Networks In Aviation

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Networks In Aviation

Author : Philipp Goedeking
ISBN : 3642137644
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56.45 MB
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Aviation networks play a critical role in the success of today’s airlines and airports. This book provides insight on all aspects of modern network strategies and structures, ranging from market research to hub design, operations, organization, alliances, benchmarking, and antitrust issues. Considering both the airline and the airport perspectives, the book explains the economics of connectivity or productivity-driven hub structures through basic mathematics, which helps the reader to comprehend the structural strengths and weaknesses of aviation networks. More than 100 charts help clarify the topics at hand.
Category: Business & Economics

Airline Network Development In Europe And Its Implications For Airport Planning

Author : Dr Guillaume Burghouwt
ISBN : 9781409485384
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88.52 MB
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The ongoing deregulation and liberalization of worldwide air transport markets confronts airport planners with an increasingly problematic context. On the one hand, the capital intensive, large-scale and complex airport investments need a detailed, long/medium-term planning of airport infrastructure. Such planning requires at least predictable traffic volumes (and traffic composition) within the planning horizon. On the other hand, airline route networks are increasingly dynamic structures that frequently show discontinuous changes. As a consequence, the much more volatile airport traffic restricts the value of detailed traffic forecasts. Volatility of airport traffic and its composition requires flexibility of airport strategies and planning processes. The book explores this dilemma through a detailed study of airline network development, airport connectivity and airport planning in the deregulated EU air transport market. The questions the book seeks to answer are: · how have airlines responded to the regime changes in EU aviation with respect to the configuration of their route networks? · what has been the impact of the reconfiguration of airline network configurations for the connectivity of EU airports? · how can airport planners and airport authorities deal with the increasingly uncertain airline network behaviour in Europe?
Category: Business & Economics

Social Networks In The History Of Innovation And Invention

Author : Francis C. Moon
ISBN : 9789400775282
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23.4 MB
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This book integrates history of science and technology with modern social network theory. Using examples from the history of machines, as well as case studies from wireless, radio and chaos theory, the author challenges the genius model of invention. Network analysis concepts are presented to demonstrate the societal nature of invention in areas such as steam power, internal combustion engines, early aviation, air conditioning and more. Using modern measures of network theory, the author demonstrates that the social networks of invention from the 19th and early 20th centuries have similar characteristics to modern 21st C networks such as the World Wide Web. The book provides evidence that exponential growth in technical innovation is linked to the growth of historical innovation networks.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Governance Networks In Public Administration And Public Policy

Author : Christopher J. Koliba
ISBN : 9781351976596
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51.22 MB
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What do public administrators and policy analysts have in common? Their work is undertaken within networks formed when different organizations align to accomplish a policy function. This second edition of Governance Networks in Public Administration and Public Policy offers a conceptual framework for describing governance networks and provides a theoretical and empirical foundation in their construction. Based on research and real-life experience, the book highlights the interplay between public actors and policy tools, details the skills and functions of public administrators in the context of networked relationships, and identifies the reforms and trends in governing that lead to governance networks. This practical text makes complex concepts accessible, so that readers can engage in them, apply them, and deepen their understanding of the dynamics unfolding around them. This second edition includes: A dedicated chapter on “complexity friendly” meso-level theories to examine core questions facing governance network analysis. New applications drawn from the authors’ own work in watershed governance, transportation planning, food systems development, electric energy distribution, the regulation of energy, and response and recovery from natural disasters, as well as from unique computational modeling of governance networks. Instructor and student support materials, including PowerPoint® presentations and writable case study templates, may be found on an accompanying eResource page. Governance Networks in Public Administration and Public Policy, 2e is an indispensable core text for graduate and postgraduate courses on governance and collaboration in schools of Public Administration/Management and Public Policy.
Category: Political Science

Managing Airline Networks

Author : Markus Franke
ISBN : 9781000336122
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 68.38 MB
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Managing Airline Networks: Design, Integration and Innovative Technologies is a fully comprehensive description of state-of-the-art network management practices at airlines. Designed as a compendium on current practices and future trends in the field, the book offers an instructive guide through the complex world of non-linear production systems. Written by a renowned consultant and aviation expert, the book discusses the impact of network management on airline resource planning and performance, and examines the interplay between network management and adjacent functions. The book includes a practical case study and is enriched with academic perspectives. Discussing upcoming trends in the sector, the book provides an outlook on advanced technologies that may play a role in next-generation network management. Features include: a description of basic network types, performance indicators for profitable networks, efficient processes and success factors for network management, and common optimisation models and tools; descriptive overviews, supported by practical examples, and leading to a deep-dive case study; a section on trends in network management, outlining new demand forecasting models, ‘big data’ applications, machine learning and AI use cases, and alternative optimisation models for airlines. Managing Airline Networks: Design, Integration and Innovative Technologies is designed as a comprehensive compendium and is essential reading for both aviation practitioners and students of airline management.
Category: Transportation

