Memristors And Its Applications In Vlsi Design

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Memristors And Its Applications In Vlsi Design

Author : Ngangbam Phalguni Singh
ISBN : 3847326112
Genre : Integrated circuits
File Size : 52.34 MB
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This book deals with the recent development in VLSI technology with an interest in Memristor. The underlying concept of memristor is explained and provides in-depth understanding of implication function. It also gives the missing link between magnetic flux and charge. The book is replete with examples that simulate basic logic logic gates and full adder using Xilinx, done by the authors in their VLSI lab. Useful for: 1. Electronics engineers specializing in VLSI circuits, IC design and nano technology. 2. Students of electical, electronics and nano technology students. Inside: 1. What is memristor? 2. Evolution of fourth basic circuit element. 3. Implication funtion and memristor. 4. Need for memristor structures. 5. Link between flux and charge. 6. RTL structures, simulation results performances and impact of memristor.
Category: Integrated circuits

Advanced Vlsi Design And Testability Issues

Author : Suman Lata Tripathi
ISBN : 9781000168150
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.8 MB
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This book facilitates the VLSI-interested individuals with not only in-depth knowledge, but also the broad aspects of it by explaining its applications in different fields, including image processing and biomedical. The deep understanding of basic concepts gives you the power to develop a new application aspect, which is very well taken care of in this book by using simple language in explaining the concepts. In the VLSI world, the importance of hardware description languages cannot be ignored, as the designing of such dense and complex circuits is not possible without them. Both Verilog and VHDL languages are used here for designing. The current needs of high-performance integrated circuits (ICs) including low power devices and new emerging materials, which can play a very important role in achieving new functionalities, are the most interesting part of the book. The testing of VLSI circuits becomes more crucial than the designing of the circuits in this nanometer technology era. The role of fault simulation algorithms is very well explained, and its implementation using Verilog is the key aspect of this book. This book is well organized into 20 chapters. Chapter 1 emphasizes on uses of FPGA on various image processing and biomedical applications. Then, the descriptions enlighten the basic understanding of digital design from the perspective of HDL in Chapters 2–5. The performance enhancement with alternate material or geometry for silicon-based FET designs is focused in Chapters 6 and 7. Chapters 8 and 9 describe the study of bimolecular interactions with biosensing FETs. Chapters 10–13 deal with advanced FET structures available in various shapes, materials such as nanowire, HFET, and their comparison in terms of device performance metrics calculation. Chapters 14–18 describe different application-specific VLSI design techniques and challenges for analog and digital circuit designs. Chapter 19 explains the VLSI testability issues with the description of simulation and its categorization into logic and fault simulation for test pattern generation using Verilog HDL. Chapter 20 deals with a secured VLSI design with hardware obfuscation by hiding the IC’s structure and function, which makes it much more difficult to reverse engineer.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advances In Neuromorphic Memristor Science And Applications

Author : Robert Kozma
ISBN : 9789400744912
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59.79 MB
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Physical implementation of the memristor at industrial scale sparked the interest from various disciplines, ranging from physics, nanotechnology, electrical engineering, neuroscience, to intelligent robotics. As any promising new technology, it has raised hopes and questions; it is an extremely challenging task to live up to the high expectations and to devise revolutionary and feasible future applications for memristive devices. The possibility of gathering prominent scientists in the heart of the Silicon Valley given by the 2011 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks held in San Jose, CA, has offered us the unique opportunity of organizing a series of special events on the present status and future perspectives in neuromorphic memristor science. This book presents a selection of the remarkable contributions given by the leaders of the field and it may serve as inspiration and future reference to all researchers that want to explore the extraordinary possibilities given by this revolutionary concept.
Category: Medical

Memristors For Neuromorphic Circuits And Artificial Intelligence Applications

Author : Jordi Suñé
ISBN : 9783039285761
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.2 MB
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has found many applications in the past decade due to the ever increasing computing power. Artificial Neural Networks are inspired in the brain structure and consist in the interconnection of artificial neurons through artificial synapses. Training these systems requires huge amounts of data and, after the network is trained, it can recognize unforeseen data and provide useful information. The so-called Spiking Neural Networks behave similarly to how the brain functions and are very energy efficient. Up to this moment, both spiking and conventional neural networks have been implemented in software programs running on conventional computing units. However, this approach requires high computing power, a large physical space and is energy inefficient. Thus, there is an increasing interest in developing AI tools directly implemented in hardware. The first hardware demonstrations have been based on CMOS circuits for neurons and specific communication protocols for synapses. However, to further increase training speed and energy efficiency while decreasing system size, the combination of CMOS neurons with memristor synapses is being explored. The memristor is a resistor with memory which behaves similarly to biological synapses. This book explores the state-of-the-art of neuromorphic circuits implementing neural networks with memristors for AI applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Memristor Emulator Circuits

