Moral Premise

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The Moral Premise

Author : Stanley D. Williams
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123300712
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 58.83 MB
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The Moral Premise reveals the foundational concept at the heart of all storytelling and successful box office movies. In concrete terms it explains how you can create your own success and, in the process, entertain, delight, challenge, and uplift this generation and the ones to come.
Category: Performing Arts

The Moral Premises Of Nuclear War

Author :
ISBN : 9781619792852
Genre :
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In war, and in the time which precedes war, the social construction of meaning constantly reaffirms the worst fears of those Nations at odds with one another. War is a system of primitive thought and projection, which is worsened by each new phase in enmity. It is a function of witchcraft accusations to define group boundaries and solidarity. The fears and hostilities of conflict and war work in a similar war. This is a classic paper, which looks at the social anthropology of war and explains how the human tendency of projection forms a self-fulfilling cybernetic loop in conflict situations. Although written about the arms race before Glasnost it is highly relevant to the contemporary world, in particular the relationship between the West and Iran.

Anatomy Of A Premise Line

Author : Jeff Lyons
ISBN : 9781317558958
Genre : Art
File Size : 24.3 MB
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If a story is going to fail, it will do so first at the premise level. Anatomy of a Premise Line: How to Master Premise and Story Development for Writing Success is the only book of its kind to identify a seven-step development process that can be repeated and applied to any story idea. This process will save you time, money, and potentially months of wasted writing. So whether you are trying to write a feature screenplay, develop a television pilot, or just trying to figure out your next story move as a writer, this book gives you the tools you need to know which ideas are worth pursuing. In addition to the 7-step premise development tool, Anatomy of a Premise Line also presents a premise and idea testing methodology that can be used to test any developed premise line. Customized exercises and worksheets are included to facilitate knowledge transfer, so that by the end of the book, you will have a fully developed premise line, log line, tagline, and a completed premise-testing checklist. Here is some of what you will learn inside: Ways to determine whether or not your story is a good fit for print or screen Case studies and hands-on worksheets to help you learn by participating in the process Tips on how to effectively work through writer’s block A companion website ( with additional worksheets, videos, and interactive tools to help you learn the basics of perfecting a killer premise line
Category: Art

Moral Skepticisms

Author : Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
ISBN : 9780199884889
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 65.12 MB
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All contentious moral issues--from gay marriage to abortion and affirmative action--raise difficult questions about the justification of moral beliefs. How can we be justified in holding on to our own moral beliefs while recognizing that other intelligent people feel quite differently and that many moral beliefs are distorted by self-interest and by corrupt cultures? Even when almost everyone agrees--e.g. that experimental surgery without consent is immoral--can we know that such beliefs are true? If so, how? These profound questions lead to fundamental issues about the nature of morality, language, metaphysics, justification, and knowledge. They also have tremendous practical importance in handling controversial moral questions in health care ethics, politics, law, and education. Sinnott-Armstrong here provides an extensive overview of these difficult subjects, looking at a wide variety of questions, including: Are any moral beliefs true? Are any justified? What is justified belief? The second half of the book explores various moral theories that have grappled with these issues, such as naturalism, normativism, intuitionism, and coherentism, all of which are attempts to answer moral skepticism. Sinnott-Armstrong argues that all these approaches fail to rule out moral nihilism--the view that nothing is really morally wrong or right, bad or good. Then he develops his own novel theory,--"moderate Pyrrhonian moral skepticism"--which concludes that some moral beliefs can be justified out of a modest contrast class but no moral beliefs can be justified out of an extreme contrast class. While explaining this original position and criticizing alternatives, Sinnott-Armstrong provides a wide-ranging survey of the epistemology of moral beliefs.
Category: Philosophy

