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Author : International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
ISBN : 9781484350188
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77.83 MB
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The economy is recovering better than anticipated due to buoyant external demand and a return of confidence. The situation facing Mongolia has changed considerably. One year ago, public debt was on track to reach 100 percent of GDP, yields on government debt were nearly 20 percent, reserves were 2 months of imports and the exchange rate had depreciated over 20 percent. Since then, a pick-up in external demand for coal and a rise in commodity prices have triggered a large recovery in activity. Steady implementation of the second phase of the Oyu Tolgoi copper mine has driven a recovery in investment as well as related services and manufacturing. The fiscal deficit fell sharply due to a substantial pick up in revenues and strict expenditure control, helping reduce public debt to roughly 85 percent of GDP. Implementation of the government’s Economic Recovery Program with large support from key donors and the IMF helped restore confidence: external bonds maturing in 2018 have been rolled over at much lower interest rates than before, private and official inflows have boosted reserves by $1.3 billion more than targeted, and the authorities face no external private maturities until 2021.
Category: Business & Economics

Political Handbook Of The World 2018 2019

Author : Tom Lansford
ISBN : 9781544327136
Genre : Reference
File Size : 36.29 MB
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The Political Handbook of the World provides timely, thorough, and accurate political information, with more in-depth coverage of current political controversies than any other reference guide. The updated 2018-2019 edition will continue to be the most authoritative source for finding complete facts and analysis on each country’s governmental and political makeup. Compiling in one place more than 200 entries on countries and territories throughout the world, this volume is renowned for its extensive coverage of all major and minor political parties and groups in each political system. It also provides names of key ambassadors and international memberships of each country, plus detailed profiles of more than 30 intergovernmental organizations and UN agencies. This comprehensive update will include coverage of current events, issues, crises, and controversies from the course of the last two years, including: Elections across Europe Referendum in Ireland Rohingya genocide in Myanmar The Venezuelan dictatorship The renaming of Swaziland to eSwatini Qatar diplomacy changes Historic meeting between the United States and North Korea Establishment of a new governing coalition in Liberia
Category: Reference

Cracking The Ap World History Exam 2018 Edition

Author : Princeton Review
ISBN : 9781524710545
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 28.48 MB
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EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO HELP SCORE A PERFECT 5! Ace the AP World History Exam with this comprehensive study guide—including 2 full-length practice tests with answer explanations, content reviews for every test topic, strategies for every question type, and access to online extras via our AP Connect portal. This eBook edition has been optimized for on-screen learning with cross-linked questions, answers, and explanations. Written by the experts at The Princeton Review, Cracking the AP World History Exam arms you to take on the test and achieve your highest possible score. Techniques That Actually Work. • Tried-and-true strategies to help you avoid traps and beat the test • Tips for pacing yourself and guessing logically • Essential tactics to help you work smarter, not harder Everything You Need to Know to Help Achieve a High Score. • Comprehensive content review for all test topics • Up-to-date information on the 2018 AP World History Exam • Engaging activities to help you critically assess your progress • Access to AP Connect, our online portal for helpful pre-college information and exam updates Premium Practice to Help Achieve Excellence. • 2 full-length practice tests with complete answer explanations • Key terms lists, detailed maps, and helpful timelines of major developments • End-of-chapter drills that mimic the exam and test your historical thinking skills and understanding of topics
Category: Study Aids


Author : Henrietta Toth
ISBN : 9781502641304
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 68.66 MB
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Mongolia, a landlocked country in East Asia, is one of the largest countries in the world, as well as one of the most sparsely populated. Mongolia is known as the home of Genghis Khan, who ruled over nomadic horsemen and founded the Mongol Empire in the thirteenth century, and the nation's people are still largely nomadic. This book takes readers on a journey through Mongolia, exploring its geography, history, culture, and people. Special sidebars, vivid photographs, and maps accompany this informative text.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Beautiful Mongolia

Author : Andrea Tuvshintuya
ISBN : 198094623X
Genre :
File Size : 65.71 MB
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Mongolia is a democratic country with a population of around three million, with almost half the country's citizens residing in the capital, Ulaanbaatar. Up until 1990, Mongolia was a communist country and largely supported by the former Soviet Union until the late 1980s. During the thirteenth century, Mongolia's founder, Chinggis Khaan, achieved a stunning feat by conquering most of the known world. Mongolia has a long-standing history of nomadic culture, and even today the rural population still lives a nomadic lifestyle. Stepping onto the Mongolian steppes offers opportunities to explore a unique way of life unlike any other on the planet, ranging from the Darkhad in the north, who practice shamanism and manage flocks of domesticated reindeer, to the sprawling steppes where you'll find friendly nomads who reside in well-kept Gers while maintaining large flocks of livestock. The country is home to several ancient lakes with extraordinarily pure, pristine water, which offers spectacular views and opportunities for recreation. Mongolians have done a tremendous job at preserving their unique nomadic traditional lifestyle, even with the modernization of Ulaanbaatar and explosive economic growth in the past decade. Almost two decades ago, the world discovered the land was extraordinarily rich in minerals such as copper, coal, and even gold. As a result, many international mining companies have made investments in the country, and Mongolia became a large exporter of minerals to the rest of the world. The tourism industry has exploded in the last two decades, given the shift to democracy, globalization, and economic growth. Mongolia has a tremendous amount of land that has been untouched by development or pollution. In some areas, the river and lake water is so pristine and clear that by many standards is considered potable directly from the source.Mongolia is one of the safest destinations in the world and easy for English speaking travelers, as most younger-generation Mongolians are taught English in school. Traditionally, the older generations are fluent in Russian as well but in the major cities a foreigner should not have trouble finding people who speak English. In the larger cities, you will get to experience modern Mongolian culture, exquisite restaurants, and entertaining nightlife. Once outside of the major cities, you will get to experience the magic of the traditional nomadic culture in the countryside.

