Microclimate For Cultural Heritage

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Microclimate For Cultural Heritage

Author : D. Camuffo
ISBN : 9780444632982
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.81 MB
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Microclimate for Cultural Heritage: Conservation and Restoration of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, Second Edition, is a cutting-edge, theoretical, and practical handbook concerning microclimate, environmental factors, and conservation of cultural heritage. Although the focus is on cultural heritage objects, most of the theory and instrumental methodologies are common to other fields of application, such as atmospheric and environmental sciences. Microclimate for Cultural Heritage, Second Edition, is a useful treatise on microphysics and a practical handbook for conservators and specialists in physics, chemistry, architecture, engineering, geology, and biology who work in the multidisciplinary field of the environment, and, in particular, in the conservation of works of art. Part I, devoted to applied theory, is a concise treatise on microphysics, which includes a survey on the basic ideas of environmental diagnosis and conservation. The second part of the book focuses on practical utilization, and shows in detail how field surveys should be performed, with many suggestions and examples, as well as some common errors to avoid. Presents updated scientific and technological findings based on the novel European standards on microclimate and cultural heritage Includes the latest information on experimental research on environmental factors and their impact on materials, such as the behavior of water and its interactions with cultural heritage materials Contains case studies of outdoor and indoor microclimate conditions and their effects, providing ideas for readers facing similar problems caused by heat, water, radiation, pollution, or air motions Covers instruments and methods for practical applications to help readers understand, to observe and interpret observations, and avoid errors
Category: Science

Microclimate For Cultural Heritage

Author : Dario Camuffo
ISBN : 9780444641076
Genre : Nature
File Size : 69.30 MB
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Microclimate for Cultural Heritage: Measurement, Risk Assessment, Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, Third Edition, presents the latest on microclimates, environmental issues and the conservation of cultural heritage. It is a useful treatise on microphysics, acting as a practical handbook for conservators and specialists in physics, chemistry, architecture, engineering, geology and biology who focus on environmental issues and the conservation of works of art. It fills a gap between the application of atmospheric sciences, like the thermodynamic processes of clouds and dynamics of planetary boundary layer, and their application to a monument surface or a room within a museum. Sections covers applied theory, environmental issues and conservation, practical utilization, along with suggestions, examples, common issues and errors. Incorporates research on the effects of climate change from Climate for Culture, the EU funded, five-year project focusing on climate change’s impact on cultural heritage preservation Covers green lighting technology, like LED and OLED, it’s impacts on indoor microclimates, preservation and color rendering Includes a case study on sea level issues and cultural heritage in Venice
Category: Nature

Science And Technology For The Conservation Of Cultural Heritage

Author : Miguel Angel Rogerio-Candelera
ISBN : 9780203508015
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.11 MB
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From 2nd to 5th October 2012 an International Congress on Science and Technology for the conservation of Cultural Heritage was held in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, organized by the Universidade of Santiago de Compostela on behalf of TechnoHeritage Network. The congress was attended by some 160 participants from 10 countries, which presented a tot
Category: Science

Historic Indoor Microclimate Of The Heritage Buildings

Author : Marco Pretelli
ISBN : 9783319603438
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.96 MB
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Offering readers essential insights into the relationship between ancient buildings, their original and current indoor microclimates, this book details how the (generally) virtuous relationship between buildings and their typical microclimate changed due to the introduction of new heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems in historic buildings. The new approach to the study of their Historic Indoor Microclimate (HIM) put forward in this book is an essential component to monitoring and evaluating building and artefact conservation. Highlighting the advantages of adopting an indoor microclimatic approach to the preservation of existing historic materials by studying the original conditions of the buildings, the book proposes a new methodology linking the preservation/restoration of the historic indoor microclimate with diachronic analysis for the optimal preservation of historic buildings. Further, it discusses a number of frequently overlooked topics, such as the simple and well-coordinated opening and closing of windows (an example extracted from a real case study). In turn, the authors elaborate the concept of an Historic Indoor Microclimate (HIM) based on “Original Indoor Microclimate” (OIM), which proves useful in identifying the optimal conditions for preserving the materials that make up historic buildings. The book’s main goal is to draw attention to the advantages of an indoor microclimatic approach to the preservation of existing historic materials/manufacture, by studying the original conditions of the buildings. The introduction of new systems in historic buildings not only has a direct traumatic effect on the actual building and its components, but also radically changes one of its vital immaterial elements: the Indoor Microclimate. Architects, restorers and engineers will find that the book addresses the monitoring of the indoor microclimate in selected historic buildings that have managed to retain their original state due to the absence of new HVAC systems, and reflects on the advantages of a renewed attention to these aspects.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Cultural Heritage And Aerobiology

