Principles Of Plant Genetics And Breeding

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Principles Of Plant Genetics And Breeding

Author : George Acquaah
ISBN : 9781118313695
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.78 MB
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To respond to the increasing need to feed the world's population as well as an ever greater demand for a balanced and healthy diet there is a continuing need to produce improved new cultivars or varieties of plants, particularly crop plants. The strategies used to produce these are increasingly based on our knowledge of relevant science, particularly genetics, but involves a multidisciplinary understanding that optimizes the approaches taken. Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, 2nd Edition introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding. Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts (decentralized breeding, organic breeding), and more are addressed in the new, updated edition of this text. Industry highlight boxes are included throughout the text to contextualize the information given through the professional experiences of plant breeders. The final chapters provide a useful reference on breeding the largest and most common crops. Up-to-date edition of this bestselling book incorporating the most recent technologies in the field Combines both theory and practice in modern plant breeding Updated industry highlights help to illustrate the concepts outlined in the text Self assessment questions at the end of each chapter aid student learning Accompanying website with artwork from the book available to instructors
Category: Science

Principles Of Plant Genetics And Breeding

Author : Nina Duran
ISBN : 1641162295
Genre :
File Size : 30.99 MB
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The study of genes, variation and heredity in plants is under the scope of plant genetics. An important area of study in plant genetics is plant breeding. It is the practice of altering or enhancing certain traits in plants to obtain desired characteristics. Some of these include disease resistance, higher yield, drought tolerance or better adaptability to changed climatic condition. Modern plant breeding employs techniques such as marker assisted selection, reverse breeding and double haploids. Genetic modification that allows the addition or deletion of new genes to produce desirable phenotypes in plants is another method used for plant breeding. An understanding of plant genetics and plant breeding techniques can enable the development of solutions for the sustainment of agriculture in the face of harsh cropping conditions, food security concerns or loss of soil quality. This book unfolds the innovative aspects of plant breeding which will be crucial for the holistic understanding of the subject matter. It further elucidates the concepts and innovative models around prospective developments with respect to plant genetics. Coherent flow of topics, student-friendly language and extensive use of examples make this book an invaluable source of knowledge.
Category:

Key Notes On Genetics And Plant Breeding

Author : Dr. Venkata R. Prakash Reddy Venkata R. Prakash Reddy
ISBN : 9351308901
Genre : Education
File Size : 64.7 MB
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Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms while plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. The fundamental discoveries of Darwin and Mendel established the scientific basis for plant breeding and genetics at the turn of the 20th century. Trait inheritance and molecular inheritance mechanisms of genes are still a primary principle of genetics in the 21st century, but modern genetics has expanded beyond inheritance to studying the function and behavior of genes. The recent integration of advances in biotechnology, genomic research, and molecular marker applications with conventional plant breeding practices has created the foundation for molecular plant breeding. The present book entitled "Key notes on Genetics and Plant Breeding" has been designed to provide a simple umbrella for the multidisciplinary field of modern plant breeding that combines molecular tools and methodologies with conventional approaches for crop improvement. The topics mainly covered includes general genetics, genome organization of crop plants, cytogenetics of crop plants, reproduction and pollination methods, plant breeding methods, population and quantitative genetics principles, biometrical genetics, plant breeding for stress resistance and nutrional quality, genetic engineering and biotechnological tools in plant breeding, plant genetic resources and their regulatory system, seed- classes and certification, economic botany and medicinal plants and Statistical methods and field plot techniques. Hope this volume would be useful for graduate and post graduate students of Agriculture and Biology in all Indian Universities. This will also be useful for those appearing in Competitive examinations such as Agricultural Research Services of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, National Eligibility Test, Civil Services Examination and other allied examinations.
Category: Education

Principles And Procedures Of Plant Breeding

Author : G. S. Chahal
ISBN : 084931321X
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.48 MB
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Covering traditional and emerging breeding procedures, this book explores the scientific bases and details of breeding plants. It puts a special emphasis on the further refinements possible in the light of the latest developments in molecular biology. Specific breeding methods in self and cross-pollinated crops, their genetic basis and scope of further refinements, concepts and techniques of tissue culture, molecular biology and production of transgenic plants, commonly used experimental designs in plant breeding, seed production, and implications of plant breeder's rights are other highlights.
Category: Science

