Process Control System Fault Diagnosis

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Process Control System Fault Diagnosis

Author : Ruben Gonzalez
ISBN : 9781118770580
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.22 MB
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Process Control System Fault Diagnosis: A Bayesian Approach Ruben T. Gonzalez, University of Alberta, Canada Fei Qi, Suncor Energy Inc., Canada Biao Huang, University of Alberta, Canada Data-driven Inferential Solutions for Control System Fault Diagnosis A typical modern process system consists of hundreds or even thousands of control loops, which are overwhelming for plant personnel to monitor. The main objectives of this book are to establish a new framework for control system fault diagnosis, to synthesize observations of different monitors with a prior knowledge, and to pinpoint possible abnormal sources on the basis of Bayesian theory. Process Control System Fault Diagnosis: A Bayesian Approach consolidates results developed by the authors, along with the fundamentals, and presents them in a systematic way. The book provides a comprehensive coverage of various Bayesian methods for control system fault diagnosis, along with a detailed tutorial. The book is useful for graduate students and researchers as a monograph and as a reference for state-of-the-art techniques in control system performance monitoring and fault diagnosis. Since several self-contained practical examples are included in the book, it also provides a place for practicing engineers to look for solutions to their daily monitoring and diagnosis problems. Key features: • A comprehensive coverage of Bayesian Inference for control system fault diagnosis. • Theory and applications are self-contained. • Provides detailed algorithms and sample Matlab codes. • Theory is illustrated through benchmark simulation examples, pilot-scale experiments and industrial application. Process Control System Fault Diagnosis: A Bayesian Approach is a comprehensive guide for graduate students, practicing engineers, and researchers who are interests in applying theory to practice.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Data Driven Design Of Fault Diagnosis And Fault Tolerant Control Systems

Author : Steven X. Ding
ISBN : 9781447164104
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56.97 MB
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Data-driven Design of Fault Diagnosis and Fault-tolerant Control Systems presents basic statistical process monitoring, fault diagnosis, and control methods and introduces advanced data-driven schemes for the design of fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control systems catering to the needs of dynamic industrial processes. With ever increasing demands for reliability, availability and safety in technical processes and assets, process monitoring and fault-tolerance have become important issues surrounding the design of automatic control systems. This text shows the reader how, thanks to the rapid development of information technology, key techniques of data-driven and statistical process monitoring and control can now become widely used in industrial practice to address these issues. To allow for self-contained study and facilitate implementation in real applications, important mathematical and control theoretical knowledge and tools are included in this book. Major schemes are presented in algorithm form and demonstrated on industrial case systems. Data-driven Design of Fault Diagnosis and Fault-tolerant Control Systems will be of interest to process and control engineers, engineering students and researchers with a control engineering background.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Diagnosis And Reconfiguration In Flight Control Systems

Author : C. Hajiyev
ISBN : 9781441991669
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29.30 MB
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The problem of fault diagnosis and reconfigurable control is a new and actually developing field of science and engineering. The subject becomes more interesting since there is an increasing demand for the navigation and control systems of aerospace vehicles, automated actuators etc. to be more safe and reliable. Nowadays, the problems of fault detection and isolation and reconfigurable control attract the attention the scientists in the world. The subject is emphasized in the recent international congresses such as IF AC World Congresses (San Francisco-1996, Beijing-1999, and Barcelona-2002) and lMEKO World Congresses (Tampere-1997, Osaka-1999, Vienna-2000), and also in the international conferences on fault diagnosis such as SAFEPROCESS Conferences (Hull-1997, Budapest-2000). The presented methods in the book are based on linear and nonlinear dynamic mathematical models of the systems. Technical objects and systems stated by these models are very large, and include various control systems, actuators, sensors, computer systems, communication systems, and mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical and electronic devices. The analytical fault diagnosis techniques of these objects have been developed for several decades. Many of those techniques are based on the use of the results of modem control theory. This is natural, because it is known that fault diagnosis process in control systems is considered as a part of general control process. xxii In organization of fault diagnosis of control systems, the use of the concepts and methods of modem control theory including concepts of state space, modeling, controllability, observability, estimation, identification, and filtering is very efficient.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Detection And Diagnosis In Industrial Systems

