Parent Child Interaction Therapy

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Parent Child Interaction Therapy

Author : Marissa Ilene Gran
ISBN : 1339777673
Genre : Child psychotherapy
File Size : 33.58 MB
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Parent–Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based treatment designed to treat disruptive behavior disorders in young children through improving dysfunctional parent–child relationship patterns. Community providers have begun implementing PCIT in various settings to give families greater access to PCIT. This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of PCIT when disseminated in two community settings: home and office. To assess whether differences exist between the two settings, data were retrieved from a sample of 74 parent–child dyads who participated in home-based or office-based PCIT at an agency in San Diego, California. Dyads from the home- and office-based groups completed assessment measures at pretreatment and posttreatment. PCIT intervention effectiveness was determined by significant pre- to post-intervention changes and between-group differences in specific parent functioning (i.e., parenting stress, positive parenting behaviors) and child behaviors. Parents who completed in-home PCIT did not demonstrate significant differences in pre- to post-intervention improvements in parent functioning as compared to parents who completed office-based PCIT. Parents who completed in-home PCIT did not report significant differences in pre- to post-intervention reductions in their children’s externalizing behaviors as compared to parents who completed office-based PCIT. Parents who completed in-home PCIT did not report significant pre- to post-intervention increases in their positive parenting behaviors or decreases in their negative parenting behaviors as compared to parents who completed office-based PCIT. Keywords: parent-child interaction therapy, community interventions, home-based interventions, effectiveness
Category: Child psychotherapy

Parent Child Interaction Therapy

Author : Cheryl Bodiford McNeil
ISBN : 0387886397
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86.70 MB
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Over the past two decades, Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) emerged as a leading-edge method for helping parents improve their children's disruptive and oppositional behavior. Today, PCIT has a robust evidence base; is used across the country in settings as diverse as hospitals, mental health centers, schools, and mobile clinics; and is rapidly gaining popularity in other parts of the world. In keeping with this increasing recognition of PCIT's effectiveness, the authors of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy present this expanded clinical edition to keep readers up to date on new practice developments, current treatment protocols, and the latest research findings. This update retains the fundamentals as detailed by PCIT's founder, Dr. Sheila Eyberg, including an overview of the therapy, detailed description of the course of treatment, and handout materials. The text goes further to explore the evolution of PCIT outside the original target ages of three-to-six (including preventive PCIT for very young children at risk) and examines the use of PCIT with special child populations, such as abuse victims and those with ADHD. Contributing experts discuss uses of the therapy in school, at home, with minorities, and with highly stressed families. But regardless of the population, setting, or topic covered, interventions remain faithful to basic PCIT principles and methods. New features of the expanded second edition include: Adaptations of PCIT for babies, toddlers, preteens, and siblings. Applications for abuse survivors, children with developmental disabilities, ADHD, and severe aggression problems. Uses of PCIT with separating or divorced parents. Culturally relevant PCIT for ethnic minority and international families. Teacher-child, staff-child, and home-based applications. PCIT training guidelines. A brand-new chapter summarizing current research supporting PCIT. As PCIT broadens its scope, Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, Second Edition, brings innovative ideas and proven techniques to clinical child psychologists, school psychologists, and other mental health providers working to enhance the lives of children and their families.
Category: Social Science

Efficacy Of Parent Child Interaction Therapy Pcit For Children Diagnosed With Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author : Brianna Garcia Marrero
ISBN : OCLC:1182830863
Genre : Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
File Size : 49.38 MB
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Neurodevelopmental disorders refer to a delay in development and impairments in cognitive function, motor function, verbal communication, social skills, and behaviors. Neurodevelopmental disorders are currently considered a prominent health problem existing in pediatric health care affecting 3% of the general population. Early intervention is crucial to improve outcomes in academic, interpersonal, and occupational domains. In efforts to improve prognosis, this review explores the possible mediating effects that Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) may have on symptoms associated with Attention deficit disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A search with key words “Parent child interaction therapy”, “ADHD” AND “ASD”AND “Neurodevelopmental disorders” was carried out. Articles were initially selected and screened by their titles and the final total of 6 articles were included for this review. Among the articles incorporated 66.5% (n=4) were from 2018 to 2014 and 33.5% were from 2009 to 2010. The majority of the articles included in this review were published within the last ten years in an effort to get the most current research concerning this area of study. Results of this review indicated that PCIT successfully reduces symptoms of ADHD such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, inattention, oppositional behaviors, aggressiveness, and improved parenting practices. The overall findings of these studies suggest that PCIT serves as further evidence indicating efficacy of PCIT with children diagnosed with ADHD and ASD across a number of domains.
Category: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Handbook Of Parent Child Interaction Therapy