Author : Abdullah G. Alharbi
ISBN : 3030518817
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.43 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive study of the research outcomes on memristor emulator circuits and includes various analog applications as examples. The authors describe in detail how to design different types of memristor emulators, using active and passive components for different applications. Most of the emulator circuits presented in this book are new and are the outcomes of the authors’ recent research. Coverage also includes the latest technological advances in memristor and memristor emulators. Readers will benefit from an understanding of the fundamental concepts and potential applications related to memristors, since these emulator circuits can be built in the laboratory using inexpensive, off-the-shelf circuit components. Introduces readers to memristor emulator circuit design, using regular off-the-shelf circuit components; Describes analog applications of memristors that can be verified by the proposed emulator circuits; Includes a brief overview of the updated mathematical models of the memristor device, with different material implementations; Equips readers to understand the three fingerprints of memristors, which make them unique, compared to the three known, passive elements (resistor, inductor and capacitor).
Category: Technology & Engineering

System Design With Memristor Technologies

Author : Lauren Guckert
ISBN : 9781785615610
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.73 MB
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System Design with Memristor Technologies explores design solutions for memristors, covering research and development trends in memristor technology, fabrication, modelling, and applications, and the design and implementation of arithmetic units using memristors.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Frontiers In Electronic Technologies

Author : S.R.S Prabaharan
ISBN : 9789811042355
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69.68 MB
Format : PDF
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This book is a collection of keynote lectures from international experts presented at International Conference on NextGen Electronic Technologies (ICNETS2-2016). ICNETS2 encompasses six symposia covering all aspects of electronics and communications domains, including relevant nano/micro materials and devices . This volume comprises of recent research in areas like computational signal processing analysis, intelligent embedded systems, nanoelectronic materials and devices, optical and microwave technologies, VLSI design: circuits systems and application, and wireless communication networks, and the internet of things. The contents of this book will be useful to researchers, professionals, and students working in the core areas of electronics and their applications, especially to signal processing, embedded systems, and networking.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nanoelectronic Mixed Signal System Design

Author : Saraju Mohanty
ISBN : 9780071823036
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.44 MB
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Covering both the classical and emerging nanoelectronic technologies being used in mixed-signal design, this book addresses digital, analog, and memory components. Winner of the Association of American Publishers' 2016 PROSE Award in the Textbook/Physical Sciences & Mathematics category. Nanoelectronic Mixed-Signal System Design offers professionals and students a unified perspective on the science, engineering, and technology behind nanoelectronics system design. Written by the director of the NanoSystem Design Laboratory at the University of North Texas, this comprehensive guide provides a large-scale picture of the design and manufacturing aspects of nanoelectronic-based systems. It features dual coverage of mixed-signal circuit and system design, rather than just digital or analog-only. Key topics such as process variations, power dissipation, and security aspects of electronic system design are discussed. Top-down analysis of all stages--from design to manufacturing Coverage of current and developing nanoelectronic technologies--not just nano-CMOS Describes the basics of nanoelectronic technology and the structure of popular electronic systems Reveals the techniques required for design excellence and manufacturability
Category: Technology & Engineering

Vlsi Design And Test

Author : Anirban Sengupta
ISBN : 9789813297678
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35.49 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23st International Symposium on VLSI Design and Test, VDAT 2019, held in Indore, India, in July 2019. The 63 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 199 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections named: analog and mixed signal design; computing architecture and security; hardware design and optimization; low power VLSI and memory design; device modelling; and hardware implementation.
Category: Computers

