Patterns In Polymer

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Patterns In Polymer

Author : Julie Picarello
ISBN : 9781627000673
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 36.74 MB
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With her unmatched eye for color, color mixing and layering, well-known artist and fan favorite Julie Picarello helps beginners and advanced polymer artisans design, texture and finish gorgeous art beads using relatively simple techniques. In-depth introduction sections cover basics, color inspiration and recipes, and needed tools and materials. The book includes 7 mini projects and 10 finished jewelry projects, while callouts at the beginning of each project let the readers know exactly what specialized techniques will be learned. It’s the color that makes polymer clay truly exciting, and this book uses color like you’ve never seen it before.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Creating With Polymer Clay

Author : Steven Ford
ISBN : 093727495X
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 89.64 MB
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Describes the materials and techniques used to create such polymer clay objects as beaded baskets, jewelry, drapery rod ends, buttons, bird houses, and chess pieces
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Exploring Canework In Polymer Clay

Author : Patricia Kimle
ISBN : 9780871167750
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 86.79 MB
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Exploring Canework in Polymer Clay: Color, Pattern and Surface Design gives jewelry makers in-depth instruction in polymer clay cane making. Beginning with polymer clay basics and color theory for pleasing combinations in canework, the book also provides detailed lessons in constructing, reducing, and repeating patterns in canes as well as how to use canes to create repeating patterns for larger surface design. The book teaches eight unique cane styles, and a variety of ways to incorporate cane patterns into sophisticated finished jewelry. Techniques include striped, checkerboard, spiral, bull’s eye, kaleidoscope, floral, combination, and translucent overlay canes. Detailed step-by-step instructions and clear process photography for each cane styleguide readers of any skill level. Lessons are followed by vibrant jewelry -- necklaces, earrings, bracelets, pendants, or brooches -- incorporating the pattern just taught. A stunning and inspirational gallery of finished jewelry, all designed by award-winning author Patricia Kimle, completes this beautiful book.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Cvd Polymers

Author : Karen K. Gleason
ISBN : 9783527690282
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.6 MB
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The method of CVD (chemical vapor deposition) is a versatile technique to fabricate high-quality thin films and structured surfaces in the nanometer regime from the vapor phase. Already widely used for the deposition of inorganic materials in the semiconductor industry, CVD has become the method of choice in many applications to process polymers as well. This highly scalable technique allows for synthesizing high-purity, defect-free films and for systematically tuning their chemical, mechanical and physical properties. In addition, vapor phase processing is critical for the deposition of insoluble materials including fluoropolymers, electrically conductive polymers, and highly crosslinked organic networks. Furthermore, CVD enables the coating of substrates which would otherwise dissolve or swell upon exposure to solvents. The scope of the book encompasses CVD polymerization processes which directly translate the chemical mechanisms of traditional polymer synthesis and organic synthesis in homogeneous liquids into heterogeneous processes for the modification of solid surfaces. The book is structured into four parts, complemented by an introductory overview of the diverse process strategies for CVD of polymeric materials. The first part on the fundamentals of CVD polymers is followed by a detailed coverage of the materials chemistry of CVD polymers, including the main synthesis mechanisms and the resultant classes of materials. The third part focuses on the applications of these materials such as membrane modification and device fabrication. The final part discusses the potential for scale-up and commercialization of CVD polymers.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Polymer Micro And Nanografting

Author : Celestino Padeste
ISBN : 9780323354066
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.62 MB
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Polymers have proven to be very suitable materials for topographic structuring, in particular in nanoreplication processes. Micro- and Nanografting strategies address the possibility for the formation of chemical patterns and structures on or in polymeric substrates using relatively simple processes. Polymer Micro- and Nanografting focuses on grafting techniques characterization and applications for the particular combination of polymer layers on polymer substrates. The authors, leaders in this area of research, provide a comprehensive survey on polymer-on-polymer grafting, covering the latest developments and future applications. Provides a comprehensive survey on polymer-on-polymer grafting, covering the latest developments and future applications Focuses on grafting techniques, characterization and applications for the particular combination of polymer layers on polymer substrates Concentrates on the combination of structuring methods and chemical functionalization of polymers Addresses the possibility for the formation of chemical patterns and structures on or in polymeric substrates
Category: Technology & Engineering