Principles Of Plant Breeding

Author : Robert W. Allard
ISBN : 0471023094
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.61 MB
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As ancient as agriculture itself, plant breeding is one of civilization\'s oldest activities. Today, world food production is more dependent than ever on the successful cultivation of only a handful of major crops, while continuing advances in agriculture rely on successfully breeding new varieties that are well-adapted to their human-influenced ecological circumstances. Plant breeding involves elements of both natural and cultural selection-a process which operates on individual plants and on plant populations. This book offers the most recent detailed knowledge of plant reproduction and their environmental interaction, which can help guide new breeding programs and help insure continuing progress in providing more food for growing populations produced with better care of the environment.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fundamentals Of Plant Genetics And Breeding

Author : James R. Welsh
ISBN : UOM:39015002816984
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.56 MB
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Mendelian genetics. Chromosomes. Genes. Chromosome numbers. Plant reproduction. Natural genetic variation. Variability in biological systems. Breeding objetives. Program design and management. Bulk breeding. Pedigree breeding. Backcross breeding. Recurrent selection and synthetic varieties. Hybrid breeding. Hybrid production systems. Mutation breeding. Chromosome breeding. Breeding with tissue culture. Release and marketing. Scientific name glossary.
Category: Science

Genetics And Plant Breeding

Author : L.D. Vijendra Das
ISBN : 9788122415759
Genre : Plant breeding
File Size : 26.27 MB
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The Book Has Been Carefully Planned For The Requirement Of Students Of Botany Or Agricultural Botany And Also To The Plant Breeders. The Book Covers Ugc Syllabus In A Detailed Manner. The First Part Of The Book Deals With Genetics, Starting With Mendelian Experiments And Principles. The Subsequent Chapters Like Multiple Allelism, Multiple Factor Hypothesis, Linkage, Sex Chromosomes, Maternal Influence, Alterations In Genetic Make Up, Types Of Plant Reproduction, Methods Of Plant Improvement, Mutations, Laboratory Exercises Have Been Dealt In Details.The Second Part Starts Simply With Plant Breeding Concepts Of Ideotype And Gradually Advances To Genotype X Environment Interaction, Stress And Drought Conditions And Various Problems In The Breeding Strategy In Later Chapters. The Book Also Deals With Fundamental Study Like Plant Genetic Resources And Inter Specific Crosses Including Evolution Of Polyploid Crops. With The Advancement Of Science, The Book Also Deals Further With Somaclonal Variation, Genetic Manipulation, Gene Transfers And Also Nucleic Acid Hybridization. The Rflp Technique Is Gaining Importance Now-A-Days And Hence A Detailed Account Has Been Given In The Last Chapter.
Category: Plant breeding

Plant Biotechnology And Genetics

Author : C. Neal Stewart, Jr.
ISBN : 9781118589489
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.17 MB
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Designed to inform and inspire the next generation of plant biotechnologists Plant Biotechnology and Genetics explores contemporary techniques and applications of plant biotechnology, illustrating the tremendous potential this technology has to change our world by improving the food supply. As an introductory text, its focus is on basic science and processes. It guides students from plant biology and genetics to breeding to principles and applications of plant biotechnology. Next, the text examines the critical issues of patents and intellectual property and then tackles the many controversies and consumer concerns over transgenic plants. The final chapter of the book provides an expert forecast of the future of plant biotechnology. Each chapter has been written by one or more leading practitioners in the field and then carefully edited to ensure thoroughness and consistency. The chapters are organized so that each one progressively builds upon the previous chapters. Questions set forth in each chapter help students deepen their understanding and facilitate classroom discussions. Inspirational autobiographical essays, written by pioneers and eminent scientists in the field today, are interspersed throughout the text. Authors explain how they became involved in the field and offer a personal perspective on their contributions and the future of the field. The text's accompanying CD-ROM offers full-color figures that can be used in classroom presentations with other teaching aids available online. This text is recommended for junior- and senior-level courses in plant biotechnology or plant genetics and for courses devoted to special topics at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an ideal reference for practitioners.
Category: Science

