Observing Our Changing Earth

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Thriving On Our Changing Planet

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309467575
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.4 MB
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We live on a dynamic Earth shaped by both natural processes and the impacts of humans on their environment. It is in our collective interest to observe and understand our planet, and to predict future behavior to the extent possible, in order to effectively manage resources, successfully respond to threats from natural and human-induced environmental change, and capitalize on the opportunities â€" social, economic, security, and more â€" that such knowledge can bring. By continuously monitoring and exploring Earth, developing a deep understanding of its evolving behavior, and characterizing the processes that shape and reshape the environment in which we live, we not only advance knowledge and basic discovery about our planet, but we further develop the foundation upon which benefits to society are built. Thriving on Our Changing Planet presents prioritized science, applications, and observations, along with related strategic and programmatic guidance, to support the U.S. civil space Earth observation program over the coming decade.
Category: Science

Observing Our Changing Earth

Author : Michael G. Sideris
ISBN : 9783540854265
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.41 MB
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This volume contains a selection of 99 papers from the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) quadrennial General Assembly, held in Perugia, Italy, from July 2 to 13, 2007, in conjunction with the XXIV General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG). There were 225 oral and 474 poster presentations made at the five IAG Symposia, which covered the following research themes: Reference Frames, Gravity Field, Earth Rotation and Geodynamics, Positioning and Applications, The Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS). The Symposia focused on Earth observation and the there pillars of geodesy (geometry, Earth rotation, gravity field), and the presented topics spanned a broad and multidisciplinary spectrum of theory and applications. It was clearly evident that, with the recent advances in space missions such as GRACE, geodesy can now contribute to the detection of large-scale temporal phenomena and hence to the solution of important problems of society related to monitoring our environment and understanding global change. Therefore, the title of this volume, "Observing our Changing Earth," was chosen to reflect this fact, as well as to agree with the general theme of the 2007 IUGG General Assembly, "Earth: Our Changing Planet."
Category: Science

Thriving On Our Changing Planet A Decadal Strategy For Earth Observation From Space

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309492430
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.97 MB
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We live on a dynamic Earth shaped by both natural processes and the impacts of humans on their environment. It is in our collective interest to observe and understand our planet, and to predict future behavior to the extent possible, in order to effectively manage resources, successfully respond to threats from natural and human-induced environmental change, and capitalize on the opportunities â€" social, economic, security, and more â€" that such knowledge can bring. By continuously monitoring and exploring Earth, developing a deep understanding of its evolving behavior, and characterizing the processes that shape and reshape the environment in which we live, we not only advance knowledge and basic discovery about our planet, but we further develop the foundation upon which benefits to society are built. Thriving on Our Changing Planet: A Decadal Strategy for Earth Observation from Space (National Academies Press, 2018) provides detailed guidance on how relevant federal agencies can ensure that the United States receives the maximum benefit from its investments in Earth observations from space, while operating within realistic cost constraints. This short booklet, designed to be accessible to the general public, provides a summary of the key ideas and recommendations from the full decadal survey report.
Category: Science

Our Changing Planet

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822023943749
Genre : Climatic changes
File Size : 70.5 MB
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Category: Climatic changes

Understanding The Changing Planet

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309157234
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.62 MB
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From the oceans to continental heartlands, human activities have altered the physical characteristics of Earth's surface. With Earth's population projected to peak at 8 to 12 billion people by 2050 and the additional stress of climate change, it is more important than ever to understand how and where these changes are happening. Innovation in the geographical sciences has the potential to advance knowledge of place-based environmental change, sustainability, and the impacts of a rapidly changing economy and society. Understanding the Changing Planet outlines eleven strategic directions to focus research and leverage new technologies to harness the potential that the geographical sciences offer.
Category: Science

Our Changing Planet

Author : Climate Change Science Program (U.S.)
ISBN : MINN:31951D02403384O
Genre : Climatic changes
File Size : 50.96 MB
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Category: Climatic changes

Sciamachy Exploring The Changing Earth S Atmosphere

Author : Manfred Gottwald
ISBN : 9048198968
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.7 MB
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SCIAMACHY, the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY, is a passive sensor for exploring the Earth’s atmosphere. It is part of the payload of the European Earth Observation mission ENVISAT, launched on 1 March 2002. SCIAMACHY observes absorption spectra of molecules from the UV (214 nm) to the short-wave infrared wavelength range (2386 nm) and derives the atmospheric composition – trace gases, aerosols, clouds – from these measurements. Having meanwhile successfully monitored and explored the Earth’s atmosphere for more than 8 years, new and exciting insights into the Earth-atmosphere system are obtained. The provided global data sets do not only cover greenhouse gases and pollutants in the troposphere or the ozone chemistry in the stratosphere but even reach up to the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. They contribute significantly to atmospheric physics and chemistry as well as climate change research. SCIAMACHY is one of the major current Earth Observation undertakings of Germany, The Netherlands and Belgium, accomplished in cooperation with the European Space Agency (ESA). Many scientific groups at various institutes in Europe and abroad were and are actively involved in the analysis of the data. This book is a comprehensive summary describing the entire SCIAMACHY mission – from the very first ideas to the current results. It illustrates how the measurements are performed, how the trace gas concentrations are derived from the measured spectra and how the unique data sets are used to improve our understanding of the changing Earth’s atmosphere. The targeted readership is not only the existing and potentially new SCIAMACHY data users from undergraduate student level up to researchers new in the fields of atmospheric chemistry and remote sensing, but anyone who is keen to learn about SCIAMACHY’s efforts to study the atmosphere and its responses to both, natural phenomena and anthropogenic effects.
Category: Science