The Moral Rights Of Animals

Author : Mylan Engel Jr.
ISBN : 9781498531917
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70.29 MB
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Edited by Mylan Engel Jr. and Gary Lynn Comstock, this book employs different ethical lenses, including classical deontology, libertarianism, commonsense morality, virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and the capabilities approach, to explore the philosophical basis for the strong animal rights view, which holds that animals have moral rights equal in strength to the rights of humans, while also addressing what are undoubtedly the most serious challenges to the strong animal rights stance, including the challenges posed by rights nihilism, the “kind” argument against animal rights, the problem of predation, and the comparative value of lives. In addition, contributors explore the practical import of animal rights both from a social policy standpoint and from the standpoint of personal ethical decisions concerning what to eat and whether to hunt animals. Unlike other volumes on animal rights, which focus primarily on the legal rights of animals, and unlike other anthologies on animal ethics, which tend to cover a wide variety of topics but only devote a few articles to each topic, this volume focuses exclusively on the question of whether animals have moral rights and the practical import of such rights. The Moral Rights of Animals will be an indispensable resource for scholars, teachers, and students in the fields of animal ethics, applied ethics, ethical theory, and human-animal studies, as well as animal rights advocates and policy makers interested in improving the treatment of animals.
Category: Philosophy

Oxford Studies In Metaethics 12

Author : Russ Shafer-Landau
ISBN : 9780198805076
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 54.81 MB
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Oxford Studies in Metaethics is the only publication devoted exclusively to original philosophical work in the foundations of ethics. It provides an annual selection of much of the best new scholarship being done in the field. Its broad purview includes work being done at the intersections of ethical theory with metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of language, and philosophy of mind. The essays included in the series provide an excellent basis for understanding recent developments in the field; those who would like to acquaint themselves with the current state of play in metaethics would do well to start here.
Category: Philosophy

Economic Analysis Moral Philosophy And Public Policy

Author : Daniel M. Hausman
ISBN : 9781139450652
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.63 MB
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This 2006 book shows through accessible argument and numerous examples how understanding moral philosophy can improve economic analysis, how moral philosophy can benefit from economists' analytical tools, and how economic analysis and moral philosophy together can inform public policy. Part I explores rationality and its connections to morality. It argues that in defending their model of rationality, mainstream economists implicitly espouse contestable moral principles. Part II concerns welfare, utilitarianism and standard welfare economics, while Part III considers important moral notions that are left out of standard welfare economics, such as freedom, rights, equality, and justice. Part III also emphasizes the variety of moral considerations that are relevant to evaluating policies. Part IV then introduces technical work in social choice theory and game theory that is guided by ethical concepts and relevant to moral theorizing. Chapters include recommended readings and the book includes a glossary of relevant terms.
Category: Political Science

Attacking Faulty Reasoning

Author : T. Edward Damer
ISBN : 9781133049982
Genre : Education
File Size : 72.79 MB
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Help your students hone their critical thinking and refine their rational and argumentative discussion skills with the seventh edition of Damer's ATTACKING FAULTY REASONING: A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO FALLACY-FREE ARGUMENTS. This theoretically sound handbook addresses more than 60 common fallacies with the help of over 200 memorable, timely examples. Students learn to construct, deliver, and logically evaluate arguments with more than 350 proven exercises and practice opportunities. However, ATTACKING FAULTY REASONING goes beyond most critical thinking books, providing students with not just a definition and examples for each fallacy, but also hints and tips on how to attack (or respond) when faced with a fallacious argument of each type. This unique feature along with the book's brevity making it an ideal resource on its own or as a complement to another critical thinking or introduction to philosophy texts. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: Education

How To Think Critically

Author : Jeff McLaughlin
ISBN : 9781770485105
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33.6 MB
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Jeff McLaughlin’s How to Think Critically begins with the premise that we are all, every day, engaged in critical thinking. But as we may develop bad habits in daily life if we don’t scrutinize our practices, so we are apt to develop bad habits in critical thinking if we are careless in our reasoning. This book exists to instill good thinking habits: attentiveness to word choice, avoidance of fallacies, and effective construction and assessment of arguments. With relatable and often amusing examples included throughout, the book adopts a degree of technical sophistication that is rigorous and yet still easily applied to ordinary situations. Readers are presented with a traditional step-by-step method for analysis that can be applied to all argument forms. Hundreds of exercises (with solutions) are included, as are several random statement generators which can be used to create thousands of additional examples. Venn diagrams, truth tables, and other essential concepts are presented not as definitions for academic study but as tools for better thinking and living.
Category: Philosophy