Author : L.H. Chiang
ISBN : 9781447103479
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.26 MB
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Early and accurate fault detection and diagnosis for modern chemical plants can minimize downtime, increase the safety of plant operations, and reduce manufacturing costs. This book presents the theoretical background and practical techniques for data-driven process monitoring. It demonstrates the application of all the data-driven process monitoring techniques to the Tennessee Eastman plant simulator, and looks at the strengths and weaknesses of each approach in detail. A plant simulator and problems allow readers to apply process monitoring techniques.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Diagnosis Systems

Author : Rolf Isermann
ISBN : 3540303685
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.33 MB
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With increasing demands for efficiency and product quality plus progress in the integration of automatic control systems in high-cost mechatronic and safety-critical processes, the field of supervision (or monitoring), fault detection and fault diagnosis plays an important role. The book gives an introduction into advanced methods of fault detection and diagnosis (FDD). After definitions of important terms, it considers the reliability, availability, safety and systems integrity of technical processes. Then fault-detection methods for single signals without models such as limit and trend checking and with harmonic and stochastic models, such as Fourier analysis, correlation and wavelets are treated. This is followed by fault detection with process models using the relationships between signals such as parameter estimation, parity equations, observers and principal component analysis. The treated fault-diagnosis methods include classification methods from Bayes classification to neural networks with decision trees and inference methods from approximate reasoning with fuzzy logic to hybrid fuzzy-neuro systems. Several practical examples for fault detection and diagnosis of DC motor drives, a centrifugal pump, automotive suspension and tire demonstrate applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Tolerant Control Systems

Author : Hassan Noura
ISBN : 9781848826533
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.77 MB
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The seriesAdvancesinIndustrialControl aims to report and encourage te- nologytransfer in controlengineering. The rapid development of controlte- nology has an impact on all areas of the control discipline. New theory, new controllers, actuators, sensors, new industrial processes, computer methods, new applications, new philosophies. . . , new challenges. Much of this devel- ment work resides in industrial reports, feasibility study papers, and the - ports of advanced collaborative projects. The series o?ers an opportunity for researchers to present an extended exposition of such new work in all aspects of industrial control for wider and rapid dissemination. Control system design and technology continues to develop in many d- ferent directions. One theme that the Advances in Industrial Control series is following is the application of nonlinear control design methods, and the series has some interesting new commissions in progress. However, another theme of interest is how to endow the industrial controller with the ability to overcome faults and process degradation. Fault detection and isolation is a broad ?eld with a research literature spanning several decades. This topic deals with three questions: • How is the presence of a fault detected? • What is the cause of the fault? • Where is it located? However, there has been less focus on the question of how to use the control system to accommodate and overcome the performance deterioration caused by the identi?ed sensor or actuator fault.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Diagnosis Applications

Author : Rolf Isermann
ISBN : 3642127673
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.73 MB
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Supervision, condition-monitoring, fault detection, fault diagnosis and fault management play an increasing role for technical processes and vehicles in order to improve reliability, availability, maintenance and lifetime. For safety-related processes fault-tolerant systems with redundancy are required in order to reach comprehensive system integrity. This book is a sequel of the book “Fault-Diagnosis Systems” published in 2006, where the basic methods were described. After a short introduction into fault-detection and fault-diagnosis methods the book shows how these methods can be applied for a selection of 20 real technical components and processes as examples, such as: Electrical drives (DC, AC) Electrical actuators Fluidic actuators (hydraulic, pneumatic) Centrifugal and reciprocating pumps Pipelines (leak detection) Industrial robots Machine tools (main and feed drive, drilling, milling, grinding) Heat exchangers Also realized fault-tolerant systems for electrical drives, actuators and sensors are presented. The book describes why and how the various signal-model-based and process-model-based methods were applied and which experimental results could be achieved. In several cases a combination of different methods was most successful. The book is dedicated to graduate students of electrical, mechanical, chemical engineering and computer science and for engineers.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Detection Supervision And Safety For Technical Processes 1991

