Multilingual

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Negotiation Of Identities In Multilingual Contexts

Author : Aneta Pavlenko
ISBN : 1853596469
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 53.9 MB
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This volume highlights the role of language ideologies in the process of negotiation of identities and shows that in different historical and social contexts different identities may be negotiable or non-negotiable.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Multilingualism A Very Short Introduction

Author : John C. Maher
ISBN : 9780198724995
Genre :
File Size : 43.70 MB
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The languages of the world can be seen and heard in cities and towns, forests and isolated settlements, as well as on the internet and in international organizations like the UN or the EU. How did the world acquire so many languages? Why can't we all speak one language, like English orEsperanto? And what makes a person bilingual? Multilingualism, language diversity in society, is a perfect expression of human plurality. About 6,500-7,000 languages are spoken, written and signed, throughout the linguistic landscape of the world, by people who communicate in more than one language(at work, or in the family or community). Many origin myths, like Babel, called it a "punishment" but multilingualism makes us who we are and plays a large part of our sense of belonging. Languages are instruments for interacting with the cultural environment and their ecology is complex. They candie (Tasmanian), or decline then revive (Manx and Hawaiian), reconstitute from older forms (modern Hebrew), gain new status (Catalan and Maori) or become autonomous national languages (Croatian). Languages can even play a supportive and symbolic role as some territories pursue autonomy ornationhood, such as in the cases of Catalonia and Scotland.In this Very Short Introduction John C. Maher shows how multilingualism offers cultural diversity, complex identities, and alternative ways of doing and knowing to hybrid identities. Increasing multilingualism is drastically changing our view of the value of language, and our notion of the partlanguage plays in national and cultural identities. At the same time multilingualism can lead to social and political conflict, unequal power relations, issues of multiculturalism, and discussions over "national" or "official" languages, with struggles over language rights of local and indigenouscommunities. Considering multilingualism in the context of globalization, Maher also looks at the fate of many endangered languages as they disappear from the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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Multilingual Literacies

Author : Marilyn Martin-Jones
ISBN : 9789027298683
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.22 MB
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The research in this unique collection lies at the interface between the fields of bilingualism and literacy. It deepens our understanding of the significance of reading and writing as social practices and opens up new lines of inquiry for research on multilingualism. The authors incorporate theoretical and methodological insights from both fields and provide detailed accounts of everyday practices of reading and writing in different multilingual settings. The focus is primarily on linguistic minority groups in Britain and on the language and literacy experiences of children and adults in rural and urban communities. Together, the chapters of the volume build up a rich and illuminating picture of specific ways in which literacy is bound up with cultural practices and with different ways of seeing the world. They also address fundamental questions about the relationship between language, literacy and power in multi-ethnic contexts.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Multilingual Communication

Author : Juliane House
ISBN : 9789027219237
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54.92 MB
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In a world of increasing migration and technological progress, multilingual communication has become the rule rather than the exception. This book reflects the growing interest in understanding communication between members of different linguistic groups and contains a collection of original papers by members of the German Science Foundation's research center on multilingualism at Hamburg University and by international experts, offering an overview of the most important research fields in multilingual communication. The book is divided into four sections dealing with interpreting and translation, code-switching in various institutional contexts, two important strands of multilingual communication: rapport and politeness, and contrastive studies of Japanese and German grammar and discourse. The editors' preface presents the relevant theoretical and methodological background to the issues discussed in this book and points to useful directions for future research.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Social Lives In Language Sociolinguistics And Multilingual Speech Communities

Author : Gillian Sankoff
ISBN : 9789027218636
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 76.17 MB
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This volume offers a synthetic approach to language variation and language ideologies in multilingual communities. Although the vast majority of the world s speech communities are multilingual, much of sociolinguistics ignores this internal diversity. This volume fills this gap, investigating social and linguistic dimensions of variation and change in multilingual communities. Drawing on research in a wide range of countries (Canada, USA, South Africa, Australia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu), it explores: connections between the fields of creolistics, language/dialect contact, and language acquisition; how the study of variation and change, particularly in cases of additive bilingualism, is central to understanding social and linguistic issues in multilingual communities; how changing language ideologies and changing demographics influence language choice and/or language policy, and the pivotal place of multilingualism in enacting social power and authority, and a rich array of new empirical findings on the dynamics of multilingual speech communities.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Discourse And Power In A Multilingual World

Author : Adrian Blackledge
ISBN : 9027227055
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41.17 MB
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In Discourse and Power in a Multilingual World the discourse of politicians and policy-makers in Britain links languages other than English, and therefore speakers of these languages, with civil disorder and threats to democracy, citizenship and nationhood. These powerful arguments travel along 'chains of discourse' until they gain the legitimacy of the state, and are inscribed in law. The particular focus of this volume is on discourse linking 'race riots' in England in 2001 with the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002, which extended legislation to test the English language proficiency of British citizenship applicants. Adrian Blackledge develops a theoretical and methodological framework which draws on critical discourse analysis to reveal the linguistic character of social and cultural processes and structures; on Bakhtin's notion of the dialogic nature of discourse to demonstrate how voices progressively gain authority; and on Bourdieu's model of symbolic domination to illuminate the way in which linguistic-minority speakers may be complicit in the misrecognition, or valorisation, of the dominant language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Multilingualism In India

Author : Debi Prasanna Pattanayak
ISBN : 185359072X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90.96 MB
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Multilingualism in India is a challenging and stimulating study of the nature and structure of multilingualism in the Indian subcontinent. India, with 1652 mother tongues, between two hundred and seven hundred languages belonging to four language families, written in ten major script systems and a host of minor ones represents multilingualism unparalleled in the democratric world. With four thousand castes and communities and equal number of religious faiths and cults, its multilingualism matches its pluriculturalism.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language And Education In Multilingual Settings

Author : Bernard Spolsky
ISBN : 0905028589
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57.11 MB
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This book explores the difference between languages that children learn in the home and the languages valued by society and established as the medium of instruction in schools is an almost universal problem in educational systems. In this book, researchers discuss practice and theory in various parts of the world.
Category: Social Science

Multilingual Classroom Ecologies

Author : Angela Creese
ISBN : 1853596957
Genre : Education
File Size : 82.57 MB
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The theme of this book is the multilingual classroom and the inter- relationships, interactions and ideologies that pertain in such classrooms. Drawing on studies from different multilingual communities in different parts of the world, the volume demonstrates the complex nature of the multilingual classroom from an ecological perspective.
Category: Education

Narrative Development In A Multilingual Context

Author : Ludo Th Verhoeven
ISBN : 9027241341
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 43.67 MB
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In this volume, the results of a number of empirical studies of the development of narrative construction within a multilingual context are presented and discussed. It is explored what operating principles underlie the process of narrative production in L1 and L2. Developmental relations between form and function will be studied across a broad range of functional categories, such as temporality, perspective, connectivity, and narrative coherence. Moreover, a variety of language contact situations is considered with broad variation in the typological distances between the languages in order to enable cross-linguistic comparison. The analysis of learner data in various cross-linguistic settings may thus offer new information on the role of the structural properties of unrelated languages on the process of narrative acquisition. In the present volume, an attempt is also made to find out how transfer from one language to the other is facilitated. Finally, the effects of input on narrative construction in children's first and second language are examined in several studies.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Imagining Multilingual Schools

Author : Ofelia Garc-A
ISBN : 9781853598944
Genre : Education
File Size : 36.25 MB
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This text brings together visions and realities of multilingual schools throughout the world in order to examine the pedagogical, socioeducational, and sociopolitical issues that impact on their development and success.
Category: Education

Language Socialization In Bilingual And Multilingual Societies

Author : Robert Bayley
ISBN : 1853596353
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 34.58 MB
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An exploration of language socialization from very early childhood through to adulthood, not only in often-studied communities in Canada and the United States, but also in Australia, Bolivia, Egypt, India and Slovakia. The global perspective gained by the inclusion of studies of communities representing every inhabited continent provides readers with an indication of the richness of the field as well as a guide for future work.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Multilingualism

Author : Larissa Aronin
ISBN : 9789027218704
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 73.50 MB
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Offers an account of multilingualism, a phenomenon affecting a vast number of communities, thousands of languages and millions of language users. This book focuses on the knowledge and use of multiple languages. It deals with both bilingualism and polyglottism, at the level of the individual speaker as well as at the societal level.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Multilingual Mind

