Paradigms In Computing

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Paradigms In Computing

Author : David Jason Gerber
ISBN : 9781938740114
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 71.59 MB
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Paradigms in Computing: Making, Machines, and Models for Design Agency in Architecture brings together critical, theoretical, and practical research and design that illustrates the plurality of computing approaches within the broad spectrum of design and mediated practices. It is an interrogation of our primary field of architecture through the lens of computing, and yet one that realizes a productive expanding of our métier’s definition and boundaries. It is a compilation that purposefully promotes architecture’s disciplinary reach and incorporations beyond the design and construction of buildings and cities. The book offers a glimpse into the wide range of positions and experiences that are shaping practice and discourse today. The work included in Paradigms in Computing is evidence that models for enquiry are many and proliferating. As digitalization and computation continue to infuse our processes with new tools and new design environments, some of the trends collected in this book will continue to be central to the production and speculation of architecture, and others will, in retrospect, be recognized as the seeds of new, or perhaps multiple, paradigms. Included are essays and projects, from; Alisa Andrasek, Rachel Armstrong, Philip Beesley, Tom Bessai, Shajay Bhooshan, Brad Cantrel, Matias Del Campo, Pablo Eiroa, Marc Fornes, David Jason Gerber, Maria Paz Gutierrez, Alvin Huang, Jason Kelly Johnson, Simon Kim, Neil Leach, Greg Lynn, Elena and Anna Maria Manferdini, Alex McDowell, Phillippe Morel, Nick Puckett, Casey Reas, Alex Robinson, Jenny Sabin, Jose Sanchez, Patrik Schumacher, Kyle Steinfeld, Satoru Sugihara, Orkan Telhan, Kathy Velikov and Geoffrey Thun, Tom Verebes, Leire Asensio Villoria and David Mah, Jenny Wu, Eric Howeler and Meejin Yoon, and Zaha Hadid Architects.
Category: Architecture

Incorporating Nature Inspired Paradigms In Computational Applications

Author : Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
ISBN : 9781522550211
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66.9 MB
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Many techniques have been developed to control the variety of dynamic systems. To develop those control techniques, it is fundamental to know the mathematical relations between the system inputs and outputs. Incorporating Nature-Inspired Paradigms in Computational Applications is a critical scholarly resource that examines the application of nature-inspired paradigms on system identification. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as biogeographic computation, evolutionary control systems, and natural computing, this book is geared towards IT professionals, engineers, computer scientists, academicians, researchers, and graduate-level students seeking current research on the application of nature-inspired paradigms.
Category: Computers

Software Intensive Systems And New Computing Paradigms

Author : Martin Wirsing
ISBN : 9783540894377
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88.11 MB
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This volume presents results of three workshops of the InterLink working group, setup by the EU to look at software-intensive systems and novel computing paradigms. It covers ensemble engineering, theory and formal methods, and novel computing paradigms.
Category: Computers

New Computational Paradigms

Author : S.B. Cooper
ISBN : 0387685464
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.46 MB
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This superb exposition of a complex subject examines new developments in the theory and practice of computation from a mathematical perspective, with topics ranging from classical computability to complexity, from biocomputing to quantum computing. This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students in mathematics, philosophy, and computer science with a special interest in logic and foundational issues. Most useful to graduate students are the survey papers on computable analysis and biological computing. Logicians and theoretical physicists will also benefit from this book.
Category: Computers

New Learning Paradigms In Soft Computing

Author : Lakhmi C. Jain
ISBN : 3790814369
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75.18 MB
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Learning is a key issue in the analysis and design of all kinds of intelligent systems. In recent time many new paradigms of automated (machine) learning have been proposed in the literature. Soft computing, that has proved to be an effective and efficient tool in so many areas of science and technology, seems to offer new qualities in the realm of machine learning too. The purpose of this volume is to present some new learning paradigms that have been triggered, or at least strongly influenced by soft computing tools and techniques, mainly related to neural networks, fuzzy logic, rough sets, and evolutionary computations.
Category: Computers

