Organizational Traps

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Organizational Traps

Author : Chris Argyris
ISBN : 9780191615122
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.31 MB
Format : PDF
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Anyone who has spent time in an organization knows that dysfunctional behavior abounds. Conflict is frequently avoided or pushed underground rather than dealt with openly. At the same time, the same arguments often burst out again and again, almost verbatim. Turf battles continue for extended periods without resolution. People nod their heads in agreement in meetings, and then rush out of the room to voice complaints to sympathetic ears in private. Worst of all, when people are asked if things will ever change, they throw up their hands in despair. They feel like victims trapped in an asylum. And people often are trapped. But they are not trapped by some oppressive regime or organizational structure that has been imposed on them. They are not victims. In fact, people themselves are responsible for making the status quo so resistant to change. We are trapped by our own behavior. Researchers and practitioners have often reflected on these things, but there is a puzzle. On the one hand, there is substantial agreement that these traps are counterproductive to effective performance. On the other hand, there is almost no focus on how organizational traps can be prevented or reduced. This book argues that whatever theory is used to describe and understand such organizational traps should be used to design and implement interventions that reduce and prevent them. Argyris is one of the world's leading management scholars whose work has consistently shed light on orgainzational problems. This book is essential reading for MBAs, managers, and consultants.
Category: Business & Economics

Research In Organizational Change And Development

Author : William A. Pasmore
ISBN : 9781780520230
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 72.17 MB
Format : PDF
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In this diverse volume new methodologies are introduced, such as the strategic fitness process for engaging leaders in better understanding the reactions of employees to strategic change efforts (Beer); Jazz as a metaphor for organizational improvisation (Bernstein & Barrett); and new theories for understanding change processes (Gomez & Ballard).
Category: Business & Economics

Criminal Investigative Failures

Author : D. Kim Rossmo
ISBN : 1420047523
Genre : Law
File Size : 61.52 MB
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Avoid Major Investigative Traps What causes competent and dedicated investigators to make avoidable mistakes, jeopardizing the successful resolution of their cases? Authored by a 21-year police veteran and university research professor, Criminal Investigative Failures comprehensively defines and discusses the causes and problems most common to failed investigations. More importantly, it outlines realistic strategies for avoiding investigative pitfalls. Illuminated with case studies, this practical resource examines three main reasons for investigative failure: Cognitive biases, such as tunnel vision, that lead to mistakes in reasoning Organizational traps, such as groupthink, that investigators fall prey to within their agencies Probability errors, such as the prosecutor’s fallacy, in forensic science and criminal profiling The Dangers of Assumptions and Organizational Ego Authoritative contributors from a variety of disciplines elaborate on the aforementioned core points with commentary and case studies of well-known crimes. Written in a quick-to-grasp style, this useful text provides practical advice for avoiding investigative failures. It is an invaluable reference for investigators looking to prevent future failures of justice and find the truth.
Category: Law

Power Politics And Organizational Change

Author : David Buchanan
ISBN : 9781529725902
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 53.29 MB
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Organization politics can be seen as a game in which players compete for different kinds of territory such as status, power, and influence. In Power, Politics and Organizational Change, David Buchanan and Richard Badham ask: What’s the relevance of politics to change and innovation? What kind of game is this? What, if any, are the rules? How is the game played? What ethical issues arise? Should one play this game to win, and if so, how? How can you develop political expertise? The third edition has been thoroughly updated and revised. This includes discussion of current trends heightening the importance of developing political will and skill in a post-truth era, the rise of ‘new power’, the role of ‘BS busting’, the power of storytelling, and the politics of speaking up.
Category: Business & Economics

Church Ethics And Its Organizational Context

Author : Jean M. Bartunek
ISBN : 9781461674740
Genre : Religion
File Size : 50.51 MB
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Church Ethics and Its Organizational Context is the first book to provide a broadly interdisciplinary approach to understanding the leadership crisis in the Catholic Church in the wake of the sex abuse scandal and how it was handled.
Category: Religion

