes both revised and new chapters from the top international researchers in the field, including Christof Koch, Marcus Raichle, Nicholas Schiff, Joseph Fins, and Michael Gazzaniga
Category: Medical

Extraordinary Science And Psychiatry

Author : Jeffrey Poland
ISBN : 9780262341769
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77.96 MB
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Leading scholars offer perspectives from the philosophy of science on the crisis in psychiatric research that exploded after the publication of DSM-5. Psychiatry and mental health research is in crisis, with tensions between psychiatry's clinical and research aims and controversies over diagnosis, treatment, and scientific constructs for studying mental disorders. At the center of these controversies is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which—especially after the publication of DSM-5—many have found seriously flawed as a guide for research. This book addresses the crisis and the associated “extraordinary science” (Thomas Kuhn's term for scientific research during a state of crisis) from the perspective of philosophy of science. The goal is to help reconcile the competing claims of science and phenomenology within psychiatry and to offer new insights for the philosophy of science. The contributors discuss the epistemological origins of the current crisis, the nature of evidence in psychiatric research, and the National Institute for Mental Health's Research Domain Criteria project. They consider particular research practices in psychiatry—computational, personalized, mechanistic, and user-led—and the specific categories of schizophrenia, depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder. Finally, they examine the DSM's dubious practice of pathologizing normality. Contributors Richard P. Bentall, John Bickle, Robyn Bluhm, Rachel Cooper, Kelso Cratsley, Owen Flanagan, Michael Frank, George Graham, Ginger A. Hoffman, Harold Kincaid, Aaron Kostko, Edouard Machery, Jeffrey Poland, Claire Pouncey, Şerife Tekin, Peter Zachar
Category: Psychology

Patient Based Approaches To Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Todd E. Feinberg
ISBN : 0262561239
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.13 MB
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The cognitive disorders that follow brain damage are an important source of insight into the neural bases of human thought. Although cognitive neuroscience is sometimes equated with cognitive neuroimaging, the patient-based approach to cognitive neuroscience is responsible for most of what we now know about the brain systems underlying perception, attention, memory, language, and higher-order forms of thought including consciousness. This volume brings together state-of-the-art reviews of the patient-based approach to these and other central issues in cognitive neuroscience, written by leading authorities. Part I covers the history, principles, and methods of patient-based neuroscience: lesion method, imaging, computational modeling, and anatomy. Part II covers perception and vision: sensory agnosias, disorders of body perception, attention and neglect, disorders of perception and awareness, and misidentification syndromes. Part III covers language: aphasia, language disorders in children, specific language impairments, developmental dyslexia, acquired reading disorders, and agraphia. Part IV covers memory: amnesia and semantic memory impairments. Part V covers higher cognitive functions: frontal lobes, callosal disconnection (split brain), skilled movement disorders, acalculia, dementia, delirium, and degenerative conditions including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease. Contributors: Michael P. Alexander, Russell M. Bauer, Kathleen Baynes, D. Frank Benson, H. Branch Coslett, Jeffrey L. Cummings, Tim Curran, Antonio R. Damasio, Hanna Damasio, Ennio De Renzi, Maureen Dennis, Mark D'Esposito, Martha J. Farah, Todd E. Feinberg, Michael S. Gazzaniga, Georg Goldenberg, Jordan Grafman, Kenneth M. Heilman, Diane M. Jacobs, Daniel I. Kaufer, Daniel Y. Kimberg, Maureen W. Lovett, Richard Mayeux, M.-Marsel Mesulam, Bruce L. Miller, Robert D. Nebes, Robert D. Rafal, Marcus E. Raichle, Timothy Rickard, David M. Roane, David J. Roeltgen, Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi, Eleanor M. Saffran, Daniel L. Schacter, Karin Stromswold, Edward Valenstein, Robert T. Watson, Tricia Zawacki, Stuart Zola.
Category: Medical

The Roots Of Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Anjan Chatterjee
ISBN : 9780199875351
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 89.2 MB
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The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience takes a close look at what we can learn about our minds from how brain damage impairs our cognitive and emotional systems. This approach has a long and rich tradition dating back to the 19th century. With the rise of new technologies, such as functional neuroimaging and non-invasive brain stimulation, interest in mind-brain connections among scientists and the lay public has grown exponentially. Behavioral neurology and neuropsychology offer critical insights into the neuronal implementation of large-scale cognitive and affective systems. The book starts out by making a strong case for the role of single case studies as a way to generate new hypotheses and advance the field. This chapter is followed by a review of work done before the First World War demonstrating that the theoretical issues that investigators faced then remain fundamentally relevant to contemporary cognitive neuroscientists. The rest of the book covers central topics in cognitive neuroscience including the nature of memory, language, perception, attention, motor control, body representations, the self, emotions, and pharmacology. There are chapters on modeling and neuronal plasticity as well as on visual art and creativity. Each of these chapters take pains to clarify how this research strategy informs our understanding of these large scale systems by scrutinizing the systematic nature of their breakdown. Taken together, the chapters show that the roots of cognitive neuroscience, behavioral neurology and neuropsychology, continue to ground our understanding of the biology of mind and are as important today as they were 150 years ago.
Category: Psychology

Methods In Mind

Author : Carl Senior
ISBN : 9780262195416
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27.42 MB
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Experts discuss the wide variety of investigative tools available to cognitive neuroscience, including transcranial magnetic stimulation, neuroscience computation, fMRI, imaging genetics, and neuropharmacology, with particular emphasis on convergence of techniques and innovative uses.The evolution of cognitive neuroscience has been spurred by the development of increasingly sophisticated investigative techniques to study human cognition. In Methods in Mind, experts examine the wide variety of tools available to cognitive neuroscientists, paying particular attention to the ways in which different methods can be integrated to strengthen empirical findings and how innovative uses for established techniques can be developed. The book will be a uniquely valuable resource for the researcher seeking to expand his or her repertoire of investigative techniques.Each chapter explores a different approach. These include transcranial magnetic stimulation, cognitive neuropsychiatry, lesion studies in nonhuman primates, computational modeling, psychophysiology, single neurons and primate behavior, grid computing, eye movements, fMRI, electroencephalography, imaging genetics, magnetoencephalography, neuropharmacology, and neuroendocrinology. As mandated, authors focus on convergence and innovation in their fields; chapters highlight such cross-method innovations as the use of the fMRI signal to constrain magnetoencephalography, the use of electroencephalography (EEG) to guide rapid transcranial magnetic stimulation at a specific frequency, and the successful integration of neuroimaging and genetic analysis. Computational approaches depend on increased computing power, and one chapter describes the use of distributed or grid computing to analyze massive datasets in cyberspace. Each chapter author is a leading authority in the technique discussed.Contributors: Peyman Adjamian, Peter A. Bandettini, Mark Baxter, Anthony S. David, James Dobson, Ian Foster, Michael Gazzaniga, Dietmar G. Heinke, Stephen Hall, John M. Henderson, Glyn W. Humphreys, Andreas Meyer-Lindenburg, Venkata Mattay, Elisabeth A. Murray, Gina Rippon, Tamara Russell, Carl Senior, Philip Shaw, Krish D. Singh, Marc A. Sommer, Lauren Stewart, John D. Van Horn, Jens Voeckler, Vincent Walsh, Daniel R. Weinberger, Michael Wilde, Jeffrey Woodward, Robert H. Wurtz, Eun Young Yoon, Yong Zhao Carl Senior, Tamara Russell and Michael S. Gazzaniga
Category: Medical

Patient Based Approaches To Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Martha J. Farah
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114236958
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.74 MB
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The cognitive disorders that follow brain damage are an important source of insights into the neural bases of human thought. This work offers state-of-the-art reviews of the patient-based approach to central issues in cognitive neuroscience by leaders in the field.
Category: Medical

Cognitive Neuroscience

Author : Marie T. Banich
ISBN : 9781107158443
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35.48 MB
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Updated thoroughly, this comprehensive text highlights the most important issues in cognitive neuroscience, supported by clinical applications.
Category: Psychology