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Urban Overheating Progress On Mitigation Science And Engineering Applications

Author : Michele Zinzi
ISBN : 9783038976363
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.12 MB
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The combination of global warming and urban sprawl is the origin of the most hazardous climate change effect detected at urban level: Urban Heat Island, representing the urban overheating respect to the countryside surrounding the city. This book includes 18 papers representing the state of the art of detection, assessment mitigation and adaption to urban overheating. Advanced methods, strategies and technologies are here analyzed including relevant issues as: the role of urban materials and fabrics on urban climate and their potential mitigation, the impact of greenery and vegetation to reduce urban temperatures and improve the thermal comfort, the role the urban geometry in the air temperature rise, the use of satellite and ground data to assess and quantify the urban overheating and develop mitigation solutions, calculation methods and application to predict and assess mitigation scenarios. The outcomes of the book are thus relevant for a wide multidisciplinary audience, including: environmental scientists and engineers, architect and urban planners, policy makers and students.
Category: Science

Phillips Curves Phillips Lines And The Unemplyment Costs Of Overheating

Author : Mr. Douglas Laxton
ISBN : 9781451891379
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.74 MB
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Most empirical work on the U.S. Phillips curve has had a strong tendency to impose global linearity on the data. The basic objective of this paper is to reconsider the issue of nonlinearity and to underscore its importance for policymaking. After briefly reviewing the history of the Phillips curve and the basis for convexity, we derive it explicitly using standard models of wage and price determination. We provide some empirical estimates of Phillips curves and Phillips lines for the United States and use some illustrative simulations to contrast the policy implications of the two models.
Category: Business & Economics

The Utilization Adjusted Output Gap Is The Russian Economy Overheating

Author : Nienke Oomes
Genre : Inflation (Finance)
File Size : 23.6 MB
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This paper estimates the output gap in Russia using a utilization-adjusted production function approach, which we argue is preferable to traditional output gap methods. The approach amounts to (1) using available surveys to estimate the "natural rates" of capacity and labor utilization above which inflation begins to accelerate; (2) estimating a production function with utilization-adjusted capital and labor inputs; and (3) defining potential output as the level of output obtained when both capital and labor are at their estimated natural rates. The results suggest that the output gap in Russia was negative between 1999 and 2003, but may have recently become positive, thus contributing to inflationary pressures.
Category: Inflation (Finance)


Author : Thomas Hylland Eriksen
ISBN : 0745336396
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.76 MB
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We live in a time of global crisis or, more appropriately, crises: overlapping, interlocking global problems that are inextricably tied to modernity. "Overheating" offers a groundbreaking new way of looking at the problems of the Anthropocene, exploring crises of the environment, economy, and identity through an anthropological lens. Thomas Hylland Eriksen argues that while each of these crises is global in scope, they are nonetheless perceived and responded to locally and that once we realize that, we begin to see the contradictions that abound between the standardizing forces of global capitalism and the socially embedded nature of people and local practices. Only by acknowledging the primacy of the local, Eriksen shows, can we begin to even properly understand, let alone address, these problems on a global scale. "
Category: Social Science

Healthy Healing

Author : Linda R. Page
ISBN : 1884334857
Genre : Alternative medicine
File Size : 43.17 MB
Format : PDF
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The latest information on preventive therapies and natural healing. Over 1/2 million copies sold.
Category: Alternative medicine


Author : Linda Page
ISBN : 1884334547
Genre : Detoxification (Health)
File Size : 29.54 MB
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In this complete encyclopaedia -- a guide of detailed instructions for detoxification and cleansing, Dr Page discusses why body cleansing is necessary in today's world. She shows you: what you can expect when you detox; what a good cleanse really does; how to direct a cleanse for best results. Also includes: Detailed detox charts for special needs; Step-by-step instructions that guide the reader through every detox programme; Extensive 'Green Cuisine' recipe section; Materia Medica Detox herbal supplement directory with over 90 herbs; Glossary of detox terms; List of detox-spa centres in America; Recommended product listing.
Category: Detoxification (Health)

Breaking The Impediments To Budgetary Reforms

Author : Mr. Ashoka Mody
ISBN : 9781451913972
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.8 MB
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Under what conditions are budget institutions likely to be strengthened? We find that fiscal deficits do not help in focusing policymakers on undertaking reforms. To the contrary, the larger the deficit, the lower is the likelihood of reforms. Large deficits apparently imply strong claims on the budget and, hence, generate unwillingness to impose self-discipline. As such, countries will tend to move either to small fiscal deficits and good institutions or large deficits and weak institutions. Economic shocks (if they are large enough) can help build a constituency for improving budget institutions. However, if forgiving markets accommodate economic shocks, even such pressure may be insufficient. Forwardlooking and credible leadership appears to be an important ingredient of the solution.
Category: Business & Economics