Patterns Of Lexis In Text

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Patterns Of Lexis In Text

Author : Michael Hoey
ISBN : UOM:39015032933577
Genre : Cohesion (Linguistics).
File Size : 23.79 MB
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Passages of authentic text are analysed to demonstrate the operations of patterns of lexis across sentence boundaries and over considerable distances within and between texts. These insights are related to a comprehensive theory of language, in which 'lexis' and 'text' are shown to beimportant levels of language organization. Implications for the teaching of reading and writing are also discussed.First Prize English Speaking Union's Duke of Edinburgh Book Competition
Category: Cohesion (Linguistics).

Patterns Of Text

Author : Michael Hoey
ISBN : 9027225729
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 50.74 MB
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It is increasingly clear that, in order to understand language as a phenomenon, we must understand the phenomenon of text. Our primary experience of language comes in the form of texts, which embody the complete communicative events through which our language-using lives are lived. These events are shaped by communicative needs, and this shaping is reflected in certain characteristic patterns in the texts. However, the nature of texts and text is still elusive: we know which forms are typically found in text but we do not yet have a full grasp of how they constitute its textuality, how they make a text “tick”. The twelve contributions to this volume show how texts across a wide range of text types hold together by different patterns of chunking and linking. The common purpose in all the contributions is to explore the nature of text patterning as the functional environment within which language operates.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Lexical Priming

Author : Michael Hoey
ISBN : 9781134333585
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 69.27 MB
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Lexical Priming proposes a radical new theory of the lexicon, which amounts to a completely new theory of language based on how words are used in the real world. Here they are not confined to the definitions given to them in dictionaries but instead interact with other words in common patterns of use. Using concrete statistical evidence from a corpus of newspaper English, but also referring to travel writing and literary text, the author argues that words are 'primed' for use through our experience with them, so that everything we know about a word is a product of our encounters with it. This knowledge explains how speakers of a language succeed in being fluent, creative and natural.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Textual Interaction

Author : Michael Hoey
ISBN : 9781135128036
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 58.14 MB
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Textual Interaction provides a clear and cogent account of written discourse analysis. Each chapter introduces key concepts and analytical techniques, describes important parallel work and major issues, and suggests how to apply the ideas to the teaching and learning of reading and writing. In this activity-based book, Hoey analyzes a wide variety of narrative texts and argues that, in the interaction between writer and reader, the reader has as much power as the writer.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Keyness In Texts

Author : Marina Bondi
ISBN : 9789027223173
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 81.55 MB
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This is corpus linguistics with a text linguistic focus. The volume concerns lexical inequality, the fact that some words and phrases share the quality of being key---and thereby reflect or promote important themes in some textual contexts, while others do not. The patterning of words which differ in their centrality to text meaning is of increasing interest to corpus linguistics. At the same time software resources are yielding increasingly more detailed ways of identifying and studying the linkages between key words and phrases in text databases. This volume brings together work from some of the leading researchers in this field. It presents thirteen studies organized in three sections, the first containing a series of studies exploring the nature of keyness itself, then a set of five studies looking at keyness in specific discourse contexts, and then three studies with an educational focus. "Edited by two central figures in the development of keyword analysis, and with contributions from leading specialists in the field, this unique collection brings together a wide range of insights into how keyword analysis can contribute both to linguistic and cultural analysis and to language education. It deserves a place on the bookshelves of anyone with an interest in these areas"---Christopher Tribble, King's College, London "This is a fascinating volume addressing both methodological and theoretical questions in the study of keywords. It pushes forward the exploration of the nature of keyness and the interpretation of keywords in their textual contexts. An inspiring contribution to a central area of corpus linguistics." ---Michaela Mahlberg, University of Nottingham
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Text And Discourse Analysis

Author : Raphael Salkie
ISBN : 9781134872039
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 62.50 MB
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A practical, `user-friendly' guide to the issues and methods associated with text and discourse analysis. Text and Discourse Analysis: * examines a wide variety of authentic texts including news stories, adverts, novels, official forms, instruction manuals and textbooks * contains numerous practical activities * looks at a range of cohesive devices * concludes by looking at larger patterns in texts, a set of further exercises and a guide for further reading * provides a hands-on guide to an area of growing importance in language study.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Text Discourse And Corpora

Author : Michael Hoey
ISBN : 9780826491725
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33.91 MB
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Corpus linguistics is often regarded as a methodology in its own right. This book includes coverage of the lexical priming theory, parole-linguistics, a four-part model of language system and language use, and the concept of local textual functions. It illustrates the theoretical arguments.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Working With Portuguese Corpora

Author : Tony Berber Sardinha
ISBN : 9781472570017
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40.62 MB
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Although Portuguese is one of the main world languages and researchers have been working on Portuguese electronic text collections for decades (e.g. Kelly, 1970; Biderman, 1978; Bacelar do Nascimento et al., 1984; see Berber Sardinha, 2005), this is the first volume in English that encapsulates the exciting and cutting-edge corpus linguistic work being done with Portuguese language corpora on different continents. The book includes chapters by leading corpus linguists dealing with Portuguese corpora across the world, and their contributions explore various methods and how they are applicable to a wide range of language issues. The book is divided into six sections, each covering a key issue in Corpus Linguistics: lexis and grammar, lexicography, language teaching and terminology, translation, corpus building and sharing, and parsing and annotation. Together these sections present the reader with a broad picture of the field.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Variety In Written English

