Nobel A Century Of Prize Winners

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Nobel

Author : Michael Worek
ISBN : 9781770853225
Genre : History
File Size : 57.1 MB
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The story of the winners of the world's most prestigious prize, now updated to include the 2009 recipients. The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award one can receive. The Prize is administered by the Nobel Foundation, and the award ceremonies receive extensive media coverage. The awards are often politically controversial, and many winners use their acceptance speech to further favorite causes. Along with background information, the book provides a look at the 200 most famous and most interesting Nobel winners. The profiles are arranged by prize and by year. A photo or illustration appears with each profiled Laureate. Other illustrations help to explain complex subjects in science and make it easier for the reader to appreciate the accomplishments for which the prize has been awarded. A number of fascinating facts emerge from this lively account. For example, only 40 of the 829 Nobel Laureates have been women, among them Marie Curie, who won twice. Linus Pauling is the only person to have been awarded two Nobel Prizes in different categories, the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize. The youngest Laureate is Lawrence Bragg, who was 25 years old when he received the Nobel Prize in Physics with his father in 1915. The oldest is Leonid Hurwicz, who was 90 years old when he received the 2007 Economics Prize. Two Laureates have declined the Nobel Prize: Jean-Paul Sartre, and Le Duc Tho. Other famous names include Ernest Hemingway, Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, James Watson and Francis Crick, Paul Krugman, Charles Kao, Elizabeth Blackburn and Barack Obama. Nobel: A Century of Prize Winners is sure to find a readership among the millions who follow the awards each year and want to understand more about the most important prize in the world.
Category: History

Scientific Elite

Author :
ISBN : 1412833760
Genre : Education
File Size : 55.50 MB
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Scientific Elite is about Nobel prize winners and the well-defined stratification system in twentieth-century science. It tracks the careers of all American laureates who won prizes from 1907 until 1972, examining the complex interplay of merit and privilege at each stage of their scientific lives and the creation of the ultra-elite in science. The study draws on biographical and bibliographical data on laureates who did their prize-winning research in the United States, and on detailed interviews with forty-one of the fifty-six laureates living in the United States at the time the study was done. Zuckerman finds laureates being successively advantaged as time passes. These advantages are producing growing disparities between the elite and other scientists both in performance and in rewards, which create and maintain a sharply graded stratification system.
Category: Education

The Who S Who Of Nobel Prize Winners 1901 2000

Author : Louise S. Sherby
ISBN : UCSC:32106016736867
Genre : History
File Size : 34.38 MB
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The Who's Who of Nobel Prize Winners is a one-stop source of detailed information on the men and women who earned the Nobel Prize during the 20th century. Organized chronologically by prize, each extensive article contains in-depth information on the laureate's life and career as well as a selected list of his or her publications and biographical resources on the individual. A concise commentary explains why the laureate received the award and summarizes the individual's other important achievements. This completely updated edition also contains a history of the prize. Four indexes distinguish this title from similar biographical references and enable researchers to search by name, education, nationality or citizenship, and religion.
Category: History

The Nobel Prize

Author : Burton Feldman
ISBN : 1559705922
Genre : History
File Size : 48.23 MB
Format : PDF
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A history of the Nobel Prize reveals the biases and controversies inherent in the choosing of award winners in each field, scandals, corruption, and the problems stemming from a refusal to change with modern times.
Category: History

Nobel Prize Winners In Physics

Author : Arun Agarwal
ISBN : 8176487430
Genre : Nobel Prize winners
File Size : 54.23 MB
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The book opens with the portrait of the man behind the awards: Alfred Bernhard Nobel and his biographical sketch. It gives an introduction to the Nobel foundation, prizes,selection of prize winners, and prize ceremonies. Nobel diplomas and Nobel Prize amounts are described in brief. In the end, a list of all 168 Nobel Prizewinners are given which includes the prize-awarding year and prize winning work.Also included is a short account of the laureates' life and work, followed by a historical and explanatory introduction to the particular discovery or achievement which gained him or her the prize.
Category: Nobel Prize winners

Nobel Laureates 1901 2000

Author : Alan Symons
ISBN : STANFORD:36105025165338
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 38.60 MB
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This is the complete guide to the Nobel Prizewinners of the 20th Century. Included are: 703 biographies and photographs, covering all 6 Nobel classifications; Classifications chronologically presented from 1901 onwards, by Literature, Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, Economics and Peace; Three indices encompass the Laureates by Alphabetical Order, Country of Birth and Classification; Yearly summary of world events; A detailed commentary on the life and times of Alfred Nobel; How the Laureates are chosen and the rewards they receive; An ongoing treasury and reference for all ages; and Why the Nobel Prize is regarded as the most prestigious award in the world.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Scientific Elite

Author : William T. Golden
ISBN : 9781351306867
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.6 MB
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Scientific Elite is about Nobel prize winners and the well-defined stratification system in twentieth-century science. It tracks the careers of all American laureates who won prizes from 1907 until 1972, examining the complex interplay of merit and privilege at each stage of their scientific lives and the creation of the ultra-elite in science. The study draws on biographical and bibliographical data on laureates who did their prize-winning research in the United States, and on detailed interviews with forty-one of the fifty-six laureates living in the United States at the time the study was done. Zuckerman finds laureates being successively advantaged as time passes. These advantages are producing growing disparities between the elite and other scientists both in performance and in rewards, which create and maintain a sharply graded stratification system.
Category: Science

The Beginner S Guide To Winning The Nobel Prize

Author : Peter C. Doherty
ISBN : 9780231138963
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 67.31 MB
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"In The Beginner's Guide to Winning the Nobel Prize, Doherty recounts his unlikely path to becoming a Nobel Laureate. Beginning with his humble origins in Australia, he tells how he developed an interest in immunology and describes his influential work with Rolf Zinkernagel on T-cells and the nature of immune defense. Doherty reveals how his nonconformist upbringing, sense of being an outsider, and search for different perspectives have shaped his life and work."--Jacket.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Nobel Prize

Author : Michael Worek
ISBN : 1554077117
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 32.55 MB
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Discusses Alfred Nobel's foundation of the Nobel Prize and the history of the prize recipients in science, literature, human rights, and economics.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Jewish Nobel Prize Winners

Author : Derek Taylor
ISBN : 1910383899
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 51.52 MB
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Jews make up 0.2% of the worlds' population, yet they have won over 20% of the Nobel prizes. When one considers that Jews weren't even admitted to the University in Britain until the 1820s, and were on a quota at some American Ivy League colleges until after the Second World War, their successes are truly remarkable. What is the reason for this disparity? Derek Taylor provides biographical chapters on all the prize-winning men and women, and an additional one on Alfred Nobel himself. These chapters include their backgrounds and the work for which they received the awards. In addition, Taylor provides the historical background to the development of scientific research.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Peace Seekers

Author : Nathan Aaseng
ISBN : 0822506548
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 33.30 MB
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Profiles of nine Nobel Peace Prize winners who fought for peace by resisting violence through words, marches, and protests.
Category: Political Science

A Century Of Nobel Prize Recipients

Author : Francis Leroy
ISBN : 0824708768
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.11 MB
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Celebrating a century of revolutionary contributions to our understanding of life, the world, and the universe, this encyclopedic desk reference traces the discoveries that earned nearly 500 distinguished scientists Nobel honors in the areas of chemistry, physics, and medicine. The School of Library Journal called it "...eye-catching... Original artwork, colorful captioned drawings of models and structures, and diagrams illustrate complex scientific principles and may invite browsing. ...great graphics and appealing format..." This book includes over 550 full color illustrations and photographs, and is a must for the library of any public, university, business, or personal library.
Category: Science

The Nobel Prize 1901 2000

Author : Emeka Nwabunnia
ISBN : 0761835733
Genre : Reference
File Size : 79.82 MB
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This reference book is a comprehensive guide to the twentieth century Nobel Prize winners and record-breakers. Entries are analyzed and separated according to historical perspectives, gender, origin, and Nobel statistical data, which elicits an overall appreciation for the power and enduring significance of the prizes and the prizewinners. These carefully gathered records are an invaluable source to any private or public reference library.
Category: Reference

The Beginnings Of The Nobel Institution

Author : Elisabeth T. Crawford
ISBN : 0521347475
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87.36 MB
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The Nobel Prizes have long been the most prestigious awards in the world of science. Established according to the wishes expressed in the will of Alfred Nobel (1895), the annual awards began in 1901. The Nobel Archives preserve the detailed study of the inner workings of the prize committees, and the archival documents, available for historical research since 1974, open the door to important new scholarship in the history and sociology of the prizes. Elisabeth Crawford was one of the first to gain access to the Nobel Archives at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and in this book she analyzes the early history of the prizes in physics and chemistry. Crawford sets out in detail the story of the intricate inner workings of the process whereby the prizewinners were selected. A fascinating picture of the contemporary international scientific establishment emerges, one shedding light on how the developing Nobel institution became enmeshed in speciality and other networks, notably those of Arrhenius and Mittag-Leffler, the two Swedish scientists who were best known internationally at the time. While the general development of disciplines and the standing of scientists in international and national communities heavily influenced the selection process, the cases presented in this book show that the specific choices of specialities, discoveries, and people to be honored were determined by the Swedish participants in the process. The question of how, after some initial uncertainties, the Nobel Prizes became synonymous with the highest achievements in science and culture is also addressed. This detailed study of the birth of what have become science's highest accolades will interest historians and scientists alike.
Category: Political Science

The Man Who Fed The World

Author : Leon F. Hesser
ISBN : 1930754906
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21.29 MB
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The Man Who Fed the World provides a loving and respectful portrait of one of America's greatest heroes. Nobel Peace Prize recipient for averting hunger and famine, Dr. Norman Borlang is credited with saving hundreds of millions of lives from starvation-more than any other person in history? Loved by millions around the world, Dr. Borlang is recognized as one of the most influential men of the twentieth century.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ralph Johnson Bunche

Author : John Hope Franklin
ISBN : 9780252032257
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82.61 MB
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The legacy of an exceptional world leader
Category: Political Science

Medal Winners

Author : Raymond S. Greenberg
ISBN : 9781477319444
Genre : History
File Size : 87.78 MB
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As the ground war in Vietnam escalated in the late 1960s, the US government leveraged the so-called doctor draft to secure adequate numbers of medical personnel in the armed forces. Among newly minted physicians’ few alternatives to military service was the Clinical Associate Training Program at the National Institutes of Health. Though only a small percentage of applicants were accepted, the elite program launched an unprecedented number of remarkable scientific careers that would revolutionize medicine at the end of the twentieth century. Medal Winners recounts this overlooked chapter and unforeseen byproduct of the Vietnam War through the lives of four former NIH clinical associates who would go on to become Nobel laureates. Raymond S. Greenberg traces their stories from their pre-NIH years and apprenticeships through their subsequent Nobel Prize–winning work, which transformed treatment of heart disease, cancer, and other diseases. Greenberg shows how the Vietnam draft unintentionally ushered in a golden era of research by bringing talented young physicians under the tutelage of leading scientists and offers a lesson in what it may take to replicate such a towering center of scientific innovation as the NIH in the 1960s and 1970s.
Category: History