Nanomaterials

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Nanomaterials For Agriculture And Forestry Applications

Author : Azamal Husen
ISBN : 9780128178522
Genre : Agricultural innovations
File Size : 71.48 MB
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Nanomaterials for Agriculture and Forestry Applications explores how major nanomaterials are being specially used in the agriculture, forestry, and other associated sectors. Plants and their products are used for synthesis of nanoparticles as they contain primary and secondary metabolites, which reduce the metal salts and metal oxides into their nanoparticles. Exposure of these particles has been examined for their sustainable role and/or interaction with agricultural crops in terms of growth and yields. Nanomaterials accumulation and translocation have shown interaction with cellular organelles, DNA, RNA, proteins, or other biomolecules; and affect various functions of cell organelles. Application of nanosensors holds a significant promise in monitoring signaling pathways, metabolism, detection of crop/soil diseases, and specific pollutants or pesticides. Nanomaterials have also been used in soil and water quality management. In forestry sector, the nanotechnology is considered as the potential platform, which can transform the forest materials into value-added products, such as smart paper, nano-packaging, coating material, building construction, and biomedical and other sectors. This book is an important resource, showing how nanotechnology is being used to enhance large-scale agricultural and/or industrial application and production.
Category: Agricultural innovations

Advanced Nanomaterials For Inexpensive Gas Microsensors

Author : Eduard Llobet Valero
ISBN : 9780128148273
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.84 MB
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Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors presents full coverage of the area of gas sensing nanomaterials, from materials, transducers and applications to the latest advanced results and future directions. A number of experts in the field present work on gas sensing nanomaterials including metal oxides, carbon based and hybrid materials, together with their fabrication and application. The book brings together three major themes: Several chapters address synthesis, functionalization, characterization of advanced nanomaterials, with emphasis on synthesis techniques to ease the integration of nanomaterials in transducers. These chapters encompass a wide spectrum of sensing technologies including advanced nanomaterials such as metal oxides, carbon materials and graphene, organic molecular materials, and atomic layers such as MoS2. The authors examine the coupling of sensitive nanomaterials to different types of transducer elements and their applications, including direct growth and additive fabrication techniques as a way to obtain inexpensive gas microsensors, principal transduction schemes, and advanced operating methods. Assess the value of major applications for gas microsensors, including air quality monitoring both indoors (buildings and vehicles) and outdoors, monitoring perishable goods and medical. For each application, potential issues are clearly identified, research directions to overcome these are suggested, and market analysis data is included. Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors presents the latest research and most comprehensive coverage in the field of gas micro and nano sensors for research scientists, academics, graduate students, and R&D managers working on synthesis of nanomaterials and fabrication of sensing systems, in a wide range of areas in electrical and material engineering, physical chemistry, electrochemistry and physics. Presents technological solutions and applications of gas sensors in varied areas of chemistry, physics, material science, and engineering Examines advanced operating methods (e.g., temperature modulation, self-heating, light-activated response, noise methods) to enhance stability, sensitivity, selectivity and reduce power consumption Provides a critical review of current applications and their expected future evolution, demonstrating which are the most promising approaches and what can be expected from the development of inexpensive gas micro- and nanosensors
Category: Technology & Engineering

Carbon Nanomaterials For Agri Food And Environmental Applications

Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
ISBN : 9780128197868
Genre :
File Size : 28.52 MB
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Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-food and Environmental Applications discusses the characterization, processing and applications of carbon-based nanostructured materials in the agricultural and environmental sectors. Sections discuss the synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes, the technological developments in environmental applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, and agri-food applications. The book also covers the toxic effects of engineered carbon nanoparticles on the environment, and in plants and animals. Finally, quality control and risk management are addressed to assess health and environmental risks. This is an applicable book for graduate students, researchers and those in industrial sectors of science and technology who want to learn more about carbon nanomaterials. Compares a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, showing how they are used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications Discusses the challenges and toxicity of different types of carbon-based nanomaterials for environmental and agricultural applications Explores when different classes of nanomaterial should be used in different environments
Category:

