Microbes For Restoration Of Degraded Ecosystems

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Microbes For Restoration Of Degraded Ecosystems

Author : D. J. Bagyaraj
ISBN : 0367147874
Genre : Soil microbial ecology
File Size : 76.86 MB
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Remediation of contaminants caused by growing human civilization and industrialization is a serious environmental issue. Recent research has shown that soil microorganisms play an important role in remediating and improving disturbed ecosystems. This approach is eco-friendly and relatively less expensive. The present book covers the investigations carried out using microbes for restoration of degraded eco-systems. Please note: This volume is Co-published with New India Publishing Agency, New Delhi. Taylor & Francis does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka
Category: Soil microbial ecology

Microbial Services In Restoration Ecology

Author : Jay Shankar Singh
ISBN : 9780128204276
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.73 MB
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Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems. The role of microbial interactions with crop plants which benefit agricultural productivity is also discussed. The book also includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants. This work provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions. Describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems Discusses the role of microbial interactions with crop plants and how it benefits of agricultural productivity Includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions
Category: Technology & Engineering

New And Future Developments In Microbial Biotechnology And Bioengineering

Author : Jay Shankar Singh
ISBN : 9780444642813
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.45 MB
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biotechnology in Agro-environmental Sustainability describes, in detail, the various roles of microbial resources in the management of crop diseases and how microbes can be used as a source of income for biomass and bioenergy production. In addition, the book covers microbial inoculants as bio-fertilizers to enhance crop productivity, along with degraded land restoration. Users will find the latest information in the field of microbial biotechnology and its further applications in bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, its generation as an alternative source of energy, restoration degraded and marginal lands, the mitigation of global warming gases, and more. Describes microbial biotechnology and its applications in sustainable agriculture Provides information on the use of a variety of microbes for crop production Outlines microbe-based separation techniques for the removal of metal contaminants from soil Describes the role of microbial agents in the generation of alternative sources of energy Includes microbial tools and technologies for the restoration of degraded and marginal lands, the mitigation of global warming gases, and the bioremediation of polluted sites
Category: Science

Damaged Ecosystems And Restoration

Author : B. C. Rana
ISBN : 9810231741
Genre : Nature
File Size : 33.79 MB
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Our environment has been greatly damaged due to pollution and over exploitation of natural resources by human beings. All the natural ecosystems have been damaged to a great extent. Restoration of these damages is becoming a priority and of environmental interest. Science and technology of restoration ecology is rapidly evolving. Restoration requires a holistic approach. Restoration technology is now available to redirect the damaged ecosystems to their near natural integrity. In this context, this book is the first of its kind in reviewing the different approaches undertaken to restore various damaged ecosystems. Scientists currently working in this field have contributed their work in the form of reviews, site-specific case studies, technology for bioremediation and biodegradation. The book will provide first hand information in this currently expanding field and will be helpful to biologists, environmental scientists, engineers, wastewater treatment experts, microbiologists and all those interested in the conservation and management of the environment.
Category: Nature

Mycorrhiza Nutrient Uptake Biocontrol Ecorestoration

Author : Ajit Varma
ISBN : 9783319688671
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24.66 MB
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This is the fourth updated and revised edition of a well-received book that emphasises on fungal diversity, plant productivity and sustainability. It contains new chapters written by leading experts in the field. This book is an up-to-date overview of current progress in mycorrhiza and association with plant productivity and environmental sustainability. The result is a must hands-on guide, ideally suited for agri-biotechnology, soil biology, fungal biology including mycorrrhiza and stress management, academia and researchers. The topic of this book is particularly relevant to researchers involved in mycorrhiza, especially to food security, plant microbe interaction and environmental protection. Mycorrhizas are symbioses between fungi and the roots of higher plants. As more than 90% of all known species of plants have the potential to form mycorrhizal associations, the productivity and species composition and the diversity of natural ecosystems are frequently dependent upon the presence and activity of mycorrhizas. The biotechnological application of mycorrhizas is expected to promote the production of food while maintaining ecologically and economically sustainable production systems.
Category: Medical

Microbes

Author :
ISBN : 9788188237517
Genre : Microbial ecology
File Size : 37.48 MB
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Microbes: Health and Environment highlights the interrelatedness of microbes with life and environment. It stresses that microbes have a beneficial impact on human life and environment. It covers the various aspects of microbes such as molecular biology, interrelationships, microbial intervention in our environment, microbial biotechnology, genetics, their immunology, biochemistry, economic importance, interaction with medicinal plants, human beings, industrial relevance, influence on our health and so on. It is an asset for enterprising students, teachers and scientists. Ashok K Chauhan is the Founder President of the Ritnand Balved Education Foundation, the umbrella body of 35 Amity schools and institutions of higher education, in addition to india s first private university Amity University, Uttar Pradesh. He pursued his higher studies in Chemical Engineering and Plastic Technology from Germany Ajit K Varma is Vice President, Amity Science and Technology Foundation and Director, Amity Institute of Herbal and Microbial Studies, Amity University. Formerly, he was professor of Microbial Technology at the School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He is also Fellow of Alexander von Humboldt, Germany
Category: Microbial ecology

The Soils Of Chile

Author : Manuel Casanova
ISBN : 9789400759497
Genre : Nature
File Size : 30.14 MB
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This book is intended for students and soil scientists who want to know about the state of the art in soil sciences in Chile. The book merges a comprehensive bibliographical review of the soil surveys carried out throughout the length and breadth of Chilean territory during the past 40 years and more recent information obtained by the authors in a number of field studies. As its starting point the book presents a general overview of important features related to Chilean soils, such as geology and geomorphology, climate, land use and vegetation. In this long and narrow country different soil formation factors and processes have resulted in a broad variety of soil bodies, from the extremely arid Atacama desert to the Patagonian and Antarctic zones. This book provides a description and classification (mainly Soil Taxonomy) of the most important soil types. Particularly important are soils derived from volcanic materials, which cover extensive areas of Chile. The book also deals with soil management topics in relation to the chemical, physical and biological properties of Chilean soils and it includes a number of examples from throughout the country. Finally, the book shows how man has induced severe soil degradation problems in Chile, such as erosive soil degradation, non-erosive soil degradation and land desertification.
Category: Nature

Ecology Planning And Management Of Urban Forests

Author : Margaret M. Carreiro
ISBN : 9780387714257
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.73 MB
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Trees and vegetation in cities aren’t just there to make the place look pretty. They have an important ecological function. This book contains studies and perspectives on urban forests from a broad array of basic and applied scientific disciplines including ecosystem ecology, biogeochemistry, landscape ecology, plant community ecology, geography, and social science. The book includes contributions from experts around the world, allowing the reader to evaluate methods and management that are appropriate for particular geographic, environmental, and socio-political contexts.
Category: Science

The Restoration And Management Of Derelict Land

Author : Anthony David Bradshaw
ISBN : 9789812795380
Genre : Nature
File Size : 66.34 MB
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A broad discussion of modern restoration and the management needed after restoration. It deals with relevant topics such as restoration ecology; restoration planning; ecological and ecotoxicological risk assessment; management and adaptive management; restoration in the broader context of sustainable development; and case studies and examples related to the Asian region. Major emphasis is placed on the Asian region, but the techniques described in the book can also be applied to other regions. The work should serve as a reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students, professors, decision-makers and engineers in environmental science and management.
Category: Nature

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities

Author : Christon J. Hurst
ISBN : 9783030107772
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.49 MB
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This book presents a summary of terrestrial microbial processes, which are a key factor in supporting healthy life on our planet. The authors explain how microorganisms maintain the soil ecosystem through recycling carbon and nitrogen and then provide insights into how soil microbiology processes integrate into ecosystem science, helping to achieve successful bioremediation as well as safe and effective operation of landfills, and enabling the design of composting processes that reduce the amount of waste that is placed in landfills. The book also explores the effect of human land use, including restoration on soil microbial communities and the response of wetland microbial communities to anthropogenic pollutants. Lastly it discusses the role of fungi in causing damaging, and often lethal, infectious diseases in plants and animals.
Category: Science

Restoration Of Wetland Ecosystem A Trajectory Towards A Sustainable Environment

Author : Atul Kumar Upadhyay
ISBN : 9789811376658
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42.52 MB
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​The risks and consequences of environmental change are increasing, leading to massive losses in terms of ecosystems and having a huge impact on human populations. As such, global thinkers, environmentalists, scientists and policy makers are focusing on finding solutions and ways to sustain life on Earth. Anthropogenic impacts on the climate system can only be mitigated by the restoration of existing natural resources and the sustainable development of the environment and society. This book discusses the potential of green technology in waste management, wetland restoration, presenting the latest developments in the field of bioenergy, green ecology, bioremediation and microbial management. Wetlands are one of Earth’s most important ecosystems, and they provide valuable services to human societies, such as minimizing the impacts of floods, acting as a carbon sink, and offering water purification as well as recreational opportunities. Wetlands may be natural or constructed, and the effectiveness of wetland services largely depends on the diversity of macrophytes affecting the algal production, plant biomass and nutrient status of the system. In addition, they are one of the richest microbial ecosystems on earth: the rhizosphere, soil and water interface enhances wetland services with implications ranging from phytoremediation to microbial bioprospection. However, in order to function properly, they need to be effectively redesigned, reengineered, protected and maintained. The book addresses the dynamic relation between three global concerns: environmental pollution, resource exploitation and sustainability. It describes the utilization of resources like wastes (municipal, industrial, agricultural, mine drainage, tannery, solid, and e waste), plants, algae and microbes for production of renewable biofuel, biofertilizers and other value added products to achieve the goal of sustainable development. The book also discusses the current and future trends in employing wetlands in improving water quality. In addition it presents the latest international research in the fields of wetland science, waste management, carbon sequestration and bioremediation. Highlighting a broad spectrum of topics and strategies for achieving a sustainable environment, the book offers researchers, students and academics insights into utilizing resources in a sustainable way.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Remediation Of Contaminated Environments

Author :
ISBN : 9780080914152
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25.49 MB
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Remediation of Contaminated Environments summarises - amongst other things - what happened to the people and environment around Chernobyl (and other nuclear sites) and what measures need to be taken in future in the event of nuclear accidents etc. plus it has a very important and currently topical use in detailing what to do in the event of a terrorist dirty bomb attack on a city. Remediation, including characterization of contaminated sites; safety requirements; remediation planning; effectiveness of individual measures in different environments; social, ethical and economic considerations; application of modern decision aiding technologies Applicable to different categories of contaminated environments and contaminants, comprising areas contaminated by radiation accidents and incidents, nuclear weapon tests, natural radionuclides associated with nuclear fuel cycle, fossil material mining and gas and oil production Associated side effects (environmental and social) and human based remediation measures, comprising perception of this activity by the population; with particular regard to stakeholders and population involvement in making decisions on environmental safety and remediation of contaminated sites
Category: Technology & Engineering

Soil Health Restoration And Management

Author : Ram Swaroop Meena
ISBN : 9789811385704
Genre : Nature
File Size : 42.84 MB
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Meeting the food requirements of an ever-increasing population is a pressing challenge for every country around the globe. Soil degradation has a negative impact on food security by reducing the cultivated land areas, while at the same time the world population is predicted to increase to 9.2 billion in 2050. Soil degradation adversely affects soil function and productivity and degraded soils now amount to 6 billion ha worldwide. The major factors are salinization, erosion, depletion of nutrients due to exhaustive agricultural practices and contamination with toxic metal ions and agrochemicals, which reduces the activity of soil microbe. In addition, poor soil management also decreases fertility. As such, measures are required to restore the soil health and productivity: organic matter, beneficial microorganisms and nutrient dynamics can all improve the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Understanding the role of soil health restoration and management in sustainability and nutritional security calls for a holistic approach to assess soil functions and examine the contributions of a particular management system within a defined timescale. Further, best management practices in cropping systems are important in ensuring sustainability and food and nutritional security without compromising the soil quality and productivity potential. Rational soil management practices must allow environmentally and economically sustainable yields and restoration of soil health.
Category: Nature

Bioremediation Of Aquatic And Terrestrial Ecosystems

Author : Milton Fingerman
ISBN : 9781439842607
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.77 MB
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Bioremediation, the use of microorganisms to degrade, sequester, or remove environmental contaminants, is an urgent need of our planet for protection and restoration from toxic contaminants. This book not only provides cutting edge information about bioremediation of aquatic and terrestrial habitats, but also highlights the gaps in our knowledge of
Category: Science

Mycorrhizal Technology In Agriculture

Author : S. Gianinazzi
ISBN : 3764364858
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.72 MB
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Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (AM) is the most common mycorrhizal type involved in agricultural systems, and the most widespread plant root symbiosis. The fungi involved (Glomales) are known to promote plant growth and health by acting as biofertilizers, bioprotectors and bioregulators. The main aim of this book is to provide readers with theoretical and applied knowledge essential for the use of AM fungi in improving plant health and fitness, production of high quality food and in conservation of natural resources. The different chapters target understanding the role of AM fungi in sustainable crop production, discussing ways to improve biological equilibria between microorganisms in the mycorrhizosphere, analysing genetic, physiological, cellular and molecular bases of AM functioning and establishing technologies for inoculum production, according to the regulatory guidelines for application.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Bacteria In Agrobiology Crop Ecosystems

Author : Dinesh K. Maheshwari
ISBN : 3642183573
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.98 MB
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The future of agriculture strongly depends on our ability to enhance productivity without sacrificing long-term production potential. An ecologically and economically sustainable strategy is the application of microorganisms, such as the diverse bacterial species of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB). The use of these bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productivity is gaining worldwide importance. Bacteria in Agrobiology: Crop Ecosystems describes the beneficial role of plant growth promoting bacteria with special emphasis on oil yielding crops, cereals, fruits and vegetables. Chapters present studies on various aspects of bacteria-plant interactions, soil-borne and seed-borne diseases associated with food crops such as rice, sesame, peanuts, and horticultural crops. Further reviews describe technologies to produce inoculants, the biocontrol of post harvest pathogens as a suitable alternative to agrochemicals, and the restoration of degraded soils.
Category: Science

Improving Ecosystem Function

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:905557573
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 32.55 MB
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In arid and semiarid ecosystems where physiological constraints prevent most vascular plant establishment, the biological soil crust (biocrust) community is ecologically critical. The key to the survival of biocrust is the versatility and adaptability of cyanobacteria and green algae. The organismal construct of the biocrust community is especially vulnerable to compressional forces, and is slow to recover without assistance. Given the importance of biocrusts to so many aspects of healthy ecosytem function, it would be advantageous if land managers prioritized restoring damaged biocrusts. Coastal sage scrub (CSS) is a unique and imperiled valuable habitat and is nearly unmatched in the biodiversity of unique plants and animals. Recent work in biocrust restoration finds that assisted restoration speeds recovery of functionality in biocrusts. At present, studies of biocrust restoration in CSS habitat do not exist. This study examines the feasibility of isolating and culturing a mix of endemic CSS cyanobacteria and green algae to inoculate native CSS soil, thereby facilitating recovery of disturbed biological soil crusts. It further looks at markers for culture growth, chlorophyll a, extractable polysaccharides, and stability, to gauge whether inoculation and growth of the culture have increased soil function. Growth of the mixed culture and increases in functionality are compared between autoclaved soil inoculations and native soil inoculations to determine the extent that native crust organisms can regrow without inoculation, and how the inoculum interacts with the native microbial community. A putative novel genus and species of cyanobacteria related to Leptolyngbya was isolated and tentatively included in the genus, Trichotorquatus. The mixed culture included a green algae, possibly a species of Trebouxia. Mixed inoculum added to native soil significantly increased chorophyll a levels and soil stability, and increased extractable polysaccharides after just two months, demonstrating recovery of function. Autoclaving soil reduced increases in functionality indicating the importance of the intact soil community for growth. It may be possible in the future to restore biocrust in CSS using mixed culture inoculation.
Category: Electronic books

Principles Of Soil Conservation And Management

Author : Humberto Blanco-Canqui
ISBN : 9781402087097
Genre : Nature
File Size : 60.67 MB
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“Principles of Soil Management and Conservation” comprehensively reviews the state-of-knowledge on soil erosion and management. It discusses in detail soil conservation topics in relation to soil productivity, environment quality, and agronomic production. It addresses the implications of soil erosion with emphasis on global hotspots and synthesizes available from developed and developing countries. It also critically reviews information on no-till management, organic farming, crop residue management for industrial uses, conservation buffers (e.g., grass buffers, agroforestry systems), and the problem of hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico and in other regions. This book uniquely addresses the global issues including carbon sequestration, net emissions of CO2, and erosion as a sink or source of C under different scenarios of soil management. It also deliberates the implications of the projected global warming on soil erosion and vice versa. The concern about global food security in relation to soil erosion and strategies for confronting the remaining problems in soil management and conservation are specifically addressed. This volume is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students interested in understanding the principles of soil conservation and management. The book is also useful for practitioners, extension agents, soil conservationists, and policymakers as an important reference material.
Category: Nature