Middle Class School Choice In Urban Spaces

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Middle Class School Choice In Urban Spaces

Author : Emma E. Rowe
ISBN : 9781317310921
Genre : Education
File Size : 31.12 MB
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Middle-class School Choice in Urban Spaces examines government-funded public schools from a range of perspectives and scholarship in order to examine the historical, political and economic conditions of public schooling within a globalized, post-welfare context. In this book, Rowe argues that post-welfare policy conditions are detrimental to government-funded public schools, as they engender consistent pressure in rearticulating the public school in alignment with the market, produce tensions in serving the more historical conceptualizations of public schooling, and are preoccupied by contemporary profit-driven concerns. Chapters focus on public schooling from different global perspectives, with examples from Chile and the US, to examine how various social movements encapsulate ideologies around public schooling. Rowe also draws upon a rich, five-year ethnographic study of campaigns lobbying the Victorian State Government in Australia for a brand-new, local-specific public school. Critical attention is paid to the public school as a means to achieve empowerment and overcome discrimination, and both a local and global lens are used to identify how parents choose the public school, the values they attach to it, and the strategies they use to obtain it. Also considered, however, are how quality gaps, distances and differences between public schools threaten to undermine the democracy of education as a means for individuals to be socially mobile and escape poverty. This book makes an important contribution to our understanding of global social movements and activism around public education. As such, it will be of key interest to researchers, academics and postgraduate students in the field of education, specifically those working on school choice, class and identity, as well as educational geography.
Category: Education

Second International Handbook Of Urban Education

Author : William T. Pink
ISBN : 9783319403175
Genre : Education
File Size : 32.46 MB
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This second handbook offers all new content in which readers will find a thoughtful and measured interrogation of significant contemporary thinking and practice in urban education. Each chapter reflects contemporary cutting-edge issues in urban education as defined by their local context. One important theme that runs throughout this handbook is how urban is defined, and under what conditions the marginalized are served by the schools they attend. Schooling continues to hold a special place both as a means to achieve social mobility and as a mechanism for supporting the economy of nations. This second handbook focuses on factors such as social stratification, segmentation, segregation, racialization, urbanization, class formation and maintenance, and patriarchy. The central concern is to explore how equity plays out for those traditionally marginalized in urban schools in different locations around the globe. Researchers will find an analysis framework that will make the current practice and outcomes of urban education, and their alternatives, more transparent, and in turn this will lead to solutions that can help improve the life-options for students historically underserved by urban schools.
Category: Education

Reclaiming Cities As Spaces Of Middle Class Parenthood

Author : Johanna Lilius
ISBN : 9789811090103
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.50 MB
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For nearly a century families have been out-migrating to suburbs and peri-urban areas. In this book, Johanna Lilius conceptualizes the relatively recent phenomenon of families choosing to live in the inner city. Drawing on a range of qualitative data, the book offers a holistic approach to simultaneously understanding changes within parenting practices and changes connected to city development. The book explains not only why families choose to stay in the inner city and how they use the city in their everyday lives, but also how families change the landscape of contemporary cities, and how the family is, and has been, perceived in urban planning and policy-making. The Nordic perspective provided by Lilius makes this book an important contribution in helping understand inner city change outside the Anglo-American context, and will appeal to an international audience.
Category: Science

The Globalisation Of School Choice

Author : Martin Forsey
ISBN : 9781873927120
Genre : Education
File Size : 81.91 MB
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‘Which school should I choose for my child?’ For many parents, this question is one of the most important of their lives. ‘School choice’ is a slogan being voiced around the globe, conjuring images of a marketplace with an abundance of educational options. Those promoting educational choice also promise equality, social advantage, autonomy, and self-expression to families. But what does this globalisation of school choice actually look like on the ground? This collection brings together educationalists, anthropologists, and sociologists who use a rich array of empirical data to understand the complex realities of school choice across a range of political and social settings: in Argentina, Australia, Canada, China, England, India, Israel, Japan, Singapore, Tanzania, and the United States. Together they show that, while the language of school choice has spread globally, it has done so unevenly across and within nations, and is always interpreted through local social and historical contexts. Neo-liberal policy initiatives are re-shaping education systems in many nations, but in complex and varied ways. This collection shows that rather than eliminating equity concerns, they re-embed them within new frameworks of choice and accountability. This is an important book for those interested in comparative education, as well as the sociology and politics of schooling.
Category: Education

Reflections On School Integration

Author : Mokubung O. Nkomo
ISBN : 0796920702
Genre : Education
File Size : 28.6 MB
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School integration means, among other things, that the divisions created by apartheid need to be addressed systematically and systemically. Integration is not merely about changing the racial demographics of learner and educator bodies. It means schools changing to meet the needs of all children, fostering meaningful interaction among learners in the classroom, on the playground and in extra-mural activities as well as instilling a human rights culture. It means constructing curricula, texts and pedagogies that are informed by a democratic ethos and it requires teachers, school managers and communities that are equipped to promote a democratic school environment. In short, it is about inclusivity and social cohesion. And the issue of integration is as pertinent internationally as it is in South Africa - questions of race, racism, citizenship and diversity are central to school systems throughout the world. This book contains the proceedings of a colloquium held in October 2003, attended by leading South African and international researchers, to take stock of the status quo in school integration and identify new directions research should be taking to support the process of change.
Category: Education

Environment Planning

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556037944451
Genre : City Planning
File Size : 54.20 MB
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Category: City Planning

Gender Balance And Gender Bias In Education

Author : Deirdre Raftery
ISBN : 9781317986690
Genre : Education
File Size : 83.51 MB
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This book presents a compelling range of international research on the issues of gender balance and gender bias in education. The chapters draw on cutting edge work from the US, Latin America, the UK, Ireland and Africa, presenting readers with new insights into how educators and students often negotiate deeply ingrained prejudices that are expressed in gendered terms. The book reflects research that draws on a range of methodologies, and both historical and contemporary education contexts are examined. Drawing on historical research, the book widens our understanding of gender issues in education, and provides chapters on physical activity for girls in nineteenth century America, and on the ‘patriarchal imperative’ in mission education in Africa in the nineteenth century. Turning to research on contemporary education settings, the book explores the global phenomenon of the feminisation of teaching. It also illustrates how teachers work in classrooms in which boys’ expressions of masculinities explicitly challenge school order, and looks at the performance of both masculinities and femininities in several education contexts. The book also includes absorbing work on the practices and processes that contribute to the gendering of digital technologies, and it demonstrates ways in which parents unwittingly accept the gendered management of internet ‘risk’ for their daughters. This book was published as a special issue of Gender and Education.
Category: Education

Engaging Schooling Subjectivities Across Post Apartheid Urban Spaces

Author : Aslam Fataar
ISBN : 9781920689827
Genre : Education
File Size : 64.73 MB
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Aslam Fataar, one of South Africa?s few educational sociologists working with ethnographic methods, captures the complex interactions and dynamics between social life, school processes and youth subjectivity in townships in the Western Cape. His work with concepts of mobilities and space is enormously generative, providing a way for teachers, principals, communities and policy makers to engage with the ?complex ecologies? of young people?s learning in urban schools. As an astute policy analyst, he also well knows the systemic barriers in the way of achieving this. The last chapter, on possibilities for pedagogical justice at the site of the school, considers how disengaged students might re-engage through leveraging explicit pedagogic connections between their lifeworlds and school practices. Acknowledging that pedagogy cannot be the only means for revitalising schooling, the author nevertheless insists that marginalised young people?s consent needs to be won by schools that make use of, rather than ignore, their strengths, knowledges and aspirations. The approach to the troubled question of youth and subjectivity is enlightening, and vital to understanding the post-apartheid city and school. The book fills a much-needed gap in educational sociology in South Africa.
Category: Education