Moral Responsibility

Author : Carlos Moya
ISBN : 9781134194575
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 26.60 MB
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"This book lays out the major arguments for scepticism about moral responsibility and subjects them to sustained and penetrating critical analysis. Moral Responsibility lays out the intricate dialectic involved in these issues in a helpful and accessible way. The book goes on to suggest a way in which scepticism can be avoided, arguing that an excessive pre-eminence given to the will might lie at the root of scepticism of moral responsibility. Carlos Moya offers an alternative to scepticism, showing how a cognitive approach to moral responsibility which stresses the importance of belief would rescue our natural and centrally important faith in the reality of moral responsibility."--Jacket.
Category: Philosophy

What Is The Human Being

Author : Patrick R. Frierson
ISBN : 9780415558440
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71.81 MB
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Philosophers, anthropologists and biologists have long puzzled over the question of human nature. It is also a question that Kant thought about deeply and returned to in many of his writings. In this lucid and wide-ranging introduction to Kant's philosophy of human nature - which is essential for understanding his thought as a whole - Patrick R. Frierson assesses Kant's theories and examines his critics. He begins by explaining how Kant articulates three ways of addressing the question 'what is the human being?': the transcendental, the empirical, and the pragmatic. He then considers some of the great theorists of human nature who wrestle with Kant's views, such as Hegel, Marx, Darwin, Nietzsche, and Freud; contemporary thinkers such as E.O.Wilson and Daniel Dennett, who have sought biological explanations of human nature; Thomas Kuhn, Michel Foucault, and Clifford Geertz, who emphasize the diversity of human beings in different times and places; and existentialist philosophers such as Sartre and Heidegger. He argues that whilst these approaches challenge and enrich Kant's views in significant ways, all suffer from serious weaknesses that Kant's anthropology can address. Taking a core insight of Kant's - that human beings are fundamentally free but finite - he argues that it is the existentialists, particularly Sartre, who are the most direct heirs of his transcendental anthropology. The final part of the book is an extremely helpful overview of the work of contemporary philosophers, particularly Christine Korsgaard and Jürgen Habermas. Patrick R. Frierson explains how these philosophers engage with questions of naturalism, historicism, and existentialism while developing Kantian conceptions of the human being. Including chapter summaries and annotated further reading, What is the Human Being? is an outstanding introduction to some fundamental aspects of Kant's thought and a judicious assessment of leading theories of human nature. It is essential reading for all students of Kant and the philosophy of human nature, as well as those in related disciplines such as anthropology, politics and sociology.
Category: Philosophy

Theorizing Self In Samoa

Author : Jeannette Marie Mageo
ISBN : 0472085182
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.3 MB
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Proposes a new method for discussing variations in the experience of self across cultures
Category: Social Science

Making Moral Decisions

Author : Louis O. Kattsoff
ISBN : 9789401192880
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 67.4 MB
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Category: Philosophy

Peter Singer Under Fire

Author : Jeffrey A. Schaler
ISBN : 9780812697698
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 29.89 MB
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One of the leading ethical thinkers of the modern age, Peter Singer has repeatedly been embroiled in controversy. Protesters in Germany closed down his lectures, mistakenly thinking he was advocating Nazi views on eugenics. Conservative publisher Steve Forbes withdrew generous donations to Princeton after Singer was appointed professor of bioethics. His belief that infanticide is sometimes morally justified has appalled people from all walks of life. Peter Singer Under Fire gives a platform to his critics on many contentious issues. Leaders of the disability rights group Not Dead Yet attack Singer’s views on disability and euthanasia. Economists criticize the effectiveness of his ideas for solving global poverty. Philosophers expose problems in Singer’s theory of utilitarianism and ethicists refute his position on abortion. Singer’s engaging “Intellectual Autobiography” explains how he came by his controversial views, while detailed replies to each critic reveal further surprising aspects of his unique outlook.
Category: Philosophy

Letters To An Atheist

Author : Peter Kreeft
ISBN : 9781442232723
Genre : Religion
File Size : 32.97 MB
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In Letters to an Atheist, Peter Kreeft corresponds with a fictional young atheist to wrestle with the primary reasons for not believing in God. With characteristic warmth and clarity, Kreeft’s letters explore the arguments for God as well as dismantling the arguments against. From explaining the problem of evil to reconciling science and religion, Kreeft’s compelling letters offer believers and non-believers alike much to consider.
Category: Religion

Rwanda And The Moral Obligation Of Humanitarian Intervention

Author : Joshua James Kassner
ISBN : 9780748670482
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59.8 MB
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A new approach to an issue of tremendous moral, political and legal importance, and explains why the international community should have intervened in Rwanda.
Category: Political Science

Metaphilosophy And Free Will

Author : Richard Double
ISBN : 0195355415
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 69.26 MB
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Why is debate over the free will problem so intractable? In this broad and stimulating look at the philosophical enterprise, Richard Double uses the free will controversy to build on the subjectivist conclusion he developed in The Non-Reality of Free Will (OUP 1991). Double argues that various views about free will--e.g., compatibilism, incompatibilism, and even subjectivism--are compelling if, and only if, we adopt supporting metaphilosophical views. Because metaphilosophical considerations are not provable, we cannot show any free will theory to be most reasonable. Metaphilosophy and Free Will deconstructs the free will problem and, by example, challenges philosophers in other areas to show how their philosophical argumentation can succeed.
Category: Philosophy

Introduction To Logic

Author : Harry Gensler
ISBN : 9781134588800
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56.4 MB
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Introduction to Logic offers one of the most clear, interesting and accessible introductions to what has long been considered one of the most challenging subjects in philosophy. Harry Gensler engages students with the basics of logic through practical examples and important arguments both in the history of philosophy and from contemporary philosophy. Using simple and manageable methods for testing arguments, students are led step-by-step to master the complexities of logic. The companion LogiCola instructional program and various teaching aids (including a teacher's manual) are available from the book's website:
Category: Philosophy

Professional Philosophy

Author : P. Perry
ISBN : 9789400945326
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 76.99 MB
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Over the past several decades serious work in philosophy has become almost wholly inaccessible to people who do not specialize in the subject. To be sure, the writings of Aristotle and Kant were never easy reading, and even relatively untechnical philosophers like Mill or Santayana de mand careful study if we are really to understand them. But during the last generation or two the situation has steadily become worse for readers who may want to know what philosophers of their own time are doing. And this is true even though many writers have been learning to avoid the unnecessary jargon that disfigures so much of traditional philosophy. No matter how direct the English style of recent philosophers may be, their methodic purposes and argument style will re main obscure to anyone who has not gone to considerable trouble to be introduced to them. Then too, the closeness of their analysis and the con sequent narrowness of many of the issues pursued make it hard to catch onto the argument without some familiarity with slightly earlier discus sions from which those issues emerged. All of this helps to account for the rather common but false belief that professional philosophy is now only a collection of technical exercises that could hardly be of interest to anyone but the philosophers themselves.
Category: Philosophy

Responsibility In Health Care

Author : G.J. Agich
ISBN : 9789400978317
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39.26 MB
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Medicine is a complex social institution which includes biomedical research, clinical practice, and the administration and organization of health care delivery. As such, it is amenable to analysis from a number of disciplines and directions. The present volume is composed of revised papers on the theme of "Responsibility in Health Care" presented at the Eleventh Trans Disciplinary Symposium on Philosophy and Medicine, which was held in Springfield, illinois on March 16-18, 1981. The collective focus of these essays is the clinical practice of medicine and the themes and issues related to questions of responsibility in that setting. Responsibility has three related dimensions which make it a suitable theme for an inquiry into clinical medicine: (a) an external dimension in legal and political analysis in which the State imposes penalties on individuals and groups and in which officials and governments are held accountable for policies; (b) an internal dimension in moral and ethical analysis in which individuals take into account the consequences of their actions and the criteria which bear upon their choices; and (c) a comprehensive dimension in social and cultural analysis in which values are ordered in the structure of a civilization ([8], p. 5). The title "Responsibility in Health Care" thus signifies a broad inquiry not only into the ethics of individual character and actions, but the moral foundations of the cultural, legal, political, and social context of health care generally.
Category: Philosophy