Understanding College And University Organization

Author : James L. Bess
ISBN : 9781579227746
Genre : Education
File Size : 90.22 MB
Format : PDF
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Now available in paperback, this two-volume work is intended to help readers develop powerful new ways of thinking about organizational principles, and apply them to policy-making and management in colleges and universities. The book is written with two audiences in mind: administrative and faculty leaders in institutions of higher learning, and students (both doctoral and Master's degree) studying to become upper-level administrators, leaders, and policy makers in higher education. It systematically presents a range of theories that can be applied to many of the difficult management situations that college and university leaders encounter. It provides them with the theoretical background to knowledgeably evaluate the many new ideas that emerge in the current literature, and in workshops and conferences. The purpose is to help leaders develop their own effective management style and approaches, and feel confident that their actions are informed by appropriate theory and knowledge of the latest research in the field. Without theory, organizational leaders are forced to treat each problem that they encounter as unique–as if it were a first-time occurrence. While leaders may have some experience with a particular issue, their solutions are usually not informed by the accumulated wisdom of others who have already encountered and resolved similar situations. The authors approach the theory of the organization and administration of colleges and universities from three quite different perspectives, or paradigms, each relying on different assumptions about the “reality” of organizational life in colleges and universities. The positivist paradigm–primarily an omnibus systems theory–integrates the chapters into a comprehensive, yet easily accessible whole. Social constructionism, the second paradigm, is introduced in each chapter to illuminate the difficulty of seeking and finding meaningful consensus on problems and policies, while also addressing important ethical issues that tend to be overlooked in leadership thought and action. The third paradigm, postmodernism, draws attention to difficulties of logic and communication under the constraints of strictly linear thinking that “authorities” at all levels attempt to impose on organizations. This “multiple paradigm” approach enables readers to become more cognizant of their own assumptions, how they may differ from those of others in their organization, and how those differences may both create difficulties in resolving problems and expand the range of alternatives considered in organizational decision making. The book offers readers the tools to balance the real-world needs to succeed in today’s challenging and competitive environment with the social and ethical aspirations of all its stakeholders and society at large. The authors’ aim is to elucidate how administration can be made more efficient and effective through rational decision-making while also respecting humanistic values. This approach highlights a range of phenomena that require attention if the institution is ultimately to be considered successful.
Category: Education

Russia And The European Union

Author : Elena G. Popkova
ISBN : 9783319552576
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42.58 MB
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This book focuses on the economic and political relationships between Russia and Europe, which are currently characterized by the existence and escalation of contradictions. On the one hand, the common history and geographical proximity of Russia and Europe have naturally produced a close interdependence; on the other, current global political affairs and opposing positions continue to hinder the development of common economic relationships in Russia and Europe. This contributed volume describes integration processes in Russia and Europe to illustrate best practice examples and demonstrates how both parties have increasingly come to understand the importance of international cooperation, highlighting economic, legal, philosophical, political and sociological aspects.
Category: Business & Economics

Communication And Organizational Culture

Author : Joann Keyton
ISBN : 0761930175
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 72.42 MB
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Communication and Organizational Culture: A Key to Understanding Work Experiences is the first book to provide an introduction to different views on and approaches to the study of organizational culture from a communication perspective. This text introduces the basic elements of organizational culture including artifacts that emerge from the interactions of organizational members. Author Joann Keyton uses a variety of lenses for understanding organizational culture and integrates research findings as practical advice about managing, developing, and changing organizational culture. Throughout, the book focuses on the communication practices and processes associated with organizational culture by drawing heavily on organizational culture research conducted by communication scholars and by illuminating the communicative aspects of organizational culture research conducted by scholars in peripheral disciplines.
Category: Business & Economics

The Handbook Of Community Practice

Author : Marie Weil
ISBN : 9781452289977
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.34 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The Second Edition of The Handbook of Community Practice is expanded and updated with a major global focus and serves as a comprehensive guidebook of community practice grounded in social justice and human rights. It utilizes community and practice theories and encompasses community development, organizing, planning, social change, policy practice, program development, service coordination, organizational cultural competency, and community-based research in relation to global poverty and community empowerment. This is also the first community practice text to provide combined and in-depth treatment of globalization and international development practice issues—including impacts on communities in the United States and on international development work. The Handbook is grounded in participatory and empowerment practices, including social change, social and economic development, feminist practice, community-collaborative, and engagement in diverse communities. It utilizes the social development perspective and employs analyses of persistent poverty, asset development, policy practice, and community research approaches as well as providing strategies for advocacy and social and legislative action. The handbook consists of forty chapters which challenge readers to examine and assess practice, theory, and research methods. As it expands on models and approaches, delineates emerging issues, and connects policy and practice, the book provides vision and strategies for local to global community practice in the coming decades. The handbook will continue to stand as the central text and reference for comprehensive community practice, and will be useful for years to come as it emphasizes direction for positive change, new developments in community approaches, and focuses attention on globalization, human rights, and social justice. It will continue to be used as a core text for multiple courses within programs, will have long term application for students of community practice, and will provide practitioners with new grounding for development, planning, organizing, and empowerment and social change work.
Category: Social Science