Author : B. Freyermuth
ISBN : 9781483299037
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.92 MB
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These Proceedings provide a general overview as well as detailed information on the developing field of reliability and safety of technical processes in automatically controlled processes. The plenary papers present the state-of-the-art and an overview in the areas of aircraft and nuclear power stations, because these safety-critical system domains possess the most highly developed fault management and supervision schemes. Additional plenary papers covered the recent developments in analytical redundancy. In total there are 95 papers presented in these Proceedings.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Diagnosis And Fault Tolerant Control

Author : Mogens Blanke
ISBN : 9783662479438
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.2 MB
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Fault-tolerant control aims at a gradual shutdown response in automated systems when faults occur. It satisfies the industrial demand for enhanced availability and safety, in contrast to traditional reactions to faults, which bring about sudden shutdowns and loss of availability. The book presents effective model-based analysis and design methods for fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control. Architectural and structural models are used to analyse the propagation of the fault through the process, to test the fault detectability and to find the redundancies in the process that can be used to ensure fault tolerance. It also introduces design methods suitable for diagnostic systems and fault-tolerant controllers for continuous processes that are described by analytical models of discrete-event systems represented by automata. The book is suitable for engineering students, engineers in industry and researchers who wish to get an overview of the variety of approaches to process diagnosis and fault-tolerant control. The authors have extensive teaching experience with graduate and PhD students, as well as with industrial experts. Parts of this book have been used in courses for this audience. The authors give a comprehensive introduction to the main ideas of diagnosis and fault-tolerant control and present some of their most recent research achievements obtained together with their research groups in a close cooperation with European research projects. The third edition resulted from a major re-structuring and re-writing of the former edition, which has been used for a decade by numerous research groups. New material includes distributed diagnosis of continuous and discrete-event systems, methods for reconfigurability analysis, and extensions of the structural methods towards fault-tolerant control. The bibliographical notes at the end of all chapters have been up-dated. The chapters end with exercises to be used in lectures.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Diagnosis And Fault Tolerant Control Of Robotic And Autonomous Systems

Author : Alessandro Freddi
ISBN : 9781785618307
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.82 MB
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Robotic systems have experienced exponential growth thanks to their incredible adaptability. Modern robots require an increasing level of autonomy and the capability to interact with humans. This book addresses the challenges of increasing and ensuring reliability and safety of modern robotic and autonomous systems. The book provides an overview of research in this field to-date, and addresses advanced topics including fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control, and the challenging technologies and applications in industrial robotics, robotic manipulators, mobile robots, and autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles. Chapters cover the following topics: fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control of unmanned aerial vehicles; control techniques to deal with the damage of a quadrotor propeller; observer-based LPV control design of quad-TRUAV under rotor-tilt axle stuck fault; an unknown input observer based framework for fault and icing detection and accommodations in overactuated unmanned aerial vehicles; actuator fault tolerance for a WAM-V catamaran with azimuth thrusters; fault-tolerant control of a service robot; distributed fault detection and isolation strategy for a team of cooperative mobile manipulators; nonlinear optimal control for aerial robotic manipulators; fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control techniques for aircraft Systems; fault-tolerant trajectory tracking control of in-wheel motor vehicles with energy efficient steering and torque distribution; nullspace-based input reconfiguration architecture for over-actuated aerial vehicles; data-driven approaches to fault-tolerant control of industrial robotic systems.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Tolerant Process Control