Cloud Computing

Author : Rajkumar Buyya
ISBN : 1118002202
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30.95 MB
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The primary purpose of this book is to capture the state-of-the-art in Cloud Computing technologies and applications. The book will also aim to identify potential research directions and technologies that will facilitate creation a global market-place of cloud computing services supporting scientific, industrial, business, and consumer applications. We expect the book to serve as a reference for larger audience such as systems architects, practitioners, developers, new researchers and graduate level students. This area of research is relatively recent, and as such has no existing reference book that addresses it. This book will be a timely contribution to a field that is gaining considerable research interest, momentum, and is expected to be of increasing interest to commercial developers. The book is targeted for professional computer science developers and graduate students especially at Masters level. As Cloud Computing is recognized as one of the top five emerging technologies that will have a major impact on the quality of science and society over the next 20 years, its knowledge will help position our readers at the forefront of the field.
Category: Computers

Computing Paradigms For Smart Healthcare

Author : B. Vinoth Kumar
ISBN : 1536186198
Genre :
File Size : 57.68 MB
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Smart healthcare has gradually gained its popularity because of the development of information technologies and computing paradigms such as internet of things (loT), big data, Cloud computing and artificial intelligence. These technologies transform the conventional medical system in to smarter one by making healthcare more convenient, efficient, accurate, and more customized. Smart healthcare will lead to a revolutionized healthcare system that enables the participation of all people for the early prediction and prevention of diseases so that preemptive and pro-active treatment can be delivered. The aim of this edited book is to publish the latest research advancements in the convergence of automation technology, artificial intelligence, biomedical engineering and health informatics. This will help the readers to grasp the extensive point of view and the essence of the recent advances in this field. This book solicits contributions which include theory, case studies and computing paradigms pertaining to the healthcare applications. The prospective audience would be researchers, professionals, practitioners, and students from academia and industry who work in this field. We hope the chapters presented will inspire future research both from theoretical and practical viewpoints to spur further advances in the field.The entire book is the contribution of interdisciplinary expertise available in the esteemed Institution PSG College of Technology, an ISO 9001:2015 certified Government aided Institution, belonging to Department of Information Technology, Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology. A brief introduction about each chapter is as follows.Chapter 1 focuses on health informatics which provides an overview of the various types of data originating from the medical information,Chapter 2 objective is to provide a 'smart connected environment' which includes storing, processing and exchange information seamlessly using technologies.Chapter 3 deals with an intelligent healthcare system for automatic diagnosis of diseases based on IOT enabled cloud computing framework and deep learningChapter 4 discuss about basic concepts of digital twin technology and implementation of digital twin in various health care domains.Chapter 5 proposes a graph based framework for classification, feature selection method which uses the existing notion, histograms for extracting isotonic features from a data set.Chapter 6 explains the significance of convolution neural network in medical image analysis.Chapter 7 summarizes recent advances in AI tools applied in cancer diagnosis and research for disease prediction and biomarker discovery.Chapter 8 explores DNA microarray data followed by the implementation of machine learning algorithms to obtain the highly predictive genes for classification. Chapter 9 uses various data structures such as hash tables and prefix-based search trees to efficiently query the EHR data present in the Blockchain.Chapter 10 focuses on agreeing upon a common symmetric cryptographic key generated from the ECG signal collected at different locations of a patient using linear prediction and error control coding techniques.We are grateful to the authors and reviewers for their excellent contributions for making this book possible.
Category:

Studies In Computational Science

Author : Per Brinch Hansen
ISBN : UOM:39015041608574
Genre : Computers
File Size : 26.63 MB
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Mathematics of Computing -- Parallelism.
Category: Computers

Dna Computing

Author : Gheorghe Paun
ISBN : 3540641963
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.73 MB
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This is the first book on DNA computing, a molecular approach that may revolutionize computing-replacing silicon with carbon and microchips with DNA molecules. The book starts with an introduction to DNA computing, exploring the power of complementarity, the basics of biochemistry, and language and computation theory. It then brings the reader to the most advanced theories develop thus far in this emerging research area.
Category: Computers