Author : Paolo Mandrioli
ISBN : 9789401701853
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.55 MB
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Aerobiology is the science that studies the biological component of the atmosphere and its effects on living systems and on the environment. This term was used for the first time in 1935, but the attention of scientists to the biological component of the atmosphere goes back to 1769, when the Italian biologist Spallanzani carried out a series of experiments that disproved the concept of spontaneous generation of life and proved the presence of viable microorganisms in the air. Aerobiology has marked characteristics of interdisciplinarity: its application fields range from respiratory diseases to the airborne outbreak of animal and vegetal diseases and to the biodegradation of substances and materials. The latter is the subject of this book. The purpose of aerobiological research applied to the conservation of cultural heritage is to evaluate the risk of alteration by airborne microorganisms of materials forming artefacts of historical, artistic and archaeological interest. Airborne spores and vegetative structures may develop on different substrates and may be a cause of degradation, in relation to the types of materials, the microclimatic situation and the pollution of the conservation environments. The qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the biological component of air, performed by means of targeted analysis campaigns, and of the characteristics of materials and environments, supplies indispensable information for the evaluation of the actual risk and the planning of interventions. This book is divided into four main parts.
Category: Social Science

Climate Change And Sustainable Heritage

Author : Christian Kersten Hofbauer
ISBN : 9781527520455
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.9 MB
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This collection deals with the impacts of climate change, focusing on urban regions and heritage-related scenarios. It assesses the effects of climate change on our cultural and natural heritage, disaster management, adaptation to climate change, and sustainability in building and urban planning. Climate change concerns our cultural and natural heritage, so it is crucial that we address this issue with regard to all of its social, physical and cultural consequences. Far-reaching actions are needed to adapt the natural and historic environment to make it more resilient to climate change and to limit further damage.
Category: Social Science

Cultural Heritage Conservation And Environmental Impact Assessment By Non Destructive Testing And Micro Analysis

Author : Rene van Grieken
ISBN : 0203970780
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33.70 MB
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This book mostly contains contributions by the invited lecturers at the 7th International Conference on Non-Destructive Testing and Micro-Analysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage. The contributors have all been chosen for their individual reputations and the quality of their research, but also because they represent a field deemed highly important. Hence, this book give balanced coverage of the areas that are most relevant in non-destructive testing and micro-analysis in the realm of cultural heritage. The analysis methods provide the clinical composition of cultural artifacts to elucidate their provenance, the rate of alteration as a result of exposure to the environment and the effectiveness of conservation and restoration strategies. The techniques are partially or fully non-destructive, are portable, or allow study of different parts of a heterogeneous work of art.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Science Technology And Cultural Heritage

Author : M.A. Rogerio-Candelera
ISBN : 9781315712420
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.92 MB
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The Second International Congress on Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage was held in Seville, Spain, June 24-27, 2014, under the umbrella of the TechnoHeritage network. TechnoHeritage is an initiative funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity dedicated to the creation of a network which integrates CSIC
Category: Social Science

Yococu 2014

Author : Andrea Macchia
ISBN : 9781443889766
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.30 MB
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This volume is a collection of contributions presented at the 4th YOCOCU Youth in Conservation of Cultural Heritage Conference, held in Agsu, Azerbaijan, in May 2014. The driving force behind YOCOCU 2014 was to transcend geographical boundaries and encourage every participant to define their contribution and role within the cultural heritage community. The book starts by reflecting on the present politics, strategies and methods of cultural heritage conservation, and demonstrates new ideas and multidisciplinary approaches to conservation needs. This is not only a creative and passionate examination of cultural heritage conservation but also examines how YOCOCU 2014 was, and continues to be, a vector for the development of young professionals, a bridge between cultures and different levels of expertise.
Category: Social Science

The Museum Environment

Author : Garry Thomson
ISBN : 0750620412
Genre : Reference
File Size : 30.22 MB
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The Museum Environment is in two parts; Part I: intended for conservators and museum curators and describes the principles and techniques of controlling the environment so that the potentially damaging effects of light, humidity and air pollution on museum exhibits may be minimised. Part II: the author brings together and summarises information and data, hitherto widely scattered in the literature of diverse fields, which is essential to workers in conservation research. Since the timely publication of the first two editions of this book in hardback, interest in preventive conservation has continued to grow strongly making publication of this paperback edition all the more welcome. Those whose responsibility it is to care for the valuable and beautiful objects in the world's collections have become increasingly aware that it is better to prevent their deterioration, by ensuring that they are housed and displayed in the best possible environmental conditions, than to wait until restoration and repair are necessary. The changes for the second edition have been mainly concentrated in the sections on electronic hygrometry, new fluorescent lamps, buffered cases, air conditioning systems, data logging, and control within historic buildings. A new appendix, giving a summary of museum specificiations for conservation, provides a useful, quick reference. * New paperback edition of successful text * Now at lower price * Essential reading for conservators and museum curators and scientists
Category: Reference

Cordis Focus

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000140033832
Genre : Research
File Size : 77.72 MB
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Category: Research