Author : Larissa N. Niec
ISBN : 9783319976983
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 44.30 MB
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This handbook examines advances in the evidence-based behavioral family intervention, parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT). It surveys innovative adaptations tailored to specific diagnostic concerns, client populations, treatment settings, and delivery formats. Chapters provide rationales for adaptation, reviews of relevant research, and discussions of advantages and challenges. Case studies illustrate the implementation of the adaptations and help to make new techniques concrete. The handbook offers practical descriptions of the adaptations to PCIT, comprehensively reviews treatment outcome literature, and integrates cutting-edge implementation science into an exploration of the current dissemination strategies in PCIT. The handbook concludes with a consideration of the questions that remain to be addressed to extend the reach of PCIT among traditionally underserved families and to continue to advance the science and practice of children’s mental health interventions. Featured topics include: PCIT for children with callous-unemotional traits. PCIT for families with a history of child maltreatment. Group PCIT. PCIT for military families. The PCIT CALM program for treating anxiety in young children. PCIT for American Indian families. Transporting and disseminating PCIT internationally. Using technology to expand the reach of PCIT. The Handbook of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy is a must-have resource for researchers, professors, instructors, clinicians, and graduate students in child and school psychology, child psychiatry, and social work as well as such related disciplines as developmental, clinical, counseling, and community psychology, family studies, and mental health services and agencies.
Category: Psychology

Early Patterns Of Change In Parent Child Interaction Therapy

Author : Lauren Legato Garbacz
ISBN : OCLC:944953366
Genre : Behavior disorders in children
File Size : 70.23 MB
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Early intervention for young children with behavior problems is important for promoting healthy social/emotional development and reducing the risk of persistent and worsening conduct problems (DuPaul, McGoey, Eckert, & VanBrakle, 2001; Lahey et al., 1995; Shaw, 2013). Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based treatment for young children exhibiting behavior problems (Eyberg, Nelson, & Boggs, 2008). PCIT aims to promote parents' use of positive attention and effective discipline skills with their children (Zisser & Eyberg, 2010). Although substantial research has demonstrated the efficacy of PCIT in research settings, far fewer studies have tested its effectiveness with clinically referred samples in community settings. Pilot and case studies have shown promise that PCIT can be implemented effectively in community settings and produce clinically meaningful results (Budd, Hella, Bae, Meyerson, & Watkin, 2011; Lyon & Budd, 2010; McCabe & Yeh, 2009; Phillips, Morgan, Cawthorn, & Barnett, 2008). However, attrition tends to be higher and treatment often takes longer in community settings (Budd, Danko, & Legato, 2012; Lanier, et al., 2011). The early stage of treatment in PCIT is particularly important, as most attrition occurs in the first stage as compared to the later stage of treatment (Lanier et al., 2011). Learning more about parents' trajectories across the early phase of treatment and the associated effects on child behavior change has implications for improving the effectiveness of PCIT and reducing treatment attrition with clinically referred and diverse ethnic, racial, and socio-economic populations. The current study examined data from 48 young children and their families who were referred to a PCIT program in a university-affiliated, community mental health center. Through use of longitudinal multilevel modeling, this dissertation study is the first to describe trajectories of parental skill acquisition using session-by-session observational data in the early stage of PCIT with a clinically referred sample. As hypothesized, all parents showed significant linear increases in the targeted positive skills (i.e., praise, reflections, and behavioral descriptions) taught during the early stage of treatment, and linear decreases in behaviors to avoid (i.e., negative talk, asking questions, giving commands). Parents’ session-by-session ratings of their child's behavior problems also showed a significant linear decrease across the first phase of treatment. Importantly, the analyses demonstrated that parents’ increases in positive skill use mediated the decreases in child behavior ratings, whereas parents' decreases in negative skills use did not show a mediating effect. Several treatment engagement and demographic factors predicted parental skill acquisition. Specifically, parents who attended weekly sessions gained positive skills and decreased negative behaviors faster than parents with more days elapsed between sessions. Single parents showed slower acquisition of positive skills than parents from two-parent households; however, single parents decreased their negative behaviors at a faster rate. Household income, parents' racial/ethnic minority status, and initial child severity did not predict differing rates of skill acquisition or child behavior ratings across time. Homework completion also did not emerge as a clear predictor of skill gains. Although completers of the first phase of treatment showed faster progress with decreasing negative behaviors than dropouts, they did not differ in positive skill acquisition rates. In summary, the current study demonstrated a mediating effect of parents' session-by-session trajectory of positive skill acquisition on child behavior ratings across the early phase of PCIT, identified several variables related to parents' rates of target skill gains, and failed to confirm other variables as predictors of change. Implications for treatment and future research directions are discussed.
Category: Behavior disorders in children

Parent Child Interaction Therapy

Author : Toni L. Hembree-Kigin
ISBN : 9781489914392
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74.45 MB
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This practical guide offers mental health professionals a detailed, step-by-step description on how to conduct Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) - the empirically validated training program for parents with children who have disruptive behavior problems. It includes several illustrative examples and vignettes as well as an appendix with assessment instruments to help parents to conduct PCIT.
Category: Psychology

Parent Child Interaction Therapy With Toddlers

Author : Emma I. Girard
ISBN : 9783319932514
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35.48 MB
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This book presents an early treatment model for toddlers. It describes the early life span development, trajectory, and future potential of toddlers and how it may be powerfully influenced by the protection and guidance of caregivers to meet toddlers’ physical and mental health needs. It offers an in-depth guide toParent-Child Interaction Therapy with Toddlers (PCIT-T), an evidence-based program for addressing and preventing behavior problems affecting young children’s development. The book details the innovative intervention design and how it guides clinicians in providing treatment for 12-month old to 24-month old toddlers with disruptive behaviors in addition to being used as a prevention model for caregivers experiencing stress of child rearing. PCIT-T focuses on core areas of social and emotional development, including behavior management and language skills, and can be used in dealing with difficulties as diverse as tantrums, language issues, autistic behaviors, and separation anxiety. Play therapy and compliance training in child-directed as well as parent-directed sessions are also examined. Initial chapters provide an overview of attachment and behavioral theory components that are foundational to the treatment model. Subsequent chapters provide a session-by-session guide and clinical manual for implementation of PCIT-T as well as the clinician tools needed to monitor treatment integrity and fidelity to the model. Topics featured in this book include: Core elements and treatment goals of PCIT-T A range of behavioral assessments used in PCIT-T. Instructions for room set-up, toy selection, and special considerations when providing PCIT-T treatment. Preparation guides for the pretreatment interview, assessment sessions, and weekly coaching sessions. The importance of child-directed interaction toddler (CDI-T) and parent-directed interaction toddler (PDI-T) in teaching children the necessary skills to regulate their emotions and develop self-control. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy with Toddlers is a must-have resource for clinicians and related professionals, researchers and professors, and graduate students in the fields of clinical child and school psychology, social work, pediatrics, infancy and early childhood development, child and adolescent psychiatry, primary care medicine, and related disciplines.
Category: Psychology

Palin Parent Child Interaction Therapy For Early Childhood Stammering

Author : Elaine Kelman
ISBN : 9781351122337
Genre : Education
File Size : 73.28 MB
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Now available in a fully revised and updated second edition, this practical manual is a detailed guide to the Palin Parent–Child Interaction Therapy programme (Palin PCI) developed at the Michael Palin Centre for Stammering (MPC). Palin PCI builds on the principle that parents play a critical role in effective therapy and that understanding and managing stammering is a collaborative journey between the child, parent and therapist. This book emphasises a need for open communication about stammering, offering a combination of indirect techniques such as video feedback, interaction strategies and confidence building, along with direct techniques to teach a child what they can do to help themselves. This second edition: Reflects the most up-to-date research in areas such as neurology, genetics, temperament and the impact of stammering on children and their families Offers photocopiable resources, such as assessment tools, information sheets and therapy handouts, to support the implementation of Palin PCI Focuses on empowerment through building communication confidence in children who stammer and developing knowledge and confidence in their parents Based on a strong theoretical framework, this book offers a comprehensive understanding of the Palin PCI approach in order to support generalist and specialist speech and language therapists as they develop their knowledge, skills and confidence in working with young children who stammer and their families. For more information about Alison and her work, please visit To learn more about Elaine and her work, please visit
Category: Education

