Private Firms And Public Water

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Regulating Municipal Water Supply Concessions

Author : Yan Wei
ISBN : 9783662436837
Genre : Law
File Size : 89.88 MB
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This book discusses the recently introduced concession policy, which is also known as PPP worldwide, on municipal utilities policy in China. In this context, critics have claimed that there is a gap in accountability with regard to concessions. The author utilizes interdisciplinary methods and comparative studies, taking into account the situation in the EU and US to analyze the accountability gap some feel will be created when the policy is implemented. Taking water sector concessions as the subject of discussion, the author distinguishes between three types of accountability: traditional bureaucratic accountability, legal accountability and public accountability. By systematically analyzing the essential problems involved, the book attempts to achieve a better understanding of concession and its application in the context of public utilities and finds that the alleged accountability gap is attributed to traditional bureaucratic accountability in China and the concession system per se.
Category: Law

Water Resources Management

Author :
ISBN : 0821326368
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70.60 MB
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Also available in Arabic, French, and Spanish:Arabic: Stock No. 12639 (ISBN 0-8213-2637-2) / Price code 006French: Gestion des ressources en eau. La Banque mondiale. Document de politique generale de la Banque mondiale / Stock No. 12637 (ISBN 0-8213-2637-6) / $6.95 / Price code 006Spanish: La ordenacion de los recursos hidricos. El Banco Mundial. Documento de poljtica del Banco Mundial / Stock No. 12638 (ISBN 0-8213-2638-4) / $6.95 / Price code 006All editions: $6.95 / Price code 006.This study examines new World Bank policies that deal with scarce water resources in developing countries. It provides a framework to help governments design effective water management programs.Countries can tailor the framework to suit their needs. The study describes key policy goals that each country program should adopt. It discusses ways to make industry control pollution and conserve water. It suggests means of making water more accessible and sewage collection and treatment more efficient.Practical ways to modernize irrigation techniques and hydropower systems, to protect ecosystems, minimize resettlement, and maintain biodiversity are outlined. Low-cost methods of providing drinking water for the rural poor and water for industry and agriculture are recommended.The study also recommends institutional and regulatory reforms that use incentives to promote more efficient water use and services, employ new water conservation technology, and let communities join in water management.The study describes the conditions that would affect World Bank lending to individual countries. It reviews the water management problems that would get urgent consideration. It also examines how Bank support is affected by a country's commitment to sound water management.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Private Sector And Water Pricing In Efficient Urban Water Management

Author : Cecilia Tortajada
ISBN : 9781317652700
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 45.95 MB
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This book focuses on participation of the public and private sectors in urban water management and on the role of water pricing. It discusses in-depth topics such as public choices of urban water service management; dynamics of privatization and regulation of water services; adoption of water demand instruments; impacts of price and non-price policies on residential water demand; quality of water services; lessons from not-for-profit public-private partnerships; and critical examinations of models and projections of demands in water utility resource planning in England and Wales. Appropriateness of water prices and tariffs in achieving socially desirable outcomes is also analyzed and a global survey of urban water tariffs is approached with a focus on sustainability, efficiency and fairness. This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Water Resources Management.
Category: Business & Economics

Comparing The Performance Of Public And Private Water Companies In The Asia And Pacific Region

Author : Antonio Estache
Genre : Agua - Asia
File Size : 38.84 MB
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Efficiency indicators can be useful to regulators assessing the efficiency of an operation and the wedge between tariff and minimum costs. They allow regulators to control for factors over which the operators have no control (such as diversity of water sources, or water quality or user characteristics).
Category: Agua - Asia

Natural Resource Economics

Author : S. V. Ciriacy-Wantrup
ISBN : 9780429717772
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.6 MB
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This volume was assembled by two of Dr. Wantrup's students as a complement to his textbook, Resource Conservation: Economics and Policies. Wantrup's ideas on conservation economics continued to evolve in ways that were never fully reflected in that text, and although for the student of natural resource economics it is still essential reading, to st
Category: Business & Economics