Women Femininity And Public Space In European Visual Culture 1789 1914

Author : Dr Temma Balducci
ISBN : 9781409465720
Genre : Art
File Size : 38.60 MB
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Focusing on images of or produced by nineteenth-century European women, this volume explores genteel femininity as resistant to easy codification vis-à-vis the public. Attending to various iterations of the public as space, sphere and discourse, sixteen essays challenge the false binary construct that has held the public as the sole preserve of prosperous men. By considering works in a range of media by an array of canonical and understudied women artists, they demonstrate that definitions of both femininity and the public were mutually defining and constantly shifting.
Category: Art

The New Political Economy Of Urban Education

Author : Pauline Lipman
ISBN : 9781136760006
Genre : Education
File Size : 86.41 MB
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Urban education and its contexts have changed in powerful ways. Old paradigms are being eclipsed by global forces of privatization and markets and new articulations of race, class, and urban space. These factors and more set the stage for Pauline Lipman's insightful analysis of the relationship between education policy and the neoliberal economic, political, and ideological processes that are reshaping cities in the United States and around the globe. Using Chicago as a case study of the interconnectedness of neoliberal urban policies on housing, economic development, race, and education, Lipman explores larger implications for equity, justice, and "the right to the city". She draws on scholarship in critical geography, urban sociology and anthropology, education policy, and critical analyses of race. Her synthesis of these lenses gives added weight to her critical appraisal and hope for the future, offering a significant contribution to current arguments about urban schooling and how we think about relations between neoliberal education reforms and the transformation of cities. By examining the cultural politics of why and how these relationships resonate with people's lived experience, Lipman pushes the analysis one step further toward a new educational and social paradigm rooted in radical political and economic democracy.
Category: Education

Critical Geographies Of Childhood And Youth

Author : Peter Kraftl
ISBN : 9781447308249
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67.52 MB
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This original book explores the importance of geographical processes for policies and professional practices related to childhood and youth. Contributors from a wide range of disciplinary backgrounds explore how concepts such as place, scale, mobility and boundary-making are important for policies and practices in diverse contexts. Chapters present both comprehensive cutting-edge academic research and critical reflections by practitioners working in diverse contexts, giving the volume wide appeal. The focus on the role of geographical processes in policies and professional practices that affect young people provides new, critical insights into contemporary issues and debates. The contributions show how local and national concerns remain central to many youth programmes; they also highlight how youth policies are becoming increasingly globalised. Examples are taken from the UK, the Americas and Africa. The chapters are informed by and advance contemporary theoretical approaches in human geography, sociology, anthropology and youth work, and will be of interest to academics and higher-level students in those disciplines. The book will also appeal to policy-makers and professionals who work with young people, encouraging them to critically reflect upon the role of geographical processes in their own work.
Category: Social Science

Selling Out Our Schools

Author : Robert Lowe
ISBN : UCSC:32106014953985
Genre : Education
File Size : 47.67 MB
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The central issue in educational reform should be how to confront educational inequalities, but the conservative movement has tried to transform the issue from one of inequality to one of "choice." The choice being promoted by conservative forces comes at the expense of community in that it seeks to set up schools that respond to the purchasing power of individual consumers. A market-based system of schooling would destroy the few democratic grains made in public education in recent decades. Two themes dominate in the articles in this publication; one is concern for equality of educational opportunity, and the other is commitment to public education as an integral part of the democratic vision of this country. Twenty-one articles explore educational vouchers and market ideology, and eight focus on public school choice plans and charter schools. Seven articles explore the conservative agenda with regard to school choice. Lists of major organizations affiliated with the economic and religious/far right wings of the Republican party, conservative publications, and progressive groups monitoring the right wing are included, along with a lists of nine books and six organizations as resources on vouchers. (SLD)
Category: Education

Globalised Minds Roots In The City

Author : Alberta Andreotti
ISBN : 9781118330777
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49.6 MB
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Globalised Minds, Roots in the City utilises empiricalevidence from four European cities to explore the role of urbanupper middle classes in the transformations experienced bycontemporary European societies. Presents new empirical evidence collected through an originalcomparative research about professionals and managers in fourEuropean cities in three countries Features an innovative combination of approaches, methods, andtechniques in its analyses of European post-national societies Reveals how segments of Europe’s urban populationare adopting “exit” or “partial exit”strategies in respect to the nation state Utilises approaches from classic urban sociology, globalizationand mobility studies, and spatial class analysis Includes in depth interviews, social networking techniques, andclassic questions of political representation and values
Category: Political Science

