Principles And Parameters

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Principles And Parameters

Author : Peter W. Culicover
ISBN : 0198700148
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 73.73 MB
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This lingustic textbook covers principles of advanced syntax and is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate courses
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Introducing Transformational Grammar

Author : Jamal Ouhalla
ISBN : 0340740361
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 77.3 MB
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The first edition of this book quickly established itself as one of the clearest and most readable introductions to generative grammar. Together with a complete introduction to the principles of Universal Grammar, it traced the major shifts of perspective that have influenced the developments of the theory over the last forty years. This revised and expanded new edition introduces students with no previous training to Transformational Grammar. Covering the framework known as Principles and Parameters as well as the more recent framework known as Minimalism, it includes a range of new exercises, making it ideal for students at all levels.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Principles And Parameters Of Syntactic Saturation

Author : Gert Webelhuth
ISBN : 9780195361384
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 62.46 MB
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This work represents the first full-scale attempt to provide a restrictive theory of parameters--the nature and limits of syntactic variation. Focusing on syntactic saturation, Webelhuth hypothesizes that in natural language these phenomena are subject to the "Saturation Condition." He explains the principles behind this condition and demonstrates how it imposes strong constraints on what counts as a possible parameter in natural language. Webelhuth goes on to test this theory against empirical evidence from seven modern Germanic languages: German, Dutch, English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, and Icelandic.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Principles And Parameters In Comparative Grammar

Author : Joseph Aoun Yen-Hui, Audrey
ISBN : 0262061406
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 50.35 MB
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These essays by an outstanding group of linguists present case studies in contemporary comparative grammar, illustrating the rich and varied ways in which the principles and parameters framework of generative grammar can provide explanations for both the underlying universal properties of the world's languages and the ways in which they differ. The final essay by Noam Chomsky offers a new perspective on the principles and parameters approach to comparative grammar. In his introduction, Freidin describes the historical background of current work in comparative grammar and compares this work to the comparative studies of the nineteenth century. He notes how the current approach traces the fundamental unity of all languages to the language faculty, in contrast to that of the nineteenth century which was primarily concerned with the ancestral relations among languages. The essays that follow convey the wide scope of the interaction between current theory and crosslinguistic studies. Topics include the relevance of binding theory for crosslinguistic studies; the interaction between the syntax/lexical semantics interface and the theory of UG; the role of phrase structure and levels of representation in accounting or syntactic variation; crosslinguistic variation in word order phenomena; and the ways in which the study of comparative grammar can itself contribute to the understanding of UG. Contributors Joseph Aoun. Adriana Belletti. Noam Chomsky. Robert Freidin. Wayne Harbert. Norbert Hornstein. C.-T. James Huang. Anthony S. Kroch. Howard Lasnik. Yen-hui Audrey Li. David Lightfoot. Luigi Rizzi. Ken Safir. Beatrice Santorini. Rex A. Sprouse. Timothy Stowell. Tarald Taraldsen. Lisa deMena Travis. Edwin Williams
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Government And Binding Theory And The Minimalist Program

Author : Gert Webelhuth
ISBN : 0631180613
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 83.69 MB
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This volume provides an authoritative overview of Government and Binding Theory, and -- in crucial new papers by Noam Chomsky and Alec Marantz -- of the subsequent development of the Minimalist Program.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Beyond Principles And Parameters

Author : Kyle Johnson
ISBN : 9789401148221
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 46.52 MB
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Kyle Johnson University of Massachusetts at Amherst Ian Roberts University of Stuttgart An important chapter in the history of syntactic theory opened as the 70's reached their close. The revolution that Chomsky had brought to linguistics had to this point engendered theories which remained within the grip of the philologists' construction-based vision. Their image of language as a catalogue of independent constructions served as the backdrop against which much of transformational grammar's detailed exploration evolved. In a sense, the highly successful pursuit of th phonology and morphology in the 19 century as compared to the absence of similar results in syntax (beyond observations such as Wackemagel's Law, etc. ) attests to this: just noting that, for example, French relative clauses allow subject-postposing but not preposition-stranding while English relatives do not allow the former but do allow the latter does not take us far beyond a simple record of the facts. Prior to this point, th syntactic theory had not progressed beyond the 19 century situation. But as the 80's approached, this image began to give way to a different one: grammar as a puzzle of interlocking "modules," each made up of syntactic principles which cross-cut the philologist's constructions. More and more, "constructions" decomposed into the epiphenomenal interplay of encapsulated mini-theories: X Theory, Binding Theory, Bounding Theory, Case Theory, Theta Theory, and so on. Syntactic analyses became reoriented toward the twin goals of identifying the content of these modules and deconstructing into them the descriptive results of early transformational grammar.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Principles And Parameters In A Vso Language A Case Study In Welsh

Author : Ian G. Roberts Professor of Linguistics University of Cambridge
ISBN : 9780195347081
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41.13 MB
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Introducing a lucid and succinct analysis of the main syntactic properties of Welsh, Roberts puts forward a general analysis of clause structure, agreement, case-marking and other phenomena. He also provides us with a comparative analysis of these phenomena in relation to other Celtic languages, Germanic and Romance languages, and English. The study of P&P theory is unprecedented, and this monograph will be a strong addition to the Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax series.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Children S Syntax

Author : Martin Atkinson
ISBN : 063117267X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 55.97 MB
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Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Minimalist Program

Author : Noam Chomsky
ISBN : 0262531283
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 24.37 MB
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The Minimalist Program consists of four recent essays, including the previously unpublished 'Categories and Transformations, ' that attempt to situate linguistic theory in the broader cognitive sciences. In these essays the minimalist approach to linguistic theory is formulated and progressively developed.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Case

