Policy And Power In Inclusive Education

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Policy And Power In Inclusive Education

Author : Jonathan Rix
ISBN : 9780415352093
Genre : Education
File Size : 41.9 MB
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The movement towards inclusive education is undoubtedly an international phenomenon, and it has resulted in the development of policy initiatives impacting on schools in all nations. This informative, wide-ranging text brings together key illustrative material from an international field. It adopts a critical perspective on policy issues, but goes beyond this by making explicit the assumptions that drive policy development. Readers will be encouraged to develop their own framework, allowing them to conduct policy analysis and evaluation within their own educational context. Students and researchers interested in how principles of inclusive education are being translated into educational practices around the world will find this book an enlightening read.
Category: Education

Widening The Circle

Author : Mara Sapon-Shevin
ISBN : 9780807032817
Genre : Education
File Size : 24.68 MB
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Widening the Circle is a passionate, even radical argument for creating school and classroom environments where all kids, including children labeled as “disabled” and “special needs,” are welcome on equal terms. In opposition to traditional models of special education, where teachers decide when a child is deemed “ready to compete” in “mainstream” classes, Mara Sapon-Shevin articulates a vision of full inclusion as a practical and moral goal. Inclusion, she argues, begins not with the assumption that students have to earn their way into the classroom with their behavior or skills, it begins with the right of every child to be in the mainstream of education, perhaps with modifications, adaptations, and support. Full inclusion requires teachers to think about all aspects of their classrooms—pedagogy, curriculum, and classroom climate. Crucially, Sapon-Shevin takes on arguments against full inclusion in a section of straight-talking answers to common questions. She agrees with critics that the rhetoric of inclusion has been used to justify eliminating services and “dumping” students with significant educational needs unceremoniously back into the mainstream with little or no support. If full inclusion is properly implemented, however, she argues, it not only clearly benefits those traditionally excluded but enhances the educations and lives of those considered mainstream in myriad ways. Through powerful storytelling and argument, Sapon-Shevin lays out the moral and educational case for not separating kids on the basis of difference.
Category: Education

Inclusive Education

Author : Lissa A. Power-deFur
ISBN : 0834208067
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.28 MB
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A comprehensive look at inclusion, this book provides success stories by administrators and teachers who have found that inclusion is the be st way to meet the least restrictive environment needs of their studen ts. Complete with checklists, in-service materials, and pre- and post- evaluation methods, this detailed guide will help you meet student nee ds in a way that complements the educational, fiscal, and legal outloo ks--as well as the attitudes--of your school division.
Category: Medical

Deconstructing Special Education

Author : Thomas
ISBN : 9780335233953
Genre : Education
File Size : 64.71 MB
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Reviews of the first edition: "...full of sparkling analysis ... an absorbing account of how and why the practice of special education has failed to live up to expectations ... a tour de force ... A challenging, badly needed book likely to be read for many years to come." Dr Caroline Roaf, British Journal of Educational Studies "... a sophisticated, multidisciplinary critique of special education that leaves virtually no intellectual stone unturned. It is a must-read for anyone interested in the role and significance of inclusive pedagogy in the new struggle for an inclusive society." Professor Tom Skrtic, University of Kansas, USA "While this is a weighty book, there is real clarity about the key ideas and no doubting their importance ... its challenges to our thinking make it essential reading." Dr Melanie Nind in Times Educational Supplement "...a striking ... thought-provoking yet lyrical account which is both uncompromising in its stance and refreshing in its intellectually sophisticated critique." Professor Phil Garner in British Journal of Special Education Review of the second edition: "Having read this book with much pleasure when it first came out in 2001, I am delighted to see its authors rewarded with the accolade of a second edition. Indeed it has been an equally agreeable experience to revisit it, and interesting too, since there have been some significant shifts in thinking in the intervening years. As Thomas and Loxley rightly infer, a second edition supports their contention that there is indeed 'an appetite among professionals in education for ideas, argument and scholarship'. This book provides plenty of all three." Support for Learning · Volume 23 · Number 2 · 2008 In the second edition of this best-selling text, the authors critically examine the intellectual foundations of special education and consider the consequences of their influence for professional and popular thinking about learning difficulties. In light of this critique, they suggest that much of the knowledge about special education is misconceived, and proceed to provide a powerful rationale for inclusion derived from ideas about social justice and human rights. Revised and updated throughout, the book contains new material on social capital, communities of practice and a 'psychology of difference', as well as a new chapter on 'Inclusive education for the twenty-first century'. Deconstructing Special Education and Constructing Inclusion is essential reading for teachers, head teachers, educational psychologists and policy makers.
Category: Education

