Normalization Of Deviance

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Recognizing And Responding To Normalization Of Deviance

Author :
ISBN : 9781119506713
Genre : Chemical plants
File Size : 22.81 MB
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An essential guide for recognizing and responding to normalization of deviance to help organizations improve their process safety performance This book provides an introduction and offers approaches for finding and addressing normalization of deviation both in operational and organizational activities. It addresses the initial and long-term effects of normalization of deviations as seen in reduced efficiencies, reduced product quality, extended batch run time, and near miss process safety incidents which can lead to loss of containment of hazardous materials and energies. Recognizing and Responding to Normalization of Deviance addresses how to recognize and respond to the normalization of deviation that can, and almost certainly will, occur in any ongoing operations that involves humans. The book's primary focus is on reducing the incidence of normalization of deviation and the associated increased risk exposure due to its effects when operating chemical or petrochemical manufacturing facilities. It contains an introduction to the concept and offers approaches for finding and addressing normalization of deviation when it presents itself in both operational and organizational activities. Contains guidance to assist facilities in recognizing and addressing the phenomenon of normalization of deviation Provides techniques for addressing normalized deviations and techniques to eliminate waste in all manufacturing processes Describes methods for identifying normalized deviation as well as where to find deviations Includes techniques to reduce operational normalization of deviance and to reduce organizational normalization of deviance Aimed at process safety professionals and consultants applying process safety risk reduction efforts in manufacturing areas, Recognizing and Responding to Normalization of Deviance is an important book for any organization that has seen its process safety performance deteriorate over time.
Category: Chemical plants

Normalization Of Deviance

Author : Karlene Petitt
ISBN : 1944738096
Genre :
File Size : 78.71 MB
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The things that airlines, aircraft manufacturers, and the FAA are not sharing with the public. This book is the result of the author's doctoral research-Safety Culture, Training, Understanding, Aviation Passion: The Impact on Manual Flight and Operational Performance. The study began with the question as to why pilots were not manually flying their aircraft. Regulatory officials identified this to be a problem, not only with manual flight and skill loss, but lack of understanding of their equipment and associated displays. This Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) then recommended all airlines to encourage manual flight. While the intent of this research was to learn what predicted manual flight, what was learned may have predicted and, if heeded, prevented the Lion Air Flight 602, 2018 crash, Ethiopian Flight 302, 2019 crash, and Atlas Air Flight 3591, 2019 crash. What was learned, if heeded, could also have prevented the Air France Flight 447 crash. There is never one reason an accident occurs, but a chain of events. At the core of all four of these accidents were failures in safety culture, reporting culture, pilot training, lack of understanding and, as a result, performance. The research identified the significant predictors of manual flight to be pilot understanding, pilot training, aviation passion, and safety culture. In the sequence of events from corporate processes to the flight line, the research identified that safety culture is the core of operational performance. Safety culture influences training, training influences pilots' level of understanding, and that level of understanding influences the pilot's decision to manually fly. Therefore the answer as to why pilots are not flying their aircraft begins with safety culture. if you travel, fly, or touch aviation in any aspect, you have every reason to read this book. If you wish to read the actual dissertation, it may be found at https://petittaviationresearch.com.
Category:

The Challenger Launch Decision

Author : Diane Vaughan
ISBN : 0226851761
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78.31 MB
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Discusses the social impact of the crash and analyzes the NASA decision making process.
Category: Social Science

Recognizing And Responding To Normalization Of Deviance

Author :
ISBN : 1523119748
Genre : Chemical plants
File Size : 87.6 MB
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"Contains guidelines to assist facilities in recognizing and addressing the phenomenon of normalization of deviation -Provides techniques for addressing normalized deviations and techniques to eliminate waste in all manufacturing processes -Describes methods for identifying normalized deviation as well as where to find deviations -Includes techniques to reduce operational normalization of deviance and to reduce organizational normalization of deviance Market description: Process safety professionals in all areas of manufacturing; Process safety consultants; Chemical engineering students; Certified safety professionals"--
Category: Chemical plants

Normalisation Of Deviance

Author : Richard Dedominici
ISBN : OCLC:1110202012
Genre : Performance art
File Size : 61.3 MB
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Category: Performance art

Encyclopedia Of Criminological Theory

Author : Francis T. Cullen
ISBN : 9781412959186
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.13 MB
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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime
Category: Social Science

Bad Pastors

Author : Susan E. Darnell
ISBN : 0814781462
Genre : Religion
File Size : 81.54 MB
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Utopian literature has given voice to the hopes and fears of the human race from its earliest days to the present. The only single-volume anthology of its kind, The Utopia Reader encompasses the entire spectrum and history of utopian writing-from the Old Testament and Plato's Republic, to Sir Thomas More's Utopia and George Orwell's twentieth century dystopia, Nineteen Eighty-Four, through to the present day. The editors of this definitive collection demonstrate the various ways in which utopias have been used throughout history as veiled criticism of existing conditions and how peoples excluded from the dominant discourse-such as women and minorities-have used the form to imagine empowering alternatives to present circumstances. An engaging tour through the dissident, polemic, and satirical tradition of utopian writing, The Utopia Reader ultimately provides a telling portrait of civilization's persistent need to imagine and construct ideal societies.
Category: Religion

Emergency Medicine Secrets E Book

Author : Vincent J. Markovchick
ISBN : 9780323081283
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38.74 MB
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Emergency Medicine Secrets, 5th Edition, by Drs. Vincent J. Markovchick, Peter T. Pons, and Katherine M. Bakes, gives you the emergency medicine answers you need for successful emergency medicine care. Featuring new chapters and revised content to bring you completely up to date, this dependable review and reference retains its engaging question-and-answer format. Get the most return for your study time with the proven Secrets® format – concise, easy to read, and highly effective. Skim the "Top 100 Secrets" and "Key Points" boxes for a fast overview of the secrets you must know for success in practice. Enjoy faster, easier review and master the top issues in emergency medicine with mnemonics, lists, quick-reference tables, and an informal tone that sets this review book apart from the rest. Carry it with you in your lab coat pocket for quick reference or review anytime, anywhere. Understand the latest concepts in emergency medicine with all-new chapters such as Evidence-based Rational Use of Diagnostic Imaging, Common Drugs of Abuse, and One Pill Can Kill, plus extensive updates on Asthma • COPD and Pneumonia • Esophagus and Stomach Disorders • Soft-Tissue Infections • Evaluation of Fever in Children Younger than Three • Seizures in Infancy and Childhood • Acute Respiratory Disorders in Children • Evaluation of Child Abuse • Procedural Sedation and Analgesia of the Pediatric Patient • Bites and Stings • Sexual Assault • Third Trimester Complications and Delivery • Abdominal Trauma • Burns • Domestic Violence • EMTALA, JC, and HIPAA • and Medical Oversight and Disaster Management Stay current with thorough updates to both text and references in all chapters, and related websites added to the bibliography.
Category: Medical

Perioperative Safety E Book

Author : Donna S. Watson
ISBN : 9780323081603
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52.40 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The only book devoted to this increasingly important issue, Perioperative Safety helps you reduce risk in a setting where even small errors can lead to life-threatening complications. Expert author Donna Watson addresses essential safety principles and concepts, covering patient safety with topics such as the latest safety strategies and initiatives, perioperative safe medication use, preventing infections, anesthesia safety, normothermia management, and electrosurgery. Coverage of staff and workplace safety helps you minimize risk with bloodborne pathogens, latex allergy, the use of lasers, and radiation exposure. Case studies show the application of safety concepts in real-world situations. Unique! The only book devoted to the increasingly important issue of perioperative safety, where small errors can lead to life-threatening complications. Unique! Highly qualified writers are some of the leading experts in the perioperative field, so material is up to date and emphasizes the most important information. Unique! Clinical Points boxes call attention to key points in promoting safety for both patients and staff in the perioperative setting. Unique! Case studies describe real-life scenarios related to promoting patient safety. Figures and tables are used to support important content.
Category: Medical

Understanding The Global Environment

Author : Samir Dasgupta
ISBN : 813171702X
Genre : Environmental economics
File Size : 61.78 MB
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Globalization is often discussed in terms of its ecological ramifications. Yet, while ecological imbalance is today one of the greatest threats to mankind, globalization is also a reality that is here to stay. The volume, therefore, seeks to address how globalizing and environmental interests can be reconciled. The essays in this volume state that globalization can work both in favour of and against the environment. The major issues discussed in this topical volume are, how globalization can be used to promote environmental reforms; the role of individuals, private organizations and governments in keeping environmental degradation in check and in promoting environmental reform; globalization and ecological inequality; women, the environment and globalization; changing nature of environmental movements; overpopulation and the ecology; the relation between the ecology and the economy; and the effects of global climate changes.
Category: Environmental economics

Out Of Practice

Author : Frederick M. Barken
ISBN : 0801461081
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23.77 MB
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Primary care medicine, as we know and remember it, is in crisis. While policymakers, government administrators, and the health insurance industry pay lip service to the personal relationship between physician and patient, dissatisfaction and disaffection run rampant among primary care doctors, and medical students steer clear in order to pursue more lucrative specialties. Patients feel helpless, well aware that they are losing a valued close connection as health care steadily becomes more transactional than relational. The thin-margin efficiency, rapid pace, and high volume demanded by the new health care economics do not work for primary care, an inherently slower, more personal, and uniquely tailored service. In Out of Practice, Dr. Frederick Barken juxtaposes his personal experience with the latest research on the transformations in the medical field. He offers a cool critique of the "market model of medicine" while vividly illustrating how the seemingly inexorable trend toward specialization in the last few decades has shifted emphasis away from what was once the foundation of medical practice. Dr. Barken addresses the complexities of modern practice—overuse of diagnostic studies, fragmentation of care, increasing reliance on an array of prescription drugs, and the practice of defensive medicine. He shows how changes in medicine, the family, and society have left physicians to deal with a wide range of geriatric issues, from limited mobility to dementia, that are not addressed by health care policy and are not entirely amenable to a physician’s prescription. Indeed, Dr. Barken contends, the very survival of primary care is in jeopardy at a time when its practitioners are needed more than ever. Illustrated with case studies gleaned from more than twenty years in private practice and data from a wide range of sources, Out of Practice is more than a jeremiad about a broken system. Throughout, Dr. Barken offers cogent suggestions for policymakers and practitioners alike, making clear that as valuable as the latest drug or medical device may be, a successful health care system depends just as much on the doctor-patient relationship embodied by primary care medicine.
Category: Political Science

Self Reinforcing Processes In And Among Organizations

Author : J. Sydow
ISBN : 9780230392830
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 83.49 MB
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Management and organization research has rediscovered individual agency, innovation and entrepreneurship. As such, there is a risk of overlooking the power of self-reinforcing processes in and among organizations. This volume redirects attention to these processes, including: escalating commitment, organizational imprinting and path dependence.
Category: Business & Economics

Hbr S 10 Must Reads On Making Smart Decisions With Featured Article Before You Make That Big Decision By Daniel Kahneman Dan Lovallo And Olivier Sibony

Author : Harvard Business Review
ISBN : 9781422191439
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.44 MB
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Learn why bad decisions happen to good managers—and how to make better ones. If you read nothing else on decision making, read these 10 articles. We’ve combed through hundreds of articles in the Harvard Business Review archive and selected the most important ones to help you and your organization make better choices and avoid common traps. Leading experts such as Ram Charan, Michael Mankins, and Thomas Davenport provide the insights and advice you need to: Make bold decisions that challenge the status quo Support your decisions with diverse data Evaluate risks and benefits with equal rigor Check for faulty cause-and-effect reasoning Test your decisions with experiments Foster and address constructive criticism Defeat indecisiveness with clear accountability
Category: Business & Economics

Deviance Management

Author : Christopher D. Bader
ISBN : 9780520304482
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.48 MB
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Deviance Management examines how individuals and subcultures manage the stigma of being labeled socially deviant. Exploring high-tension religious groups, white power movements, paranormal subcultures, LGBTQ groups, drifters, recreational drug and alcohol users, and more, the authors identify how and when people combat, defy, hide from, or run from being stigmatized as “deviant.” While most texts emphasize the criminological features of deviance, the authors’ coverage here showcases the diversity of social and noncriminal deviance. Deviance Management allows for a more thorough understanding of strategies typically used by normalization movements to destigmatize behaviors and identities while contributing to the study of social movements and intra-movement conflict.
Category: Social Science

Safety Differently

Author : Sidney Dekker
ISBN : 9781482242003
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21.49 MB
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The second edition of a bestseller, Safety Differently: Human Factors for a New Era is a complete update of Ten Questions About Human Error: A New View of Human Factors and System Safety. Today, the unrelenting pace of technology change and growth of complexity calls for a different kind of safety thinking. Automation and new technologies have resu
Category: Technology & Engineering

Perform Or Else

Author : Jon McKenzie
ISBN : 9781134538614
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 37.61 MB
Format : PDF
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'Performance' has become one of the key terms for the new century. But what do we mean by 'performance'? In today's world it can refer to experimental art; productivity in the workplace; and the functionality of technological systems. Do these disparate fields bear any relation to each other? In Perform or Else Jon McKenzie asserts that there is a relationship cultural, organisational, and technological performance. In this theoretical tour de force McKenzie demonstrates that all three paradigms operate together to create powerful and contradictory pressures to 'perform...or else'. This is an urgent and important intervention in contemporary critical thinking. It will profoundly shape our understanding of twenty-first century structures of power and knowledge.
Category: Performing Arts

Entrepreneurship As Strategy

Author : G. Dale Meyer
ISBN : 9781452264578
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.88 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The creation of innovative products and services by entrepreneurs is often cited as one of the key strengths of the current American economy. Academics and executives alike are beginning to recognize the advantages of innovation and real-time experimentation over traditional strategic planning processes. Large firms find they need to create strategies that are entrepreneurial, and emerging firms are recognizing the importance of a continuing emphasis on entrepreneurship in their long-term strategic vision.
Category: Business & Economics

Biological Weapons

Author : Jeanne Guillemin
ISBN : 9780231509176
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68.12 MB
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Until the events of September 11 and the anthrax attacks of 2001, biological weapons had never been a major public concern in the United States. Today, the possibility of their use by terrorists against Western states looms large as an international security concern. In Biological Weapons, Jeanne Guillemin provides a highly accessible and compelling account of the circumstances under which scientists, soldiers, and statesmen were able to mobilize resources for extensive biological weapons programs and also analyzes why such weapons, targeted against civilians, were never used in a major conflict. This book is essential for understanding the relevance of the historical restraints placed on the use of biological weapons for today's world. It serves as an excellent introduction to the problems biological weapons pose for contemporary policymakers and public officials, particularly in the United States. How can we best deter the use of such weapons? What are the resulting policies of the Department of Homeland Security? How can we constrain proliferation? Jeanne Guillemin wisely points out that these are vitally important questions for all Americans to consider and investigate—all the more so because the development of these weapons has been carried out under a veil of secrecy, with their frightening potential open to exploitation by the media and government. Public awareness through education can help calm fears in today's tension-filled climate and promote constructive political action to reduce the risks of a biological weapons catastrophe. Biological Weapons is required reading for every concerned citizen, government policymaker, public health official, and national security analyst who wants to understand this complex and timely issue.
Category: Political Science

Bioethical Decision Making In Nursing Fifth Edition

Author : James H. Husted
ISBN : 9780826171443
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46.67 MB
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FOURTH EDITION NAMED A 2013 DOODY’S CORE TITLE! “This book provides a systematic approach to bioethical decision making, a process that can help clarify situations where right and wrong are not clearly defined. This [is] a valuable book for ethics and theory courses.” Score: 100, ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ —Doody’s More relevant today than ever, Husted’s classic nursing ethics text provides a practical framework to help nurses engage with patients to make difficult ethical decisions. It delivers a systematic approach to bioethical decision making that can help clarify situations where “right” and “wrong” are not clearly defined. An abundance of case studies provides practice in bioethical decision making, with nearly 45 bioethical dilemmas analyzed in detail. The fifth edition has been reorganized and rewritten to facilitate increased readability and to engage readers more fully in learning. It includes two new chapters, Moral Distress and Nursing Practice Intersections: Legal Decision Making Within a Symphonological Ethical Perspective, additional case studies, and abundant tables, diagrams, and graphics that reinforce the text discussion. Instructor resources are also available for adopters of the text. The book is grounded in the concept of “symphonia,” which, within the health care arena, is the study of agreements between health care professionals and patients and the ethical implications of these agreements. It is intended to promote the welfare of both patient and health care provider. The new chapter on moral distress discusses futile care among other causes of moral distress and offers coping techniques for situations in which a nurse has an ethical issue with a standard of care but is powerless to change that care. The other new chapter, Nursing Practice Intersections: Legal Decision Making Within a Symphonological Ethical Perspective, focuses on situations that can be interpreted as either moral and illegal, or immoral and legal. The fifth edition also features a new section on ethical colleagueship, providing support to relieve common dilemmas among health care professionals. NEW TO THE FIFTH EDITION: Reorganized and rewritten for ease of comprehension and increased reader engagement Includes two new chapters, Moral Distress and Nursing Practice Intersections: Legal Decision Making Within a Symphonological Ethical Perspective Provides more tables, diagrams, and graphics to clarify text discussion Provides objectives at the beginning of each chapter Expanded study guide at the end of each chapter Delivers new case studies that are analyzed in depth Includes four humorous scenarios in which the humor easily reveals the obvious from the obscure Addresses ethical colleagueship
Category: Medical

The Cosmetic Gaze

Author : Bernadette Wegenstein
ISBN : 9780262232678
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33.28 MB
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This work looks at how the act of looking at our own and others' bodies is informed by the techniques, expectations, and strategies (often surgical) of bodily modification.
Category: Social Science