Controlled Nanoscale Motion

Author : Heiner Linke
ISBN : 9783540495215
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.47 MB
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When the size of a machine approaches the nanometer scale, thermal fluctuations become large compared to the energies that drive the motor. The control of motion at the nanoscale therefore requires physical understanding and technical approaches that are fundamentally different from those that are successful at the macroscale. This volume provides an introduction to the state-of-the-art of controlled nanoscale motion in biological and artificial systems. Topics include the control and function of protein motors, the physics of non-equilibrium Brownian motion, and the physics and fabrication of synthetic molecular motors. The chapters in this book are based on selected contributions on the 2005 Nobel Symposium to Controlled Nanoscale Motion and are written by leading experts in their fields.
Category: Science

Thermotropic Liquid Crystal Polymers

Author : Tai-Shung Chung
ISBN : 1420012525
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33.19 MB
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Liquid crystal polymers are sometimes called super polymers--with good reason. Their wide range of exceptional properties and ease of processing make them design candidates for many demanding applications. This new book provides a thorough review of LCP technology with the emphasis on the chemistry, synthesis and characterization of the material in its many variants. Additional chapters cover processing and applications. From the Editor's Preface The field of thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers has grown substantially in the last two decades, with fundamental research, publications, commercial products, and patents. In the 1980's, Dr. Ralph Miano led my colleagues and me at Hoechst Celanese in commercializing the first thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers, based on Dr. Gordon Calundann's composition patents. Today, more than seven companies have produced thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer materials, with at least 50 variants available. Hence, it is timely to compile a comprehensive review on the nature of this type of material and the ongoing progress in this field.... The goals of this book are to summarize previous work, provide new insights into this class of polymers, and add to the understanding of the formation of liquid crystallinity. This book covers a wide range of topics and addresses different disciplines in the field. The chapters are arranged as a learning scheme for the professional, from basic science to applied engineering. The first few chapters summarize the syntheses of various polyester, polyester-amid, and polyimide liquid crystalline polymers. The science and origins of liquid crystal formation are revealed. Next, we introduce the characterizations of these materials by their different chemical and physical aspects. Because most commercially available thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers have been used in the form of composites, we have also incorporated a chapter on polymer blends, detailing blending mechanisms and resultant properties. Two chapters on thermosetting liquid crystalline polymers integrate them with other topics, because of their unique importance and their applications for microelectronics and packaging. The final chapter deals with the engineering and processing aspects of thermoplastic liquid crystalline polymers for a variety of applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Progress In Understanding Of Polymer Crystallization

Author : Günter Reiter
ISBN : 9783540473053
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27.59 MB
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In the context of polymer crystallization there are several still open and often controversially debated questions. The present volume addresses issues such as novel general views and concepts. It presents new ideas in a connected and accessible way. The intention is thus not only to provide a summary of the present state-of-the-art to all active works but to provide an entry point to newcomer and graduate students entering the field.
Category: Technology & Engineering

An Introduction To Polymer Physics

Author : David I. Bower
ISBN : 052163721X
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.37 MB
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A general introduction to polymer physics suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
Category: Science

Algorithmic Techniques For The Polymer Sciences

Author : Bradley S. Tice
ISBN : 9781466577930
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 46.43 MB
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This new book—the first of its kind—examines the use of algorithmic techniques to compress random and non-random sequential strings found in chains of polymers. The book is an introduction to algorithmic complexity. Examples taken from current research in the polymer sciences are used for compression of like-natured properties as found on a chain of polymers. Both theory and applied aspects of algorithmic compression are reviewed. A description of the types of polymers and their uses is followed by a chapter on various types of compression systems that can be used to compress polymer chains into manageable units. The work is intended for graduate and postgraduate university students in the physical sciences and engineering.
Category: Mathematics

