Piezoelectric Ceramic Materials

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Piezoelectric Ceramic Materials

Author : Xinhua Zhu
ISBN : 1616684186
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38.31 MB
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Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystalline materials to develop an electric charge proportional to a mechanical stress. Since its discovery the piezoelectricity effect has found many useful applications, such as the production and detection of sound, generation of high voltages and frequency, microbalances, and ultra fine focusing of optical assemblies. This book reviews the state of art in polycrystalline piezoelectric ceramic materials, which covers the processing, properties, characterisation, and applications of piezoelectric ceramic materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Piezoelectric Ceramics

Author : J. van Randeraat
ISBN : 8013034143
Genre : Piezoelectric ceramics
File Size : 21.23 MB
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Category: Piezoelectric ceramics

Piezoelectric Ceramics

Author : Ltd Apc International
ISBN : 0615565034
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.62 MB
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APC International, Ltd.'s textbook on the principles and applications of piezoelectric ceramics covers: general principles of piezoelectricity and behavior of piezoelectric ceramic elements fundamental mathematics of piezoelectricity traditional and experimental applications for piezoelectric materials, and related physical principles for each application: audible sound producers, flow meters, fluid level sensors, motors, pumps, delay lines, transformers, other apparatus introduction to single crystals, composites, and other latest-generation piezoelectric materials Contents Introduction piezoelectricity / piezoelectric constants behavior / stability of piezoelectric ceramic elements new materials: relaxors / single crystals / others characteristics of piezoelectric materials from APC International, Ltd. Generators generators solid state batteries Sensors axial sensors flexional sensors special designs and applications: composites / SAW sensors / others Actuators axial and transverse actuators: simple / compound (stack) / multilayer flexional actuators / flextensional devices applications for piezoelectric actuators Transducers audible sound transducers generating ultrasonic vibrations in liquids or solids transmitting ultrasonic signals in air or water flow meters / fluid level sensors / delay lines / transformers / composites Miscellaneous securing a piezoelectric ceramic element attaching electrical leads testing performance Note: This is a 2nd edition to APC's textbook published in 2002. Updates in the 2nd edition reflect changes to APC's product lines and corrections outlined on the errata sheet distributed with the 2002 edition.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Piezoelectric Materials

Author : Toshio Ogawa
ISBN : 9789535125587
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.70 MB
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The science and technology in the area of piezoelectric ceramics are extremely progressing, especially the materials research, measurement technique, theory and applications, and furthermore, demanded to fit social technical requests such as environmental problems. While they had been concentrated on piezoelectric ceramics composed of lead-containing compositions, such as lead zirconate titanate (PZT) and lead titanate, at the beginning because of the high piezoelectricity, recently lead water pollution by soluble PZT of our environment must be considered. Therefore, different new compositions of lead-free ceramics in order to replace PZT are needed. Until now, there have been many studies on lead-free ceramics looking for new morphotropic phase boundaries, ceramic microstructure control to realize high ceramic density, including composites and texture developments, and applications to new evaluation techniques to search for high piezoelectricity. The purpose of this book is focused on the latest reports in piezoelectric materials such as lead-free ceramics, single crystals, and thin films from viewpoints of piezoelectric materials, piezoelectric science, and piezoelectric applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Piezoelectric Ceramic Resonators

Author : Jiří Erhart
ISBN : 9783319424811
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29.86 MB
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This book helps the reader to understand the specific properties of piezoelectric ceramic resonators. It provides their theoretical description by immitance and equivalent circuit method. The nummerical modelling described is accompanied by examples of properties measured experimentally. Piezoelectric ceramic transformers are also covered, followed by a series of solved and unsolved problems prepared specially for students.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Piezoelectric Ceramics

Author : Bernard Jaffe
ISBN : 9780323155687
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30.8 MB
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Piezoelectric Ceramics focuses on the relationship between piezoelectricity and ferroelectricity as they apply to ceramics, taking into consideration the properties of materials that are being used and possibly be used in the industries. Composed of 12 chapters, the book starts by tracing the history of piezoelectricity and how this affects ceramics. The different measurement techniques are discussed, including dielectric, ferroelectric, and piezoelectric measurements. The book proceeds by discussing Perovskite structure and barium titanate. Covered areas include electric field, piezoelectric properties, particle size effect, and dielectric strength. The properties, compositions, and reactions of various perovskites are discussed. Numerical analyses are presented in this regard. The book also offers interpretations of the experiments conducted. The discussions end with the processes involved in the manufacture and applications of piezoelectric ceramics. Concerns in manufacturing include calcination, grinding, mixing, electroding, firing, and quality control. Piezolectric ceramics are applied in air transducers, instrument transducers, delay line transducers, underwater sound ultrasonic power, and wave filters. The book is important for readers interested in doing research on ceramics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Piezoelectric Ceramic Materials Final Report