Information Systems Design And Intelligent Applications

Author : Suresh Chandra Satapathy
ISBN : 9788132227571
Genre : Computers
File Size : 31.23 MB
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The third international conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications (INDIA – 2016) held in Visakhapatnam, India during January 8-9, 2016. The book covers all aspects of information system design, computer science and technology, general sciences, and educational research. Upon a double blind review process, a number of high quality papers are selected and collected in the book, which is composed of three different volumes, and covers a variety of topics, including natural language processing, artificial intelligence, security and privacy, communications, wireless and sensor networks, microelectronics, circuit and systems, machine learning, soft computing, mobile computing and applications, cloud computing, software engineering, graphics and image processing, rural engineering, e-commerce, e-governance, business computing, molecular computing, nano-computing, chemical computing, intelligent computing for GIS and remote sensing, bio-informatics and bio-computing. These fields are not only limited to computer researchers but also include mathematics, chemistry, biology, bio-chemistry, engineering, statistics, and all others in which computer techniques may assist.
Category: Computers

Nanoelectronic Materials And Devices

Author : Christophe Labbé
ISBN : 9789811071911
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58.76 MB
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This book gathers a collection of papers by international experts that were presented at the International Conference on NextGen Electronic Technologies (ICNETS2-2016). ICNETS2 encompassed six symposia covering all aspects of the electronics and communications domains, including relevant nano/micro materials and devices. Highlighting the latest research on nanoelectronic materials and devices, the book offers a valuable guide for researchers, practitioners and students working in the core areas of functional electronics nanomaterials, nanocomposites for energy application, sensing and high strength materials and simulation of novel device design structures for ultra-low power applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Learning In Energy Efficient Neuromorphic Computing Algorithm And Architecture Co Design

Author : Nan Zheng
ISBN : 9781119507383
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69.21 MB
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Explains current co-design and co-optimization methodologies for building hardware neural networks and algorithms for machine learning applications This book focuses on how to build energy-efficient hardware for neural networks with learning capabilities—and provides co-design and co-optimization methodologies for building hardware neural networks that can learn. Presenting a complete picture from high-level algorithm to low-level implementation details, Learning in Energy-Efficient Neuromorphic Computing: Algorithm and Architecture Co-Design also covers many fundamentals and essentials in neural networks (e.g., deep learning), as well as hardware implementation of neural networks. The book begins with an overview of neural networks. It then discusses algorithms for utilizing and training rate-based artificial neural networks. Next comes an introduction to various options for executing neural networks, ranging from general-purpose processors to specialized hardware, from digital accelerator to analog accelerator. A design example on building energy-efficient accelerator for adaptive dynamic programming with neural networks is also presented. An examination of fundamental concepts and popular learning algorithms for spiking neural networks follows that, along with a look at the hardware for spiking neural networks. Then comes a chapter offering readers three design examples (two of which are based on conventional CMOS, and one on emerging nanotechnology) to implement the learning algorithm found in the previous chapter. The book concludes with an outlook on the future of neural network hardware. Includes cross-layer survey of hardware accelerators for neuromorphic algorithms Covers the co-design of architecture and algorithms with emerging devices for much-improved computing efficiency Focuses on the co-design of algorithms and hardware, which is especially critical for using emerging devices, such as traditional memristors or diffusive memristors, for neuromorphic computing Learning in Energy-Efficient Neuromorphic Computing: Algorithm and Architecture Co-Design is an ideal resource for researchers, scientists, software engineers, and hardware engineers dealing with the ever-increasing requirement on power consumption and response time. It is also excellent for teaching and training undergraduate and graduate students about the latest generation neural networks with powerful learning capabilities.
Category: Computers

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices

Author : An Chen
ISBN : 9781118958278
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47.96 MB
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Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices focuses on the future direction of semiconductor and emerging nanoscale device technology. As the dimensional scaling of CMOS approaches its limits, alternate information processing devices and microarchitectures are being explored to sustain increasing functionality at decreasing cost into the indefinite future. This is driving new paradigms of information processing enabled by innovative new devices, circuits, and architectures, necessary to support an increasingly interconnected world through a rapidly evolving internet. This original title provides a fresh perspective on emerging research devices in 26 up to date chapters written by the leading researchers in their respective areas. It supplements and extends the work performed by the Emerging Research Devices working group of the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). Key features: • Serves as an authoritative tutorial on innovative devices and architectures that populate the dynamic world of “Beyond CMOS” technologies. • Provides a realistic assessment of the strengths, weaknesses and key unknowns associated with each technology. • Suggests guidelines for the directions of future development of each technology. • Emphasizes physical concepts over mathematical development. • Provides an essential resource for students, researchers and practicing engineers.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Vlsi Soc Design And Engineering Of Electronics Systems Based On New Computing Paradigms