Nanomaterials For Air Remediation

Author : Abdeltif Amrane
ISBN : 9780128188217
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.76 MB
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Nanomaterials for Air Remediation provides a comprehensive description of basic knowledge and current research progress in the field of air treatment using nanomaterials. The book explores how nanomaterials are used in various air remediation techniques, including advanced oxidation processes, biological processes, and filtration. It also covers their combined use as nanocatalysts, nanoantibiotics, nanoadsorbents, nanocontainers, nanofiltrations and nanosensors. Major challenges to using nanomaterials for improving air quality on a mass scale, both practical and regulatory, are also presented. This is an important resource for materials scientists and environmental engineers who are looking to understand how nanotechnology is used to enhance air quality. Includes coverage of a wide range of nanomaterials, from biochemical to chemical materials, and nanomaterials supported photocatalysts Discusses how the properties of nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient air purification systems and products Assesses the practical and regulatory challenges of using different types of nanomaterials for air remediation
Category: Technology & Engineering

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials For Sustainable Agri Food And Ecosystems

Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
ISBN : 9780128213544
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.14 MB
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Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agrifood and Ecosystems shows how hybrid nanomaterials (HNMs) are being used to enhance agriculture, food and environmental science. The book discusses the synthesis and characterization of HNMs before exploring agrifoods and environmental functions. It shows how novel HNMs are being used for the detection and separation of heavy metal ions, for destroying and sensing of insecticides, in managed release fertilizer and pesticide formulations, plant protection, plant promotions, purification, detection, and to control mycotoxins. Further, the book describes the use of silica-based total nanosystems, carbon nanotubes, nanocellulose-based, and polymer nanohybrids for agricultural and biological applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and food scientists who want to gain a greater understanding on how multifunctional nanomaterials are being used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications. Outlines the major nanomaterial types that are being used in agriculture Explains why the properties of multifunctional nanomaterials are particularly efficient for use in agriculture Assesses the major challenges of using multifunctional nanomaterials on an industrial scale
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nanostructures And Nanomaterials

Author : Guozhong Cao
ISBN : 9789814322508
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.36 MB
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This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.
Category: Science

Starch Based Nanomaterials

Author : Cristian Camilo Villa Zabala
ISBN : 303042541X
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.42 MB
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Starch is one of the most important natural and biodegradable polymers on Earth. It is used by many plants as an energy reserve, and due to its biocompatibility and relatively easy structural modification, it is widely used in the cosmetic, food, pharmaceutical and materials industries. In recent years, interest in starch has increased due to the development of starch-based nanomaterials. Nanomaterials are small particles—diameters ranging from 10 nm to 500 nm—that can be highly crystalline (nanocrystals) or completely amorphous (nanoparticles). Owing to their versatility, starch-based nanomaterials can be used as carriers of bioactive molecules to improve medical treatments or nutrient absorption. They can also be used as reinforcement in composite materials, improving their mechanical and barrier properties, and new potential applications are continuously reported in the literature. This brief provides a quick guide to the exciting world of starch-based nanomaterials, including their chemical and physical characteristics as well as their synthesis methods and most common applications.
Category: Science

Nano Materials

Author : Sylvia Leydecker
ISBN : 9783764379957
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 64.91 MB
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In this book, architects, interior designers and designers will find an introduction to the functions and use of nano materials, specifically tailored to their needs and illustrated by numerous international project examples.
Category: Architecture

Nanomaterials

Author : S. C. Singh
ISBN : 9783527646845
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76.83 MB
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The first in-depth treatment of the synthesis, processing, and characterization of nanomaterials using lasers, ranging from fundamentals to the latest research results, this handy reference is divided into two main sections. After introducing the concepts of lasers, nanomaterials, nanoarchitectures and laser-material interactions in the first three chapters, the book goes on to discuss the synthesis of various nanomaterials in vacuum, gas and liquids. The second half discusses various nanomaterial characterization techniques involving lasers, from Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopies to light dynamic scattering, laser spectroscopy and such unusual techniques as laser photo acoustic, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, ultrafast dynamics and laser-induced thermal pulses. The specialist authors adopt a practical approach throughout, with an emphasis on experiments, set-up, and results. Each chapter begins with an introduction and is uniform in covering the basic approaches, experimental setups, and dependencies of the particular method on different parameters, providing sufficient theory and modeling to understand the principles behind the techniques.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Design Of Nanostructures