A History Of Russia Central Asia And Mongolia Volume Ii

Author : David Christian
ISBN : 9780631210399
Genre : History
File Size : 55.94 MB
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"A lucid, provocative and unprecedented exploration of the changing balance of power between nomads and agriculturalists from the decline of the Mongol Empire to the present. A signal achievement in Eurasian and global history." Thomas T. Allsen, Professor Emeritus, The College of New Jersey "Unique in its transregional approach and ecological concern, a tour de force essential for understanding the historical dynamics shaping not only Inner Eurasia, but the broader world today." R. Charles Weller, Central Eurasian and Islamic World History, Washington State and Georgetown universities "Impressive in its grasp of diverse sources, including climate and demographic data, 'Inner Eurasia from the Mongol Empire to Today' offers a comprehensive 'big picture' overview of the history of Inner Eurasia, while at the same time exploring many of the details of the historical processes that have made the history of the region particularly rich and fascinating." Craig Benjamin, Professor History, Frederik J Meijer Honors College, Grand Valley State University Provides an all-encompassing look at the history of Russia, Central Asia, and Mongolia Beginning with the breakup of the Mongol Empire in the mid-thirteenth century, Volume II of this comprehensive work covers the remarkable history of "Inner Eurasia," from 1260 up to modern times, completing the story begun in Volume I. Volume II describes how agriculture spread through Inner Eurasia, providing the foundations for new agricultural states, including the Russian Empire. It focuses on the idea of "mobilization" – the distinctive ways in which elite groups mobilized resources from their populations, and how those methods were shaped by the region's distinctive ecology, which differed greatly from that of "Outer Eurasia," the southern half of Eurasia and the part of Eurasia most studied by historians. This work also examines how fossil fuels created a bonanza of energy that helped shape the history of the Communist world during much of the twentieth century. Filled with figures, maps, and tables to help give readers a fuller understanding of what has transpired over 750 years in this distinctive world region, A History of Russia, Central Asia and Mongolia: Volume II: Inner Eurasia from the Mongol Empire to Today, 1260-2000 is a magisterial but accessible account of this area's past, that will offer readers new insights into the history of an often misunderstood part of the world. Situates the histories of Russia, Central Asia, and Mongolia within the larger narrative of world history Concentrates on the idea of Inner Eurasia as a coherent ecological and geographical zone Focuses on the powerful ways in which the region's geography shaped its history Places great emphasis on how "mobilization" played a major part in the development of the regions Offers a distinctive interpretation of modernity that highlights the importance of fossil fuels Offers new ways of understanding the Soviet era A History of Russia, Central Asia and Mongolia: Volume II is an ideal book for general audiences and for use in undergraduate and graduate courses in world history.
Category: History

Fr D Ric Lagrange Mongolia

Author :
ISBN : 8862086067
Genre :
File Size : 23.60 MB
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French photographer Frédéric Lagrange began taking pictures of Mongolia in 2001. Since then, he has taken 12 trips to the country over the course of 15 years, visiting in all 4 seasons and traveling through the nation's vastly different regions. Frédéric Lagrange: Mongolia is the result: a visual portrait of Mongolia and its people, captured in stunning focus. Designed in an oversized format to maximize the impact of the smallest detail--from the warp and weft of a colorful textile or the flushed cheeks of a baby to the sandy dunes of a desert.

A Tour In Mongolia

Author : Beatrix Bulstrode
ISBN : 0353042692
Genre : History
File Size : 75.11 MB
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Category: History

Mongolia 2013 Article Iv Consultation Staff Report Press Release And Statement By The Executive Director For Mongolia

Author : International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
ISBN : 9781475519716
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58.5 MB
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This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights economic developments and policies of Mongolia between 2003 and 2013. The resulting balance-of-payments (BOP) pressures have been compounded by negative shocks to foreign direct investment (FDI) and coal exports. The IMF report analyzes that various banking sector vulnerabilities and weaknesses in the business climate need to be addressed to steady the progress of the economy. Launch of new investment law is important to be introduced by the government to improve the business climate and encourage FDI inflows.
Category: Business & Economics