Nutritive Requirements Of Ruminant Animals

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The Nutrient Requirements Of Ruminant Livestock

Author : Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux
ISBN : CORNELL:31924052813999
Genre : Animal nutrition
File Size : 55.2 MB
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This work discusses the nutrient requirements of all forms of ruminant livestock.
Category: Animal nutrition

Nutrient Requirements Of Domesticated Ruminants

Author : , Primary Industries Standing Committee
ISBN : 9780643099357
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.78 MB
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Nutrient Requirements of Domesticated Ruminants draws on the most up-to-date research on the energy, protein, mineral, vitamin and water requirements of beef and dairy cattle, sheep and goats. It defines the responses of animals, in weight change, milk production and wool growth, to quantitative and qualitative changes in their feed supply. It has particular application to grazing animals. Factors affecting the intake of feed are taken into account and recommendations are given according to the production systems being used; for instance, the feed intake of a grazing animal is affected by a larger number of variables than a housed animal. Examples of the estimation of the energy and nutrients required for the different production systems are given, as well as the production expected from predicted feed intakes. The interactions between the grazing animal, the pasture and any supplementary feeds are complex, involving herbage availability, diet selection and substitution. To facilitate the application of these recommendations to particular grazing situations, readers are directed to decision support tools and spreadsheet programs. Nutrient Requirements of Domesticated Ruminants is based on the benchmark publication, Feeding Standards for Australian Livestock: Ruminants, published in 1990 by CSIRO PUBLISHING on behalf of the Standing Committee on Agriculture. It provides comprehensive and useful information for graziers, livestock advisors, veterinarians, feed manufacturers and animal nutrition researchers. The recommendations described are equally applicable to animals in feedlots or drought yards.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ruminant Nutrition

Author : Robert Jarrige
ISBN : 0861962478
Genre : Animal nutrition
File Size : 72.55 MB
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This volume deals with feed evaluation systems, the nutrient requirements of ruminant livestock and the feeding value of a wide range of feedstuffs. The feed tables occupy 125 pages and list about 800 typical forages, 65 crop residues and 120 concentrate and by-product feeds. This book is an essential source for teachers, specialist scientists and industrialists.
Category: Animal nutrition

Nutrient Requirements Of Domesticated Ruminants

Author : CSIRO Publishing
ISBN : 9780643092624
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46.21 MB
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"This publication represents a revision of the report entitled 'Feeding standards for Australian livestock. Ruminants' that was issued in 1990 by CSIRO Publishing in conjunction with the Standing Committee on Agriculture"--Introduction.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nutrient Requirements Of Small Ruminants

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309102138
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60.36 MB
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Proper formulation of diets for small ruminants depends on adequate knowledge of their nutrient requirements.
Category: Medical

Energy And Protein Requirements Of Ruminants

Author : Geoffrey Alderman
ISBN : WISC:89049438872
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.96 MB
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This book is an officially authorized advisory manual that implements the recommendations on the energy and protein requirements of cattle, sheep and goats made by the AFRC Technical Committee on Responses to Nutrients (TCORN) since its establishment in 1982. TCORN has produced a series of numbered reports including No. 5 in 1990 on Nutrient Requirements on Ruminant Animals: Energyand in 1992, No. 9 Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant Animals: Protein. The former recommended, with only minor modifications, the adoption of the AFRC’s 1980 Technical Review’s full recommendations on energy requirements of ruminants, while the latter recommended the adoption of a protein system based on Metabolisable Protein as the unit. Opportunity has been taken to include material from TCORN Report No. 8, 1991 on the Voluntary Intake of Silage by Cattle and from an unpublished TCORN Report on the Nutrition of Goats. The current volume presents these recommendations in a practical form designed for use by advisors, farmers, lecturers, research workers and students concerned with the nutrition of ruminant animals. The manual includes 45 tables of requirements (incorporating agreed safety margins) and 29 example diets.
Category: Science