Author : Don Berlincourt
ISBN : UOM:39015086540708
Genre : Piezoelectric ceramics
File Size : 47.51 MB
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This research summarizes research done by Clevite Research Center, Cleveland Ohio, for the Sandia Corporation during the period February 1, 1958, through January 31, 1959. This research was in the field of piezoelectric ceramics, and was concerned with lead titanate zirconate, modified lead titanate, lead stannate-lead titanate, and lead metaniobate. Subjects of this study include dielectric strength, thermal expansion and thermal conductivity, response to high undirectional and hydrostatic stress and crystal growth.
Category: Piezoelectric ceramics

Piezoelectric Materials

Author : Wesley G. Nelson
ISBN : 1608762726
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33.11 MB
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Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystalline materials to develop an electric charge proportional to a mechanical stress. Since its discovery, the piezoelectricity effect has found many useful applications, such as the production and detection of sound, generation of high voltages and frequency, microbalances, and ultra fine focusing of optical assemblies. It is also the basis of a number of scientific instrumental techniques and everyday uses such as acting as the ignition source for cigarette lighters and push-start propane barbecues. This book gives a review of the state of art in polycrystalline piezoelectric ceramic materials, which covers the processing, properties, characterisation and applications of piezoelectric ceramic materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Piezoelectric Ceramics

Author : Ernesto Suaste-Gomez
ISBN : 9789533071220
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.53 MB
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This book reviews a big window of opportunity for piezoelectric ceramics, such as new materials, material combinations, structures, damages and porosity effects. In addition, applications of sensors, actuators, transducers for ultrasonic imaging, positioning systems, energy harvesting, biomedical and microelectronic devices are described. The book consists of fourteen chapters. The genetic algorithm is used for identification of RLC parameters in the equivalent electrical circuit of piezoelectric transducers. Concept and development perspectives for piezoelectric energy harvesting are described. The characterization of principal properties and advantages of a novel device called ceramic-controlled piezoelectric with a Pt wire implant is included. Bio-compatibility studies between piezoelectric ceramic material and biological cell suspension are exposed. Thus, piezoelectric ceramics have been a very favorable solution as a consequence of its high energy density and the variety of fabrication techniques to obtain bulk or thin films devices. Finally, the readers will perceive a trend analysis and examine recent developments in different fields of applications of piezoelectric ceramics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Novel Ceramic Materials

Author : R. Saravanan
ISBN : 9781945291036
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32.22 MB
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The book presents a number of novel ceramic materials that have great potential for advanced technological applications, such as microwave devices, communication instruments and memory devices. The materials covered include piezoelectric ceramics, zirconia ceramics, doped NiO ceramic nanostructures, BST ceramics (Barium-Strontium-Titanates), manganite ceramics, Ce-doped LaMnO3 and Sb-doped NKN (Sodium-Potassium-Niobates), as well as materials with ferrite structures, and with multi-ferroic structures The materials were characterized experimentally by means of XRD (X-ray diffraction), SEM (Scanning electron microscopy), EDX (Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis), UV-Visible Spectroscopy, and VSM (Vibrating sample magnetometer). The results are discussed in terms of the structural characteristics of the various crystal structures, their special surface morphology, and their optical and magnetic properties. Of particular interest is the determination of the electron density distribution (on the basis of XRD data and computerized evaluations). These data elucidate the atomic/electronic structure of the materials and make us understand the specific characteristics of these novel ceramics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ceramic Materials For Electronics Third Edition

Author : Relva C. Buchanan
ISBN : 0824740289
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38.20 MB
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The Third Edition of Ceramic Materials for Electronics studies a wide range of ceramic materials, including insulators, conductors, piezoelectrics, and ferroelectrics, through detailed discussion of their properties, characterization, fabrication, and applications in electronics. The author summarizes the latest trends and advancements in the field, and explores important topics such as ceramic thin film, functional device technology, and thick film technology. Edited by a leading expert on the subject, this new edition includes more than 150 pages of new information; restructured reference materials, figures, and tables; as well as additional device application-oriented segments.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advanced Piezoelectric Materials

Author : Kenji Uchino
ISBN : 9781845699758
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.40 MB
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Piezoelectric materials produce electric charges on their surfaces as a consequence of applying mechanical stress. They are used in the fabrication of a growing range of devices such as transducers (used, for example, in ultrasound scanning), actuators (deployed in such areas as vibration suppression in optical and microelectronic engineering), pressure sensor devices (such as gyroscopes) and increasingly as a way of producing energy. Their versatility has led to a wealth of research to broaden the range of piezoelectric materials and their potential uses. Advanced piezoelectric materials: science and technology provides a comprehensive review of these new materials, their properties, methods of manufacture and applications. After an introductory overview of the development of piezoelectric materials, Part one reviews the various types of piezoelectric material, ranging from lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezo-ceramics, relaxor ferroelectric ceramics, lead-free piezo-ceramics, quartz-based piezoelectric materials, the use of lithium niobate and lithium in piezoelectrics, single crystal piezoelectric materials, electroactive polymers (EAP) and piezoelectric composite materials. Part two discusses how to design and fabricate piezo-materials with chapters on piezo-ceramics, single crystal preparation techniques, thin film technologies, aerosol techniques and manufacturing technologies for piezoelectric transducers. The final part of the book looks at applications such as high-power piezoelectric materials and actuators as well as the performance of piezoelectric materials under stress. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors Advanced piezoelectric materials: science and technology is a standard reference for all those researching piezoelectric materials and using them to develop new devices in such areas as microelectronics, optical, sound, structural and biomedical engineering. Provides a comprehensive review of the new materials, their properties and methods of manufacture and application Explores the development of piezoelectric materials from the historical background to the present status Features an overview of manufacturing methods for piezoelectric ceramic materials including design considerations
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ceramic Materials And Multilayer Electronic Devices