Author : Mark Baker
ISBN : 1107690099
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33.46 MB
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In Case, Mark Baker develops a unified theory of how the morphological case marking of noun phrases is determined by syntactic structure. Designed to work well for languages of all alignment types - accusative, ergative, tripartite, marked nominative, or marked absolutive - this theory has been developed and tested against unrelated languages of each type, and more than twenty non-Indo-European languages are considered in depth. While affirming that case can be assigned to noun phrases by function words under agreement, the theory also develops in detail a second mode of case assignment: so-called dependent case. Suitable for academic researchers and students, the book employs formal-generative concepts yet remains clear and accessible for a general linguistics readership.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Grammar Of Sochiapan Chinantec

Author : David Paul Foris
ISBN : UCSC:32106012411093
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 63.38 MB
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Describes everything from Chinantec phonemes up through phrases and clauses to compound sentences; from changes of tone and stress to changes in nucleus to signal a wide variety of tense, aspect and related features.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Foundations Of Generative Syntax

Author : Robert Freidin
ISBN : 0262061449
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41.42 MB
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This is the first entry-level introduction to generative syntax to develop afoundational approach that rationally reconstructs syntactic theory from the perspective of currentresearch. It shows how basic grammatical concepts are incorporated into general principles thatanswer some of the fundamental questions of syntactic analysis, including the relationships betweenlexical and phrasal categories, the integration of transformations, the restricted distribution ofNPs; (lexical and nonlexical), and levels of syntactic representation.The book introduces andmotivates the basic components of Chomsky's principles-and-parameters theory with an extensiveanalysis of English and also data from a variety of other languages Beginning with simple conceptsof phrase structure analysis, the text progresses systematically through the subtheories of Case,bounding, government, and predicate-argument structure (T-theory) to the more complicatedconcepts in binding theory and the analysis of empty categories. It also contains detaileddiscussions of overlapping conditions, a full discussion of the Principle of Lexical Satisfaction,as well as substantial material on parametric variation in bounding, Case, and binding. Many pointsof analysis refine the standard view. Numerous exercises reinforce and extend the concepts andanalyses.Robert Freidin is Associate Professor and Director of the Program in Linguistics atPrinceton University. He is editor of Principles and Parameters in Comparative Grammar.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Principles Of Signal Detection And Parameter Estimation

Author : Bernard C. Levy
ISBN : 9780387765426
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.87 MB
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This textbook provides a comprehensive and current understanding of signal detection and estimation, including problems and solutions for each chapter. Signal detection plays an important role in fields such as radar, sonar, digital communications, image processing, and failure detection. The book explores both Gaussian detection and detection of Markov chains, presenting a unified treatment of coding and modulation topics. Addresses asymptotic of tests with the theory of large deviations, and robust detection. This text is appropriate for students of Electrical Engineering in graduate courses in Signal Detection and Estimation.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Second Language Speech

Author : Allan James
ISBN : 9783110882933
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 24.5 MB
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Language acquisition is a human endeavor par excellence. As children, all human beings learn to understand and speak at least one language: their mother tongue. It is a process that seems to take place without any obvious effort. Second language learning, particularly among adults, causes more difficulty. The purpose of this series is to compile a collection of high-quality monographs on language acquisition. The series serves the needs of everyone who wants to know more about the problem of language acquisition in general and/or about language acquisition in specific contexts.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Syntax Of Early English

Author : Professor of Germanics Olga Fischer
ISBN : 0521556260
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 55.28 MB
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This book is a guide to the development of English syntax between the Old and Modern periods. Beginning with an overview of the main features of early English syntax, it gives a unified account of the significant grammatical changes that occurred during this period. Four leading experts demonstrate how these changes can be explained in terms of grammatical theory and the theory of language acquisition. Drawing on a wealth of empirical data, the book covers a wide range of topics including changes in word order, infinitival constructions and grammaticalization processes.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Input And Evidence

Author : Susanne Carroll
ISBN : 9027224935
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 83.11 MB
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Input and Evidence: the raw material of second language acquisition is an empirical and theoretical treatment of one of the essential components of SLA: the input to language learning mechanisms. It reviews and adds to the empirical studies showing that negative evidence (correction, feedback, repetitions, reformulations) play a role in language acquisition in addition to that played by ordinary conversation. At the same time, it embeds discussion of input within a framework which includes a serious treatment of language processing, including the problem of modularity and the question of how semantic representations can influence grammatical ones. It lays the foundation for the development of a truly explanatory theory of SLA in the form of the Autonomous Induction Theory which combines a model of induction with an interpretation of Universal Grammar, thereby permitting, for the the first time, a coherent approach to the problem of constraining induction in SLA.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Children S Language

Author : Keith E. Nelson
ISBN : 0805813675
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82.45 MB
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Each child is spoken to by genetic heritage and by the rich current set of interactional environments -- familial, local community, and broader cultural voices. Using past structures and paradigms of scholarship, scholars seek to understand what the child achieves in language and how. The tools available for this research are not static but evolve jointly through the sharing of information, and with each "brief moment in time" in efforts to look at children's languages "just as they are." Containing a wide range of contributions from developmental approaches to phonological ability, the lexicon, the grammar as well as conversation and sign language, this text details the interrelated research and theorizing discussed at a recent Budapest conference. The meeting of the International Association for the Study of Child Languages was particularly rich in the diversity of scholars present, which is highly appropriate because such diversity is integral to an informed study of children's language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines