PROCESS SAFETY CALCULATIONS

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Process Safety Calculations

Author : Renato Benintendi
ISBN : 9780081012291
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.39 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Process Safety Calculations is an essential guide for process safety engineers involved in calculating and predicting risks and consequences. The book focuses on calculation procedures based on basic chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, conservation equations, kinetics and practical models. This book provides helpful calculations to demonstrate compliance with regulations and standards. Standards such as Seveso directive(s)/COMAH, CLP regulation, ATEX directives, PED directives, REACH regulation, OSHA/NIOSH and UK ALARP are covered, along with risk and consequence assessment, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, stress analysis and fluid-dynamics. Includes realistic engineering models with validation from CFD modeling and/or industry testing Provides an introduction into basic principles that govern process relationships in modern industry Helps the reader find and apply the right principles to the specific problem being solved, mitigated or validated
Category: Technology & Engineering

Guidelines For Risk Based Process Safety

Author : Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
ISBN : 9780470925119
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74.91 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety provides guidelines for industries that manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals, by focusing on new ways to design, correct, or improve process safety management practices. This new framework for thinking about process safety builds upon the original process safety management ideas published in the early 1990s, integrates industry lessons learned over the intervening years, utilizes applicable "total quality" principles (i.e., plan, do, check, act), and organizes it in a way that will be useful to all organizations - even those with relatively lower hazard activities - throughout the life-cycle of a company.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Hydrocarbon Process Safety

Author : John Clifford Jones
ISBN : 1593700040
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51.75 MB
Format : PDF
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The vitally important subject of process safety in the hydrocarbon industry is addressed in this book. The coverage is broad and the author has integrated the various aspects so that the book will be readily accessible to readers of diverse backgrounds. A grasp of the material requires only familiarity with physical and organic chemistry (at first-year undergraduate level) and with heat transfer and fluid flow at the same level. The text is complemented by many numerical examples with full solutions. Contents: Foreword by Dr.Donald Olander, Goodrich Corporation Preface Background to the oil and gas industry Hydrocarbon leakage and dispersion The combustion behaviour of hydrocarbons Offshore oil and gas production Physical operations on hydrocarbons and associated hazards Chemical operations on hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon derivatives Hazards associated with particular hydrocarbon products Some relevant design principles Some relevant measurement principles Toxicity hazards Safe disposal of unwanted hydrocarbon Means of obtaining hydrocarbon other than from crude oil, and related safety issues Appendix: outline of the Canvey Study Solutions to numerical problems Self-test questions Index.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Generic Construction Of Availability Calculation Models For Safety Loops In Process Industry

Author : Thomas Gabriel
ISBN : 9783832528928
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28.65 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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A generic approach is proposed in this work that automatically constructs suitable calculation models from a herefore invented formal description language. Two positive effects arise from that: firstly, all inherently and explicitly contained complexity of Safety Instrumented Systems is identified once and condensed into a set of transformation formulas generating the actual calculation models. Secondly, providing a flexible and extensive description language encourages smart and quick engineering processes, enables for non-standard solutions, and relieves safety engineers from the challenge of actually deriving explicit calculation models by hand. A suitable new type of discrete time multiphase markov model is chosen as mathematical basis, and comes along with the required solver algorithms for retrieving the desired unavailability characteristics: the probability of failure on demand (PFD), and the probability of fail-safe (PFS), i.e. an operational unavailability as economical indicator.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Guidelines For Investigating Process Safety Incidents

Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
ISBN : 9781119529125
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book provides a comprehensive treatment of investing chemical processing incidents. It presents on-the-job information, techniques, and examples that support successful investigations. Issues related to identification and classification of incidents (including near misses), notifications and initial response, assignment of an investigation team, preservation and control of an incident scene, collecting and documenting evidence, interviewing witnesses, determining what happened, identifying root causes, developing recommendations, effectively implementing recommendation, communicating investigation findings, and improving the investigation process are addressed in the third edition. While the focus of the book is investigating process safety incidents the methodologies, tools, and techniques described can also be applied when investigating other types of events such as reliability, quality, occupational health, and safety incidents.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Process Design Tools For The Environment

Author : Subhas Sikdar
ISBN : 156032824X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.41 MB
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Much of the pollution in the air, water or soil results from discharges from industrial activities. Industrial practice can be significantly altered to reduce or eliminate the pollution if processes and products are so designed that either toxic materials are not used, or processes are inherently less polluting. This book is a collection of methods, written by experts, that would enable industry to design benign processes at the outset to achieve this purpose.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Guidelines For Engineering Design For Process Safety

Author : American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety
ISBN : 9780470767726
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.37 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This updated version of one of the most popular and widely used CCPS books provides plant design engineers, facility operators, and safety professionals with key information on selected topics of interest. The book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a fire, explosion, or environmental damage. Key areas to be enhanced in the new edition include inherently safer design, specifically concepts for design of inherently safer unit operations and Safety Instrumented Systems and Layer of Protection Analysis. This book also provides an extensive bibliography to related publications and topic-specific information, as well as key information on failure modes and potential design solutions.
Category: Science

Advances In Fire And Process Safety

Author : N. A. Siddiqui
ISBN : 9789811072819
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.99 MB
Format : PDF
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This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Health, Safety, Fire, Environment, and Allied Sciences (HSFEA 2016). The book highlights the latest developments in the field of science and technology aimed at improving health and safety in the workplace. The volume comprises content from leading scientists, engineers, and policy makers. The papers included in this volume look at identifying the limitations of the existing approaches and open new avenues for future research. The book also looks at the accident and work-health records, specifically in Asian countries, and discusses measures to improve the Asian standards and implementation issues with regards to workplace health and safety. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, and policy makers alike.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fundamentals Of Process Safety

Author : Victor Christopher Marshall
ISBN : 085295431X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51.82 MB
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This text - primarily aimed at students of the fundamentals for process safety - presents the fundamentals of process safety in such a form those students, who typically lack such prior knowledge and experience, will fully understand and absorb the subject. The knowledge is presented in a coherent, integrated, academic framework, which is founded in fundamental science, especially in the disciplines of physics and chemistry. The text should help students find the subject more amenable to systematic study and more clearly related to other subjects covered in their curriculum. The information has been used in the teaching of a Process Safety module to undergraduate students of chemical engineering at the University of Bradford.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Chemical Process Safety

Author : Daniel A. Crowl
ISBN : 9780132440554
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66.98 MB
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Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition of Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications combines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition is also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.
Category: Technology & Engineering