On The Existence Of Digital Objects

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On The Existence Of Digital Objects

Author : Yuk Hui
ISBN : 9781452949925
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.54 MB
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Digital objects, in their simplest form, are data. They are also a new kind of industrial object that pervades every aspect of our life today—as online videos, images, text files, e-mails, blog posts, Facebook events.Yet, despite their ubiquity, the nature of digital objects remains unclear. On the Existence of Digital Objects conducts a philosophical examination of digital objects and their organizing schema by creating a dialogue between Martin Heidegger and Gilbert Simondon, which Yuk Hui contextualizes within the history of computing. How can digital objects be understood according to individualization and individuation? Hui pursues this question through the history of ontology and the study of markup languages and Web ontologies; he investigates the existential structure of digital objects within their systems and milieux. With this relational approach toward digital objects and technical systems, the book addresses alienation, described by Simondon as the consequence of mistakenly viewing technics in opposition to culture. Interdisciplinary in philosophical and technical insights, with close readings of Husserl, Heidegger, and Simondon as well as the history of computing and the Web, Hui’s work develops an original, productive way of thinking about the data and metadata that increasingly define our world.
Category: Social Science

Recursivity And Contingency

Author : Yuk Hui
ISBN : 9781786600547
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57.28 MB
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This book employs recursivity and contingency as two principle concepts to investigate into the relation between nature and technology, machine and organism, system and freedom. It reconstructs a trajectory of thought from an Organic condition of thinking elaborated by Kant, passing by the philosophy of nature (Schelling and Hegel), to the 20th century Organicism (Bertalanffy, Needham, Whitehead, Wiener among others) and Organology (Bergson, Canguilhem, Simodnon, Stiegler), and questions the new condition of philosophizing in the time of algorithmic contingency, ecological and algorithmic catastrophes, which Heidegger calls the end of philosophy. The book centres on the following speculative question: if in the philosophical tradition, the concept of contingency is always related to the laws of nature, then in what way can we understand contingency in related to technical systems? The book situates the concept of recursivity as a break from the Cartesian mechanism and the drive of system construction; it elaborates on the necessity of contingency in such epistemological rupture where nature ends and system emerges. In this development, we see how German idealism is precursor to cybernetics, and the Anthropocene and Noosphere (Teilhard de Chardin) point toward the realization of a gigantic cybernetic system, which lead us back to the question of freedom. It questions the concept of absolute contingency (Meillassoux) and proposes a cosmotechnical pluralism. Engaging with modern and contemporary European philosophy as well as Chinese thought through the mediation of Needham, this book refers to cybernetics, mathematics, artificial intelligence and inhumanism.
Category: Philosophy

Art And Cosmotechnics

Author : Yuk Hui
ISBN : 1517909546
Genre :
File Size : 29.56 MB
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In light of current discourses on AI and robotics, what do the various experiences of art contribute to the rethinking of technology today? Art and Cosmotechnics addresses the challenge of technology to the existence of art and traditional thought, especially in light of current discourses on artificial intelligence and robotics. It carries out an attempt on the cosmotechnics of Chinese landscape painting in order to address this question, and further asks: What is the significance of shanshui (mountain and water) in face of the new challenges brought about by the current technological transformation? Thinking art and cosmotechnics together is an attempt to look into the varieties of experiences of art and to ask what these experiences might contribute to the rethinking of technology today.

Investigative Study Of Standards For Digital Repositories And Related Services

Author : Muriel Foulonneau
ISBN : 9789053564127
Genre : DRIVER (Project : Europe)
File Size : 82.48 MB
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This study is meant for institutional repository managers, service providers, repository software developers and generally, all players taking an active part in the creation of the digital repository infrastructure for e-research and e-learning. It reviews the current standards, protocols and applications in the domain of digital repositories. Special attention is being paid to the interoperability of repositories to enhance the exchange of data in repositories. It aims to stimulate discussion about these topics and supports initiatives for the integration of and, where needed, development of new standards. The authors also take a look at the nearby future: which steps have to be taken now in order to comply with future demands?
Category: DRIVER (Project : Europe)

The Question Concerning Technology In China

Author : Yuk Hui
ISBN : 9780995455009
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 81.91 MB
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A systematic historical survey of Chinese thought is followed by an investigation of the historical-metaphysical questions of modern technology, asking how Chinese thought might contribute to a renewed questioning of globalized technics. Heidegger's critique of modern technology and its relation to metaphysics has been widely accepted in the East. Yet the conception that there is only one—originally Greek—type of technics has been an obstacle to any original critical thinking of technology in modern Chinese thought. Yuk Hui argues for the urgency of imagining a specifically Chinese philosophy of technology capable of responding to Heidegger's challenge, while problematizing the affirmation of technics and technologies as anthropologically universal. This investigation of the historical-metaphysical question of technology, drawing on Lyotard, Simondon, and Stiegler, and introducing a history of modern Eastern philosophical thinking largely unknown to Western readers, including philosophers such as Feng Youlan, Mou Zongsan, and Keiji Nishitani, sheds new light on the obscurity of the question of technology in China. Why was technics never thematized in Chinese thought? Why has time never been a real question for Chinese philosophy? How was the traditional concept of Qi transformed in its relation to Dao as China welcomed technological modernity and westernization? In The Question Concerning Technology in China, a systematic historical survey of the major concepts of traditional Chinese thinking is followed by a startlingly original investigation of these questions, in order to ask how Chinese thought might today contribute to a renewed, cosmotechnical questioning of globalized technics.
Category: Philosophy

Research And Advanced Technology For Digital Libraries

Author : Andreas Rauber
ISBN : 9783540287674
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53.60 MB
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Since its inception in 1997,the EuropeanConferenceon Researchand Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL) has come a long way, creating a strong interdisciplinarycommunityofresearchersandpractitionersinthe?eldofdigital libraries. We are proud to present the proceedings of ECDL 2005, the ninth conference in this series, which, following Pisa (1997), Heraklion (1998), Paris (1999), Lisbon (2000), Darmstadt (2001), Rome (2002), Trondheim (2003), and Bath (2004), took place on September 18–23, 2005 in Vienna, Austria. ECDL 2005 featured separate calls for paper and poster submissions, resu- ing in 130 full papers and 32 posters being submitted to the conference. All - pers were subject to a thorough peer-review process, with an 87-person-strong Program Committee and a further 68 additional reviewers from 35 countries from basically all continents sharing the tremendous review load, producing - tween three and four detailed reviews per paper. Based on these, as well as on the discussion that took place during a one-week on-line PC discussion phase, 41 papers were ?nally selected for inclusion in the conference program during a 1. 5 day PC meeting, resulting in an acceptance rate of only 32%. Furthermore, 17 paper submissions were accepted for poster presentations with an additional 13 posters being accepted based on a simpli?ed review process of 2–3 reviews per poster from the poster submission track. Both the full papers as well as extended abstracts of the posters presented at ECDL 2005 are provided in these proceedings.
Category: Computers

Internet Of Things Smart Spaces And Next Generation Networks And Systems

Author : Olga Galinina
ISBN : 9783030308599
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83.50 MB
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This book constitutes the joint refereed proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networks and Systems, NEW2AN 2019, and the 12th Conference on Internet of Things and Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2019. The 66 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 192 submissions. The papers of NEW2AN address various aspects of next-generation data networks, with special attention to advanced wireless networking and applications. In particular, they deal with novel and innovative approaches to performance and efficiency analysis of 5G and beyond systems, employed game-theoretical formulations, advanced queuing theory, and stochastic geometry, while also covering the Internet of Things, cyber security, optics, signal processing, as well as business aspects.ruSMART 2019, provides a forum for academic and industrial researchers to discuss new ideas and trends in the emerging areas. The 12th conference on the Internet of Things and Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2019, provides a forum for academic and industrial researchers to discuss new ideas and trends in the emerging areas.
Category: Computers

On The Mode Of Existence Of Technical Objects

Author : Gilbert Simondon
ISBN : 1937561038
Genre :
File Size : 52.53 MB
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Few thinkers have been as influential upon current discussions and theoretical practices in the age of media archaeology, philosophy of technology, and digital humanities as the French thinker Gilbert Simondon. Simondon's prolific intellectual curiosity led his philosophical and scientific reflections to traverse a variety of areas of research, including philosophy, psychology, the beginnings of cybernetics, and the foundations of religion. For Simondon, the human/machine distinction is perhaps not a simple dichotomy. There is much we can learn from our technical objects, and while it has been said that humans have an alienating rapport with technical objects, Simondon takes up the task of a true thinker who sees the potential for humanity to uncover life-affirming modes of technical objects whereby we can discover potentiality for novel, healthful, and dis-alienating rapports with them. For Simondon, by way of studying its genesis, one must grant to the technical object the same ontological status as that of the aesthetic object or even a living being. His work thus opens up exciting new entry points into studying the human's rapport with its continually changing technical reality. This first complete English-language translation of Gilbert Simondon's groundbreaking and influential work finally presents to Anglophone readers one of the pinnacle works of France's most unique thinkers of technics.

Handbook Of Research On Global Information Technology Management In The Digital Economy

Author : Raisinghani, Mahesh S.
ISBN : 9781599048765
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23.37 MB
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Includes the most important issues, concepts, trends and technologies in the field of global information technology management, covering topics such as the technical platform for global IS applications, information systems projects spanning cultures, managing information technology in corporations, and global information technology systems and socioeconomic development in developing countries.
Category: Computers