Privatizing Water

Author : Karen Bakker
ISBN : 9780801467004
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 33.9 MB
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Water supply privatization was emblematic of the neoliberal turn in development policy in the 1990s. Proponents argued that the private sector could provide better services at lower costs than governments; opponents questioned the risks involved in delegating control over a life-sustaining resource to for-profit companies. Private-sector activity was most concentrated—and contested—in large cities in developing countries, where the widespread lack of access to networked water supplies was characterized as a global crisis. In Privatizing Water, Karen Bakker focuses on three questions: Why did privatization emerge as a preferred alternative for managing urban water supply? Can privatization fulfill its proponents' expectations, particularly with respect to water supply to the urban poor? And, given the apparent shortcomings of both privatization and conventional approaches to government provision, what are the alternatives? In answering these questions, Bakker engages with broader debates over the role of the private sector in development, the role of urban communities in the provision of "public" services, and the governance of public goods. She introduces the concept of "governance failure" as a means of exploring the limitations facing both private companies and governments. Critically examining a range of issues—including the transnational struggle over the human right to water, the "commons" as a water-supply-management strategy, and the environmental dimensions of water privatization—Privatizing Water is a balanced exploration of a critical issue that affects billions of people around the world.
Category: Political Science

Current Issues In The Economics Of Water Resource Management

Author : Panos Pashardes
ISBN : 1402005423
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 25.97 MB
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Water resource management is complicated in practice on account of the diverse nature of the resource and its many uses. This volume reports recent economic research on the theory, practice, and policy of water management. It is distinguished by the number and the range of the applications it considers. Chapters consider problems in the estimation of water demand in residential and agricultural contexts. Efficiency and externality considerations are considered in chapters concerning common aquifers as well as domestic conservation. Management policies are discussed in regard to chemical contamination, reservoir construction, and industrial regulation. The volume is intended for resource economists, especially those concerned with the management of water resources. It provides insights into the latest research on the economic issues concerning this important resource.
Category: Business & Economics

Un Bundling Public Private Partnership Contracts In The Water Sector Competition In Auctions And Economics Of Scale In Operation

Author : Atsushi Iimi
Genre : Industries
File Size : 85.96 MB
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Abstract: In public-private partnership transactions in the water sector, one of the alleged concerns is that there is little market competition at the auction stage. This paper casts light on a tradeoff between the competition effect at the auction level and potential economies of scale in service operation. If the authorities design a large-scale public-private partnership water transaction, it is expected to exploit operational scale economies. But the competition effect may have to be sacrificed. The paper shows a risk that the selection of the contract size could be a very restrictive condition that excludes many prospective bidders. Moreover, the paper quantifies the optimal size of public-private partnership contracts in the sector by estimating a cost function. The analysis shows that economies of scale exist but tend to diminish quickly as production increases. When the amount of water sold exceeds about 40 million m3, the statistical significance of economies of scale disappears. And there is no rationale for auctioning the water operation with annual water delivery of more than 400 million m3 under a single contract.
Category: Industries

Social Policies And Private Sector Participation In Water Supply

Author : N. Prasad
ISBN : 9780230582880
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.43 MB
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This book demonstrates that, when reforming the water sector, policymakers should arrange social policies that mitigate the negative impact of reforms. It presents a detailed analysis of the current issues, and uses country studies to show how social policies are vital in ensuring affordable access to water supply.
Category: Business & Economics

Public Private Partnerships For Urban Water Utilities

Author : Philippe Marin
ISBN : 0821379577
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.24 MB
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'Public-Private Partnerships for Urban Water Utilities: A Review of Experiences in Developing Countries' analyzes the market growth of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the developing world since 1990, and the performance of more than 65 large water PPP projects representing more than 100 million people for access, service quality, operational efficiency, and tariff levels. Although a relatively small portion of the water utilities in the developing world are operated under PPPs (about 7 percent in 2007), the urban population served by private water operators has grown every year since 1990. Despite many difficulties encountered by PPP projects and a few contract terminations, a large majority of contracts awarded since 1990 are still in place. The track record for improving service and efficiency reaffirms the value of PPPs to help turn around poorly performing water utilities, even though the level of private financing did not match initial expectations. Over time, a more realistic market has developed, the number of private investors from developing countries has grown, and contract designs have become more pragmatic concerning risk allocations between partners. The water sector has many features that set it apart from other infrastructure sectors. This book suggests the need for careful consideration of those specificities to successfully involve private operators. Although concessions with private financing have worked in a few places, contractual arrangements that combine private operation with public financing appear to be the most sustainable option in many countries. Policy makers, stakeholders, and donors need to remain heavily engaged in the water sector, especially in the poorest countries and during a global financial crisis. This book contributes to a better understanding of the various options to tackle the many challenges of providing water and sanitation services to urban populations in the developing world.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Public Private Partnerships In The Water Sector