Our Changing Planet

Author : John H. Gibbons
ISBN : 0788146882
Genre :
File Size : 64.97 MB
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Presents an overview of the 1998 research program which focuses on four key areas of Earth system science that are of significant scientific and practical importance: Seasonal to Interannual Climate Variability; Climate Change Over Decades to Centuries; Changes to Ozone, UV Radiation, and Atmospheric Chemistry; and Changes in Land Cover and in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems. Appendices include the proposed budget for 1998, FY96-FY98 budget by agency and program, explanatory notes, and contact information. Maps, graphs, and tables.
Category:

Our Changing Planet

Author : Robert C. Correll
ISBN : 0788175408
Genre :
File Size : 83.89 MB
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Presents an overview of the U.S. Global Change Research Program & discusses seasonal to interannual climate fluctuations & related events, climate change over the next few decades, stratospheric ozone depletion & increased UV radiation, changes in land cover & in terrestrial & marine ecosystems, crosscutting aspects of global change research, & international cooperation. Includes highlights of recent USGCRP research results, the proposed USGCRP budget for FY 1996, FY95-FY96 USGCRP budget by program, a history of the USGCRP, & related acronyms list. Illustrated.
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Our Changing Planet

Author : Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology. Committee on Earth Sciences
ISBN : UIUC:30112105150558
Genre : Climatic changes
File Size : 33.3 MB
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Category: Climatic changes

Our Changing Planet

Author : Rick Piltz
ISBN : 0788175890
Genre :
File Size : 66.43 MB
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This report, a supplement to the president's fiscal year 1999 budget, provides the highlights of the recent research of the U.S. Global Change Research Program & describes its future plans & directions. Includes: executive summary; the earth system; global change & regional implications; global change issues: highlights of recent & ongoing research: integrating activities: highlights of current developments; national assessment of the consequences of climate change for the U.S.; & 7 appendices on the USGCRP budget, organization & management, etc.
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Our Changing Earth

Author : Gertrude Whipple
ISBN : STANFORD:36105049330769
Genre : Geography
File Size : 34.98 MB
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Category: Geography

Our Changing Planet

Author : National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Research
ISBN : UCSD:31822023308489
Genre : Climatic changes
File Size : 43.58 MB
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Category: Climatic changes

Our Earth S Changing Land L Y

Author : Helmut Geist
ISBN : 0313327041
Genre : Land cover
File Size : 28.91 MB
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Scientists predict that the environment over the next 100 years will be threatened by severe challenges--the loss of biodiversity, expected changes in world-wide climate, and decreasing amounts of arable land and potable water for an exploding human population. All of these will greatly impact how the earth will be able to support life in the future. And at the center of these global environmental changes are developments in land use. Over the last 300 years, and in particular the last 50 years, the earth's land has been altered drastically as a result of increasing industrialization and urbanization worldwide, as well as by changes in agricultural techniques in lands under cultivation. These developments raise troubling questions about out future: How will these changes affect the sustainability of certain types of land use? How will they impinge upon critical regions, like rainforests and deserts? Will the earth be able to provide for the basic human needs of food, shelter, and water?
Category: Land cover

Earth Observations And Global Change

Author : Lyn Wigbels
ISBN : 0892065419
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.5 MB
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... Rather than learning to adapt to natural and manmade disasters, the changing climate, the global food crisis, as well as our growing appetite for energy, and dealing only with the consequences after the fact, we need to start focusing our efforts on the Earth observation systems that will better connect humanity and its home, allowing us to prevent, predict, and mitigate the increasingly dramatic impacts of global change."--from pub. synopsis.
Category: Science

Understanding Our Changing Planet Nasa S Earth Science Enterprise

Author : National Aeronautics and Space Adm Nasa
ISBN : 1724026569
Genre : Science
File Size : 84.63 MB
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NASA has been studying the Earth and its changing environment by observing the atmosphere, oceans, land, ice, and snow and their influence on climate and weather since the agency's creation. This study has lead to a new approach to understanding the interaction of the Earth's systems, Earth System Science. The Earth Science Enterprise, NASA's comprehensive program for Earth System Science, uses satellites and other tools to intensively study the Earth. The Earth Science Enterprise has three main components: (1) a series of Earth-observing satellites, (2) an advanced data system and (3) teams of scientist who study the data. Key areas of study include: (1) clouds, (2) water and energy cycles, (3) oceans, (4) chemistry of the atmosphere, (5) land surface, water and ecosystems processes; (6) glaciers and polar ice sheets, and (7) the solid earth. Forehand, Lon and Griner, Charlotte (Editor) and Greenstone, Renny (Editor) Goddard Space Flight Center NASA/NP-1999-01-0007-GSFC, NAS 1.83:01-0007-GSFC
Category: Science

Observation And Ecology

Author : Rafe Sagarin
ISBN : 9781610912303
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.18 MB
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The need to understand and address large-scale environmental problems that are difficult to study in controlled environments—issues ranging from climate change to overfishing to invasive species—is driving the field of ecology in new and important directions. Observation and Ecology documents that transformation, exploring how scientists and researchers are expanding their methodological toolbox to incorporate an array of new and reexamined observational approaches—from traditional ecological knowledge to animal-borne sensors to genomic and remote-sensing technologies—to track, study, and understand current environmental problems and their implications. The authors paint a clear picture of what observational approaches to ecology are and where they fit in the context of ecological science. They consider the full range of observational abilities we have available to us and explore the challenges and practical difficulties of using a primarily observational approach to achieve scientific understanding. They also show how observations can be a bridge from ecological science to education, environmental policy, and resource management. Observations in ecology can play a key role in understanding our changing planet and the consequences of human activities on ecological processes. This book will serve as an important resource for future scientists and conservation leaders who are seeking a more holistic and applicable approach to ecological science.
Category: Science