Author : Tracey Tokuhama-Espinosa
ISBN : 0897899180
Genre : Education
File Size : 30.58 MB
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The bulk of the world's population is multilingual, and one in seven Americans speak a language other than English at home. Multilinguals crave answers to question both basic and profound, questions relating to linguistic identity, schools, multiliteracy, how languages are actually learned, and why there are so many variations on individual success. Tokuhama-Espinosa combines solid research, humor, and real-life examples into 21 informative and entertaining essays about people who experience the world with multiple languages. This book tackles common misconceptions about polyglots (too many languages can cause brain overload, some languages are easier to learn than others, an adult cannot learn a foreign language as fast as a child, etc.) Other topics include: Curriculum choice Teaching languages using the multiple intelligences How different education systems can influence multilingual skills Language's relationship to mental tasks such as music and math Languages from the womb and bilingualism from birth The growth of the trilingual family The societal situation of third culture kids (those growing outside of their parents' native country) A special case for foreign language development The emerging cross-area study of multilingualism and cosmopolitanism Questions of linguistic identity Challenges to normal foreign language learning, such as dyslexia, Downs Syndrome, and deafness"
Category: Education

Multilingual Speech Processing

Author : Tanja Schultz
ISBN : 9780080457628
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21.87 MB
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Tanja Schultz and Katrin Kirchhoff have compiled a comprehensive overview of speech processing from a multilingual perspective. By taking this all-inclusive approach to speech processing, the editors have included theories, algorithms, and techniques that are required to support spoken input and output in a large variety of languages. Multilingual Speech Processing presents a comprehensive introduction to research problems and solutions, both from a theoretical as well as a practical perspective, and highlights technology that incorporates the increasing necessity for multilingual applications in our global community. Current challenges of speech processing and the feasibility of sharing data and system components across different languages guide contributors in their discussions of trends, prognoses and open research issues. This includes automatic speech recognition and speech synthesis, but also speech-to-speech translation, dialog systems, automatic language identification, and handling non-native speech. The book is complemented by an overview of multilingual resources, important research trends, and actual speech processing systems that are being deployed in multilingual human-human and human-machine interfaces. Researchers and developers in industry and academia with different backgrounds but a common interest in multilingual speech processing will find an excellent overview of research problems and solutions detailed from theoretical and practical perspectives. State-of-the-art research with a global perspective by authors from the USA, Asia, Europe, and South Africa The only comprehensive introduction to multilingual speech processing currently available Detailed presentation of technological advances integral to security, financial, cellular and commercial applications
Category: Technology & Engineering

Multilingual Norms

Author : Madalena Cruz-Ferreira
ISBN : 3631596375
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 66.60 MB
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Multilinguals are not multiple monolinguals. Yet multilingual assessment proceeds through monolingual norms, as if fair conclusions were possible in the absence of fair comparison. In addition, multilingualism concerns what people do with language, not what languages do to people. Yet research focus remains on multilinguals' languages, as if languages existed despite their users. This book redresses these paradoxes. Multilingual scholars, teachers and speech-language clinicians from Europe, Asia, Australia and the US contribute the first studies dedicated to multilingual norms, those found in real-life multilingual development, assessment and use. Readership includes educators, clinicians, decision-makers and researchers interested in multilingualism.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Text Corpora And Multilingual Lexicography

Author : Wolfgang Teubert
ISBN : 902722238X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33.11 MB
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The contributions in this volume (first published as a Special Issue of International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 6 (2001)) evolved from the EU-funded project Trans-European Language Resources Infrastructure (TELRI) and deal with various aspects of multilingual corpus linguistics. The topics reach from building parallel corpora over annotation issues and questions concerning terminology extraction to bilingual and multilingual lexicography; the statistical properties of parallel corpora and the practice of translators; and the role of corpus linguistics for multilingual language technology.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language And Aging In Multilingual Contexts

Author : Kees De Bot
ISBN : 1853598402
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40.77 MB
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In this book different aspects of language and aging are discussed. While language spoken by and language spoken with elderly people have been treated as different areas of research, it is argued here that from a dynamical system perspective the two are closely interrelated. In addition to overviews of research on language and aging, a number of projects on this topic in multilingual settings are presented.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Portrait Of The Young In The New Multilingual Spain

Author : Carmen Pérez Vidal
ISBN : 9781847690227
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45.35 MB
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This book examines the main issues in bilingual and multilingual language acquisition through children and youngsters growing up in todays multicultural Spain, where four official languages and other new languages are used. The studies cover phonetics, g
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines