Modality In Specialized Texts

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Modality In Specialized Texts

Author : Maurizio Gotti
ISBN : 0820453404
Genre : Modality (Linguistics)
File Size : 29.31 MB
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Category: Modality (Linguistics)

Studien Zur Rechtskommunikation

Author : Dorothee Heller
ISBN : 3039114360
Genre : Communication in law
File Size : 78.94 MB
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Dieser Band führt Arbeiten zusammen, die neben der Konzentration auf juristisch-terminologische Fragen das Recht als einen kommunikativen Bereich mit ihm eigenen Einbindungen in unterschiedliche gesellschaftliche Domänen behandeln. Es werden sowohl einzelsprachliche als auch sprachübergreifende Merkmale juristischer Kommunikation untersucht. Dabei werden auch kontrastive Aspekte einbezogen. Von besonderer Relevanz sind Fragen der Übersetzung normativer Texte, die für Situationen institutioneller Mehrsprachigkeit - wie sie in der Europäischen Union und in der Schweiz, aber auch in Grenzregionen bestehen - charakteristisch sind. Es werden theoretische und forschungsmethodische Fragen erörtert, die mit Konventionen und/oder Funktionen juristischer Texte und nicht zuletzt mit der Entwicklung fachkommunikativer Kompetenz in der akademischen Ausbildung zusammenhängen. Ein Großteil der Studien ist empirisch basiert. Viele Beiträge wurden beim 15. Europäischen Fachsprachensymposium (New Trends in Specialized Discourse, Universität Bergamo, 29. August-2. September 2005) präsentiert; diese wurden durch Arbeiten zu dort nicht behandelten Themen aus dem Bereich Sprache und Recht erweitert, so dass der Band ein breites Spektrum rechtslinguistischer Forschung repräsentiert.
Category: Communication in law

Studies On English Modality

Author : Frank Robert Palmer
ISBN : 3034303106
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47.48 MB
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Inspired by Frank Palmer's work, this book addresses a set of specific topics pertaining to the description of modality in English and places them in a broader context. A number of more general theoretical and typological matters are also raised, which bear upon the theory of syntax, semantics and pragmatics and their interfaces. The methodology adopted is mostly functional-typological, though some reference is made to various theoretical frameworks, ranging from cognitive linguistics to parametric variation. Modal meanings are seen to extend beyond particular lexical and grammatical exponents, through sentential semantics and into actual contexts of use. At the same time, the study of modality seems to challenge commonly held views on the relationship between different levels of linguistic analysis. Other languages discussed include Brazilian Portuguese, Classical and Modern Greek and Spanish.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language For Specific Purposes

Author : Giuliana Elena Garzone
ISBN : 9781443862738
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 29.82 MB
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This volume brings together work by both well-known scholars and emerging researchers in the various areas of Language for Specific Purposes (LSP), such as political, legal, medical, and business discourse. The volume is divided into three parts in order to align rather than separate three different but related aspects of LSP: namely, translation, linguistic research, and domain specific communication on the web. Underlying all the contributions here is the growing awareness of the ever-increasing multiformity of specialised communication and the ever-wider social implications of the communicative situations in which it is embedded, especially where it involves the need to move across languages, cultures and modes, as in translation and interpreting. The contributions consistently bear witness to the need to review received notions, pose new questions, and explore fresh perspectives. The picture that emerges is one of extreme complexity, in which researchers into specifically linguistic aspects of LSPs and their translation across languages and media declare their awareness of the pressing need to come to terms with a wide range of social, pragmatic, intercultural and political factors, above and beyond socio-technical knowledge of the domains under investigation.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Acquisition Of German Modal Particles

Author : Martina Möllering
ISBN : 3039100432
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 76.74 MB
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Following the rationale that corpora have an important part to play in fostering language awareness, this monograph investigates the use of spoken corpora in the teaching of German as a foreign language. Corpus-based research has had an increasing influence on language teaching pedagogy, with regard to linguistic content as well as to teaching methodology. While the majority of studies reporting on corpus-based teaching approaches refer to English, only a small number of studies have discussed such an approach for German. In this study, the exploitation of language corpora is proposed in order to arrive at authentic teaching materials which facilitate the comprehension of German modal particles, which pose numerous problems for learners of German as a foreign language. The approach is twofold: first, the frequency of those word forms which may function as modal particles is established. Secondly, concordance data of the more frequently occurring particles are analysed qualitatively. Teaching materials based on these analyses are developed referring to patterns of use which can be relayed to language learners in order to provide them with tools for the decoding of particle meaning.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Modality In English

Author : Raphael Salkie
ISBN : 9783110196344
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 25.92 MB
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This volume presents strongly empirical, corpus-based studies of a range of English modal auxiliaries and modal constructions in specific uses. It also approaches some of the classic issues in the field of modality from new perspectives, notably that of the Theory of Enunciative Operations developed by the French linguist Antoine Culioli and his colleagues. "
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Intercultural Aspects Of Specialized Communication

Author : Christopher Candlin
ISBN : 3039112589
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 83.23 MB
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This volume explores intercultural communication in specialist fields and its realisations in language for specific purposes. Special attention is given to legal, commercial, political and institutional discourse used in particular workplaces, analysed from an intercultural perspective. The contributions explore to what extent intercultural pressure leads to particular discourse patternings and lexico-grammatical / phonological realisations, and also the extent to which textual re-encoding and recontextualisation alter the pragmatic value of the texts taken into consideration.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Studies In Specialized Discourse

Author : Maurizio Gotti
ISBN : 3039111787
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 76.73 MB
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This book analyses the various features of specialized discourse in order to assess its degree of specificity and diversification, as compared to general language. Prior to any analysis of such traits, the notion of specialized discourse and its distinctive properties are clarified, also as compared to other features frequently occurring in specialized texts which cannot be considered distinctive. The presence of such properties are accounted for not only in linguistic but also in pragmatic terms since the approach is interpretative rather tan merely descriptive. The complexity of this discourse calls for a multidimensional analysis, covering both lexis and morpho-syntax as well as textual patterning. Some lexical aspects, morphosyntactic features and textual genres are also examined from a diachronic perspective, thus showing how various conventions concerning specialized discourse have developed over the last few centuries.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Multimodal Composition

Author : Cynthia L. Selfe
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123404308
Genre : Education
File Size : 24.44 MB
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Provides information on using computer-aided instruction in the teaching of English language composition.
Category: Education

Modal Analysis

Author : Zhi-Fang Fu
ISBN : 9780080511788
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43.34 MB
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Modal Analysis provides a detailed overview of the theory of analytical and experimental modal analysis and its applications. Modal Analysis is the processes of determining the inherent dynamic characteristics of any system and using them to formulate a mathematical model of the dynamic behavior of the system. In the past two decades it has become a major technological tool in the quest for determining, improving and optimizing dynamic characteristics of engineering structures. Its main application is in mechanical and aeronautical engineering, but it is also gaining widespread use in civil and structural engineering, biomechanical problems, space structures, acoustic instruments and nuclear engineering. The only book to focus on the theory of modal analysis before discussing applications A relatively new technique being utilized more and more in recent years which is now filtering through to undergraduate courses Leading expert in the field
Category: Technology & Engineering

A University Handbook On Terminology And Specialized Translation

Author : Noa Talaván Zanón
ISBN : 9788497459297
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 56.56 MB
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Are you interested in improving your English skills to use them in your work environment and you don't know how to get started? Would you like to be able to translate specialized texts? In this book you can find the necessary tools to be introduced to the fields of Terminology and Specialized Translation, so as to achieve a general understanding of the internal workings of these two interrelated disciplines. The present book is designed to address introductory matters as far as specialized translation and English for Specific Purposes are concerned. Through a very practical approach, these pages contain basic theoretical matters combined with a good number of review and enhancement tasks on the basics of specialized translation and terminology. Likewise, readers will be able to deal with translating some of the main types of specialized languages: Humanities, Tourism, Advertising, Science and Technology, Law and Administration, and Finance. And one more thing, readers will be introduced to Audiovisual Translation, a specific type of translation that is so familiar to all of us through its main modalities: dubbing and subtitling.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Concise Text Of Neuroscience

Author : Robert E. Kingsley
ISBN : UOM:39015034539117
Genre : Neurology
File Size : 76.13 MB
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Although each chapter has been heavily revised, this edition of Concise Text of Neuroscience adheres to the goals of the first edition--providing practical, concise, and integrated information on neuroscience with an emphasis on clinical neurology. Case histories of real patients help illustrate neurologic principles. Several new features include--a new chapter summary format for quicker review of chapters, key term etymologies, an expanded glossary, a high-resolution, multiplanar MRI atlas, "Further Application" questions with answers following each case history.
Category: Neurology

Working With Spanish Corpora

Author : Giovanni Parodi
ISBN : 9780826438355
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 84.66 MB
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The main focus of this book is the investigation of linguistic variation in Spanish, considering spoken and written, specialised and non-specialised registers from a corpus linguistics approach and employing computational updated tools. The ten chapters represent a range of research on Spanish using a number of different corpora drawn from, amongst others, research articles, student writing, formal conversation and technical reports. A variety of methodologies are brought to bear upon these corpora including multi-dimensional and multi-register analysis, latent semantics and lexical bundles. This in-depth analysis of using Spanish corpora will be of interest to researchers in corpus linguistics or Spanish language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Probing Semantic Relations

Author : Alain Auger
ISBN : 9789027222534
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57.75 MB
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Semantic relations are at the core of any representational system, and are keys to enable the next generation of information processing systems with semantic and reasoning capabilities. Acquisition, description, and formalization of semantic relations are fundamentals in computer-based systems where natural language processing is required. "Probing Semantic Relations" provides a state of the art of current research trends in the area of knowledge extraction from text using linguistic patterns. First published as a Special Issue of "Terminology" 14:1 (2008), the current book emphasizes how definitional knowledge is conveyed by conceptual and semantic relations such as synonymy, causality, hypernymy (generic specific), and meronymy (part whole). Showing the difficulties and successes of pattern-based approaches, the book illustrates current and future challenges in knowledge acquisition from text. This book provides new perspectives to researchers and practitioners in terminology, knowledge engineering, natural language processing, and semantics."
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Multi Modality Atherosclerosis Imaging And Diagnosis

Author : Luca Saba
ISBN : 9781461474258
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85.69 MB
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Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the world, resulting mostly from the sudden ruptures of atherosclerosis carotid plaques. Understanding why and how plaque develops and ruptures requires a multi-disciplinary approach such as radiology, biomedical engineering, medical physics, software engineering, hardware engineering, pathological and histological imaging. Multi-Modality Atherosclerosis Imaging, Diagnosis and Treatment presents a new dimension of understanding Atherosclerosis in 2D and 3D. This book presents work on plaque stress analysis in order to provide a general framework of computational modeling with atherosclerosis plaques. New algorithms based on 3D and 4D Ultrasound are presented to assess the atherosclerotic disease as well as very recent advances in plaque multimodality image fusion analysis. The goal of Multi-Modality Atherosclerosis Imaging, Diagnosis and Treatment is to fuse information obtained from different 3D medical image modalities, such as 3D US, CT and MRI, providing the medical doctor with some sort of augmented reality information about the atherosclerotic plaque in order to improve the accuracy of the diagnosis. Analysis of the plaque dynamics along the cardiac cycle is also a valuable indicator for plaque instability assessment and therefore for risk stratification. 4D Ultrasound, a sequence of 3D reconstructions of the region of interest along the time, can be used for this dynamic analysis. Multimodality Image Fusion is a very appealing approach because it puts together the best characteristics of each modality, such as, the high temporal resolution of US and the high spatial resolutions of MRI and CT.
Category: Medical

English As A Lingua Franca In Cross Cultural Immigration Domains

Author : Maria Grazia Guido
ISBN : 3039116894
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 52.35 MB
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This book explores the cognitive and communicative processes involved in the use of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) within cross-cultural specialized contexts where non-native speakers of English - i.e. Western experts and non-Western migrants - interact. The book argues that the main communicative difficulties in such contexts are due precisely to the use of ELF, since it develops from the non-native speakers' transfer of their native language structures and socio-cultural schemata into the English they speak. Transfer, in fact, allows non-native speakers to appropriate, or authenticate, those English semantic, syntactic, pragmatic and specialized-discourse structures that are linguistically and conceptually unavailable to them. It follows that there are as many ELF varieties as there are communities of non-native speakers authenticating English. The research questions justifying the ethnographic case studies detailed in this book are: What kind of cognitive frames and communicative strategies do Western experts activate in order to convey their culturally-marked knowledge of specialized discourse - by using their ELF varieties - to non-Westerners with different linguistic and socio-cultural backgrounds? What kind of power asymmetries can be identified when non-Westerners try to communicate their own knowledge by using their respective ELF varieties? Is it possible to ultimately develop a mode of ELF specialized communication that can be shared by both Western experts and non-Western migrants?
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook Of Research On Ubiquitous Computing Technology For Real Time Enterprises

Author : Mhlh„user, Max
ISBN : 9781599048352
Genre : Computers
File Size : 42.82 MB
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"This book combines the fundamental methods, algorithms, and concepts of pervasive computing with current innovations and solutions to emerging challenges. It systemically covers such topics as network and application scalability, wireless network connectivity, adaptability and "context-aware" computing, information technology security and liability, and human-computer interaction"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Computers

New Perspectives On Aspect And Modality In Chinese Historical Linguistics

Author : Barbara Meisterernst
ISBN : 9811319472
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 42.24 MB
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This book presents new perspectives on the study of Aspect and Modality in Chinese Historical Linguistics. Based on the international Workshop on Aspect and Modality in Chinese, the book includes the latest research findings in the field to make them available not only to specialists in Classical and Buddhist Chinese, but also to researchers and students of general linguistics and of the universals of language. It also discusses different aspects of the AM (Aspect-Modality) and the TAM (Tense-Aspect-Modality) system of Chinese. It provides a comprehensive overview of both of the universally related systems of aspect and modality. The first part of the book focuses on aspectual features of Chinese; these include basic studies on the syntactic representation of the aspectual structure of the verb phrase in Archaic Chinese, the aspectual function of different object constructions and their development, temporal features of the verb phrase, and the aspectual functions of no minalization processes. The second part includes articles highlighting different aspects of the modal system or the interplay between tense, aspect and modality in Chinese, including a survey on the history of studies on modality in Chinese and the modal and temporal aspectual/markers indicating future meanings, a specialized study on modal deontic verbs in the Buddhist Vinaya texts, the modal function of rhetorical questions in Buddhist Chinese, and a study on the diachronic development of the aspectual and modal system in Chinese.
Category: Foreign Language Study