Author : Prashant Mhaskar
ISBN : 9781447148081
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62.96 MB
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Fault-Tolerant Process Control focuses on the development of general, yet practical, methods for the design of advanced fault-tolerant control systems; these ensure an efficient fault detection and a timely response to enhance fault recovery, prevent faults from propagating or developing into total failures, and reduce the risk of safety hazards. To this end, methods are presented for the design of advanced fault-tolerant control systems for chemical processes which explicitly deal with actuator/controller failures and sensor faults and data losses. Specifically, the book puts forward: · A framework for detection, isolation and diagnosis of actuator and sensor faults for nonlinear systems; · Controller reconfiguration and safe-parking-based fault-handling methodologies; · Integrated-data- and model-based fault-detection and isolation and fault-tolerant control methods; · Methods for handling sensor faults and data losses; and · Methods for monitoring the performance of low-level PID loops. The methodologies proposed employ nonlinear systems analysis, Lyapunov techniques, optimization, statistical methods and hybrid systems theory and are predicated upon the idea of integrating fault-detection, local feedback control, and supervisory control. The applicability and performance of the methods are demonstrated through a number of chemical process examples. Fault-Tolerant Process Control is a valuable resource for academic researchers, industrial practitioners as well as graduate students pursuing research in this area.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Diagnosis Of Nonlinear Systems Using A Hybrid Approach

Author : Ehsan Sobhani-Tehrani
ISBN : 9780387929064
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.98 MB
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Theincreasingcomplexityofspacevehiclessuchassatellites,andthecostreduction measures that have affected satellite operators are increasingly driving the need for more autonomy in satellite diagnostics and control systems. Current methods for detecting and correcting anomalies onboard the spacecraft as well as on the ground are primarily manual and labor intensive, and therefore, tend to be slow. Operators inspect telemetry data to determine the current satellite health. They use various statisticaltechniques andmodels,buttheanalysisandevaluation ofthelargevolume of data still require extensive human intervention and expertise that is prone to error. Furthermore, for spacecraft and most of these satellites, there can be potentially unduly long delays in round-trip communications between the ground station and the satellite. In this context, it is desirable to have onboard fault-diagnosis system that is capable of detecting, isolating, identifying or classifying faults in the system withouttheinvolvementandinterventionofoperators.Towardthisend,theprinciple goal here is to improve the ef?ciency, accuracy, and reliability of the trend analysis and diagnostics techniques through utilization of intelligent-based and hybrid-based methodologies.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fault Diagnosis Of Dynamic Systems

Author : Teresa Escobet
ISBN : 9783030177287
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.82 MB
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Fault Diagnosis of Dynamic Systems provides readers with a glimpse into the fundamental issues and techniques of fault diagnosis used by Automatic Control (FDI) and Artificial Intelligence (DX) research communities. The book reviews the standard techniques and approaches widely used in both communities. It also contains benchmark examples and case studies that demonstrate how the same problem can be solved using the presented approaches. The book also introduces advanced fault diagnosis approaches that are currently still being researched, including methods for non-linear, hybrid, discrete-event and software/business systems, as well as, an introduction to prognosis. Fault Diagnosis of Dynamic Systems is valuable source of information for researchers and engineers starting to work on fault diagnosis and willing to have a reference guide on the main concepts and standard approaches on fault diagnosis. Readers with experience on one of the two main communities will also find it useful to learn the fundamental concepts of the other community and the synergies between them. The book is also open to researchers or academics who are already familiar with the standard approaches, since they will find a collection of advanced approaches with more specific and advanced topics or with application to different domains. Finally, engineers and researchers looking for transferable fault diagnosis methods will also find useful insights in the book.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Model Based Fault Diagnosis Techniques

Author : Steven X. Ding
ISBN : 354076304X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53.93 MB
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The objective of this book is to introduce basic model-based FDI schemes, advanced analysis and design algorithms, and the needed mathematical and control theory tools at a level for graduate students and researchers as well as for engineers. This is a textbook with extensive examples and references. Most methods are given in the form of an algorithm that enables a direct implementation in a programme. Comparisons among different methods are included when possible.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Stochastic Distribution Control System Design