Plant Breeding And Genetics

Author : Hari Har Ram
ISBN : 9389130271
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.12 MB
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The present book entitled "Plant Breeding and Genetics" deals with basic principles of plant breeding and genetics and is intended to serve as a text book for undergraduate students of B. Sc. Agriculture/B. Sc. Horticulture/B. Sc. Forestry/B. Sc. Fisheries/B. V. Sc. and A. H./B. Sc. Biotechnology/B. Sc. Biology. Since several chapters especially those dealing with statistical and biotechnological applications overlap considerably in plant breeding and genetics, this combined book will serve the needs of students undergoing a course in undergraduate genetics and/or plant breeding. Each chapter starts with definition and explanation of key terms, dwells upon the core issues of the chapter, using solved numerical problems and illustrations, wherever needed. At the beginning, there is a comprehensive glossary which is updated with modern developments. The book will be quite handy to UG students and even PG students will find it useful for understanding fundamentals of plant breeding and genetics.
Category: Science

Genetical Principles And Plant Breeding

Author : Watkin Williams
ISBN : UOM:39015010173923
Genre : Crops
File Size : 60.32 MB
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The genetic system. The organization of the genetical material. The chromosome complement. Mutation. The cytoplasm and inheritance. Incompatibility systems in higher plants. Mechanisms of sex determination. Significance of breeding systems. Adaptation and discontinuity the nature of populations. Selection. The genetic basis of disease resistance in plants. Special techniques in plant breeding and genetics.
Category: Crops

Plant Breeding

Author : M.D. Hayward
ISBN : 9789401115247
Genre : Science
File Size : 21.51 MB
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Our requirement for plant breeders to be successful has never been greater. However one views the forecasted numbers for future population growth we will need, in the immediate future, to be feeding, clothing and housing many more people than we do, inadequately, at present. Plant breeding represents the most valuable strategy in increasing our productivity in a way that is sustainable and environmentally sensitive. Plant breeding can rightly be considered as one of the oldest multidisciplinary subjects that is known to humans. It was practised by people who first started to carry out a settled form of agriculture. The art, as it must have been at that stage, was applied without any formal underlying framework, but achieved dramatic results, as witnessed by the forms of cultivated plants we have today. We are now learning how to apply successfully the results of yet imperfect scientific knowledge. This knowledge is, however, rapidly developing, particularly in areas of tissue culture, biotechnology and molecular biology. Plant breeding's inherent multifaceted nature means that alongside obvious subject areas like genetics we also need to consider areas such as: statistics, physiology, plant pathology, entomology, biochemistry, weed science, quality, seed characteristics, repro ductive biology, trial design, selection and computing. It therefore seems apparent that modern plant breeders need to have a grasp of wide range of scientific knowledge and expertise if they are successfully to a exploit the techniques, protocols and strategies which are open to them.
Category: Science

Principles Of Plant Breeding

Author : Clive Koelling
ISBN : 1682865045
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.54 MB
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Plant breeding is practiced with the purpose of improving the quality of a plant, to increase its tolerance towards environmental pressures, insects, pests, etc. As a field, it studies the traits of plants and focuses on the techniques that are used in selecting the desirable characteristics for the purpose of breeding. The advancement in plant breeding has resulted in genetically modified plants which display superior characteristics of growth and facilitate commercial production of fruits, crops, etc. This book outlines the principles of plant breeding. New technologies related to the field of plant breeding have been covered in this book. It is an essential guide for both academicians and those who wish to pursue this discipline further.
Category: Science

Plant Breeding

Author : B. D. Singh
ISBN : OCLC:744263745
Genre : Plant breeding
File Size : 66.76 MB
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Category: Plant breeding

Plant Breeding

Author : Jack Brown
ISBN : 9781118873526
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42.84 MB
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This book, Plant Breeding, has it bases in an earliertext entitled An Introduction to Plant Breeding by JackBrown and Peter Caligari, first published in 2008. The challengesfacing today’s plant breeders have never been moreoverwhelming, yet the prospects to contribute significantly toglobal food security and farmers’ quality of life have neverbeen more exciting and fulfilling. Despite this there hasbeen a worrying decline in public funding for plantbreeding-related research and support for internationalcenters of germplasm development and crop improvement. In part, this has resulted in a serious reduction in the number ofyoung people interested in devoting their professional careers toplant breeding as well as the number of universities offering plantbreeding courses or conducting relevant research in plantbreeding. The authors’ aim in writing this book is to provide anintegrated and updated view of the current scientific progressrelated to diverse plant breeding disciplines, within the contextof applied breeding programs. This excellent new book willencourage a new generation of students to pursue careers related toplant breeding and will assist a wider audience of agriculturalstudents, agronomists, policy makers and those with an interest inagriculture in gaining insight about the issues affecting plantbreeding and its key role in improving the quality of life ofpeople and in securing sufficient food, at the quality required andat an affordable price. With comprehensive coverage including questions designed forstudents, and an accompanying website containing additionalmaterial to help in the study of the subject, Plant Breedingis an ideal text for all those studying plant and crop sciences,and a convenient reference source for professionals working in thearea. All libraries within universities and research establishmentswhere biological and agricultural sciences are studied and taughtshould have multiple copies of this book.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Molecular Plant Breeding

Author : B.D. Singh
ISBN : 9789387869776
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86.17 MB
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The discipline of plant breeding has undergone transformation due to the assimilation of the rapid developments in molecular biology. The existing books on plant breeding deal mainly with the classical approaches, while specialized books on molecular approaches usually lack discussion of the classical methods. The book Molecular Plant Breeding attempts to present the complete picture of plant breeding ranging from the classical to the molecular approaches applied to crop improvement. The book is divided into four sections: Classical Plant Breeding, Transgenic technology, Molecular Markers, and Miscellaneous. The first section deals with the classical plant breeding and is divided into eight chapters. The second section has four chapters and describes transgenic technology. The third section discusses various aspects of molecular markers and is spread over three chapters. The final section has a single chapter dealing with variety release, seed multiplication and intellectual property rights. This book is designed primarily for graduate students, viz., B.Sc. agriculture and B.Sc. science students with botany as one of the subjects, who would get their first exposure to plant breeding. It would also be useful for the post-graduate students, especially in botany, and to teachers of the subject. The book is written in simple and easy to understand language. Illustrations and photographs have been provided wherever they were expected to facilitate comprehension of the subject under discussion.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Marker Assisted Plant Breeding Principles And Practices

Author : B.D. Singh
ISBN : 9788132223160
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.9 MB
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Marker-assisted plant breeding involves the application of molecular marker techniques and statistical and bioinformatics tools to achieve plant breeding objectives in a cost-effective and time-efficient manner. This book is intended for beginners in the field who have little or no prior exposure to molecular markers and their applications, but who do have a basic knowledge of genetics and plant breeding, and some exposure to molecular biology. An attempt has been made to provide sufficient basic information in an easy-to-follow format, and also to discuss current issues and developments so as to offer comprehensive coverage of the subject matter. The book will also be useful for breeders and research workers, as it offers a broad range of up-to-the-year information, including aspects like the development of different molecular markers and their various applications. In the first chapter, the field of marker-assisted plant breeding is introduced and placed in the proper perspective in relation to plant breeding. The next three chapters describe the various molecular marker systems, while mapping populations and mapping procedures including high-throughput genotyping are discussed in the subsequent five chapters. Four chapters are devoted to various applications of markers, e.g. marker-assisted selection, genomic selection, diversity analysis, finger printing and positional cloning. In closing, the last two chapters provide information on relevant bioinformatics tools and the rapidly evolving field of phenomics.
Category: Science

Principles And Practices Of Plant Genomics Volume 3

Author : Chittaranjan Kole
ISBN : 9781439845523
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.7 MB
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This book presents the basic and applied aspects of sequencing of genes and genomes and their implication in the fine-scale elucidation of the plant genomes. The third volume presents an overview on the advances of plant genomics made in the past century; deliberations on the genomics resources; concepts, tools, strategies, and achievements of comparative, evolutionary, and functional genomics and whole-genome sequencing. It also presents critical reviews on the already completed genome initiatives and glimpses on the currently progressing genome initiatives. This volume is an ideal reference book for students, scholars and scientists in academia, industry, and government.
Category: Science

The Garden Of Invention

Author : Jane S. Smith
ISBN : 1101046228
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58.83 MB
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The wide-ranging and delightful history of celebrated plant breeder Luther Burbank and the business of farm and garden in early twentieth- century America At no other time in history has there been more curiosity or concern about the food we eat-and genetically modified foods, in particular, have become both pervasive and suspect. A century ago, however, Luther Burbank's blight-resistant potatoes, white blackberries, and plumcots-a plum-apricot hybrid-were celebrated as triumphs in the best tradition of American ingenuity and perseverance. In his experimental grounds in Santa Rosa, California, Burbank bred and cross-bred edible and ornamental plants-for both home gardens and commercial farms-until they were bigger, hardier, more beautiful, and more productive than ever before. A fascinating portrait of an American original, The Garden of Invention is also a colorful and engrossing tale of the intersection of gardening, science and business in the years between the Civil War and the Great Depression.
Category: Business & Economics