Plant Adaptation To Environmental Stress

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Plant Adaptation To Environmental Stress

Author : L. Fowden
ISBN : UOM:39015032209895
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.18 MB
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Community and ecosystem level; Whole plant responses; Metabolic and genetic responses; Interactive stresses.
Category: Science

Molecular Analysis Of Plant Adaptation To The Environment

Author : M.J. Hawkesford
ISBN : 9789401597838
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.27 MB
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Adverse environmental factors can impose stress on plants and influence the expression of the full genetic potential for growth and reproduction. The capability of plants to develop plastic response reactions, to adapt to environmental stress situations, is unique in the biological world. A goal of the research described in this volume is to increase crop productivity, particular in regions where the environment imposes stress. An understanding of the principles involved in plant adaptation to environmental stress will enable optimisation of practices to improve agronomic production and minimise damaging environmental impact. The aim of this volume is to link the rapidly advancing and increasingly specialist field of molecular biology with plant physiology at the ecosystem level. The book includes chapters focused on some principle methods and a series of up-to-date review chapters on plant adaptation to a variety of specific stresses. The utilisation of newly available genome information is emphasised. Of particular importance is the desire to highlight the current potential of such approaches, and how diverse disciplines can interact and complement one another. The book is aimed at both the specialist and the advanced student.
Category: Science

Plant Adaptation To Environmental Change

Author : Naser A. Anjum
ISBN : 9781780642734
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20.24 MB
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Plants constantly cope with unfavourable ecosystem conditions, which often prevent them reaching their full genetic potential in terms of growth, development and productivity. This book covers plants' responses to these environmental changes, namely, the modulation of amino acids, peptides and amines to combat both biotic and abiotic stress factors. Bringing together the most recent developments, this book is an important resource for researchers and students of crop stress and plant physiology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Plant Acclimation To Environmental Stress

Author : Narendra Tuteja
ISBN : 9781461450016
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.27 MB
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The mechanisms underlying endurance and adaptation to environmental stress factors in plants have long been the focus of intense research. Plants overcome environmental stresses by development of tolerance, resistance or avoidance mechanisms, adjusting to a gradual change in its environment which allows them to maintain performance across a range of adverse environmental conditions. Plant Acclimation to Environmental Stress presents the latest ideas and trends on induced acclimation of plants to environmental stresses under changing environment. Written by experts around the globe, this volume adds new dimensions in the field of plant acclimation to abiotic stress factors. Comprehensive and lavishly illustrated, Plant Acclimation to Environmental Stress is a state-of-the-art guide suited for scholars and researchers working in the field of crop improvement, genetic engineering and abiotic stress tolerance.
Category: Science

The Secret Of Plants In The Environment

ISBN : 9781648509216
Genre : Nature
File Size : 85.64 MB
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Plants are sessile organisms that are unable to move but face the challenge of ever-changing or adverse environments. The study of the development of environmental changes in tolerant plants is fundamental for the maintenance and streamlining of high crop yields and plant adaptation in natural environments. The identification of genes that lead to changes or stress tolerance is urgently needed for the growth and development of plants in their natural environment. The Secret of Plants in the ENVIRONMENT addresses environmental concerns such as the different types of stress situations and plant adaptation to changing environments, including the positive and negative effects of stress on the growth of crops, the beginning stages of plant life cycles, and plant output. This book seeks to discuss the impact of environmental changes or stress on plant life, environmental stress physiology, and adaptation mechanisms. It highlights the impact of environmental stresses on plants and crops under changing environments and gives a comprehensive overview of how plants respond to such environments. In addition, it serves as a helpful guide to the students of BSc, MSc and to all professionals engaged in teaching and research on environmental-related subjects. It dwells on some important aspects of environmental change or stress as the main issue affecting the survival of plants at the early stages of their life cycle. Hence, the author hopes that both early-career scientists and research scholars interested in pursuing environmental science to an advanced stage would also benefit from the important information discussed in this book.
Category: Nature

Environmental Adaptations And Stress Tolerance Of Plants In The Era Of Climate Change

Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
ISBN : 1461408156
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.20 MB
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Climate change is a complex phenomenon with a wide range of impacts on the environment. Biotic and abiotic stress are a result of climate change. Abiotic stress is caused by primary and secondary stresses which are an impediment to plant productivity. Prolonged exposure to these stresses results in altered metabolism and damage to biomolecules. Plants evolve defense mechanisms to withstand these stresses, e.g. synthesis of osmolytes, osmoprotectants, and antioxidants. Stress responsive genes and gene products including expressed proteins are implicated in conferring tolerance to the plant. This volume will provide the reader with a wide spectrum of information, including vital references. It also provides information as to how phytoconstituents, hormones and plant associated microbes help the plants to tolerate the stress. This volume also highlights the use of plant resources for ameliorating soil contaminants such as heavy metals. Dr. Parvaiz is Assistant professor in Botany at A.S. College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. He has completed his post-graduation in Botany in 2000 from Jamia Hamdard New Delhi India. After his Ph.D from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, India in 2007 he joined the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi. He has published more than 20 research papers in peer reviewed journals and 4 book chapters. He has also edited a volume which is in press with Studium Press Pvt. India Ltd., New Delhi, India. Dr. Parvaiz is actively engaged in studying the molecular and physio-biochemical responses of different plants (mulberry, pea, Indian mustard) under environmental stress. Prof. M.N.V. Prasad is a Professor in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Hyderabad, India. He received B.Sc. (1973) and M.Sc. (1975) degrees from Andhra University, India, and the Ph.D. degree (1979) in botany from the University of Lucknow, India. Prasad had published 216 articles in peer reviewed journals and 82 book chapters and conference proceedings in the broad area of environmental botany and heavy metal stress in plants. He is the author, co-author, editor, or co-editor for eight books. He is the recipient of Pitamber Pant national Environment Fellowship of 2007 awarded by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
Category: Science

Plant Adaptation Strategies In Changing Environment

Author : Vertika Shukla
ISBN : 9789811067440
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.94 MB
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This book addresses the crucial aspects of plant adaptation strategies in higher as well as lower plant groups. Stress induced by changing environmental conditions disrupts or alter various physiological and metabolic processes in organisms, however, plants have evolved various defence strategies to cope with external perturbations. The book discusses speciation changes in response to extreme ecological conditions such as cold, heat, aridity, salinity, altitude, incidental UV radiation and high light intensity, which are particularly relevant in the current scenario of global warming. It also explores the effects of human activities and emission of phytotoxic gases. Further, it describes the overall adaptation strategies and the multifaceted mechanisms involved (integrated complex mechanism), ranging from morphological to molecular alterations, focusing on plants’ capabilities to create an inner environment to survive the altered or extreme conditions. This book is a valuable tool for graduate and research students, as well as for anyone working on or interested in adaptation strategies in plants.
Category: Science

Algal Adaptation To Environmental Stresses

Author : L.C. Rai
ISBN : 9783642594915
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.37 MB
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Algae, generally held as the principal primary producers of aquatic systems, inhabit all conceivable habitats. They have great ability to cope with a harsh environment, e.g. extremely high and low temperatures, suboptimal and supraoptimal light intensities, low availability of essential nutrients and other resources, and high concentrations of toxic chemicals, etc. A multitude of physiological, biochemical, and molecular strategies enable them to survive and grow in stressful habitats. This book presents a critical account of various mechanisms of stress tolerance in algae, many of which may occur in microbes and plants as well.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Plant And Crop Stress Second Edition

Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
ISBN : 0824746724
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.63 MB
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Detailing interrelated topics, this work addresses issues and concerns related to plant and crop stress. This edition includes information on pH stress, temperature stress, water-deficit conditions, carotenoids and stress, light stress, pollution stress, agrichemical stress, oxidative damage to proteins, UV-B induced stress and abiotic stress tolerance.
Category: Science

Metabolic Adaptations In Plants During Abiotic Stress

Author : Akula Ramakrishna
ISBN : 9781351676830
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.5 MB
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Key features: Serves as a cutting-edge resource for researchers and students who are studying plant abiotic stress tolerance and crop improvement through metabolic adaptations Presents the latest trends and developments in the field of metabolic engineering and abiotic stress tolerance Addresses the adaptation of plants to climatic changes Gives special attention to emerging topics such as the role of secondary metabolites, small RNA mediated regulation and signaling molecule responses to stresses Provides extensive references that serve as entry points for further research Metabolic Adaptations in Plants during Abiotic Stress covers a topic of past, present and future interest for both scientists and policy makers as the global challenge of climate change is addressed. Understanding the mechanisms of plant adaptation to environmental stresses can provide the necessary tools needed to take action to protect them, and hence ourselves. This book brings together recent findings about metabolic adaptations during abiotic stress and in diverse areas of plant adaptation. It covers not only the published results, but also introduces new concepts and findings to offer original views on the perspectives and challenges in this field.
Category: Science