Author : Tony Bex
ISBN : 9781134839964
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 28.23 MB
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Combining insight from a variety of linguistic perspectives including Hallidayan functional linguistics and relevance theory, Tony Bex demonstrates how written texts operate within society to convey meaning. This book:- * looks at a wide variety of written genres - advertisments, letters, poetry and literature * provides an accessible and comprehensive survey of genre theory * proposes a challenging new way of analysing genre which emphasises communicative function * unusually, considers the relevance of linguistic theories of genre to the study of literary texts. * includes numerous exercises and annotated bibliographies Variety in Written Discourse will be of interest to all students of language and communication. In addition, it will be an invaluable text for those interested in literature, as well as English for Specific Purposes.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Discourse Analysis Of The Letter To The Hebrews

Author : Cynthia Long Westfall
ISBN : 9780567030528
Genre : Religion
File Size : 90.88 MB
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This study attempts to analyse the text of Hebrews with a method of discourse analysis primarily based on a form of systemic functional linguistics developed for Hellenistic Greek, but it is also informed by other linguistic studies. It begins with a general survey of the literature that is either influential or representative of approaches to the structure of Hebrews. The survey is followed by an introduction to the terminology and definitions of discourse analysis, as well as the theory behind the methodology, and describes a procedure for analysing text. Hebrews is treated as having three sections. The first section of Hebrews (1:1-4:16) demonstrates the organization of the units, the topic of the units, the prominent text, and the relationship of the first section with the rest of the discourse. The second section of Hebrews (4:11-10:25) is described in two parts (4:11-7:28 and 8:1-10:25) because of its length. There is an overlap between the first and second sections in 4:11-16 and between the second and third sections in 10:19-25. Both of these passages have a concluding function for the preceding co-text and a staging function for the following co-text, so that they look backwards and forwards. The third and final section in 10:19-13:25 contains the climax or discourse peak. The study is concluded with a description of the coherence of the discourse and a presentation of a mental representation of the text. JSNTS and Studies in New Testament Greek subseries>
Category: Religion

Handbook Of Research On Computer Enhanced Language Acquisition And Learning

Author : Zhang, Felicia
ISBN : 9781599048963
Genre : Education
File Size : 46.87 MB
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Provides comprehensive coverage of successful translation of language learning designs utilizing ICT in practical learning contexts. Offers the latest knowledge related to research on computer-enhanced language acquisition and learning.
Category: Education

Exploring The Lexis Grammar Interface

Author : Ute Römer
ISBN : 9789027223098
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 27.95 MB
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With fresh state-of-the-art perspectives on language patterning, this volume showcases studies that recognize and provide evidence for the inseparability of lexis and grammar. The contributors explore in what ways these two areas, often treated separately in linguistic theory and description, form an organic whole.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Trust The Text

Author : Associate Professor in International Communication Sociology and Cultural Studies in the Faculty of Arts John Sinclair
ISBN : 9781134369928
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 24.27 MB
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John Sinclair is one of the major figures in applied linguistics and his work is essential study for students. This accessible book collects in one volume Sinclair's key papers on written discourse structure, lexis patterns, phraseology, corpus analysis, lexicography and linguistic theory from the 1990s. All the papers have been edited and updated for this book. The clear and accessible introduction helps students to navigate his key themes and arguments, making the volume an ideal companion for those coming to Sinclair's more recent writings for the first time.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Corpus Based Translation Studies

Author : Alet Kruger
ISBN : 9781441189196
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 35.74 MB
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This is a collection of leading research within corpus-based translation studies (CTS). CTS is now recognized as a major paradigm that has transformed analysis within the discipline of translation studies. It can be defined as the use of corpus linguistic technologies to inform and elucidate the translation process, something that is increasingly accessible through advances in computer technology. The book pulls together a wide range of perspectives from respected authors in the field. All the chapters deal with the implementation of the basic concepts and methodologies, providing the reader with practical tools for their own research. The book addresses key issues in corpus analysis, including online corpora and corpus construction, and covers both translation and interpreting. The authors look at various languages and utilize a variety of approaches, qualitative and quantitative, reflecting the breadth of the field and providing many valuable examples of the methodology at work.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Lexis And Creativity In Translation

