Particle Detection With Drift Chambers

Download Particle Detection With Drift Chambers ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to Particle Detection With Drift Chambers book pdf for free now.

Particle Detection With Drift Chambers

Author : Walter Blum
ISBN : 9783662029206
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.87 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 969
Read : 238

This study edition of Blum and Rolandi's successful book addresses those students who want to begin to understand particle detection and drift chambers, by providing a solid foundation for judging the achievable accuracy for coordinate and ionization measurements. It covers topics such as gas ionization by particles and by laser rays; the drift of electrons and ions in gases; electrostatics of wire grids and field cages; amplification of ionization; creation of the signal track parameters and their errors; ion gates; particle identification by measurement of ionization; existing chambers; drift chamber gas. The topics are treated in a text-book style with many figures, together with explicitly performed calculations.
Category: Science

Introduction To Experimental Particle Physics

Author : Richard C. Fernow
ISBN : 0521379407
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.74 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 587
Read : 921

This book brings together the most important topics in experimental particle physics over the past forty years to give a brief but balanced overview of the subject. The author begins by reviewing particle physics and discussing electromagnetic and nuclear interactions. He then goes on to discuss three nearly universal aspects of particle physics experiments: beams, targets, and fast electronics. The second part of the book treats in detail the properties of various types of particle detector, such as scintillation counters, Cerenkov counters, proportional chambers, drift chambers, sampling calorimeters, and specialized detectors. Wherever possible the author attempts to enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of performance. Finally, he discusses aspects of specific experiments, such as properties of triggers, types of measurement, spectrometers, and the integration of detectors into coherent systems. Throughout the book, each chapter begins with a discussion of the basic principles involved, followed by selective examples.
Category: Science

The Physics Of Particle Detectors

Author : Dan Green
ISBN : 0521662265
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.54 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 361
Read : 215

This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical principles and design of particle detectors, covering all major detector types in use today. Emphasis is placed on explaining the physical principles behind particle detection, showing how those principles are best utilised in real detectors. The book will be of interest and value to undergraduates, graduates and researchers in both particle and nuclear physics. Exercises and detailed further reading lists are included.
Category: Science

Detectors For Particle Radiation

Author : Konrad Kleinknecht
ISBN : 0521648548
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.93 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 396
Read : 1197

A clear, concise, comprehensive review of detectors of high-energy particles and radiation; thoroughly revised and updated.
Category: Science

Particle Detectors

Author : Hermann Kolanoski
ISBN : 9780198858362
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.9 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 977
Read : 1062

This book describes the fundamentals of particle detectors as well as their applications. Detector development is an important part of nuclear, particle and astroparticle physics, and through its applications in radiation imaging, it paves the way for advancements in the biomedical and materials sciences. Knowledge in detector physics is one of the required skills of an experimental physicist in these fields. The breadth of knowledge required for detector development comprises many areas of physics and technology, starting from interactions of particles with matter, gas- and solid-state physics, over charge transport and signal development, to elements of microelectronics. The book's aim is to describe the fundamentals of detectors and their different variants and implementations as clearly as possible and as deeply as needed for a thorough understanding. While this comprehensive opus contains all the materials taught in experimental particle physics lectures or modules addressing detector physics at the Master's level, it also goes well beyond these basic requirements. This is an essential text for students who want to deepen their knowledge in this field. It is also a highly useful guide for lecturers and scientists looking for a starting point for detector development work.
Category: Science

Experimental Techniques In High Energy Nuclear And Particle Physics

Author : T Ferbel
ISBN : 9789814505802
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.34 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 964
Read : 672

Experimental Techniques in High-Energy Nuclear and Particle Physics is a compilation of outstanding technical papers and reviews of the ingenious methods developed for experimentation in modern nuclear and particle physics. This book, a second edition, provides a balanced view of the major tools and technical concepts currently in use, and elucidates the basic principles that underly the detection devices. Several of the articles in this volume have never been published, or have appeared in relatively inaccessible journals. Although the emphasis is on charged-particle tracking and calorimetry, general reviews of ionization detectors and Monte Carlo techniques are also included. This book serves as a compact source of reference for graduate students and experimenters in the fields of nuclear and particle physics, seeking information on some of the major ideas and techniques developed for modern experiments in these fields. Contents:Particle Detectors (K Kleinknecht)Principles of Operation of Multiwire Proportional and Drift Chambers (F Sauli)High-Resolution Electronic Particle Detectors (G Charpak & F Sauli)Calorimetry in High-Energy Physics (C Fabjan)Fluctuations in Calorimetry Measurements (U Amaldi)The Physics of Charged Particle Identification dE/dx, Cerenkov and Transition Radiation (W W M Allison and P R S Wright)A Two-Dimensional, Single-Photoelectron Drift Detector for Cherenkov Ring Imaging (E Barrelet et al.)Development of Proportional Counters Using Photosensitive Gases and Liquids (D F Anderson)Liquid-Argon Ionization Chambers as Total Absorption Detectors (W J Willis & V Radeka)Fundamental Properties of Liquid Argon, Krypton and Xenon as Radiation Detector Media (T Doke)Signal, Noise and Resolution in Position-Sensitive Detectors (V Radeka)Monte Carlo Theory and Practice (F James)High Resolution Hadron Calorimetry (R Wigmans) Readership: Nuclear and particle physicists. keywords: “… this book is well suited for active experimenters in the field who will appreciate very much the exhaustive reference … the book may well serve as a basis for graduate students courses, particularly in view of the reasonable price of the volume.” J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys.
Category: Science

Research On Particle Imaging Detectors

Author : Georges Charpak
ISBN : 9810219032
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 775
Read : 1278

Much instrumentation has been developed for imaging the trajectories of elementary particles produced in high energy collisions. Since 1968, gaseous detectors, beginning with multiwire chambers and drift chambers, have been used for the visualisation of particle trajectories and the imaging of X-rays, neutrons, hard gamma rays, beta rays and ultraviolet photons.This book commemorates the groundbreaking research leading to the evolution of such detectors carried out at CERN by Georges Charpak, Nobel Prizewinner for Physics in 1992. Besides collecting his key papers, the book also includes original linking commentary which sets his work in the context of other worldwide research.
Category: Science

Gaseous Radiation Detectors

Author : Fabio Sauli
ISBN : 9781107043015
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.66 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 668
Read : 1142

Describes the fundamentals and applications of gaseous radiation detection, ideal for researchers and experimentalists in nuclear and particle physics.
Category: Science

Applied Superconductivity

Author : Paul Seidel
ISBN : 9783527670659
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23.86 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 777
Read : 376

This wide-ranging presentation of applied superconductivity, from fundamentals and materials right up to the details of many applications, is an essential reference for physicists and engineers in academic research as well as in industry. Readers looking for a comprehensive overview on basic effects related to superconductivity and superconducting materials will expand their knowledge and understanding of both low and high Tc superconductors with respect to their application. Technology, preparation and characterization are covered for bulk, single crystals, thins fi lms as well as electronic devices, wires and tapes. The main benefit of this work lies in its broad coverage of significant applications in magnets, power engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will find information on superconducting magnets for diverse applications like particle physics, fusion research, medicine, and biomagnetism as well as materials processing. SQUIDs and their usage in medicine or geophysics are thoroughly covered, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, aspects on superconductor digital electronics, leading readers to quantum computing and new devices.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Inis Atomindex

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951D007675168
Genre : Nuclear energy
File Size : 89.86 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 949
Read : 1271

Category: Nuclear energy

Quantum Chromodynamics

Author : Anne Mosher
ISBN : STANFORD:36105030555010
Genre : Particles (Nuclear physics)
File Size : 88.38 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 441
Read : 980

Category: Particles (Nuclear physics)

Evolution Of Silicon Sensor Technology In Particle Physics

Author : Frank Hartmann
ISBN : 9783540250944
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.68 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 223
Read : 507