Plant Abiotic Stress

Author : Matthew A. Jenks
ISBN : 9781118764329
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.31 MB
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A fully revised review of the latest research in molecularbasis of plant abiotic stress response and adaptation Abiotic stressors are non-living environmental stressors thatcan have a negative impact on a plants ability to grow and thrivein a given environment. Stressors can range from temperature stress(both extreme heat and extreme cold) water stress, aridity,salinity among others. This book explores the full gamut of plantabiotic stressors and plants molecular responses and adaptations toadverse environmental conditions. The new edition of Plant Abiotic Stress providesup-to-date coverage of the latest research advances in plantabiotic stress adaptation, with special emphasis on the associatedand integrative aspects of physiology, signaling, andmolecular-genetics. Since the last edition, major advances inwhole genome analysis have revealed previously unknown linkagesbetween genes, genomes, and phenotypes, and new biological and–omics approaches have elucidated previously unknown cellularmechanisms underlying stress tolerance. Chapters are organized by topic, but highlight processes thatare integrative among diverse stress responses. As with the firstedition, Plant Abiotic Stress will have broad appeal toscientists in fields of applied agriculture, ecology, plantsciences, and biology.
Category: Science

Plant Stress Physiology 2nd Edition

Author : Sergey Shabala
ISBN : 9781780647296
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.87 MB
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Completely updated from the successful first edition, this book provides a timely update on the recent progress in our knowledge of all aspects of plant perception, signalling and adaptation to a variety of environmental stresses. It covers in detail areas such as drought, salinity, waterlogging, oxidative stress, pathogens, and extremes of temperature and pH. This second edition presents detailed and up-to-date research on plant responses to a wide range of stresses Includes new full-colour figures to help illustrate the principles outlined in the text Is written in a clear and accessible format, with descriptive abstracts for each chapter. Written by an international team of experts, this book provides researchers with a better understanding of the major physiological and molecular mechanisms facilitating plant tolerance to adverse environmental factors. This new edition of Plant Stress Physiology is an essential resource for researchers and students of ecology, plant biology, agriculture, agronomy and plant breeding.
Category: Science

Plant Stress Physiology

Author : Sergey Shabala
ISBN : 9781845939953
Genre : Science
File Size : 21.47 MB
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The fact that most of the suitable land has already been cultivated, meeting a projected target of a 50% increase in the global food production by 2050 to match the projected population growth becomes a challenging task. This book will provide a timely update on the recent progress in our knowledge on all aspects of plant's perception, signalling and adaptation to a variety of environmental stresses such as drought, salinity, temperature and pH extremes, waterlogging, oxidative stress, and pathogens.
Category: Science

Environmental Stress Adaptation And Evolution

Author : K. Bijlsma
ISBN : 3764356952
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55.71 MB
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Most organisms and populations have to cope with hostile environments, threatening their existence. Their ability to respond phenotypically and genetically to these challenges and to evolve adaptive mechanisms is, therefore, crucial. The contributions to this book aim at understanding, from a evolutionary perspective, the impact of stress on biological systems. Scientists, applying different approaches spanning from the molecular and the protein level to individuals, populations and ecosystems, explore how organisms adapt to extreme environments, how stress changes genetic structure and affects life histories, how organisms cope with thermal stress through acclimation, and how environmental and genetic stress induce fluctuating asymmetry, shape selection pressure and cause extinction of populations. Finally, it discusses the role of stress in evolutionary change, from stress induced mutations and selection to speciation and evolution at the geological time scale. The book contains reviews and novel scientific results on the subject. It will be of interest to both researchers and graduate students and may serve as a text for graduate courses.
Category: Medical

Adaptation Of Plants To Water And High Temperature Stress

Author : Carnegie Institution of Washington Department of Plant Biology Seminar
ISBN : UOM:39015010079559
Genre : Adaptation (Biologie) - Congrès
File Size : 23.22 MB
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Morphological adaptations to water stress. Physiological adaptations to water stress. Adaptation to high temperature stress. Interaction and integration of adaptations to stress. Breeding and selection for adaptation to stress.
Category: Adaptation (Biologie) - Congrès

Environmental Stress In Plants

Author : Joe H. Cherry
ISBN : 9783642731631
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70.64 MB
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Environmental stresses represent the most limiting factors to agricultural productivity worldwide. Their impact is not only on presently cultivated crops, they are also significant barriers to the introduction of crop plants in noncultivated areas. A significant global problem in the improvement of agriculture is the major variation in annual crop yields due to variations in environmental stresses such as drought, flooding, salinity, and temperature variations. This summary presents current background and research knowledge on all important environmental stresses and their respective influence on plant growth, development and crop yield as well as on biochemical and physiological events within plant tissues in reaction to changing environmental conditions.
Category: Technology & Engineering