Author : Cledan Mandri-Perrott
ISBN : 9781843393207
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.31 MB
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Public sector funding and resources are often inadequate to meet increasing demands for investment and effective management, and a growing case history shows increasing involvement by the private sector in provision of infrastructure and services through PPP arrangements. The objective of this book is to determine, and make recommendations on, means of optimizing the use of Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in development of infrastructure whilst ensuring the sustainable long term provision of water and waste water services. The focus is on providing detailed recommendations on contractual issues and contract structures to achieve this objective. Public Private Partnerships in the Water Sector - Innovation and Financial Sustainability: Identifies what is needed to establish effective and sustainable water and wastewater service reform when using a PPP arrangement, and importantly how those issues can be addressed contractually. Provides specific recommendations of a comprehensive and detailed approach to contract drafting to ensure effective, sustainable and long term provision of water and wastewater services, including an approach for adaptation of public procurement procedures for PPP arrangements. Recommends a proposed approach to dealing with the influence of imperfect or unavailable data on the long term effectiveness or sustainability. This is a practical and pragmatic book in which the authors share their considerable experience on devising and implementing PPPs in the water sector. It is aimed primarily at practitioners working with developing countries but its recommendations will also be suitable for application in developed countries. It is also a useful reference for postgraduates and academics studying infrastructure development.
Category: Science

America S Water And Wastewater Crisis

Author : Lewis D. Solomon
ISBN : 9781412847308
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50.70 MB
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This book examines the role of private firms in the American water and wastewater industry. As more water infrastructure shifts from public- to private-sector control, vendors, consultants, and facilities are taking on more importance. Lewis D. Solomon presents an historical overview of water supply and treatment needs and the role of the government, including how water policy has been crafted. He argues that water scarcity is becoming a problem due to groundwater depletion, contamination, and patterns of consumption. He examines the impact of climate change on water availability and quality considering voluntary conservation programs and mandatory restrictions for water use. Solomon points to how for-profit firms can use technology to increase water supply. He describes what privatization would look like in practice and reviews evidence from two case studies. Solomon proposes privatization as a viable response to America’s water crisis that can address both scarcity and capital problems. America’s Water and Wastewater Crisis presents a careful examination of how the water industry has operated in the United States in the past and how it may work as we move into the future. This book is invaluable to environmental specialists, businessmen, and government officials.
Category: Political Science

Drinking Water Needs And Infrastructure

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Environment and Hazardous Materials
ISBN : PSU:000049650228
Genre : Drinking water
File Size : 49.29 MB
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Category: Drinking water

Contested Water

Author : Joanna L. Robinson
ISBN : 9780262018852
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.10 MB
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An examination of anti-water privatization movements in the United States and Canada that explores the interplay of the local and the global. Attempts by local governments to privatize water services have met with furious opposition. Activists argue that to give private companies control of the water supply is to turn water from a common resource into a marketized commodity. Moreover, to cede local power to a global corporation puts communities at the center of controversies over economic globalization. In Contested Water, Joanna Robinson examines local social movement organizing against water privatization, looking closely at battles for control of local water services in Stockton, California, and Vancouver, British Columbia. The movements in these two communities had different trajectories, used different tactics, and experienced different outcomes. Robinson analyzes the factors that shaped these two struggles. Drawing on extensive interviews with movement actors, political leaders, and policymakers and detailed analysis of textual material, Robinson shows that the successful campaign in Vancouver drew on tactics, opportunities, and narratives from the broader antiglobalization movement, with activists emphasizing the threats to local democracy and accountability; the less successful movement in Stockton centered on a ballot initiative that was made meaningless by a pre-emptive city council vote. Robinson finds that global forces are reshaping local movements, particularly those that oppose neoliberal reforms at the municipal level. She argues that anti-water privatization movements that link local and international concerns and build wide-ranging coalitions at local and global levels offer an effective way to counter economic globalization. Successful challenges to globalization will not necessarily come from transnational movements but rather from movements that are connected globally but rooted in local communities.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Security Of Public Water Supplies

Author : Rolf A. Deininger
ISBN : 0792361210
Genre : Nature
File Size : 51.7 MB
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in Tihany, Hungary, 30 May-4 June 1998
Category: Nature

Global Competitiveness Of U S Environmental Technology Industries

Author : DIANE Publishing Company
ISBN : 0788118358
Genre :
File Size : 66.18 MB
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Analyzes information on the competitiveness of U. S. industries producing environmental goods & services. Compares the export promotion/technical assistance policies of the U. S. in the environmental technology field with those of its principal competitors. Focuses on the industries providing goods & services for municipal & industrial water & wastewater treatment & air pollution prevention & abatement. 30 figures & tables.