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Necropolis Of Gonur

Author : Victor Sarianidi
ISBN : 9607037855
Genre : History
File Size : 70.69 MB
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Gonur was the most important city in the kingdom of Margiana (Turkmenistan). The cemetery of Gonur, which was excavated by Victor Sarianidi, yielded about 3,000 tombs, dating from the end of the 3rd to the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. This book contains the results of the excavations, anthropological observations based on the skeletons found, and a large number and wide variety of finds. These works bear witness to the splendid flowering of the art of Margiana in the 2nd millennium BC.
Category: History

Treasures From The Oxus

Author : Massimo Vidale
ISBN : 9781838609764
Genre : Art
File Size : 32.78 MB
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In history, this grand arterial 1500-mile waterway was always seen as the natural frontier between the northern provinces of the Iranian empires and the outer Turanian lands. It was for centuries central to Achaemenid and later Persian power. But, as the author shows, it has a prehistory which goes very much further back: and a succession of skilled yet still elusive Bronze Age cultures flourished here well before the rise of Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BCE. This richly illustrated book explores the fascinating history, art and archaeology of the region, including its primal trade in silk and foodstuffs; the mineral wealth of the Oxus basin; its exotic myths and beliefs; and the converging tribes and peoples which led to a new stability, economic growth and urbanism. The volume contains 150 full-colour photographs of notable artefacts, including silver decorated vessels, inlaid stone pots, agate beads and 25 'Bactrian Princesses': remarkable statuettes made in chlorite and limestone. Most of these rare objects have never been seen, let alone published, before.
Category: Art

Socio Environmental Dynamics Along The Historical Silk Road

Author : Liang Emlyn Yang
ISBN : 9783030007287
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.77 MB
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This open access book discusses socio-environmental interactions in the middle to late Holocene, covering specific areas along the ancient Silk Road regions. Over twenty chapters provide insight into this topic from various disciplinary angles and perspectives, ranging from archaeology, paleoclimatology, antiquity, historical geography, agriculture, carving art and literacy. The Silk Road is a modern concept for an ancient network of trade routes that for centuries facilitated and intensified processes of cultural interaction and goods exchange between West China, Central Asia, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean. Coherent patterns and synchronous events in history suggest possible links between social upheaval, resource utilization and climate or environment forces along the Silk Road and in a broader area. Post-graduates in studying will benefit from this work, as well as it will stimulate young researchers to further explore the role played by the environment in long-term socio-cultural changes.
Category: Science

The Elamite World

Author : Javier Álvarez-Mon
ISBN : 9781317329831
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.82 MB
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Amongst the civilizations to participate in the dynamic processes of contact and interchange that gave rise to complex societies in the ancient Near East, Elam has remained one of the most obscure, at times languishing in the background of scholarly inquiry. In recent years, however, an increasing body of academic publications have acknowledged its relevance and suggested that its legacy was more considerable and long-lasting than previously estimated. The Elamite World assembles a group of 40 international scholars to contribute their expertise to the production of a solid, lavishly illustrated, English language treatment of Elamite civilization. It covers topics such as its physical setting, historical development, languages and people, material culture, art, science, religion and society, as well as the legacy of Elam in the Persian empire and its presence in the modern world. This comprehensive and ambitious survey seeks for Elam, hardly a household name, a noteworthy place in our shared cultural heritage. It will be both a valuable introductory text for a general audience and a definitive reference source for students and academics.
Category: Social Science

Journal Of Indo European Studies

Author : Institute for the Study of Man (Washington, D.C.)
ISBN : 0941694836
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85.65 MB
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Category: Social Science

Complex Societies Of Central Eurasia From The 3rd To The 1st Millennium Bc Ethnos Language Culture General Problems Studying Sintashta The Eneolithic And Bronze Ages

Author : Karlene Jones-Bley
ISBN : 0941694836
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.94 MB
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I. COMPLEX SOCIETIES OF CENTRAL EURASIAżETHNOS, LANGUAGE, CULTURE: The Indo-European Problem and the Exploitation of the Eurasian SteppesEthnic and Cultural Interconnections between Iran and Turan in the 2nd Millennium BCTowards A Possible Linguistic Interpretation of the ArkaimArkaim and the Indo-Iranian VarAvestan żYimażs Townż in Historical and Archaeological PerspectiveIndo-European Burial, the żRig Veda,ż and żAvestażArchaeological Mythology and Some Real Problems of the Current Archaeology.II. COMPLEX SOCIETIES OF CENTRAL EURASIAżGENERAL PROBLEMS:Social Landscape of Central Eurasia in the Bronze and Iron AgesżTendencies, Factors, and Limits of Transformation.III. COMPLEX SOCIETIES OF CENTRAL EURASIAżSTUDING SINTASHTA:Planography of the Fortified Centers of the Middle Bronze Age in the Southern Trans-UralsComplex Societies and the Possibilities to Diagnose them on the Basis of Archaeological DataThe Sintashta Culture and the Indo-European ProblemżProto-townsż of the Bronze Age in the South Urals and Ancient KhorasmiaOn the Problem of Chronological Correlation between Sintashta Type and MRC SitesThe Cemetery of Bestamak and the Structure of the CommunitySintashta Burial SacrificeżThe Bolshekaragansky Cemetery in FocusAnimals in the Burial Rite of the Population of the Volga-Ural AreaIV. COMPLEX SOCIETIES OF CENTRAL EURASIAżTHE ENEOLITHIC AND BRONZE AGES:Yamnaya (Pit-Grave) Culture in the South Urals AreaThe Trans-Ural Eneolithic Sanctuaries with Astronomical Reference PointsCircular Settlements in the Lower Tobal AreaThe Regional Differences of the Prestige Bronze Ages Burials SpearsRegional Peculiarities of Technology of the Shield Cheekpiece Production
Category: Social Science

Defining The Sacred

Author : Nicola Laneri
ISBN : 9781782976790
Genre : History
File Size : 45.78 MB
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Religion is a phenomenon that is inseparable from human society. It brings about a set of emotional, ideological and practical elements that are pervasive in the social fabric of any society and characterizable by a number of features. These include the establishment of intermediaries in the relationship between humans and the divine; the construction of ceremonial places for worshipping the gods and practicing ritual performances; and the creation ritual paraphernalia. Investigating the religious dimensions of ancient societies encounters problems in defining such elements, especially with regard to societies that lack textual evidences and has tended to lead towards the identification of differentiation between the mental dimension, related to religious beliefs, and the material one associated with religious practices, resulting in a separation between scholars able to investigate, and possibly reconstruct, ritual practices (i.e., archaeologists), and those interested in defining the realm of ancient beliefs (i.e., philologists and religious historians). The aim of this collection of papers is to attempt to bridge these two dimensions by breaking down existing boundaries in order to form a more comprehensive vision of religion among ancient Near Eastern societies. This approach requires that a higher consideration be given to those elements (either artificial -- buildings, objects, texts, etc. -- or natural -- landscapes, animals, trees, etc.) that are created through a materialization of religious beliefs and practices enacted by members of communities. These issues are addressed in a series of specific case-studies covering a broad chronological framework that from the Pre-pottery Neolithic to the Iron Age. (Cover illustration © German Archaeological Institute, photo N. Becker)
Category: History

Pal Orient

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556039245246
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 33.82 MB
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Category: Archaeology