Introduction To Physical Polymer Science

Author : Leslie H. Sperling
ISBN : 9781119103745
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.42 MB
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An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives, fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success of polymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing to deliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that made its predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous and crystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, and mechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymer blends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics as molecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships among molecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior of polymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliated montmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, as well as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with living organisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy, friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition provides both an essential introduction to the field as well as an entry point to the latest research and developments in polymer science and engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, and polymer science and engineering students and professionals.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Field Theoretical Tools For Polymer And Particle Physics

Author : Hildegard Meyer-Ortmanns
ISBN : 3540643087
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87.1 MB
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The book is written for advanced graduate students. The topics have been selected to present methods and models that have applications in both particle physics and polymer physics. The lectures may serve as a guide through more recent research activities and illustrate the applicability of joint methods in different contexts. The book deals with analytic tools (e.g. random walk models, polymer expansion), numerical tools (e.g. Langevin dynamics), and common models (the three-dimensional Gross-Neveu-Model).
Category: Mathematics

Nanoscale Assembly

Author : Wilhelm T.S. Huck
ISBN : 0387256563
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.40 MB
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Nanotechnology has received tremendous interest over the last decade, not only from the scientific community but also from a business perspective and from the general public. Although nanotechnology is still at the largely unexplored frontier of science, it has the potential for extremely exciting technological innovations that will have an enormous impact on areas as diverse as information technology, medicine, energy supply and probably many others. The miniturization of devices and structures will impact the speed of devices and information storage capacity. More importantly, though, nanotechnology should lead to completely new functional devices as nanostructures have fundamentally different physical properties that are governed by quantum effects. When nanometer sized features are fabricated in materials that are currently used in electronic, magnetic, and optical applications, quantum behavior will lead to a set of unprecedented properties. The interactions of nanostructures with biological materials are largely unexplored. Future work in this direction should yield enabling technologies that allows the study and direct manipulation of biological processes at the (sub) cellular level.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Polymer Microscopy

Author : Linda C. Sawyer
ISBN : 9789400931398
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 23.7 MB
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Modern materials include a vast array of polymers and plastics which are found in applications such as housing, appliances, clothing and household textiles and automotive and aerospace industries. Thus research scientists, engineers and materials science graduate students need to be aware of the methods and techniques required to understand the structure-property relations of polymer materials. This book will review the field of the microscopy of polymers. There is a vast literature which describes the research results obtained by study of polymer materials using microscopy and other complementary analytical techniques and such studies are best left to journals on specific topics. The major objective of this text is to provide the basic microscopy techniques and specimen preparation methods applicable to polymers. The book will attempt to provide enough detail so that the methods described can be applied, and also to reference appropriate publications for the investigator interested in more detail. The selection of two authors for this text came from the desire for a comprehen sive review of polymer microscopy with emphasis on methods and techniques, rather than on research results. The synergism provided by two authors with widely varied backgrounds was thought to be important: one author (LCS) has an industrial focus and a background in chemistry whilst the other (DTG) has an academic environment and offers a background in polymer physics.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

The Physics Of Polymers

Author : Gert R. Strobl
ISBN : 3540632034
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.46 MB
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Polymer physics is one of the key lectures not only in polymer science but also in material science. A textbook on this subject was always needed. Here it is! Strobl's book presents the elements of polymer physics to the necessary extent in a very didactical way. Every student in polymer and materials science will be happy to have it on his shelf.
Category: Science

