Problems In Astrophysics

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Problems In Astrophysics

Author : Agnes Mary Clerke
ISBN : HARVARD:32044019774249
Genre : Astrophysics
File Size : 25.24 MB
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Category: Astrophysics

Unsolved Problems In Astrophysics

Author : John N. Bahcall
ISBN : 9780691188560
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.40 MB
Format : PDF
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The field of astrophysics is in the midst of a technologically driven renaissance, as fundamental discoveries are being made with astonishing frequency. In the last decade, new detectors in space, on earth, and deep underground have, when coupled with the computational power of modern computers, revolutionized our knowledge and understanding of the astronomical world. This is a great time for a student of any age to become acquainted with the remarkable universe in which we live. This volume is a collection of essays, originally presented orally to a diverse group of students and professionals, which reveal the most fertile areas for future study of astronomy and astrophysics. The emphasis of this work is on the clear description of the current state of our knowledge as a preparation for the future unraveling of the mysteries of the universe that appear today as most fundamental and most amenable to solution. A stellar group of astronomers and astrophysicists describes the directions and styles of work that they think are most likely to lead to progress. Bibliographical notes at the end of each presentation provide guidance for the reader who wishes to go more deeply into a given subject. Unsolved Problems in Astrophysics is a uniquely stimulating introduction to some of the most important topics in modern astrophysics.
Category: Science

Theory Problems And Solutions In Physics And Astrophysics

Author :
ISBN : 0988818108
Genre :
File Size : 24.73 MB
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This book provides a variety of problems and solutions in upper division physics and astrophysics. It also includes an overview of fundamental theories on selected topics in physics.
Category:

Problems And Solutions

Author : Aniket Sule
ISBN : 8173719802
Genre : Astronomy
File Size : 60.41 MB
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Category: Astronomy

Unfolding The Labyrinth Open Problems In Physics Mathematics Astrophysics And Other Areas Of Science

Author : Florentin Smarandache
ISBN : 9781599730134
Genre : Mathematical physics
File Size : 25.97 MB
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Throughout this book, we discuss some open problems in various branches of science, including mathematics, theoretical physics, astrophysics, geophysics etc. It is of our hope that some of the problems discussed in this book will find their place either in theoretical exploration or further experiments, while some parts of these problems may be found useful for scholarly stimulation.The present book is also intended for young physics and mathematics fellows who will perhaps find the unsolved problems described here are at least worth pondering. If this book provides only a few highlights of plausible solutions, it is merely to keep the fun of readers in discovering the answers by themselves. Bon voyage!
Category: Mathematical physics

Cosmology And Astrophysics Through Problems

Author : T. Padmanabhan
ISBN : 0521467837
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28.73 MB
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An innovative textbook that provides a unique approach to beginning research in cosmology and high energy astrophysics through a series of problems and answers.
Category: Mathematics

Statistical Problems In Particle Physics Astrophysics And Cosmology

Author : Louis Lyons
ISBN : 9781860946493
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.21 MB
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These proceedings comprise current statistical issues in analyzing data in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology, as discussed at the PHYSTAT05 conference in Oxford. This is a continuation of the popular PHYSTAT series; previous meetings were held at CERN (2000), Fermilab (2000), Durham (2002) and Stanford (2003).In-depth discussions on topical issues are presented by leading statisticians and research workers in their relevant fields. Included are invited reviews and contributed research papers presenting the latest, state-of-the-art techniques.
Category: Science

Ill Posed Problems In Natural Sciences

Author : Andrej N. Tichonov
ISBN : 9067641413
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.58 MB
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The first international conference ''Ill-Posed Problems in Natural Sciences'' was held in Moscow, August 1991. This Proceedings volume contains selected papers by well-known specialists in the theory and applications of ill-posed and inverse problems. The book covers a wide spectrum of topics such as theoretical mathematical physics, numerical methods in medicine, astrophysics, geophysics, electrodynamics, tomography, mass and heat transport theory, optics and other fields.
Category: Science

Problems Of Astrophysics

Author : Akademii͡a nauk Ukraïnʹskoï RSR.
ISBN : UIUC:30112104123424
Genre : Astrophysics
File Size : 35.82 MB
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Category: Astrophysics

Welcome To The Universe

Author : Neil deGrasse Tyson
ISBN : 9781400888993
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.75 MB
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An essential companion to the New York Times bestseller Welcome to the Universe Here is the essential companion to Welcome to the Universe, a New York Times bestseller that was inspired by the enormously popular introductory astronomy course for non science majors that Neil deGrasse Tyson, Michael A. Strauss, and J. Richard Gott taught together at Princeton. This problem book features more than one hundred problems and exercises used in the original course—ideal for anyone who wants to deepen their understanding of the original material and to learn to think like an astrophysicist. Whether you’re a student or teacher, citizen scientist or science enthusiast, your guided tour of the cosmos just got even more hands-on with Welcome to the Universe: The Problem Book. The essential companion book to the acclaimed bestseller Features the problems used in the original introductory astronomy course for non science majors at Princeton University Organized according to the structure of Welcome to the Universe, empowering readers to explore real astrophysical problems that are conceptually introduced in each chapter Problems are designed to stimulate physical insight into the frontier of astrophysics Problems develop quantitative skills, yet use math no more advanced than high school algebra Problems are often multipart, building critical thinking and quantitative skills and developing readers’ insight into what astrophysicists do Ideal for course use—either in tandem with Welcome to the Universe or as a supplement to courses using standard astronomy textbooks—or self-study Tested in the classroom over numerous semesters for more than a decade Prefaced with a review of relevant concepts and equations Full solutions and explanations are provided, allowing students and other readers to check their own understanding
Category: Science

Inverse Problems In Astronomy A Guide To Inversion Strategies For Remotely Sensed Data

Author : Ian J. D.. Craig
ISBN : UCAL:B4359587
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51.44 MB
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In many research fields the basic properties of a system have to be deduced from remotely sensed observations rather than from first-hand on the spot measurements. These remotely sensed data are often difficult to interpret physically because they emerge as severely filtered convolutions of the original source function. The central 'inverse' problem is to transform these data, through integral inversion techniques, into stable and physically meaningful representations of the source. This book gives a general mathematical introduction to the subject and illustrates it with examples and applications in astronomy. The authors outline the classical theory of itegral inversion and illustrate why classical techniques fail, then go on to describe and compare a variety of non-classical techniques. Methods such as regularisation, employing smoothing constraints and the use of a priori information such as non-negativity are carefully explained and applied to contemporary research problems in astronomy. Finally, the way to develop an optimal overall strategy is discussed. This is the first book to address all aspects of inverse problems, from how they occur to their analytic formulation and practical numerical treatments. Enough mathematical detail is incorporated for the text to be self contained. As such it will primarily be of interest to postgraduate and research astronomers and physicists, and to applied mathematicians. Other workers in passive observational studies such as meteorology, and areas of economics and sociology will find chapters on theory and strategy useful. Attention is also drawn to implications of inverse theory for a central tenet in the philosophy of science, namely falsifiability of hypotheses.
Category: Mathematics

Issues In Astronomy And Astrophysics 2011 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781464963681
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.27 MB
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Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Astronomy and Astrophysics. The editors have built Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Astronomy and Astrophysics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Astronomy and Astrophysics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Category: Science

Numerical Methods In Astrophysics

Author : Peter Bodenheimer
ISBN : 9781420011869
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.51 MB
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Numerical Methods in Astrophysics: An Introduction outlines various fundamental numerical methods that can solve gravitational dynamics, hydrodynamics, and radiation transport equations. This resource indicates which methods are most suitable for particular problems, demonstrates what the accuracy requirements are in numerical simulations, and suggests ways to test for and reduce the inevitable negative effects. After an introduction to the basic equations and derivations, the book focuses on practical applications of the numerical methods. It explores hydrodynamic problems in one dimension, N-body particle dynamics, smoothed particle hydrodynamics, and stellar structure and evolution. The authors also examine advanced techniques in grid-based hydrodynamics, evaluate the methods for calculating the gravitational forces in an astrophysical system, and discuss specific problems in grid-based methods for radiation transfer. The book incorporates brief user instructions and a CD-ROM of the numerical codes, allowing readers to experiment with the codes to suit their own needs. With numerous examples and sample problems that cover a wide range of current research topics, this highly practical guide illustrates how to solve key astrophysics problems, providing a clear introduction for graduate and undergraduate students as well as researchers and professionals.
Category: Science