Nutrition Of Grazing Ruminants In Warm Climates

Author :
ISBN : 9780323138871
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.2 MB
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From the Preface The objective of this book is to review the basic knowledge and methodology of feeding grazing ruminants in tropical and semitropical countries. It is hoped this information will be of use to farmers, research specialists, teachers, students, extension specialists, feed manufacturers, and others throughout the world concerned with the nutrition of grazing ruminants. A unique feature is the identification of nutritional limitations of grazing ruminants in the tropics, which will be beneficial for increasing animal production efficiency through the application of improved nutrition. A large number of photographs illustrate nutritional deficiencies and conditions in tropical countries. This book contains 18 chapters concerned with the nutrition of grazing ruminants. The first chapter deals with the contributions, locations, and various types of ruminants and their importance to human welfare in the tropics and subtropics. Chapters 2 - 4 progress through nutrient requirements of grazing ruminants in warm climates, the effects of tropical heat on these requirements, and water requirements for ruminant species. Chapters 5 - 7 discuss grass and legume forage species suitable for tropical regions, pasture management procedures, and energy-protein supplementation programs needed during the extensive dry periods. The importance of tropical forages and soils toward meeting mineral requirements is discussed in Chapter 8. Chapters 9 -14 contain concise, up-to-date summaries of minerals emphasizing mineral status, incidence of mineral deficiencies and excesses in tropical regions, and benefits and methods of mineral supplementation for grazing ruminants are discussed in Chapters 15 - 17. Chapter 18 reviews vitamin nutrition considerations for ruminants consuming tropical forages.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Comparative Animal Nutrition And Metabolism

Author : Peter R. Cheeke
ISBN : 9781845936310
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.35 MB
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Nutrition is a very broad discipline, encompassing biochemistry, physiology, endocrinology, immunology, microbiology and pathology. Presenting the major principles of nutrition of both domestic and wild animals, this book takes a comparative approach, recognising that there are considerable differences in nutrient digestion, metabolism and requirements among various mammalian and avian species. Explaining species differences in food selection, food-seeking and digestive strategies and their significance to nutritional needs, chapters cover a broad range of topics including digestive physiology, metabolic disorders and specific nutrients such as carbohydrates proteins and lipids, with particular attention being paid to nutritional and metabolic idiosyncrasies. It is an essential text for students of animal and veterinary sciences.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nutrient Elements In Grassland

Author : D. C. Whitehead
ISBN : 0851999387
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.79 MB
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This book is an essential reference source covering the chemical elements that are nutrients for plants or grazing animals. It deals with the concentrations and transformations of these elements in soils, grassland plants, and ruminant animals, particularly cattle and sheep. For each element, the following data are given: forms occurring in soil, factors that affect availability and concentration, uptake and distribution in grassland plants, role in animal nutrition, amounts and forms excreted by grazing animals, and concentrations needed by ruminant animals.
Category: Medical

Animal Nutrition Science

Author : Gordon McL. Dryden
ISBN : 9781780640563
Genre : Animal-Food
File Size : 73.29 MB
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Category: Animal-Food

Norfor

Author : Harald Volden
ISBN : 9789086867189
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.1 MB
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NorFor is a semi-mechanistic feed evaluation system for cattle, which is used by advisors in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. This book describes in detail the system and it covers five main sections. The first is concerned with information on feed characteristics, feed analysis and feed digestion methods. The second section describes the digestion and metabolism in the gastrointestinal tract and the supply and requirement of energy and metabolizable amino acids. The third section considers the prediction of feed intake and physical structure of the diet. The fourth section focuses on model evaluation and the final section provides information on the IT solutions and feed ration formulation by a non-linear economical optimization procedure. This book will be of significant interest to researchers, students and advisors of cattle nutrition and feed evaluation.
Category: Science

Recent Developments In Ruminant Nutrition

Author : W Haresign
ISBN : 9781483103532
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.56 MB
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Recent Developments in Ruminant Nutrition presents papers that discuss the advancement of the different areas of ruminant nutrition. The book is comprised of 20 chapters that cover topics, such as reproduction, diet, and nutrition. The coverage of the text includes growth stimulation in ruminants; protein quantity and quality for the U.K. dairy cow; and complete-diet feeding of dairy cows. The book also covers rumen fermentation related topics, such as influence of nitrogen and carbohydrate inputs on rumen fermentation; aspects of the biochemistry of rumen fermentation and their implication in ruminant productivity; and manipulation of rumen fermentation. The text will be of great use to researchers and professionals in the animal husbandry industry.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Recent Advances In Animal Nutrition 1977

Author : William Haresign
ISBN : 9781483164250
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76.25 MB
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Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition-1977 presents papers that tackle the various areas of concerns in raising ruminants. The book contains a total of 11 studies that examine the factors affecting rumen fermentation. The text first covers EEC and feed compounding, and then proceeds to discussing the aspects of the biochemistry of rumen fermentation. Chapter 3 examines the influence of nitrogen and carbohydrate inputs on rumen fermentation. Chapter 4 talks about reducing the rate of ammonia release through alternative non-protein nitrogen sources. The fifth chapter describes the potential of protected proteins in ruminant nutrition. Next, the book discusses the manipulation of rumen fermentation. Chapter 7 covers the application of non-protein nitrogen, protected proteins, and rumen fermentation control. The next two chapters deal with broilers and turkeys. The eleventh chapter talks about predicting growth response in pigs, while the last chapter covers fish nutrition. The book will be most useful to both researchers and practitioners of animal related disciplines, such as agriculture and veterinary medicine.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Feeding Of Non Ruminant Livestock

Author : Julian Wiseman
ISBN : 9781483100319
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.48 MB
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Feeding of Non-Ruminant Livestock focuses on the nutrition of non-ruminant livestock. The book first discusses the feeding of non-ruminants, including regulation of feed intake and intake requirements and recommendations. The text highlights the energy value of feeds for non-ruminants; protein, vitamin, mineral, and nutrition of non-ruminants; and nutrition of rabbits. The book also underscores the nutrition of growing and breeding pigs, including gilts, boars, and sows. The text describes the nutrition of rapidly growing broilers. Presentation of diets and choice of energy level; proteins and amino acids; characteristics of production system; and mineral, vitamins, and additives are considered. The book also discusses the nutrition of laying hens and turkeys. Nutrition of rearing pullets; nutrition of hens during lay; meat turkeys; and nutrition of breeder turkeys during rearing are described. The text also highlights the nutrition of ducks, Japanese quails, and roasting geese. The book is a good source of information for readers wanting to study the nutrition demands of non-ruminant livestock.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ruminant Nitrogen Usage

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309035972
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53.99 MB
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This book brings together the latest research on protein absorption by ruminants and takes a look at the calculation of optimum nutrient requirements, including bacterial digestion, in the calculations. It also describes the parameters of nitrogen conversion in the ruminant and examines the different kinds of protein found in animal feedstuffs. ;ITAnimal Feed Science and Technology;IT calls it "essential for all scientists and teachers actively working in ruminant nutrition research and instruction."
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Nutrition And Food

Author : Carolyn D. Berdanier
ISBN : 9781466505728
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27.95 MB
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The new edition of the Handbook of Nutrition and Food follows the format of the bestselling earlier editions, providing a reference guide for many of the issues on health and well being that are affected by nutrition. Completely revised, the third edition contains 20 new chapters, 50 percent new figures, and updates to most of the previously existi
Category: Medical

The Ruminant Animal

Author : D. C. Church
ISBN : 0881337404
Genre : Nature
File Size : 37.7 MB
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This text represents a compilation of relevant information on major topics related to nutrient requirements & nutrient metabolism of ruminants, which are cud-chewing, even-toed, hooved mammals.
Category: Nature

Modelling Nutrient Digestion And Utilisation In Farm Animals

Author : D. Sauvant
ISBN : 9789086867127
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.49 MB
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For more than 30 years, modelling has been an important method for integrating, in a flexible, comprehensive and widely applicable way, basic knowledge and biological concepts on digestion and metabolism in farm animals. The purpose of this book is to present the 'state of art' in this area. The chapters are written by leading teams and researchers in this field of study, mainly from Europe, North America and Australasia. Considerable progress has been made in topics dealing with: modelling methods, feeding behaviour, digestion and metabolic processes in ruminants and monogastric animals. This progress is clearly illustrated by the emergence of a new paradigm in animal nutrition, which has moved from the aim to cover the requirements of the animal to explaining and predicting the responses of the animals to diets (e.g., productivity and efficiency, impact on quality of products, environmental aspects, health and well-being). In this book several chapters illustrate that through empirical models, meta-analysis is an efficient tool to synthesize information gathered over recent decades. In addition, compared with other books on modelling farm animal nutrition, two new aspects received particular attention: expanding knowledge of the individual animal to understanding the functioning and management of herds, and the consideration of the environmental impact of animal production. This book is a valuable source of information for researchers, nutritionists, advisors, and graduate students who want to have up-to-date and concise information on mathematical modelling applied to farm animals.
Category: Science