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Prediction Machines

Author : Ajay Agrawal
ISBN : 9781633695689
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.94 MB
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"What does AI mean for your business? Read this book to find out." -- Hal Varian, Chief Economist, Google Artificial intelligence does the seemingly impossible, magically bringing machines to life--driving cars, trading stocks, and teaching children. But facing the sea change that AI will bring can be paralyzing. How should companies set strategies, governments design policies, and people plan their lives for a world so different from what we know? In the face of such uncertainty, many analysts either cower in fear or predict an impossibly sunny future. But in Prediction Machines, three eminent economists recast the rise of AI as a drop in the cost of prediction. With this single, masterful stroke, they lift the curtain on the AI-is-magic hype and show how basic tools from economics provide clarity about the AI revolution and a basis for action by CEOs, managers, policy makers, investors, and entrepreneurs. When AI is framed as cheap prediction, its extraordinary potential becomes clear: Prediction is at the heart of making decisions under uncertainty. Our businesses and personal lives are riddled with such decisions. Prediction tools increase productivity--operating machines, handling documents, communicating with customers. Uncertainty constrains strategy. Better prediction creates opportunities for new business structures and strategies to compete. Penetrating, fun, and always insightful and practical, Prediction Machines follows its inescapable logic to explain how to navigate the changes on the horizon. The impact of AI will be profound, but the economic framework for understanding it is surprisingly simple.
Category: Computers

Prediction Machines

Author : Ajay Agrawal
ISBN : 1633695670
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43.92 MB
Format : PDF
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Cheap changes everything -- The magic of prediction -- Why it's called intelligence -- Data is the new oil -- The new division of labor -- Unpacking decisions -- The value of judgment -- Taming complexity -- What machines can learn -- Fully automated decision-making -- Deconstructing workflows -- Decomposing decisions -- Job redesign -- AI in the C-suite -- When AI transforms your business -- Managing AI risk -- Beyond business
Category: Business & Economics

Tide Predicting Machines

Author : International Hydrographic Bureau
ISBN : STANFORD:36105040874138
Genre : Hydrography
File Size : 90.24 MB
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Category: Hydrography

Artificial Intelligence

Author : Harvard Business Review
ISBN : 9781633697904
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37.61 MB
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Companies that don't use AI will soon be obsolete. From making faster, better decisions to automating rote work to enabling robots to respond to emotions, AI and machine learning are already reshaping business and society. What should you and your company be doing today to ensure that you're poised for success and keeping up with your competitors in the age of AI? Artificial Intelligence: The Insights You Need from Harvard Business Review brings you today's most essential thinking on AI and explains how to launch the right initiatives at your company to capitalize on the opportunity of the machine intelligence revolution. Business is changing. Will you adapt or be left behind? Get up to speed and deepen your understanding of the topics that are shaping your company's future with the Insights You Need from Harvard Business Review series. Featuring HBR's smartest thinking on fast-moving issues--blockchain, cybersecurity, AI, and more--each book provides the foundational introduction and practical case studies your organization needs to compete today and collects the best research, interviews, and analysis to get it ready for tomorrow. You can't afford to ignore how these issues will transform the landscape of business and society. The Insights You Need series will help you grasp these critical ideas--and prepare you and your company for the future.
Category: Computers

Andy Clark And His Critics

Author : Matteo Colombo
ISBN : 9780190662813
Genre : Law
File Size : 80.57 MB
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Andy Clark is a leading philosopher of cognitive science, whose work has had an extraordinary impact throughout philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and robotics. His monographs have led the way for new research programs in the philosophy of mind and cognition: Microcognition (1989) and Associative Engines (1993) introduced the philosophical community to connectionist research and the novel issues it raised; Being There (1997) showed the relevance of embodiment, dynamical systems theory, and minimal computation frameworks for the study of the mind; Natural Born Cyborgs (OUP 2003) presented an accessible development of embodied and embedded approaches to understanding human nature and cognition; Supersizing the Mind (OUP 2008) developed this yet further along with the famous "Extended Mind" hypothesis; and Surfing Uncertainty (OUP 2017) presents a framework for uniting perception, action, and the embodied mind. In Andy Clark and His Critics, a range of high-profile researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of cognitive science, and empirical cognitive science, critically engage with Clark's work across the themes of: Extended, Embodied, Embedded, Enactive, and Affective Minds; Natural Born Cyborgs; and Perception, Action, and Prediction. Daniel Dennett provides a foreword on the significance of Clark's work, and Clark replies to each section of the book, thus advancing current literature with original contributions that will form the basis for new discussions, debates and directions in the discipline.
Category: Law


Author : Hugh Aldersey-Williams
ISBN : 9780241968000
Genre : Science
File Size : 31.98 MB
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From Cnut to D-Day: the history and science of the unceasing tide explored for the first time. Half of the world's population lives in coastal regions lapped by tidal waters. Yet how little most of us know about the tide. Our ability to predict and understand the tide depends on centuries of science, from the observations of Aristotle and the theories of Newton to today's supercomputer calculations. This story is punctuated here by notable tidal episodes in history, from Caesar's thwarted invasion of Britain to the catastrophic flooding of Venice, and interwoven with a rich folklore that continues to inspire art and literature today. With Aldersey-Williams as our guide to the most feared and celebrated tidal features on the planet, from the original maelstrøm in Scandinavia to the world's highest tides in Nova Scotia to the crumbling coast of East Anglia, the importance of the tide, and the way it has shaped - and will continue to shape - our civilization, becomes startlingly clear.
Category: Science