Learning And Doing Policy Analysis In Education Examining Diverse Approaches To Increasing Educational Access

Author : Maria Teresa Tatto
ISBN : 9789460919336
Genre : Education
File Size : 59.57 MB
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This book originated in a policy analysis class at Michigan State University taught during 2010. Using Professor Tatto’s unique approach to teaching policy analysis, the professor and students agreed to construct a class that represented a reflective and grounded experience in the policy analysis of a current and relevant issue with global ramifications; we began exploring policies that were developed at the global level and that were implemented locally. We investigated the surge of globally developed standards and regulations in an effort to improve education. Our goal was to learn cross-nationally about policies that seek to reform curriculum and instruction under efficiency and global competitiveness arguments, such as Education for All (EFA) and its USA cousin No Child Left Behind (NCLB). We knew our work would be bounded by the time available in a one-semester class, and by resource constraints. We did exploratory inquiry supported by literature reviews, reports on rigorous research studies, and in one case an exploratory case study. The policies we chose to explore, such as EFA and NCLB, offered us the opportunity to examine current reform tendencies that are intended to provide access to quality education for all children, the preparation of teachers to support diverse populations, the organization of schools to accommodate these children in response to vague policy mandates, and power issues affecting the different constituencies and stakeholders. The effects of these and other policies were difficult to track because research is scant and decisions are frequently made based on ideology or political persuasion. Our purpose was to explore the critical issues that originated such policies, and to search for documented evidence regarding policy implementation and effectiveness. We investigated the factors that seemed to interfere with successful implementation, from conceptual, theoretical, and methodological perspectives. In this class we learned that there are not ready-set frameworks for policy analysis, but rather that these have to be constructed according to the issues that emerge as policies are conceptualized and implemented to fit local contexts and needs. The book pays particular attention to the contexts of policy, including the evolving conceptualization of global and local systems of governance, knowledge regimes, and policy spaces. The book is designed for faculty and doctoral students in education who are interested in understanding diverse frameworks for policy analysis, and for those in the general public who are interested in the policies we analyze here.
Category: Education

Social Class Gender And Exclusion From School

Author : Jean Kane
ISBN : 9781136924200
Genre : Education
File Size : 43.6 MB
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Rising exclusion rates indicate the continuing marginalisation of many young people in education in the UK. Working-class boys, children living in poverty, and children with additional/special educational needs are among those experiencing a disproportionate rate of exclusion. This book traces the processes of exclusion and alienation from school and relates this to a changing social and economic context. Jean Kane argues that policy on schooling, including curricular reform, needs to be re-connected to the broad political pursuit of social justice, and presents compelling case studies of excluded pupils, showing the multi-faceted identities of pupils, with a particular focus on masculine and feminine identities. This invaluable contribution to the literature offers an alternative analysis where the social identities of pupils are shown to be tied up with their exclusion from school. Themes investigated include: the meanings of school exclusions social class, gender and schooling social identities of excluded pupils negotiating identities in school: moving towards exclusion exclusions and young people’s lives improving participation in schooling. Providing fascinating reading for teachers, social workers, researchers and policy-makers this book considers how educational disadvantage might be addressed through recognition of the gender and class identities of pupils.
Category: Education

Leadership For Inclusive Education

Author : G. Mac Ruairc
ISBN : 9789462091344
Genre : Education
File Size : 32.47 MB
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Inclusion is increasingly becoming one of the policy drivers shaping educational discourse and practice. What constitutes the term “inclusion” itself and how ideas derived from the different perspectives on inclusion impact school leadership practice point to a highly contested field of enquiry. Originally embedded in discourse relating to special education, ideas relating to inclusion are attracting much broader appeal within system reforms in many jurisdictions. This book seeks to keep the consideration of inclusion firmly in its broader context and to decouple it from the discourse relating to students with special educational/additional needs. This allows the authors to position their contributions more explicitly within discourses that draw on difference and diversity as unavoidable features of schools. Within this collection we address the current political dogmas in many countries that take a purely rational, managerial approach to leadership, arguing that this is not contributing to inclusion in schools. In doing this, the book seeks to shape current discourses on leadership by exploring perspectives which are likely to enhance our understanding of inclusion. Tolerance, respect, listening, clarifying language, being comfortable with differences and ambiguity and articulating and challenging the rationale behind “the way we do things around here” are key aspects of inclusive leadership, and also fundamental imperatives for writing this book. It will be useful to those in education who are engaged in further academic study in education or in reflective practice and to anyone taking advanced programmes in educational leadership and management. The international perspectives on the issue of inclusion informing this book ensure that this book will be essential for those engaged in a comparative analysis of leadership practice in different contexts or those concerned with the complexity of ensuring inclusive models of education.
Category: Education