Handbook Of Parent Child Interaction Therapy For Children On The Autism Spectrum

Author : Cheryl Bodiford McNeil
ISBN : 9783030032135
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 52.18 MB
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This handbook offers a theoretical foundation for the adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families. The volume examines current treatments for children with ASD and provides a rationale for why PCIT is considered a strong option to address many of the concerns found within this population of children and families. It presents an overview of PCIT theory, the goals of PCIT, the unique aspects of the treatment, and the exceptional outcomes. The handbook demonstrates the versatility of PCIT in conjunction with standard science-based therapies in addressing specific behavioral problems in this young population. Chapters provide a theoretical basis for PCIT, the empirical evidence for its efficacy, clinical considerations, and training issues. Chapters also offer a selection of case studies that help illustrate how PCIT has been successful in treating children with autism. The handbook concludes by identifying the gaps that need to be addressed by future research. Topics featured in the Handbook include: A clinical description of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy. The effects of medication for individuals with ASD. The importance of parent-child interactions in social communication and development. Teaching complex social behavior to children with ASD. Internet-delivered PCIT (I-PCIT) for children with autism. Child-Directed Interaction treatments for children with ASD. Parent-Directed Interaction treatments for children on the autism spectrum. The Handbook of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Children on the Autism Spectrum is a must-have resource for researchers, professors, clinicians/practitioners/therapists, and graduate students across many interrelated disciplines, including child and school psychology, behavioral therapy, social work, child and adolescent psychiatry, pediatrics, and family studies as well as occupational therapy, physical therapy, behavior analysis, and speech therapy.
Category: Psychology

Parent Child Interaction Therapy Protocol

Author : Sheila Eyberg
ISBN : 1944061002
Genre :
File Size : 41.55 MB
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The Empirically Supported Protocol for Parent-Child Interaction Therapy. Includes detailed session outlines, parent and teacher handouts, treatment integrity checklists, and

Parent Child Interaction Therapy

Author : Maricruz Muro
ISBN : 1124617779
Genre : Parent-child interaction therapy
File Size : 69.21 MB
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Abstract: Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based treatment for families with children who exhibit behavioral problems such as Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder. This study utilized a qualitative approach to explore the effectiveness of PCIT with 14 families with young children exhibiting acting out behaviors. Semi-structured, videotaped exit interviews were reviewed, transcribed verbatim and analyzed for common themes. During the exit interviews, each participant was asked to answer open-ended questions regarding their experiences with PCIT. The results of the present study, in general, indicated that caregivers who received PCIT perceived that they successfully changed the way they interact with their children and, as a result, also perceived that their childrens' behavior changed.
Category: Parent-child interaction therapy

Improving Parent Child Interactions And Generalized Problem Solving Skills In Families Of Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Through Adapted Parent Child Interaction Therapy

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1125342062
Genre :
File Size : 28.77 MB
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Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent parent reported diagnosis among children 3-17 years of age. Parents of children with ADHD often evoke more coercive or negative interactions to help manage their child's behavior. In addition, they report increased levels of family conflict and higher stress levels, which can place stress on couples and other members within the family system. These interactions may lead to negative reinforcement cycles that maintain or worsen problem behaviors of the child. PCIT is well documented in producing positive outcomes for children with other neurodevelopmental disorders, such as Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, or Developmental Delays. Due to its high co-morbidity with these diagnoses, ADHD has indirectly been studied within these populations. However, research is lacking in supporting PCIT outcomes specifically for children with ADHD and generalization to untrained settings or behaviors. The current study utilized a non-concurrent multiple baseline across behaviors embedded within a multiple baseline across participants, ABCC' single-case experimental design. The study examined the effects of an adapted PCIT program with systematically faded parent problem solving procedures for children with ADHD and their parents. The study contributes to the literature, supporting that adapted PCIT procedures can increase appropriate parent skills and decrease less supportive and negative interactions between children with ADHD and their parents. Adapted PCIT procedures were not successful at alleviating reported child ADHD symptoms, but reduced child disruptive behavior in the clinic setting and increased parent understanding of ADHD. While ADHD symptoms remained clinically elevated after the intervention, parents reported feeling less stressed, more competent in managing challenging behaviors, and having a more positive relationship with their child.

Parent Child Interaction Therapy Effectiveness

Author : Lillian Azouz
ISBN : OCLC:1196044520
Genre :
File Size : 59.79 MB
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Purpose: This study is to analyze data on a sample of PCIT's impact on graduated participates. My research question: Is PCIT an effective intervention to improve child's disruptive behaviors? My hypothesis is PCIT improves the child's functioning and reduces disruptive behavior. Method: The study utilized secondary analysis from an existing program record of 18 graduated PCIT participants from a mental health agency. Results: Analyzed data revealed improvements in all graduated participants from the PCIT program. Discussion: These findings discuss the likelihood of improved behaviors with completion of the PCIT program.