In Search Of Gender Free Paradigms For Computer Science Education

Author : C. Dianne Martin
ISBN : PSU:000022596932
Genre : Computer science
File Size : 29.17 MB
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This monograph includes nine papers delivered at a National Educational Computing Conference (NECC) preconference workshop, and a previously unpublished paper on gender and attitudes. The papers, which are presented in four categories, are: (1) "Report on the Workshop: In Search of Gender Free Paradigms for Computer Science Education" (C. Dianne Martin); (2) "Understanding Gender Biases in Computer-Related Behavior: Are We Using the Wrong Metaphor?" (Robin Kay); (3) "Gender Differences in Human Computer Interaction" (Charles W. Huff, John H. Fleming, and Joel Cooper); (4) "Gender and Attitude Toward Computers" (James R. Aman); (5) "Female Students' Underachievement in Computer Science and Mathematics: Reasons and Recommendations" (Lesley S. Klein); (6) "Implications of the Computer Culture for Women of Color" (Carol Edwards); (7) "Strategies for Involving Girls in Computer Science" (Valerie Clark); (8) "A New Introduction to Computer Science" (Danielle R. Bernstein); (9) "Restructuring Departments for Equality" (Henry Etzkowitz, Carol Kemelgor, Michael Neuschatz, and Brian Uzzi); and (10) "Gender Equity--A Partial List of Resources" (Cindy Meyer Hanchey). An additional paper and report are appended: "Epistemological Pluralism: Styles and Voices within the Computer Culture" (Sherry Turkle and Seymour Papert); and "Becoming a Computer Scientist: A Report by the ACM Committee on the Status of Women in Computing Science" (Amy Pearl, Martha Pollack, Eve Riskin, Becky Thomas, Elizabeth Wolf, and Alice Wu). The gender equity resources listed include books, articles, and brochures; training modules; technical assistance modules; publications from the National Science Foundation; and organizations. (ALF)
Category: Computer science

Fog And Edge Computing

Author : Rajkumar Buyya
ISBN : 9781119524984
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.92 MB
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A comprehensive guide to Fog and Edge applications, architectures, and technologies Recent years have seen the explosive growth of the Internet of Things (IoT): the internet-connected network of devices that includes everything from personal electronics and home appliances to automobiles and industrial machinery. Responding to the ever-increasing bandwidth demands of the IoT, Fog and Edge computing concepts have developed to collect, analyze, and process data more efficiently than traditional cloud architecture. Fog and Edge Computing: Principles and Paradigms provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art applications and architectures driving this dynamic field of computing while highlighting potential research directions and emerging technologies. Exploring topics such as developing scalable architectures, moving from closed systems to open systems, and ethical issues rising from data sensing, this timely book addresses both the challenges and opportunities that Fog and Edge computing presents. Contributions from leading IoT experts discuss federating Edge resources, middleware design issues, data management and predictive analysis, smart transportation and surveillance applications, and more. A coordinated and integrated presentation of topics helps readers gain thorough knowledge of the foundations, applications, and issues that are central to Fog and Edge computing. This valuable resource: Provides insights on transitioning from current Cloud-centric and 4G/5G wireless environments to Fog Computing Examines methods to optimize virtualized, pooled, and shared resources Identifies potential technical challenges and offers suggestions for possible solutions Discusses major components of Fog and Edge computing architectures such as middleware, interaction protocols, and autonomic management Includes access to a website portal for advanced online resources Fog and Edge Computing: Principles and Paradigms is an essential source of up-to-date information for systems architects, developers, researchers, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in fields of computer science and engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Parallel And Distributed Computing

Author : Claudia Leopold
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028653629
Genre : Computers
File Size : 90.18 MB
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An all-inclusive survey of the fundamentals of parallel and distributed computing. The use of parallel and distributed computing has increased dramatically over the past few years, giving rise to a variety of projects, implementations, and buzzwords surrounding the subject. Although the areas of parallel and distributed computing have traditionally evolved separately, these models have overlapping goals and characteristics. Parallel and Distributed Computing surveys the models and paradigms in this converging area of parallel and distributed computing and considers the diverse approaches within a common text. Covering a comprehensive set of models and paradigms, the material also skims lightly over more specific details and serves as both an introduction and a survey. Novice readers will be able to quickly grasp a balanced overview with the review of central concepts, problems, and ideas, while the more experienced researcher will appreciate the specific comparisons between models, the coherency of the parallel and distributed computing field, and the discussion of less well-known proposals. Other topics covered include: * Data parallelism * Shared-memory programming * Message passing * Client/server computing * Code mobility * Coordination, object-oriented, high-level, and abstract models * And much more Parallel and Distributed Computing is a perfect tool for students and can be used as a foundation for parallel and distributed computing courses. Application developers will find this book helpful to get an overview before choosing a particular programming style to study in depth, and researchers and programmers will appreciate the wealth of information concerning the various areas of parallel and distributed computing.
Category: Computers

Big Data

Author : Rajkumar Buyya
ISBN : 9780128093467
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75.77 MB
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Big Data: Principles and Paradigms captures the state-of-the-art research on the architectural aspects, technologies, and applications of Big Data. The book identifies potential future directions and technologies that facilitate insight into numerous scientific, business, and consumer applications. To help realize Big Data’s full potential, the book addresses numerous challenges, offering the conceptual and technological solutions for tackling them. These challenges include life-cycle data management, large-scale storage, flexible processing infrastructure, data modeling, scalable machine learning, data analysis algorithms, sampling techniques, and privacy and ethical issues. Covers computational platforms supporting Big Data applications Addresses key principles underlying Big Data computing Examines key developments supporting next generation Big Data platforms Explores the challenges in Big Data computing and ways to overcome them Contains expert contributors from both academia and industry
Category: Computers

Unconventional Programming Paradigms

Author : Jean-Pierre Banatre
ISBN : 9783540278849
Genre : Computers
File Size : 50.82 MB
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Unconventional approaches to programming have long been developed, in various niches and out of curiosity, and they constitute a reservoir of alternative avenues to deal with unknown programming challenges. New paradigms of programming are currently experiencing a renewed period of interest and growth to cope with problems from specific application domains. This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the International Workshop on Unconventional Programming Paradigms, UPP 2004, held at Le Mont Saint Michel, France, in September 2004. The 26 revised full papers presented together with an invited paper on quantum computing were carefully reviewed for presentation in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on chemical computing, amorphous computing, bio-inspired computing, autonomic computing, and generative programming.
Category: Computers

Parallel Computing

Author : Albert Y. Zomaya
ISBN : UOM:39076001741110
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88.9 MB
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A broad overview of some of the main research issues, trends and developing applications in the parallel computing community is presented in 24 contributed chapters from some of the leading authorities in the field
Category: Computers

Advances In Ubiquitous Computing Future Paradigms And Directions

Author : Mostefaoui, Soraya Kouadri
ISBN : 9781599048420
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.97 MB
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"This book investigates the technology of ubiquitous computing, emerging applications and services, and social issues vital for the successful deployment of a ubiquitous computing application. Providing high quality, authoritative content on such topics as device design, wireless communication, location sensing, privacy concerns, attention focus, multi-person interaction, and direct interaction, work patterns, it is a must-have in library collections"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Business & Economics

Pervasive Computing Paradigms For Mental Health

Author : Pietro Cipresso
ISBN : 9783030258726
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79.94 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Pervasive Computing Paradigms for Mental Health, MindCare 2019, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in April 2019. The 22 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 38 submissions and present new paradigms in mental healthcare, in parallel with compelling questions about how it is possible to promote and structure these changes to improve physical well-being.
Category: Medical

Paradigms Of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Achim G. Hoffmann
ISBN : 9813083972
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24.45 MB
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This book presents a new methodological analysis of two competing research paradigms of artificial intelligence and cognitive science-the symbolic versus the connectionist paradigms. Providing an accessible introduction to the fundamentals of both paradigms, the book derives new objectives for future research that will help to integrate aspects of both areas to obtain more powerful AI techniques and to promote a deeper understanding of cognition.
Category: Computers

Edge Computing And Computational Intelligence Paradigms For The Iot

Author : Nagarajan, G.
ISBN : 9781522585572
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41.90 MB
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Edge computing is focused on devices and technologies that are attached to the internet of things (IoT). Identifying IoT use across a range of industries and measuring strategic values helps identify what technologies to pursue and can avoid wasted resources on deployments with limited values. Edge Computing and Computational Intelligence Paradigms for the IoT is a critical research book that provides a complete insight on the recent advancements and integration of intelligence in IoT. This book highlights various topics such as disaster prediction, governance, and healthcare. It is an excellent resource for researchers, working professionals, academicians, policymakers, and defense companies.
Category: Computers