Learn Or Die

Author : Edward D. Hess
ISBN : 9780231538275
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65.81 MB
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To compete with today's increasing globalization and rapidly evolving technologies, individuals and organizations must take their ability to learn—the foundation for continuous improvement, operational excellence, and innovation—to a much higher level. In Learn or Die, Edward D. Hess combines recent advances in neuroscience, psychology, behavioral economics, and education with key research on high-performance businesses to create an actionable blueprint for becoming a leading-edge learning organization. Learn or Die examines the process of learning from an individual and an organizational standpoint. From an individual perspective, the book discusses the cognitive, emotional, motivational, attitudinal, and behavioral factors that promote better learning. Organizationally, Learn or Die focuses on the kinds of structures, culture, leadership, employee learning behaviors, and human resource policies that are necessary to create an environment that enables critical and innovative thinking, learning conversations, and collaboration. The volume also provides strategies to mitigate the reality that humans can be reflexive, lazy thinkers who seek confirmation of what they believe to be true and affirmation of their self-image. Exemplar learning organizations discussed include the secretive Bridgewater Associates, LP; Intuit, Inc.; United Parcel Service (UPS); W. L. Gore & Associates; and IDEO.
Category: Business & Economics

Research In Organizational Change And Development

Author : Abraham B. Shani
ISBN : 1780520220
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.37 MB
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Volume 19 of Research in Organizational Change and Development includes papers by an international and diverse set of authors including Michael Beer, Victor Friedman, Luiz Gomez & Donna Ballard, Ethan Berstein & Frank Barrett, Karen Jansen & David Hoffman, Guido Maes & Geert Van Hootegem, and Tobias Fredberg, Flemming Norrgren & Rami Shani and the ideas expressed by these authors are as diverse as their backgrounds. New methodologies are introduced, such as the strategic fitness process for engaging leaders in better understanding the reactions of employees to strategic change efforts (Beer); Jazz as a metaphor for organizational improvisation (Bernstein & Barrett); and new theories for understanding change processes (Gomez & Ballard). The universal constant is change, and various ideas about sustaining change (Fredberg, Norrgren & Shani), mapping momentum changes during change efforts (Jansen & Hoffman) and exploring Lewin's notions of the criticality of social space to facilitate change (Friedman). Volume 19 demonstrates that as academics, we advance the work in our field by both looking forward and looking back. Understanding the origins of our theories and beliefs can be as important as pioneering new ideas and methodologies. As you read Volume 19, we ask you to consider your own contributions to our field and to contact us to suggest topics for future volumes.
Category: Business & Economics

Healing The Wounds

Author : David M. Noer
ISBN : 9780470528594
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36.18 MB
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From the founder of "layoff survivor sickness" an updated edition of a book for today's downsized workforce Thoroughly revised and updated, David Noer's classic book about downsized organizations has never been more relevant. Reports of the most recent layoffs are making the front pages of our newspapers with frightening regularity. And massive downsizing continues to reshape the face of American business. But what about those who remain behind? Healing the Wounds provides an antidote to the widespread malaise on the American business scene left in the wake of workforce reductions. Drawing on case studies and original research, David M. Noer-an expert frequently quoted in major media such as The Wall Street Journal and Fortune on the topic of layoffs and layoff survivor sickness-provides executives, human resource professionals, managers, and consultants with an original model and clear guidelines for revitalizing downsized organizations and the employees left behind. Offers thoroughly revised edition of a book about layoffs and those who are left behind Filled with relevant case studies and recent research Written by David Noer an acclaimed expert on the topic Gives employers much-needed guidance for revitalizing downsized companies
Category: Business & Economics

Organizational Learning

Author : Vivienne Collinson
ISBN : 9781452237947
Genre : Education
File Size : 57.43 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This innovative book about organizational learning in K–12 settings reshapes the way teachers and administrators think about people, practices, and policies while providing a compelling roadmap for transformation from within today's school systems.
Category: Education

Knowledge Sharing In Practice

Author : M.H. Huysman
ISBN : 9789401599924
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45.5 MB
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In this volume organizational learning theory is used to analyse various practices of managing and facilitating knowledge sharing within companies. Experiences with three types of knowledge sharing, namely knowledge acquisition, knowledge reuse, and knowledge creation, at ten large companies are discussed and analyzed. This critical analysis leads to the identification of traps and obstacles when managing knowledge sharing, when supporting knowledge sharing with IT tools, and when organizations try to learn from knowledge sharing practices. The identification of these risks is followed by a discussion of how organizations can avoid them. This work will be of interest to researchers and practitioners working in organization science and business administration. Also, consultants and organizations at large will find the book useful as it will provide them with insights into how other organizations manage and facilitate knowledge sharing and how potential failures can be prevented.
Category: Computers