Introduction To Protein Structure Prediction

Author : Huzefa Rangwala
ISBN : 111809946X
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.71 MB
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A look at the methods and algorithms used to predict proteinstructure A thorough knowledge of the function and structure of proteinsis critical for the advancement of biology and the life sciences aswell as the development of better drugs, higher-yield crops, andeven synthetic bio-fuels. To that end, this reference sheds lighton the methods used for protein structure prediction and revealsthe key applications of modeled structures. This indispensable bookcovers the applications of modeled protein structures and unravelsthe relationship between pure sequence information andthree-dimensional structure, which continues to be one of thegreatest challenges in molecular biology. With this resource, readers will find an all-encompassingexamination of the problems, methods, tools, servers, databases,and applications of protein structure prediction and they willacquire unique insight into the future applications of the modeledprotein structures. The book begins with a thorough introduction tothe protein structure prediction problem and is divided into fourthemes: a background on structure prediction, the prediction ofstructural elements, tertiary structure prediction, and functionalinsights. Within those four sections, the following topics arecovered: Databases and resources that are commonly used for proteinstructure prediction The structure prediction flagship assessment (CASP) and theprotein structure initiative (PSI) Definitions of recurring substructures and the computationalapproaches used for solving sequence problems Difficulties with contact map prediction and how sophisticatedmachine learning methods can solve those problems Structure prediction methods that rely on homology modeling,threading, and fragment assembly Hybrid methods that achieve high-resolution proteinstructures Parts of the protein structure that may be conserved and usedto interact with other biomolecules How the loop prediction problem can be used for refinement ofthe modeled structures The computational model that detects the differences betweenprotein structure and its modeled mutant Whether working in the field of bioinformatics or molecularbiology research or taking courses in protein modeling, readerswill find the content in this book invaluable.
Category: Science

Conformal Prediction For Reliable Machine Learning

Author : Vineeth Balasubramanian
ISBN : 9780124017153
Genre : Computers
File Size : 42.85 MB
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The conformal predictions framework is a recent development in machine learning that can associate a reliable measure of confidence with a prediction in any real-world pattern recognition application, including risk-sensitive applications such as medical diagnosis, face recognition, and financial risk prediction. Conformal Predictions for Reliable Machine Learning: Theory, Adaptations and Applications captures the basic theory of the framework, demonstrates how to apply it to real-world problems, and presents several adaptations, including active learning, change detection, and anomaly detection. As practitioners and researchers around the world apply and adapt the framework, this edited volume brings together these bodies of work, providing a springboard for further research as well as a handbook for application in real-world problems. Understand the theoretical foundations of this important framework that can provide a reliable measure of confidence with predictions in machine learning Be able to apply this framework to real-world problems in different machine learning settings, including classification, regression, and clustering Learn effective ways of adapting the framework to newer problem settings, such as active learning, model selection, or change detection
Category: Computers

The Second Machine Age Work Progress And Prosperity In A Time Of Brilliant Technologies

Author : Erik Brynjolfsson
ISBN : 9780393241259
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69.35 MB
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A New York Times Bestseller. A “fascinating” (Thomas L. Friedman, New York Times) look at how digital technology is transforming our work and our lives. In recent years, Google’s autonomous cars have logged thousands of miles on American highways and IBM’s Watson trounced the best human Jeopardy! players. Digital technologies—with hardware, software, and networks at their core—will in the near future diagnose diseases more accurately than doctors can, apply enormous data sets to transform retailing, and accomplish many tasks once considered uniquely human. In The Second Machine Age MIT’s Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee—two thinkers at the forefront of their field—reveal the forces driving the reinvention of our lives and our economy. As the full impact of digital technologies is felt, we will realize immense bounty in the form of dazzling personal technology, advanced infrastructure, and near-boundless access to the cultural items that enrich our lives. Amid this bounty will also be wrenching change. Professions of all kinds—from lawyers to truck drivers—will be forever upended. Companies will be forced to transform or die. Recent economic indicators reflect this shift: fewer people are working, and wages are falling even as productivity and profits soar. Drawing on years of research and up-to-the-minute trends, Brynjolfsson and McAfee identify the best strategies for survival and offer a new path to prosperity. These include revamping education so that it prepares people for the next economy instead of the last one, designing new collaborations that pair brute processing power with human ingenuity, and embracing policies that make sense in a radically transformed landscape. A fundamentally optimistic book, The Second Machine Age alters how we think about issues of technological, societal, and economic progress.
Category: Business & Economics

Rule Extraction From Support Vector Machines

Author : Joachim Diederich
ISBN : 9783540753896
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55.92 MB
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Overa period spanning morethana decade,supportvector machines (SVMs) have evolved into a leading machine learning technique. SVMs are being applied to a wide range of problems, including bioinformatics, face rec- nition, text classi?cation and many more. It is fair to say that SVMs are one of the most important methods used for data mining with a wide range of software available to support their application. A signi?cant barrier to the widespread application of support vector machines is the absence of a capability to explain, in a human comprehensible form,either the process by which anSVM arrivesat a speci?c decision/result, or more general, the totality of knowledge embedded in these systems. This lack of a capacity to provide an explanation is an obstacle to a more g- eral acceptance of “back box” machine learning systems. In safety-critical or medical applications, an explanation capability is an absolute requirement. This book provides an introduction and overviewof methods used for rule extractionfrom support vector machines.The ?rst parto?ers an introduction to the topic as well as a summary of current research issues. The second chaptersurveysthe?eldofruleextractionfromSVMs,reviewsareasofcurrent research and introduces an application in the ?nancial ?eld.
Category: Mathematics