Liberalization In Aviation

Author : Hartmut Wolf
ISBN : 9781317105435
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.44 MB
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The last few decades have witnessed substantial liberalization trends in various industries and countries. Starting with the deregulation of the US airline industry in 1978, regulatory restructuring took place in further network industries such as telecommunications, electricity or railways in various countries around the world. Although most of the liberalization movements were initially triggered by the worrying performances of the respective regulatory frameworks, increases in competition and corresponding improvements in allocative and productive efficiency were typically associated with the respective liberalization efforts. From an academic perspective, the transition from regulated industries to liberalized industries has attracted a substantial amount of research reflected in many books and research articles which can be distilled to three main questions: (1) What are the forces that have given rise to regulatory reform? (2) What is the structure of the regulatory change which has occurred to date and is likely to occur in the immediate future? (3) What have been the effects on industry efficiency, prices and profits of the reforms which have occurred to date? Liberalization in Aviation brings together renowned academics and practitioners from around the world to address all three questions and draw policy conclusions. The book is divided into five sections, in turn dealing with aspects of competition in various liberalized markets, the emergence and growth of low-cost carriers, horizontal mergers and alliances, infrastructures, and concluding with economic assessments of liberalization steps so far and proposed steps in the future.
Category: Business & Economics

International Industrial Networks And Industrial Restructuring In Central And Eastern Europe

Author : S. Radosevic
ISBN : 9781402079412
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24.32 MB
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International Industrial Networks and Industrial Restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe analyses the role of international industrial networks in industrial restructuring and corporate growth in central Europe, Russia and Ukraine. It shows that two distinct patterns of international industrial integration - domestic vs. foreign led modernisations - have developed in these two regions which have significant effects on patterns of growth and integration of these economies. International Industrial Networks and Industrial Restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe is based on a number of industry and firm case studies which are analysed and interpreted within the current international business and political economy literature. The publication provides valuable insights to managers and policy-makers who are interested in understanding different strategic options for business activity in Central and East European countries. For the academic reader, it offers a new perspective on international, industrial networks in which theories on strategic management and on industry restructuring and corporate growth are merged into a new view of growth and transformation process.
Category: Business & Economics

Human Factors Models For Aviation Accident Analysis And Prevention

Author : Thomas G.C. Griffin
ISBN : 9781472432773
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72.89 MB
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The investigation and modelling of aviation accident causation is dominated by linear models. Aviation is, however, a complex system and as such suffers from being artificially manipulated into non-complex models and methods. This book addresses this issue by developing a new approach to investigating aviation accident causation through information networks. These networks centralise communication and the flow of information as key indicators of a system’s health and risk. This holistic approach focuses on the system environment, the activity that takes place within it, the strategies used to conduct this activity, the way in which the constituent parts of the system (both human and non-human) interact and the behaviour required. Each stage of this book identifies and expands upon the potential of the information network approach, maintaining firm focus on the overall health of a system. The book’s new model offers many potential developments and some key areas are studied in this research. Through the centralisation of barriers and information nodes the method can be applied to almost any situation. The application of Bayesian mathematics to historical data populations provides scope for studying error migration and barrier manipulation. The book also provides application of these predictions to a flight simulator study for the purposes of validation. Beyond this it also discusses the applicability of the approach to industry. Through working with a legacy airline the methods discussed are used as the basis for a new and prospective safety management system.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Human Factors In Aviation

Author : Earl L. Wiener
ISBN : 9780127500317
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.95 MB
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Human Factors in Aviation, written for the widespread aviation community--engineers, scientist, pilots, managers, government personnel, and others--is also be of interest to those in nonaviation fields. The authors/contributors were chosen not only as experts in their fields, but because they could write for a wider audience than they customarily address. The organization of the book takes the reader from the general to the specific, first covering broad issues, then the more specific topics of pilot performance, human factors in aircraft design, and vehicles and systems. The physiological and medical aspects are well documented also.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Missing Transport Networks In Europe

Author : Henri Bakis
ISBN : NWU:35556022395594
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66.92 MB
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This book offers a novel approach to European infrastructure by focusing attention on missing networks. After a conceptual exploration, various European case studies are presented and discussed in order to trace the critical success factors for efficient and effective transport policy. The book concludes with strategic recommendations on European transport and telecommunication policy.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Aviation Markets

Author : David Starkie
ISBN : 075467388X
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 68.82 MB
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This volume is a collection of 17 papers selected from David Starkie's extensive writings over the last 25 years. Previously published material has been extensively edited and adapted and combined with new material, published here for the first time. The book is divided into five sections, each featuring an original overview chapter, to better establish the background and also explain the papers' wider significance including, wherever appropriate, their relevance to current policy issues. These papers have been selected to illustrate a significant theme that has been relatively neglected thus far in both aviation and industrial economics: the role of the market and its interplay with the development of economic policy in the context of a dynamic but partly price regulated industry. The result provides a strong flavour of how market mechanisms, and particularly competition, can operate to successfully resolve policy issues.
Category: Transportation

Aviation Computing Systems

Author : Mal Gormley
ISBN : UVA:X004067218
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.74 MB
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Essential reading for anyone who wants to succeed in today's computerized aviation industry. (Technology)
Category: Technology & Engineering

Applications Of Neural Networks In High Assurance Systems

Author : Johann M.Ph. Schumann
ISBN : 9783642106897
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57.24 MB
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"Applications of Neural Networks in High Assurance Systems" is the first book directly addressing a key part of neural network technology: methods used to pass the tough verification and validation (V&V) standards required in many safety-critical applications. The book presents what kinds of evaluation methods have been developed across many sectors, and how to pass the tests. A new adaptive structure of V&V is developed in this book, different from the simple six sigma methods usually used for large-scale systems and different from the theorem-based approach used for simplified component subsystems.
Category: Mathematics

Computer Applications For Software Engineering Disaster Recovery And Business Continuity

Author : Tai-hoon Kim
ISBN : 9783642352676
Genre : Computers
File Size : 64.95 MB
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This book comprises the refereed proceedings of the International Conferences, ASEA and DRBC 2012, held in conjunction with GST 2012 on Jeju Island, Korea, in November/December 2012. The papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions and focus on the various aspects of advanced software engineering and its applications, and disaster recovery and business continuity.
Category: Computers

The Airline Industry

Author : Alessandro Cento
ISBN : 3790820881
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41.10 MB
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The debate on the future of the aviation sector and the viability of its traditional business practices is the core of this book. The liberalization of the EU market in the 1990s has radically modi?ed the competitive environment and the nature of airline competition. Furthermore, the new millennium began with terrorist attacks, epidemics, trade globalization, and the rise of oil prices, all of which combined to push the industry into a “perfect storm”. Airline industry pro?tability has been an elusive goal for several decades and the recent events has only accentuated existing weaknesses. The main concern of ind- try observers is whether the airline business model, successful during the 1980s and 1990s, is now sustainable in a market crowded by low-cost carriers. The airlines that will respond rapidly and determinedly to increase pressure to restructure, conso- date and segment the industry will achieve competitive advantages. In this context, the present study aims to model the new conduct of the ‘legacy’ carriers in a new liberalized European market in terms of network and pricing competition with l- cost carriers and competitive reaction to the global economic crises.
Category: Business & Economics

Linking Networks The Formation Of Common Standards And Visions For Infrastructure Development

Author : Dr Hans-Liudger Dienel
ISBN : 9781409471646
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76.23 MB
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Presenting recent research on the international integration of infrastructures in Europe, this book combines general and methodological chapters and examples from different a variety of sectors such as transport, electricity and communication networks. Particular focus is on the contrast between the 'Europe of nation states' of the nineteenth century (up to 1914) and the emerging 'integrated Europe' after World War II. Additional contributions provide perspectives from beyond Europe. The wide range of topics gives a good overview of the different challenges posed and the strategies employed in each sector to establish internationally compatible networks, procedures and standards. This work strengthens comparative research as a complement to the detailed analysis of singular cases that often characterises previous works in this field. Methodologically, it therefore contributes to the progress of tools and strategies for comparative historical research. Part of the emerging research area dealing with the mechanisms of international collaboration, this book brings together recent research from European integration history, policy studies, political economy and cultural studies. Considering the growing intensity of international collaboration and exchange in many parts of social and economic life, it is also of topical interest.
Category: Political Science

Critical Issues In Air Transport Economics And Business

Author : Rosário Macário
ISBN : 9781136926440
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.75 MB
Format : PDF
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This book offers material for strategic thinking featuring contributions from key figures in Europe, the US and Asia. The focus of the book expands from economic to legal issues, bankruptcy and safety and security. The carefully selected papers offer a thorough and structured analysis of major current developments in the air transport industry. Fully up to date, topics covered include competitive strength, capacity utilisation and risk. The most likely future scenarios are more or less known. Only, the timeframe remains uncertain. The speed at which the various market players in the air transport chain will implement their strategies remains the key question. This depends on a whole range of exogenous and endogenous variables, as this book aspires to demonstrate. As both an overview of the current issues affecting the industry and as a cohesive set of strategic documents, therefore, this collection will prove invaluable for policy makers and researchers alike.
Category: Business & Economics