Plant Biology For Cultural Heritage

Author : Giulia Caneva
ISBN : 0892369396
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.32 MB
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Brings together wide-ranging scientific contributions from those who have studied the biological degradation of cultural heritages. It tackles both general topics (mechanisms of biodeterioration; correlation between biodeterioration and environment; and destructive organisms) and specific ones (the problems presented by different materials, environments, climatic conditions, and geographic settings). The contributors also discuss ways to diagnose, prevent, and control deterioration.
Category: Science

Environmental Challenges

Author : Shimson Belkin
ISBN : 9789401143691
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.13 MB
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In the summer of 1999, an international group of experts convened in Jerusalem, Israel, in order to define the major environmental challenges facing humanity at the dawn of the new millennium and - where possible - propose ways of addressing them. Almost 50 selected articles are collected in the present book, which constitutes a striking interdisciplinary combination of state-of-the-art science with the latest views on environmental law, education, and international cooperation. Whilst a major fraction of the book is devoted to water-related issues (water quality monitoring, water and wastewater treatment, water-based international cooperation, and more), other sections deal with timely topics relating to air pollution, biodiversity, conservation, and education. The book is intended for environmental scientists, professionals, and students of all disciplines.
Category: Science

Atmospheric Thermodynamics

Author : Julio V. Iribarne
ISBN : 9027712964
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.68 MB
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The thermodynamics of the atmosphere is the subject of severai chapters in most textbooks on dynamic meteorology, but there is no work in English to give the subject a specific and more extensive treatment. In writing the present textbook, we have tried to fiII this rather remarkable gap in the literature related to atmospheric sciences. Our aim has been to provide students of meteorology with a book that can play a role similar to the textbooks on chemical thermodynamics for the chemists. This implies a previous knowledge of general thermodynamics, such as students acquire in general physics courses; therefore, although the basic principles are reviewed (in the urst four chapters), they are only briefly discussed, and emphasis is laid on those topics that wilI be useful in later chapters, through their application to atmospheric problems. No attempt has been made to introduce the thermodynamics ofirreversible processes; on the other hand, consideration of heterogeneous and open homogeneous systems permits a rigorous formulation of the thermodynamic functions of c10uds (exclusive of any consideration of microphysical effects) and a better understanding of the approx imations usually implicit in practical applications.
Category: Science

Science Technology And European Cultural Heritage

Author : N.S. Baer
ISBN : 9781483162874
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77.61 MB
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Science, Technology and European Cultural Heritage is a collection of papers from the Proceedings of the European Symposium of the same title held in Bologna, Italy on June13-16, 1989. The papers discuss the critical issues related to the scientific and technical aspects of the protection and conservation of the cultural heritage of Europe. Participants of the symposium identify and describe the main research and development issues that are common to cultural heritage problems, and increase cooperation in these areas. Other papers examine the applicability of research and development through better matching with the real needs of conservators, restorers, policy makers, and the general public. The participants also discuss specific research and development directions for the future, including the provision of a scientific basis for European Community policies on environment and culture. One paper presents some of the scientific research done both in the field and laboratory of specific historical areas, monuments, indoor objects. As an example, archaeologists can use infrared thermal image analysis as an enhanced tool to detect buried archeological and historical sites. Another paper analyzes the chemical and physical properties of deteriorated stones in historical monuments in Castile-Leon. The collection can prove useful for archaeologists, historians, museum curators, and policy makers involved in national and cultural preservation.
Category: Business & Economics

The Conservation Of Subterranean Cultural Heritage

Author : C. Saiz-Jimenez
ISBN : 9781315739977
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25.9 MB
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In recent years, a debate has arisen concerning the convenience of conserving subterranean cultural heritage and the necessary management models. There is often pressure from local authorities more interested in using the cultural heritage sites in order to develop the economy and the tourism industry rather than in the conservation of the cultural
Category: Social Science

Microphysical Processes In Clouds

Author : Kenneth C. Young
ISBN : 0195075633
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.11 MB
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This text introduces students to the processes that govern the formation of water and ice particles, and the role of these interactions in cloud development. Intended to provide a clear framework in light of current developments, the work focuses on the interactive dynamics of cloud systems rather than isolated microphysical processes. The text also provides the basis for understanding clouds in relation to global change, examining chemical reactions that take place within clouds and their role in the earth's radiation balance. Individual chapters consider precipitation processes, cloud seeding, and cirriform clouds. Problems sets follow each chapter. Teachers and students in the fields of cloud physics and physical meteorology will welcome the publication of this outstanding introductory text.
Category: Science

Guidelines To Overcome Architectural Barriers In Cultural Heritage Sites

Author : Aa.Vv.
ISBN : 9788849271928
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 20.66 MB
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These Guidelines are intended for all those who, in whatever capacity (regulators, financiers, designers, site managers, testers) are involved with, or responsible for, the accessibility of cultural heritage sites, in particular architects and engineers, public employees or private entrepreneurs.
Category: Architecture