Manliness And Its Discontents

Author : Martin Summers
ISBN : 9780807864173
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74.50 MB
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In a pathbreaking new assessment of the shaping of black male identity in the early twentieth century, Martin Summers explores how middle-class African American and African Caribbean immigrant men constructed a gendered sense of self through organizational life, work, leisure, and cultural production. Examining both the public and private aspects of gender formation, Summers challenges the current trajectory of masculinity studies by treating black men as historical agents in their own identity formation, rather than as screens on which white men projected their own racial and gender anxieties and desires. Manliness and Its Discontents focuses on four distinct yet overlapping social milieus: the fraternal order of Prince Hall Freemasonry; the black nationalist Universal Negro Improvement Association, or the Garvey movement; the modernist circles of the Harlem Renaissance; and the campuses of historically black Howard and Fisk Universities. Between 1900 and 1930, Summers argues, dominant notions of what it meant to be a man within the black middle class changed from a Victorian ideal of manliness--characterized by the importance of producer values, respectability, and patriarchy--to a modern ethos of masculinity, which was shaped more by consumption, physicality, and sexuality. Summers evaluates the relationships between black men and black women as well as relationships among black men themselves, broadening our understanding of the way that gender works along with class, sexuality, and age to shape identities and produce relationships of power.
Category: Social Science

School Choice In Massachusetts

Author : Abigail M. Thernstrom
ISBN : UVA:X002088123
Genre : Education
File Size : 42.19 MB
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...Examines the theory and practice of school choice within a school district with a close look at the controlled choice plans that MA cities have adopted; discusses whether market pressures will make for better schools, the issue of interdistrict choice and choice that includes private and parochial options; makes recommendations to expand parental options...
Category: Education

Education Policy Space And The City

Author : Kalervo N. Gulson
ISBN : 9781136886270
Genre : Education
File Size : 59.87 MB
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Drawing on three case studies of K-12 public schooling in London, Sydney and Vancouver, this book examines the geographies of neoliberal education policy in the inner city. Gulson uses an innovative and critical spatial approach to explore how the processes and practices of neoliberal education policy, specifically those relating to education markets and school choice, enable the pervasiveness of a white, middle-class, re-imagining of inner-city areas, and render race "(in)visible." With urbanization posited as one of the central concerns for the future of the planet, relationships between the city, educational policy, and social and educational inequality deserve sustained examination. Gulson’s book is a rich and needed contribution to these areas of study.
Category: Education

Annual Editions

Author : Fred Siegel
ISBN : 0072817046
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.88 MB
Format : PDF
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This informative anthology provides convenient, inexpensive access to a wide range of current, carefully selected articles from some of the most respected newspapers, magazines, and journals published today. Additional support can be found at our student Web site, Dushkin Online, (www.dushkin.com/online/) for this Annual Editions title.
Category: Social Science

The Urban Geography Reader

Author : Nicholas R. Fyfe
ISBN : 0415307023
File Size : 51.1 MB
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A reader, this collection captures the diversity of scholarship in the field of urban geography by presenting a stimulating selection of articles and excerpts by leading figures, organized around seven themes.
Category: SCIENCE

Urban Society

Author : Fred Siegel
ISBN : 0073031755
Genre : Metropolitan areas
File Size : 41.78 MB
Format : PDF
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This informative anthology provides convenient, inexpensive access to a wide range of current, carefully selected articles from some of the most respected newspapers, magazines, and journals published today. Some issues discussed are: urban economies; urban policies and politics and urban problems. Additional support can be found at our student Web site, Dushkin Online, (www.dushkin.com/online/) for this Annual Editions title.
Category: Metropolitan areas