Author : Nicola Bombieri
ISBN : 9783030234256
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53.85 MB
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This book contains extended and revised versions of the best papers presented at the 26th IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2018, held in Verona, Italy, in October 2018. The 13 full papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from the 27 papers (out of 106 submissions) presented at the conference. The papers discuss the latest academic and industrial results and developments as well as future trends in the field of System-on-Chip (SoC) design, considering the challenges of nano-scale, state-of-the-art and emerging manufacturing technologies. In particular they address cutting-edge research fields like heterogeneous, neuromorphic and brain-inspired, biologically-inspired, approximate computing systems.
Category: Computers

Metal Dielectric Interfaces In Gigascale Electronics

Author : Ming He
ISBN : 1461418127
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.10 MB
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Metal-dielectric interfaces are ubiquitous in modern electronics. As advanced gigascale electronic devices continue to shrink, the stability of these interfaces is becoming an increasingly important issue that has a profound impact on the operational reliability of these devices. In this book, the authors present the basic science underlying the thermal and electrical stability of metal-dielectric interfaces and its relationship to the operation of advanced interconnect systems in gigascale electronics. Interface phenomena, including chemical reactions between metals and dielectrics, metallic-atom diffusion, and ion drift, are discussed based on fundamental physical and chemical principles. Schematic diagrams are provided throughout the book to illustrate interface phenomena and the principles that govern them. Metal-Dielectric Interfaces in Gigascale Electronics provides a unifying approach to the diverse and sometimes contradictory test results that are reported in the literature on metal-dielectric interfaces. The goal is to provide readers with a clear account of the relationship between interface science and its applications in interconnect structures. The material presented here will also be of interest to those engaged in field-effect transistor and memristor device research, as well as university researchers and industrial scientists working in the areas of electronic materials processing, semiconductor manufacturing, memory chips, and IC design.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Towards Embedded System Hardware Security Design And Analysis

Author : Yanping Gong
ISBN : OCLC:1196362102
Genre : Electronic dissertations
File Size : 27.73 MB
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Security in embedded system design, which has long been a critical problem for ensuring the confidentiality, data integrity and system reliability for embedded system designers and users, is now facing a new dimension of threat from the attacks on hardware. As the IC design reaches sub-micron regime, increased sensitivity of device under environmental condition has made some new types of attacks possible, while the analysis and detection for design vulnerabilities against these attacks are harder on the much more complicated designs nowadays. In the meanwhile, more efficient and diverse attack methodologies are developed by attackers as the technology advances. On the other hand, embedded system has limitations on the hardware resources and power consumption which can be allocated for preventive or defensive countermeasures. The future trends of system development, including cloud computing, distributed network and internet-of-things (IoT) are also pushing the edge of such limitations on embedded system designs. Low cost, high efficiency, and flexible hardware security design methodologies are needed for the current IC production ow as well as the future application scenarios. In this thesis, we're presenting several efforts made towards low cost and high efficiency embedded hardware security design and analysis. First, the finite state machine based circuit vulnerability analysis framework is proposed. Second, we demonstrated a secure scan architecture design which utilizes novel property of memristor devices. Lastly, a side channel resilience design methodology is presented for FPGA bitstream protection.
Category: Electronic dissertations

Self Adaptive Systems For Machine Intelligence

Author : Haibo He
ISBN : 1118025598
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75.52 MB
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This book will advance the understanding and application of self-adaptive intelligent systems; therefore it will potentially benefit the long-term goal of replicating certain levels of brain-like intelligence in complex and networked engineering systems. It will provide new approaches for adaptive systems within uncertain environments. This will provide an opportunity to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the current state-of-the-art of knowledge, give rise to new research directions, and educate future professionals in this domain. Self-adaptive intelligent systems have wide applications from military security systems to civilian daily life. In this book, different application problems, including pattern recognition, classification, image recovery, and sequence learning, will be presented to show the capability of the proposed systems in learning, memory, and prediction. Therefore, this book will also provide potential new solutions to many real-world applications.
Category: Computers