Author : Himadri B. Bohidar
ISBN : 9783527343331
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55.86 MB
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Adopting a unique approach, this book provides a thorough, one-stop introduction to nanoscience and self-assembly of nanomaterials composed of such materials as metals, metal oxides, metal sulphides, polymers, and biopolymers. Clearly divided into three sections covering the main aspects of nanoscience, the first part deals with the basic principles of nanoscale science. Alongside essential approaches and forces, this section also covers thermodynamics, phase transitions, and applications to biological systems. The second and third parts then go on to provide a detailed description of the synthesis of inorganic and organic nanoparticles, respectively. With its interdisciplinary content of importance to many different branches of nanoscience, this is essential reading for material scientists, physicists, biophysical chemists, chemical engineers, and biotechnologists alike.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nanomaterials Handbook

Author : Yury Gogotsi
ISBN : 9781420004014
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.92 MB
Format : PDF
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Even before it was identified as a science and given a name, nanotechnology was the province of the most innovative inventors. In medieval times, craftsmen, ingeniously employing nanometer-sized gold particles, created the enchanting red hues found in the gold ruby glass of cathedral windows. Today, nanomaterials are being just as creatively used to improve old products, as well as usher in new ones. From tires to CRTs to sunscreens, nanomaterials are becoming a part of every industry. The Nanomaterials Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of nanomaterials. Employing terminology familiar to materials scientists and engineers, it provides an introduction that delves into the unique nature of nanomaterials. Looking at the quantum effects that come into play and other characteristics realized at the nano level, it explains how the properties displayed by nanomaterials can differ from those displayed by single crystals and conventional microstructured, monolithic, or composite materials. The introduction is followed by an in-depth investigation of carbon-based nanomaterials, which are as important to nanotechnology as silicon is to electronics. However, it goes beyond the usual discussion of nanotubes and nanofibers to consider graphite whiskers, cones and polyhedral crystals, and nanocrystalline diamonds. It also provides significant new information with regard to nanostructured semiconductors, ceramics, metals, biomaterials, and polymers, as well as nanotechnology’s application in drug delivery systems, bioimplants, and field-emission displays. The Nanomaterials Handbook is edited by world-renowned nanomaterials scientist Yury Gogotsi, who has recruited his fellow-pioneers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, to provide coverage of the latest material developments in America, Asia, Europe, and Australia.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Springer Handbook Of Nanomaterials

Author : Robert Vajtai
ISBN : 9783642205958
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.12 MB
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The Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials covers the description of materials which have dimension on the "nanoscale". The description of the nanomaterials in this Handbook follows the thorough but concise explanation of the synergy of structure, properties, processing and applications of the given material. The Handbook mainly describes materials in their solid phase; exceptions might be e.g. small sized liquid aerosols or gas bubbles in liquids. The materials are organized by their dimensionality. Zero dimensional structures collect clusters, nanoparticles and quantum dots, one dimensional are nanowires and nanotubes, while two dimensional are represented by thin films and surfaces. The chapters in these larger topics are written on a specific materials and dimensionality combination, e.g. ceramic nanowires. Chapters are authored by well-established and well-known scientists of the particular field. They have measurable part of publications and an important role in establishing new knowledge of the particular field.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biofunctionalization Of Nanomaterials

Author : Challa S. S. R. Kumar
ISBN : UOM:39015062447571
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.4 MB
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A single-volume comprehensive yet concise overview of the materials science underlying nanotechnological applications for the life sciences, collating the many articles hitherto found in an overwhelmingly wide range of specialized journals.
Category: Science

Therapeutic Nanomaterials

Author : Mustafa O. Guler
ISBN : 9781118987452
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49.6 MB
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Addressing a cutting-edge, multidisciplinary field, this book reviews nanomaterials and their biomedical applications. It covers regeneration, implants, adhesives, and biosensors and strategies for more efficient therapy, diagnosis, and drug delivery with the use of nanotechnology. • Addresses the increasing demand for nanomedicine in a cutting-edge, multidisciplinary field • Introduces concepts, strategies, and requirements of developing materials • Discusses hot topics in drug delivery, such as neural regeneration, cartilage regeneration, bone tissue regeneration, dental regeneration, biomedical imaging, tissue adhesives and biosensors • Includes a chapter about nanotoxicology to help readers further understand the biocompatability of nanomaterials
Category: Technology & Engineering

Transport And Optical Properties Of Nanomaterials

Author : Mahi R. Singh
ISBN : UCSD:31822037792892
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.75 MB
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The conference was a forum to discuss recent developments in the growth and characterization of nano-structured materials, the synthesis of novel materials and their incorporation into devices with optical and electronic properties determined by nanoscale features, and the theoretical modeling of electronic, optical, magnetic and thermal properties of such systems.
Category: Science