Struggles For Inclusive Education

Author : Anastasia D. Vlachou
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028578081
Genre : Education
File Size : 75.99 MB
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In its detailed analysis of primary school teachers' and pupils' attitudes towards integration, this book locates the question of inclusive education within the wider educational context. The wealth of original interview material sheds new light on the reality of everyday life in an educational settings, and shows us the nature and intensity of the straggles experienced by both teachers and pupils in their efforts to promote more inclusive school practices. The author's sensitive investigation of the relationship between teachers' contradictory views of the 'special' and their integration, and the wider social structures in which teachers work, adds to our understanding of the inevitable difficulties in promoting inclusive educational practices within a system which functions via exclusive mechanisms.
Category: Education

The Politics Of Curricular Change

Author : Christopher Brown II
ISBN : 082044863X
Genre : Education
File Size : 73.63 MB
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The Politics of Curricular Change fills an important void in the literature regarding the relationship of multicultural curricular change to race, hegemony, and power as independent constructs. Given the scant corpus of research on how these constructs s
Category: Education

Spaced Out Policy Difference And The Challenge Of Inclusive Education

Author : F. Armstrong
ISBN : 1402012632
Genre : Education
File Size : 85.11 MB
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This book is for teachers and academic researchers in a range of disciplines. In addition, it would be highly suitable for use by doctoral research students, EdD students and MA students in Education, History, Sociology, Policy Studies, Social and Cultural Geography and Comparative education. Spaced Out: Policy, Difference and the Challenge of Inclusive Education makes an original contribution to understanding the varied and complex ways inclusion and exclusion can be understood. Through particular projects in social settings in England and France, Armstrong provides a lucid, coherent analysis into the nature of categorization, labeling and discursive practices within official discourse and procedures as well as the positional relationships between space, place and identities in relation to the experience of marginalized people including disabled pupils and young people.
Category: Education

Current Discourse On Education In Developing Nations

Author : B. Robert Tabachnick
ISBN : UOM:39015066797203
Genre : Education
File Size : 24.5 MB
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Comparative studies receive relatively little attention in U.S. education. Comparative work done by people who are either international scholars or have spent extensive (and intensive) periods of time in international contexts rarely shows up on course syllabi or reading lists in most U.S. education courses. However, this volume is comprised of scholars at various phases of their careers -- early, mid, and late -- who have deep investments in issues of international and global education. U.S. students do not know very much about the countries of Africa because these countries cannot be understood outside of the history and foreign policies that implicate the United States. The same thing might be said of Latin America, the Caribbean, and increasingly Asia. The only way that broader and more complex perspectives of the post-colonial world can emerge are in the presence of post-colonial voices. Globalisation, for better or worse, is a part of our post-modern, postcolonial condition. Unless we do systematic study of the way global forces impact material realities and our symbol systems we cannot make sense of our world and our place in it. The responsibility for the study of the global, transnational, transcultural, and/or comparative does not reside merely on those we see as "other". However, their perspectives cannot be marginalised in the discourse. This collection contains a superb mixture of voices and perspectives from around the world. But, it also contains a wonderful homage to two scholars, B Robert Tabachnick and Robert Koehl whose work represent the leading edge of comparative education.
Category: Education

Encyclopedia Of Special Education

Author : Elaine Fletcher-Janzen, Ed.D., NCSP
ISBN : 0471253251
Genre : Education
File Size : 32.35 MB
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Alphabetical listing of over 2000 topics that include biographies, educational and psychological tests, interventions and service delivery, handicapping conditions, related services, legal matters, and miscellaneous. Intended for professionals and general public. Entries include narrative, references, contributor's name and institution, and cross references. Vol. 3 contains author and subject indexes.
Category: Education