Plasma Astrophysics

Author : S. A. Kaplan
ISBN : 9781483187051
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.92 MB
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Plasma Astrophysics is a translation from the Russian language; the topics discussed are based on lectures given by V.N. Tsytovich at several universities. The book describes the physics of the various phenomena and their mathematical formulation connected with plasma astrophysics. This book also explains the theory of the interaction of fast particles plasma, their radiation activities, as well as the plasma behavior when exposed to a very strong magnetic field. The text describes the nature of collective plasma processes and of plasma turbulence. One author explains the method of elementary excitation which he has developed. The book also discusses the sporadic radio-emission of the sun, galactic nuclei, radio-galaxies, quasars, and pulsars. The book explains that problems involving terrestrial plasma can be split into parts; in astrophysics, the approach is different. For example, particle acceleration is determined by turbulence spectra that in turn depends on the energy distribution of the accelerated particles. The authors also give theoretical results based on many calculations analysis of observational data: Tsytovich contributes new theoretical calculations. This book can prove helpful for nuclear scientists and researchers working with plasma physics or astro-physics.
Category: Science

Radiative Processes In Astrophysics

Author : George B. Rybicki
ISBN : 9783527618187
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.87 MB
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Radiative Processes in Astrophysics: This clear, straightforward, and fundamental introduction is designed to present-from a physicist's point of view-radiation processes and their applications to astrophysical phenomena and space science. It covers such topics as radiative transfer theory, relativistic covariance and kinematics, bremsstrahlung radiation, synchrotron radiation, Compton scattering, some plasma effects, and radiative transitions in atoms. Discussion begins with first principles, physically motivating and deriving all results rather than merely presenting finished formulae. However, a reasonably good physics background (introductory quantum mechanics, intermediate electromagnetic theory, special relativity, and some statistical mechanics) is required. Much of this prerequisite material is provided by brief reviews, making the book a self-contained reference for workers in the field as well as the ideal text for senior or first-year graduate students of astronomy, astrophysics, and related physics courses. Radiative Processes in Astrophysics also contains about 75 problems, with solutions, illustrating applications of the material and methods for calculating results. This important and integral section emphasizes physical intuition by presenting important results that are used throughout the main text; it is here that most of the practical astrophysical applications become apparent.
Category: Science

Astrophysics

Author : K. S. Krishnaswamy
ISBN : 8122406602
Genre : Astrophysics
File Size : 60.4 MB
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Discoveries In Astronomy And Astrophysics Have Brought Out Several Outstanding Problems And Puzzles. For Resolving These New Inputs From Physics May Be Required. There Exist Several Centers With Excellent Instruments And Many New Instruments Will Be Developed In The Next Few Years. Similarly Several Satellites Are In Orbit And More Are Being Planned For Future Astronomical Studies. Clearly Astronomy And Astrophysics Will Provide Great Opportunities For An Inquisitive Mind To Do First Rate Research Work.There Is A Good Scope For Carrying Out Path Breaking Work In Astronomy, Astrophysics And Space Sciences. To Attract Students And Researchers To This Exciting Frontier, It Is Necessary To Provide Them A Strong Academic Foundation. Astrophysics: A Modern Perspective Is An Attempt In This Direction. This Book Has Evolved Out Of A Series Of Lectures Delivered At Two Winter Schools In Astronomy And Astrophysics Organized By The Tata Institute Of Fundamental Research (Tifr), Bombay. Special Effort Has Been Made To Highlight Some Of The Challenging And Unsolved Problems From The Observational And Theoretical Points Of View.All The Contributors To This Volume Are Well Known Scientists Of Tifr And Have Made Significant And Lasting Contributions In Their Respective Fields. Each Chapter Develops The Subject From Basic Considerations Of Physics And Goes On To The Present Day Understanding. Some Of The Important Problems Facing Astronomers And Astrophysicists Today Are Highlighted Throughout The Book. The Close Interaction Between Astronomers, Astrophysicists And Physicists Has Also Been Brought Out. It Is Hoped That This Approach Will Attract More Students And Research Workers To The Fascinating Area Of Astronomy And Astrophysics.
Category: Astrophysics

Astrophysics Through Computation

Author : Brian Koberlein
ISBN : 9781107276451
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.72 MB
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This new text surveys a series of fundamental problems in astrophysics, both analytically and computationally, for advanced students in physics and astrophysics. The contents are supported by more than 110 class-tested Mathematica® notebooks, allowing rigorous solutions to be explored in a visually engaging way. Topics covered include many classical and historically interesting problems, enabling students to appreciate the mathematical and scientific challenges that have been overcome in the subject's development. The text also shows the advantages and disadvantages of using analytical and computational methods. It will serve students, professionals and capable amateurs to master the quantitative details of modern astrophysics and the computational aspects of their research projects. Downloadable Mathematica® resources available at www.cambridge.org/koberlein.
Category: Science