Engagement In Parent Child Interaction Therapy

Author : Zohra Chahal
ISBN : OCLC:1153360188
Genre :
File Size : 50.97 MB
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Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are early life events associated with negative physical, psychological, and social outcomes. In subsequent generation parent-child interactions, these outcomes are associated with adverse parenting practices. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an established intervention to mitigate potentially harmful outcomes of adverse parenting. However, poor parental engagement in PCIT can devalue the benefits of the intervention. The proposed study seeks to investigate the predictive role of mothers’ history of ACEs in four PCIT engagement outcomes: treatment completion, attendance rate, homework completion rate, and attitude towards therapy. Descriptive analyses, Student’s t-tests, and linear and logistic regression analyses will be conducted. Implications and future directions to address engagement in PCIT will be discussed

Effectiveness Of Parent Child Interaction Therapy Pcit With Substance Abusing Mother Child Dyads

Author : Natalie A. Lambdin-Shirley
ISBN : 1124665153
Genre :
File Size : 72.34 MB
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Mothers with a history of substance abuse have been found to have fewer positive interactions and be less responsive with their children compared to mothers with no history of substance abuse. Children with a history of drug exposure have been found to have poorer impulse control, decreased attention, and increased stress response as well as increased rates of aggression. Using a sample of 98, we examined whether Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) would be effective in reducing the disruptive behaviors of children exposed to stimulants; that is, fewer treatment gains with be observed for these mother-child dyads with a history of substance abuse in comparison with dyads with no history. Although dyads with a history of substance abuse had an increased number of risk factors, these dyads responded similarly to treatment as dyads with no history of drug abuse. There were significant main effects for reducing child behavior problems and increasing the quality of mother-child interactions regardless of substance abuse history.

Cost Effectiveness Of Parent Child Interaction Therapy Pcit In Clinics Versus Homes From Four Perspectives

Author : Alexis N. French
ISBN : 1369734719
Genre : Clinics
File Size : 23.42 MB
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Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) has been shown to be effective in decreasing negative child behaviors when delivered in the traditional setting of clinics. Emerging research suggests that delivering PCIT in clinics and homes can produce similar outcomes. Some providers believe that home PCIT improves the generalization of parenting skills and reduces barriers that may prevent families from engaging in services. Funders may be less likely to invest in home PCIT, however, as they could more concerned about the resources used by providers than parents. Given that different perspectives may not value resources in the same way, we assessed effectiveness and costs of clinic and home PCIT from the Client, Provider, Administrative, and Overall perspectives using multivariate analysis of covariance on listwise deletion and imputed datasets. Previous investigators found that clinic and home PCIT produced similar rates of decrease in the number and intensity of negative behaviors, but that home PCIT had a higher rate of treatment completion. The current study found significant differences in costs for three of the four perspectives, with home PCIT yielding higher costs from the Provider and Overall perspectives, and clinic PCIT yielding higher costs from the Administrative perspective. No significant differences were found in costs from the Client perspective, but this is due to the greater number of sessions, and better treatment completion rate, associated with home PCIT as compared to clinic PCIT. Analyses of the cost-effectiveness ratios (CERs) only indicated significant differences between treatment groups from the Overall and Provider perspectives. All CERs indicated that clinic PCIT cost less per point decrease in the number or intensity of negative behaviors than home PCIT. We conclude that although home PCIT may be more expensive, it is an important option for those families who are unable to travel to and from the clinic due to their child's severe behavior problems and logistical barriers.
Category: Clinics

Effectiveness Of Parent Child Interaction Therapy For Behavioral Outcomes In Young Children Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Author : Kimberly Ann Knap
ISBN : OCLC:953112267
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71.49 MB
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The present study examined the effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy in improving the behavioral outcomes in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Using a non-concurrent multiple baseline design with four mother-child dyads, the study determined the impact of PCIT on the frequency and severity of young children's challenging behaviors, mothers' positive parenting practices, and mothers' satisfaction with treatment. Outcome measures included the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory, Child Behavior Checklist, Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System, and Therapy Attitude Inventory. Results from visual analysis and hierarchical linear modeling indicated a treatment effect for mothers' use of labeled praises (b = 14.79, p = 0.01), reflections (b = 9.93, p
Category: Psychology