Author : K. M. Nair
ISBN : 9781118406762
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42.90 MB
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This volume contains a collection of 40 papers from two symposia: Advanced Dielectric Materials and Multilayer Electronic Devices and High Strain Piezoelectric Materials, Devices and Applications. Topics include fundamental and historical perspectives of dielectric materials; relaxor materials and devices; high strain piezoelectric devices; advanced aspects of powder preparation, characterization, and properties; thin films; materials for low and high frequency applications; processing-structure-property-relationships; and future applications. Proceedings of the symposium held at the 105th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, April 27-30, 2003, in Nashville, Tennessee; Ceramic Transactions, Volume 150.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Piezoelectric And Acoustic Materials For Transducer Applications

Author : Ahmad Safari
ISBN : 9780387765402
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43.26 MB
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The book discusses the underlying physical principles of piezoelectric materials, important properties of ferroelectric/piezoelectric materials used in today’s transducer technology, and the principles used in transducer design. It provides examples of a wide range of applications of such materials along with the appertaining rationales. With contributions from distinguished researchers, this is a comprehensive reference on all the pertinent aspects of piezoelectric materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Multifunctional Polycrystalline Ferroelectric Materials

Author : Lorena Pardo
ISBN : 9048128757
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.83 MB
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This book presents selected topics on processing and properties of ferroelectric materials that are currently the focus of attention in scientific and technical research. Ferro-piezoelectric ceramics are key materials in devices for many applications, such as automotive, healthcare and non-destructive testing. As they are polycrystalline, non-centrosymmetric materials, their piezoelectricity is induced by the so-called poling process. This is based on the principle of polarization reversal by the action of an electric field that characterizes the ferroelectric materials. This book was born with the aim of increasing the awareness of the multifunctionality of ferroelectric materials among different communities, such as researchers, electronic engineers, end-users and manufacturers, working on and with ferro-piezoelectric ceramic materials and devices which are based on them. The initiative to write this book comes from a well-established group of researchers at the Laboratories of Ferroelectric Materials, Materials Science Institute of Madrid (ICMM-CSIC). This group has been working in different areas concerning thin films and bulk ceramic materials since the mid-1980s. It is a partner of the Network of Excellence on Multifunctional and Integrated Piezoelectric Devices (MIND) of the EC, in which the European Institute of Piezoelectric Materials and Devices has its origin.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Developments In Ceramic Materials Research

Author : Dena Rosslere
ISBN : 1600217702
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.73 MB
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Ceramics are refractory, inorganic, and non-metallic materials. They can be divided into two classes: traditional and advanced. Traditional ceramics include clay products, silicate glass and cement; while advanced ceramics consist of carbides (SiC), pure oxides (Al2O3), nitrides (Si3N4), non-silicate glasses and many others. Ceramics offer many advantages compared to other materials. They are harder and stiffer than steel; more heat and corrosion resistant than metals or polymers; less dense than most metals and their alloys; and their raw materials are both plentiful and inexpensive. Ceramic materials display a wide range of properties which facilitate their use in many different product areas. This new book presents leading-edge research in this field from around the world.
Category: Science

Ceramic Materials

Author : C. Barry Carter
ISBN : 9780387462714
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72.18 MB
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Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering is an up-to-date treatment of ceramic science, engineering, and applications in a single, integrated text. Building on a foundation of crystal structures, phase equilibria, defects and the mechanical properties of ceramic materials, students are shown how these materials are processed for a broad diversity of applications in today's society. Concepts such as how and why ions move, how ceramics interact with light and magnetic fields, and how they respond to temperature changes are discussed in the context of their applications. References to the art and history of ceramics are included throughout the text. The text concludes with discussions of ceramics in biology and medicine, ceramics as gemstones and the role of ceramics in the interplay between industry and the environment. Extensively illustrated, the text also includes questions for the student and recommendations for additional reading. KEY FEATURES: Combines the treatment of bioceramics, furnaces, glass, optics, pores, gemstones, and point defects in a single text Provides abundant examples and illustrations relating theory to practical applications Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate teaching and as a reference for researchers in materials science Written by established and successful teachers and authors with experience in both research and industry
Category: Technology & Engineering