Functional Polymer Films 2 Volume Set

Author : Wolfgang Knoll
ISBN : 9783527638499
Genre : Science
File Size : 29.57 MB
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Very thin film materials have emerged as a highly interesting and useful quasi 2D-state functionality. They have given rise to numerous applications ranging from protective and smart coatings to electronics, sensors and display technology as well as serving biological, analytical and medical purposes. The tailoring of polymer film properties and functions has become a major research field. As opposed to the traditional treatise on polymer and resin-based coatings, this one-stop reference is the first to give readers a comprehensive view of the latest macromolecular and supramolecular film-based nanotechnology. Bringing together all the important facets and state-of-the-art research, the two well-structured volumes cover film assembly and depostion, functionality and patterning, and analysis and characterization. The result is an in-depth understanding of the phenomena, ordering, scale effects, fabrication, and analysis of polymer ultrathin films. This book will be a valuable addition for Materials Scientists, Polymer Chemists, Surface Scientists, Bioengineers, Coatings Specialists, Chemical Engineers, and Scientists working in this important research field and industry.
Category: Science

Characterization Of Polymer Blends

Author : Sabu Thomas
ISBN : 9783527331536
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.10 MB
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Filling the gap for a reference dedicated to the characterization of polymer blends and their micro and nano morphologies, this book provides comprehensive, systematic coverage in a one-stop, two-volume resource for all those working in the field. Leading researchers from industry and academia, as well as from government and private research institutions around the world summarize recent technical advances in chapters devoted to their individual contributions. In so doing, they examine a wide range of modern characterization techniques, from microscopy and spectroscopy to diffraction, thermal analysis, rheology, mechanical measurements and chromatography. These methods are compared with each other to assist in determining the best solution for both fundamental and applied problems, paying attention to the characterization of nanoscale miscibility and interfaces, both in blends involving copolymers and in immiscible blends. The thermodynamics, miscibility, phase separation, morphology and interfaces in polymer blends are also discussed in light of new insights involving the nanoscopic scale. Finally, the authors detail the processing-morphology-property relationships of polymer blends, as well as the influence of processing on the generation of micro and nano morphologies, and the dependence of these morphologies on the properties of blends. Hot topics such as compatibilization through nanoparticles, miscibility of new biopolymers and nanoscale investigations of interfaces in blends are also addressed. With its application-oriented approach, handpicked selection of topics and expert contributors, this is an outstanding survey for anyone involved in the field of polymer blends for advanced technologies.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Spectroscopy

Author : G¿nter Gauglitz
ISBN : 9783527654727
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.38 MB
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This second, thoroughly revised, updated and enlarged edition provides a straightforward introduction to spectroscopy, showing what it can do and how it does it, together with a clear, integrated and objective account of the wealth of information that may be derived from spectra. It also features new chapters on spectroscopy in nano-dimensions, nano-optics, and polymer analysis. Clearly structured into sixteen sections, it covers everything from spectroscopy in nanodimensions to medicinal applications, spanning a wide range of the electromagnetic spectrum and the physical processes involved, from nuclear phenomena to molecular rotation processes. In addition, data tables provide a comparison of different methods in a standardized form, allowing readers to save valuable time in the decision process by avoiding wrong turns, and also help in selecting the instrumentation and performing the experiments. These four volumes are a must-have companion for daily use in every lab.
Category: Science

Mechanical Self Assembly

Author : Xi Chen
ISBN : 9781461445623
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.29 MB
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Mechanical Self-Assembly: Science and Applications introduces a novel category of self-assembly driven by mechanical forces. This book discusses self-assembly in various types of small material structures including thin films, surfaces, and micro- and nano-wires, as well as the practice's potential application in micro and nanoelectronics, MEMS/NEMS, and biomedical engineering. The mechanical self-assembly process is inherently quick, simple, and cost-effective, as well as accessible to a large number of materials, such as curved surfaces for forming three-dimensional small structures. Mechanical self-assembly is complementary to, and sometimes offer advantages over, the traditional micro- and nano-fabrication.
Category: Technology & Engineering