New Content In Digital Repositories

Author : Natasha Simons
ISBN : 9781780634098
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41.26 MB
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Research institutions are under pressure to make their outputs more accessible in order to meet funding requirements and policy guidelines. Libraries have traditionally played an important role by exposing research output through a predominantly institution-based digital repository, with an emphasis on storing published works. New publishing paradigms are emerging that include research data, huge volumes of which are being generated globally. Repositories are the natural home for managing, storing and describing institutional research content. New Content in Digital Repositories explores the diversity of content types being stored in digital repositories with a focus on research data, creative works, and the interesting challenges they pose. Chapters in this title cover: new content types in repositories; developing and training repository teams; metadata schemas and standards for diverse resources; persistent identifiers for research data and authors; research data: the new gold; exposing and sharing repository content; selecting repository software; repository statistics and altmetrics. Explores the role of repositories in the research lifecycle, and the emerging context for increasing non-text based content Focuses on the management of research data in repositories and related issues such as metadata and persistent identifiers Discusses skills and knowledge needed by repository staff to manage content diversity
Category: Business & Economics

Authenticity In A Digital Environment

Author : Council on Library and Information Resources
ISBN : UOM:39015071445293
Genre : Archival materials
File Size : 88.43 MB
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On January 24, 2000, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) convened a group of experts from different domains of the information resources community to address the question, "What is an authentic digital object?" Five writers--an archivist, a digital library expert, a documentary editor and special collections librarian, an expert on documentary theory, and a computer scientist--were asked to write position papers that identify the attributes that define authentic digital data over time. These papers, together with a brief reflection on the major outcomes of the workshop, are presented in this document. The papers are: "Authentication of Digital Objects: Lessons from a Historian's Research" (Charles T. Cullen); "Archival Authenticity in a Digital Age" (Peter B. Hirtle); "Where's Waldo? Reflections on Copies and Authenticity in a Digital Environment" (David M. Levy); "Authenticity and Integrity in the Digital Environment: An Exploratory Analysis of the Central Role of Trust" (Clifford Lynch); "Preserving Authentic Digital Information" (Jeff Rothenberg); and "Authenticity in Perspective" (Abby Smith). An appendix lists the conference participants. (AEF)
Category: Archival materials

Annual Review Of Information Science And Technology 2004

Author : Blaise Cronin
ISBN : 1573871850
Genre : Reference
File Size : 66.44 MB
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Contents for Volume 38:Science and Technology Studies and Information Studies, by Nancy A. Van HouseNew Theoretic Approaches for Human-Computer Interaction, by Yvonne RogersCommunity and Electronic Community, by David Ellis, Rachel Oldridge, and Ana VasconcelosLatent Semantic Analysis, by Susan T. DumaisThe Use of Web Search Engines in Information Science Research, by Judit Bar-IlanWeb Mining: Machine Learning for Web Applications, by Hsinchun Chen and Michael ChauData Mining in Health and Medical Information, by Peter A. BathIndexing, Browsing, and Searching of Digital Video, by Alan F. SmeatonICT's and Political Life, by Alice Robbin, Christina Courtright, and Leah DavisLegal Aspects of the Web, by Alexandre Lopez Borrull and Charles OppenheimPreservation of Digital Objectives, by Patricia GallowayThe Internet and Unrefereed Scholarly Publishing, by Rob Kling
Category: Reference

Databases In Networked Information Systems

Author : Japan) Dnis 200 (2003 Aizu-Han
ISBN : 9783540201113
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69.37 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Databases in Networked Information Systems, DNIS 2003, held in Aizu, Japan in September 2003. The 11 revised full papers presented together with 9 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected for presentation. The papers are organized in topical sections on Web intelligence, information interchange and management systems, information interchange among cyber communities, knowledge annotation and visualization.
Category: Business & Economics

Critical Digital Studies

Author : Arthur Kroker
ISBN : 9781442666719
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.54 MB
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Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.
Category: Social Science

Using Open Source Systems For Digital Libraries

Author : Art Rhyno
ISBN : UOM:39015058104129
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 64.57 MB
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Provides a starting point for key technologies and the associated tools that make them usable.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Google Web Toolkit Solutions Digital Short Cut

Author : David Geary
ISBN : 0132712946
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.74 MB
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. The Google Web Toolkit (GWT) is a cutting-edge UI framework for Java developers, which lets you create rich, interactive user interfaces using familiar idioms from Java’s Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT), Swing, and the Eclipse Foundation’s SWT. If you’ve used any of those frameworks in the past, you’re already halfway up the GWT learning curve. This short cut assumes that you have already installed GWT and have experimented with its basic features. It also assumes that you’re comfortable with techniques like implementing event listeners as anonymous inner classes and know how to construct applications using panels and widgets. Some of the more advanced aspects of the GWT are explored in this short cut using two applications: an address book and a Yahoo! trip viewer. Both applications use remote procedure calls to access information on the server or an online web service. The Yahoo! Trips application also shows how you can incorporate Scriptaculous, a powerful JavaScript toolkit, to apply a useful effect for displaying results. Other cool and useful techniques, including how to implement drag and drop and how to integrate with a database using Hibernate are demonstrated. Since you’ll eventually want to move your GWT application to a servlet container such as Tomcat or Resin, the process of deploying a GWT application to Tomcat with Ant is also covered. Lastly, this short cut shows how to use popup panels and deferred commands to provide a much more interactive user interface. A JAR file containing the source code for both applications can be downloaded by going to www.prenhallprofessional.com/title/0131584650.
Category: Computers