Author : Lei Guo
ISBN : 9781849960304
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 29.34 MB
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A recent development in SDC-related problems is the establishment of intelligent SDC models and the intensive use of LMI-based convex optimization methods. Within this theoretical framework, control parameter determination can be designed and stability and robustness of closed-loop systems can be analyzed. This book describes the new framework of SDC system design and provides a comprehensive description of the modelling of controller design tools and their real-time implementation. It starts with a review of current research on SDC and moves on to some basic techniques for modelling and controller design of SDC systems. This is followed by a description of controller design for fixed-control-structure SDC systems, PDF control for general input- and output-represented systems, filtering designs, and fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) for SDC systems. Many new LMI techniques being developed for SDC systems are shown to have independent theoretical significance for robust control and FDD problems.
Category: Mathematics

Failsafe Control Systems

Author : K. Warwick
ISBN : 9789400904293
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27.6 MB
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11 . 2 Study objectives 147 11 . 3 Approach to analysis 147 11. 4 Presentation and discussion of results 151 11 . 5 Conclusions 165 12 Accident management and failure analysis G. C. Meggitt 170 12. 1 Introduction 170 12. 2 Nuclear safety 170 12. 3 The accident 171 12. 4 The accident response 171 12. 5 The automatic response 171 12. 6 The tailored response 173 12. 7 The emergency plan 181 13 Decision support systems and emergency management M. Grauer 182 13. 1 Introduction 182 13. 2 The problem 183 13. 3 The multiple-criteria approach 184 3 13. 4 OveNiew of the 1-decision support software 186 13. 5 A case study from chemical industry 189 13. 6 Conclusions 195 References 196 14 Safety integrity management using expert systems Dr P. Andow 198 14. 1 Introduction 198 14. 2 Safety and risk analysis 198 14. 3 The effects of applying safety and risk analysis 199 14. 4 Safety integrity management 201 14. 5 Knowledge-base contents 204 14. 6 Summary of system functions 204 14. 7 Discussion 205 References 205 15 Power system alarm analysis and fault diagnosis using expert systems P. H. Ashmole 207 15. 1 Introduction 207 15. 2 Expert systems for power system alarm analysis already developed 208 15. 3 Existing substation control arrangements 209 15. 4 Discussion of alarm data flow 210 15. 5 Expert system requirements 210 15. 6 User interface 211 15. 7 Requirements under different fault conditions 211 15.
Category: Technology & Engineering

On Line Fault Detection And Supervision In The Chemical Process Industries

Author : P.S. Dhurjati
ISBN : UOM:39015029453324
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87.58 MB
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The papers presented at this Symposium were grouped into five major sections: Strategies for the detection and diagnosis of process faults; Modeling, validation, and interpretation of process trends; Supervision and control of chemical plants; Neural networks in process supervision and fault diagnosis. Industrial applications in process supervision and fault diagnosis; The fifty-two papers in this volume cover both theoretical and practical/implementational aspects of systems in the process control industry.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advanced Neural Network Based Computational Schemes For Robust Fault Diagnosis

Author : Marcin Mrugalski
ISBN : 9783319015477
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80.93 MB
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The present book is devoted to problems of adaptation of artificial neural networks to robust fault diagnosis schemes. It presents neural networks-based modelling and estimation techniques used for designing robust fault diagnosis schemes for non-linear dynamic systems. A part of the book focuses on fundamental issues such as architectures of dynamic neural networks, methods for designing of neural networks and fault diagnosis schemes as well as the importance of robustness. The book is of a tutorial value and can be perceived as a good starting point for the new-comers to this field. The book is also devoted to advanced schemes of description of neural model uncertainty. In particular, the methods of computation of neural networks uncertainty with robust parameter estimation are presented. Moreover, a novel approach for system identification with the state-space GMDH neural network is delivered. All the concepts described in this book are illustrated by both simple academic illustrative examples and practical applications.
Category: Computers