PRACTICAL GAS FLOW

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Practical Gas Flow

Author : John Dalton
ISBN : 0947981330
Genre : Automobiles
File Size : 72.56 MB
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Category: Automobiles

Practical Gas Chromatography

Author : Katja Dettmer-Wilde
ISBN : 9783642546402
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.40 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Gas chromatography continues to be one of the most widely used analytical techniques, since its applications today expand into fields such as biomarker research or metabolomics. This new practical textbook enables the reader to make full use of gas chromatography. Essential fundamentals and their implications for the practical work at the instrument are provided, as well as details on the instrumentation such as inlet systems, columns and detectors. Specialized techniques from all aspects of GC are introduced ranging from sample preparation, solvent-free injection techniques, and pyrolysis GC, to separation including fast GC and comprehensive GCxGC and finally detection, such as GC-MS and element-specific detection. Various fields of application such as enantiomer, food, flavor and fragrance analysis, physicochemical measurements, forensic toxicology, and clinical analysis are discussed as well as cutting-edge application in metabolomics is covered.
Category: Science

Practical Onshore Gas Field Engineering

Author : David Simpson
ISBN : 9780128130230
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66.20 MB
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Practical Onshore Gas Field Engineering delivers the necessary framework to help engineers understand the needs of the reservoir, including sections on early transmission and during the life of the well. Written from a reservoir perspective, this reference includes methods and equipment from gas reservoirs, covering the gathering stage at the gas facility for transportation and processing. Loaded with real-world case studies and examples, the book offers a variety of different types of gas fields that demonstrate how surface systems can work through each scenario. Users will gain an increased understanding of today’s gas system aspects, along with tactics on how to optimize bottom line revenue. As reservoir and production engineers face many challenges in getting gas from the reservoir to the final sales point, especially as a result of the shale boom, a new demand for more facility engineers now exists in the market. This book addresses new challenges in the market and brings new tactics to the forefront. Presents the full lifecycle of the gas surface facility, from reservoir to gathering and transmission Helps users gain experience through case studies that explain successes and failures on a variety of gas fields, including unconventional and shale Teaches how the surface gas facility system and equipment work individually, and as an integrated system
Category: Technology & Engineering

A Practical Guide To Gas Contracting

Author : Ann O'Hara
ISBN : 0878147640
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48.43 MB
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A comprehensive look at gas contracts and the significant changes they have gone through partially due to FERC Order 636 and activism of Gas Industry Standards Board.
Category: Business & Economics

A Practical Guide To Gas Analysis By Gas Chromatography

Author : John Swinley
ISBN : 9780128188897
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.60 MB
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A Practical Gas Analysis by Gas Chromatography provides a detailed overview of the most important aspects of gas analysis by gas chromatography (GC) for both the novice and expert. Authors John Swinley and Piet de Coning provide the necessary information on the selection of columns and components, thus allowing the reader to assemble custom gas analysis systems for specific needs. The book brings together a wide range of disparate literature on this technique that will fill a crucial gap for those who perform different types of research, including lab operators, separation scientists, graduate students and academic researchers. This highly practical, up-to-date reference can be consulted in the lab to guide key decisions about proper setup, hardware and software selection, calibration, analysis, and more, allowing researchers to avoid the common pitfalls caused by incorrect infrastructure. Shows, in detail, how valve configurations work, allowing readers to understand the building blocks of extremely complex systems Presents the complete infrastructure for setting up a gas analysis laboratory in a single source Includes a full chapter on practical analytical systems for analyzing various gas mixtures
Category: Science

Gas Chromatography And Mass Spectrometry A Practical Guide

Author : O. David Sparkman
ISBN : 0080920152
Genre : Science
File Size : 23.17 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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The second edition of Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: A Practical Guide follows the highly successful first edition by F.G. Kitson, B.S. Larsen, and C.N. McEwen (1996), which was designed as an indispensible resource for GC/MS practitioners regardless of whether they are a novice or well experienced. The Fundamentals section has been extensively reworked from the original edition to give more depth of an understanding of the techniques and science involved with GC/MS. Even with this expansion, the original brevity and simple didactic style has been retained. Information on chromatographic peak deconvolution has been added along with a more in-depth understanding of the use of mass spectral databases in the identification of unknowns. Since the last edition, a number of advances in GC inlet systems and sample introduction techniques have occurred, and they are included in the new edition. Other updates include a discussion on fast GC and options for combining GC detectors with mass spectrometry. The section regarding GC Conditions, Derivatization, and Mass Spectral Interpretation of Specific Compound Types has the same number of compound types as the original edition, but the information in each section has been expanded to not only explain some of the spectra but to also explain why certain fragmentations take place. The number of Appendices has been increased from 12 to 17. The Appendix on Atomic Masses and Isotope Abundances has been expanded to provide tools to aid in determination of elemental composition from isotope peak intensity ratios. An appendix with examples on "Steps to follow in the determination of elemental compositions based on isotope peak intensities" has been added. Appendices on whether to use GC/MS or LC/MS, third-party software for use in data analysis, list of information required in reporting GC/MS data, X+1 and X+2 peak relative intensities based on the number of atoms of carbon in an ion, and list of available EI mass spectral databases have been added. Others such as the ones on derivatization, isotope peak patterns for ions with Cl and/or Br, terms used in GC and in mass spectrometry, and tips on setting up, maintaining and troubleshooting a GC/MS system have all been expanded and updated. Covers the practical instruction necessary for successful operation of GC/MS equipment Reviews the latest advances in instrumentation, ionization methods, and quantitation Includes troubleshooting techniques and a variety of additional information useful for the GC/MS practitioner A true benchtop reference A guide to a basic understanding of the components of a Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) Quick References to data interpretation Ready source for information on new analyses
Category: Science

Non Equilibrium Reacting Gas Flows

Author : Ekaterina Nagnibeda
ISBN : 3642013902
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30.52 MB
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In the present monograph, we develop the kinetic theory of transport phenomena and relaxation processes in the flows of reacting gas mixtures and discuss its applications to strongly non-equilibrium conditions. The main attention is focused on the influence of non-equilibrium kinetics on gas dynamics and transport properties. Closed systems of fluid dynamic equations are derived from the kinetic equations in different approaches. We consider the most accurate approach taking into account the state-to-state kinetics in a flow, as well as simplified multi-temperature and one-temperature models based on quasi-stationary distributions. Within these approaches, we propose the algorithms for the calculation of the transport coefficients and rate coefficients of chemical reactions and energy exchanges in non-equilibrium flows; the developed techniques are based on the fundamental kinetic theory principles. The theory is applied to the modeling of non-equilibrium flows behind strong shock waves, in the boundary layer, and in nozzles. The comparison of the results obtained within the frame of different approaches is presented, the advantages of the new state-to-state kinetic model are discussed, and the limits of validity for simplified models are established. The book can be interesting for scientists and graduate students working on physical gas dynamics, aerothermodynamics, heat and mass transfer, non-equilibrium physical-chemical kinetics, and kinetic theory of gases.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Workbook In Practical Neonatology E Book

Author : Richard A. Polin
ISBN : 9780323262026
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.18 MB
Format : PDF
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Workbook in Practical Neonatology provides authoritative guidance on neonatal evaluation and management of the problems that you are most likely to see in practice. Meticulous revisions and updates incorporate advances in neonatal care, including hypotension, mechanical ventilation, and early discharge. An ideal learning tool for beginners and a valuable reference for experienced healthcare professionals, its interactive, case-based approach allows you see to diagnosis and treatment in a clinical context and test your knowledge with review questions and answers for each topic. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Put concepts into practice. Each chapter features case histories that require you to make diagnostic decisions and that help you understand how scientific concepts apply to each clinical problem. Gauge your mastery of the material and build confidence. Copious review questions and answers help you test your knowledge. Stay current the latest advancements and developments. All content has been completely re-written and fully updated to include a new chapter on perinatal asphyxia l new true-to-life clinical cases l changes in NRP guidelines for resuscitation l new approaches to managing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and feeding the preterm infant l new guidelines for managing preterm infants with respiratory distress and more. Experience clinical scenarios with vivid clarity. An online image library (many in full color) and 5 streaming Echocardiograph and Fluroscopic image video clips show you what to expect and how to proceed. Access the image gallery and video clips at Expert Consult.
Category: Medical

Computational Gasdynamics

Author : Culbert B. Laney
ISBN : 0521625580
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.46 MB
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Numerical methods are indispensable tools in the analysis of complex fluid flows. This book focuses on computational techniques for high-speed gas flows, especially gas flows containing shocks and other steep gradients. The book decomposes complicated numerical methods into simple modular parts, showing how each part fits and how each method relates to or differs from others. The text begins with a review of gasdynamics and computational techniques. Next come basic principles of computational gasdynamics. The last two parts cover basic techniques and advanced techniques. Senior and graduate level students, especially in aerospace engineering, as well as researchers and practising engineers, will find a wealth of invaluable information on high-speed gas flows in this text.
Category: Science

Rarefied Gas Dynamics

Author : Ching Shen
ISBN : 3540272305
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.48 MB
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Aerodynamics is a science engaged in the investigation of the motion of air and other gases and their interaction with bodies, and is one of the most important bases of the aeronautic and astronautic techniques. The continuous improvement of the configurations of the airplanes and the space vehicles aid the constant enhancement of their performances are closely related with the development of the aerodynamics. In the design of new flying vehicles the aerodynamics will play more and more important role. The undertakings of aeronautics and astronautics in our country have gained achievements of world interest, the aerodynamics community has made outstanding contributions for the development of these undertakings and the science of aerodynamics. To promote further the development of the aerodynamics, meet the challenge in the new century, summary the experience, cultivate the professional personnel and to serve better the cause of aeronautics and astronautics and the national economy, the present Series of Modern Aerodynamics is organized and published.
Category: Science