In the post era of the Z and W discovery, after the observation of Jets at UA1 and UA2 at CERN, John Ellis visioned at a HEP conference at Lake Tahoe, California in 1983 “To proceed with high energy particle physics, one has to tag the avour of the quarks!” This statement re ects the need for a highly precise tracking device, being able to resolve secondary and tertiary vertices within high-particle densities. Since the d- tance between the primary interaction point and the secondary vertex is proportional tothelifetimeoftheparticipatingparticle,itisanexcellentquantitytoidentifypar- cle avour in a very fast and precise way. In colliding beam experiments this method was applied especially to tag the presence of b quarks within particle jets. It was rst introduced in the DELPHI experiment at LEP but soon followed by all collider - periments to date. The long expected t quark discovery was possible mainly with the help of the CDF silicon vertex tracker, providing the b quark information. In the beginning of the 21st century the new LHC experiments are beginning to take 2 shape. CMS with its 206m of silicon area is perfectly suited to cope with the high luminosity environment. Even larger detectors are envisioned for the far future, like the SiLC project for the International Linear Collider. Silicon sensors matured from small 1in. single-sided devices to large 6in. double-sided, double metal detectors and to 6in. single-sided radiation hard sensors.
Category: Science

High Energy Physics Index

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000052636202
Genre : Particles (Nuclear physics)
File Size : 63.8 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 538
Read : 1270

Category: Particles (Nuclear physics)

Techniques For Nuclear And Particle Physics Experiments

Author : William R. Leo
ISBN : 3540572805
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.5 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 407
Read : 1212

A treatment of the experimental techniques and instrumentation most often used in nuclear and particle physics experiments as well as in various other experiments, providing useful results and formulae, technical know-how and informative details. This second edition has been revised, while sections on Cherenkov radiation and radiation protection have been updated and extended.
Category: Science

The Quantum Revolution

Author : Kent A. Peacock
ISBN : 031333448X
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.40 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 998
Read : 588

Provides a history of one of the most powerful and successful science theories -- quantum mechanics.
Category: Science

High Energy Particle Diffraction

Author : Vincenzo Barone
ISBN : 3540421076
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.76 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 983
Read : 161

A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of soft and hard diffraction processes in strong interaction physics. The first part covers soft hadron—hadron scattering in a complete and mature presentation. It can be used as a textbook in particle physics classes. Chapters 8-11 address graduate students as well as researchers, covering the "new diffraction": the pomeron in QCD, low-x physics, diffractive deep inelastic scattering and related processes.
Category: Science

Astroparticle Particle And Space Physics Detectors And Medical Physics Applications

Author : Michele Barone
ISBN : 9789812773678
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.70 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 648
Read : 1290

3D-reconstruction of absorbed dose obtained from gel-dosimeter layers. Accurate determination of radionuclidic purity and half-life reactor produced Lu-177g for metabolic radioimmunotherapy. Spatial linearity improvement for discrete scintillation imagers. High resolution, high sensitivity detectors for molecular imaging of small animals and tumor detection. Strip ionization chamber as beam monitor in the proton therapy eye treatment. Low dose, low energy 3D image guidance during radiotherapy. Alpha cyclotron production studies of the Alpha Emitter [symbol] for High-LET metabolic radiotherapy. Treatment planning with IVIS imaging and Monte Carlo simulation. Monte Carlo simulations of a human phantom radio-pharmacokinetic response on a small field of view scintigraphic device. Applications of the Monte Carlo code GEANT to particle beam therapy. Charge sharing in pixel detectors for spectroscopic imaging. Direct thickness calibration: way to radiographic study of soft tissues. A portable pixel detector operating as an active nuclear emulsion and its application for X-ray and neutron tomography -- Radiation damage. Statistical study of radiation hardness of CMS silicon sensors. SIC PbWO4 crystals for the electromagnetic calorimeter of CMS experiment. MDT chamber ageing test at ENEA casaccia neutron and gamma facilities. Behavior of thin film materials under [symbol] irradiation for astronomical optics. Full characterization of non-uniformly irradiated silicon micro-strip sensors. Beam energy monitor for 4-10 MeV electron accelerators. Optical link of the ATLAS pixel detector. Ion electron emission microscopy for SEE studies. An analysis of the expected degradation of silicon detectors in the future ultra high energy facilities. Investigation of VLSI bipolar transistors irradiated with electrons, ions and neutrons for space application. Radiation-hardness studies of high OH~ content quartz fibres irradiated with 24 GeV protons
Category: Science

Physics Briefs

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015027829848
Genre : Physics
File Size : 89.11 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 544
Read : 885

Category: Physics