Special Education In Latin America

Author : Alfredo J. Artiles
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173001560526
Genre : Education
File Size : 23.11 MB
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Ground-breaking assessment of special education services for students with mild disabilities in eight Latin American countries.
Category: Education

Inclusive Education In Italy

Author : Simona D’Alessio
ISBN : 9789460913426
Genre : Education
File Size : 90.48 MB
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This book provides an innovative and thought-provoking analysis of the policy of integrazione scolastica from an inclusive perspective. Drawing on historical and empirical research methods the book arises out of an ethnographic study, which investigates the extent to which the policy of integrazione scolastica can be considered an inclusive policy. The author poses two fundamental questions: why are there episodes of micro-exclusion and discrimination against disabled pupils still taking place in regular schools after more than 30 years have passed since the enactment of such a progressive policy? Can the policy of integration lead to the development of inclusion in Italy? The research findings presented in the book indicate that exclusion and discrimination towards disabled pupils in education do not result from a lack of implementation of the policy at a school level, rather from the perpetuation of dominant discourses, which construct disability as an individual deficit. The book does not deny the progress made in the country following the application of this anti-discriminatory policy; rather it challenges the hegemonic abilist culture and the traditional perspectives of disability and schooling that undermine the development of inclusive education. After having investigated the theoretical premises of the policy of integration, the author argues that this progressive policy is still rooted in a special needs education paradigm and that what was once a liberating policy has been transformed into a hegemonic tool which still manages, controls and normalizes disability leaving school settings and teaching and learning routines unchanged. She finally argues for a human rights approach for the development of an inclusive school for the 21st century. The book is an essential reading for academics, policy makers, researchers and students involved in education as it links ideological pressures to practical analyses.
Category: Education

Ability Equity And Culture

Author : Elizabeth B. Kozleski
ISBN : 9780807772461
Genre : Education
File Size : 58.85 MB
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This comprehensive book is grounded in the authentic experiences of educators who have done, and continue to do, the messy everyday work of transformative school reform. The work of these contributors, in conjunction with research done under the aegis of the National Institute of Urban School Improvement (NIUSI), demonstrates how schools and classrooms can move from a deficit model to a culturally responsive model that works for all learners. To strengthen relationships between research and practice, chapters are coauthored by a practitioner/researcher team and include a case study of an authentic urban reform situation. This volume will help practitioners, reformers, and researchers make use of emerging knowledge and culturally responsive pedagogy to implement reforms that are more congruent with the strengths and needs of urban education contexts. Contributors: Sue Abplanalp, Cynthia Alexander, Alfredo J. Artiles, David R. Garcia, Dorothy F. Garrison-Wade, JoEtta Gonzales, Taucia Gonzalez, Cristina Santamaría Graff, Donna Hart-Tervalon, Jack C. Jorgensen, Elaine Mulligan, Sheryl Petty, Samantha Paredes Scribner, Amanda L. Sullivan, Anne Smith, Sandra L. Vazquez,Shelley Zion “If you truly care about the serious, research-based pursuit of equity and inclusivity in urban schools, you must read this book. Using researcher-practitioner co-author teams and a case study of national urban reform, Kozleski, King Thorius, and their chapter team authors show how to go successfully to scale with systemic reform.” —James Joseph Scheurich, Professor, Indiana University School of Education, Indianapolis Elizabeth B. Kozleski chairs the Special Education program at the University of Kansas. She received the TED-Merrill award for her leadership in special education teacher education in 2011. Kathleen King Thorius is an assistant professor of urban special education in Indiana University’s School of Education at IUPUI. She is principal investigator for the Great Lakes Equity Center, a Regional Equity Assistance Center funded by the U. S. Department of Education.
Category: Education

Educating For Social Justice And Inclusion In An African Context

Author : Nithi Muthukrishna
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131740529
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59.23 MB
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The proposed book moves away from a special education course, reflecting a broad consideration of social justice and inclusion that encompasses a variety of concerns about the lived experience of domination, oppression and injustice, and seeks to understand the complex intersections of a number of often overlapping categories of social identity and conflict, including cultural, ethnic, and racialised identities, gender sexual orientation, class and disability.
Category: Social Science