Author : Dorothy Kenny
ISBN : 9781317640752
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.62 MB
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Computers offer new perspectives in the study of language, allowing us to see phenomena that previously remained obscure because of the limitations of our vantage points. It is not uncommon for computers to be likened to the telescope, or microscope, in this respect. In this pioneering computer-assisted study of translation, Dorothy Kenny suggests another image, that of the kaleidoscope: playful changes of perspective using corpus-processing software allow textual patterns to come into focus and then recede again as others take their place. And against the background of repeated patterns in a corpus, creative uses of language gain a particular prominence. In Lexis and Creativity in Translation, Kenny monitors the translation of creative source-text word forms and collocations uncovered in a specially constructed German-English parallel corpus of literary texts. Using an abundance of examples, she reveals evidence of both normalization and ingenious creativity in translation. Her discussion of lexical creativity draws on insights from traditional morphology, structural semantics and, most notably, neo-Firthian corpus linguistics, suggesting that rumours of the demise of linguistics in translation studies are greatly exaggerated. Lexis and Creativity in Translation is essential reading for anyone interested in corpus linguistics and its impact so far on translation studies. The book also offers theoretical and practical guidance for researchers who wish to conduct their own corpus-based investigations of translation. No previous knowledge of German, corpus linguistics or computing is assumed.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Dictionary Of English Grammar

Author : Sylvia Chalker
ISBN : 9780191579189
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79.81 MB
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English grammar has changed a great deal since the beginning of the Twentieth Century, and it is a subject that can provide a complex minefield of uncertainties within the language. This accessible and comprehensive dictionary comes to the aid of both the general reader and the student or teacher, offering straightforward and immediate A-Z access to 1,000 grammatical terms and their meanings. All the currently accepted terms of grammar are included, as well as older, traditional names, controversial new coinages, and items from the study of other languages. Concise definitions of the wider subject of linguistics, including phonetics and transformational grammar, are accompanied by examples of language in use, and frequent quotations from existing works on grammar.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Cohesion

Author : Thomas Christiansen
ISBN : 3034306199
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 63.41 MB
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This book represents a fresh look at cohesion, the point of departure being Halliday and Hasan's seminal <I>Cohesion in English, which is examined in depth as are other notable approaches to cohesion such as Hoey's <I>Patterns of Lexis in Text. It also compares different studies of relevance to cohesion from other areas of linguistics, such as: generative grammar, Functional Sentence Perspective (FSP), and corpus linguistics. In this way, this work extends discussion of cohesion beyond the realms of systemic linguistics to include a broader spectrum of approaches including research into languages other than English. The main focus, however, is on varieties of English and on general and specialised discourse types.<BR> Rather than limiting itself to the text as product, the manifestation of a discourse, this book looks at cohesion from the wider perspective of discourse, seen as an interactive process. Consequently, different sociolinguistic and cultural factors are also taken into consideration: How far is cohesion a constitutive feature of text? What is the precise link between cohesion and coherence? What specific role does discourse have in phenomena such as anaphora? Do such things as cohesive universals exist across languages? How far do socio-cultural, or discourse-specific, conventions contribute to the type and degree of cohesion present in a text?
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Patterns Of Power

Author : Jeff Anderson
ISBN : 9781625311856
Genre : Education
File Size : 70.57 MB
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Jeff Anderson and literacy coach Whitney La Rocca take you into primary and intermediate classrooms where students are curious about language, engage with the world around them, and notice and experiment with the conventions all writers use. Instead of chanting grammar rules or completing countless convention worksheets, we invite young writers to explore conventions as special effects devices that activate meaning. Our students study authentic texts and come to recognize these "patterns of power"--the essential grammar conventions that readers and writers require to make meaning. The first part of the book introduces a vibrant approach to grammar instruction and sets up what you need to immerse yourself in the Patterns of Power process, inviting students to experiment and play with language. The second part of the book offers over seventy practical, ready-to-use lessons, including: Extensive support materials Over 100 mentor sentences, curated for grades 1-5 Student work samples Tips and power notes to facilitate your own knowledge and learning Examples for application In Patterns of Power Jeff and Whitney suggest that taking just five minutes from your reading workshop and five minutes from your writing workshop to focus on how the conventions connect reading and writing will miraculously affect your students' understanding of how language works for readers and writers.
Category: Education

Pattern Grammar

Author : Susan Hunston
ISBN : 9027222738
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 35.69 MB
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This book describes an approach to lexis and grammar based on the concept of phraseology and of language patterning arising from work on large corpora. The notion of 'pattern' as a systematic way of dealing with the interface between lexis and grammar was used in Collins Cobuild English Dictionary (1995) and in the two books in the Collins Cobuild Grammar Patterns series (1996; 1998). This volume describes the research that led to these publications, and explores the theoretical and practical implications of the research. The first chapter sets the work in the context of work on phraseology. The next two chapters give several examples of patterns and how they are identified. Chapters 4 and 5 discuss and exemplify the association of pattern and meaning. Chapters 6, 7 and 8 relate the concept of pattern to traditional approaches to grammar and to discourse. Chapter 9 summarizes the book and adds to the theoretical discussion, as well as indicating the applications of this approach to language teaching. The volume is intended to contribute to the current debate concerning how corpora challenge existing linguistic theories, and as such will be of interest to researchers in the fields of grammar, lexis, discourse and corpus linguistics. It is written in an accessible style, however, and will be equally suitable for students taking courses in those areas.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines