MEMORY SYSTEMS CACHE DRAM DISK

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Memory Systems

Author : Bruce Jacob
ISBN : 0080553842
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30.32 MB
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Is your memory hierarchy stopping your microprocessor from performing at the high level it should be? Memory Systems: Cache, DRAM, Disk shows you how to resolve this problem. The book tells you everything you need to know about the logical design and operation, physical design and operation, performance characteristics and resulting design trade-offs, and the energy consumption of modern memory hierarchies. You learn how to to tackle the challenging optimization problems that result from the side-effects that can appear at any point in the entire hierarchy. As a result you will be able to design and emulate the entire memory hierarchy. Understand all levels of the system hierarchy -Xcache, DRAM, and disk. Evaluate the system-level effects of all design choices. Model performance and energy consumption for each component in the memory hierarchy.
Category: Computers

Cache And Memory Hierarchy Design

Author : Steven A. Przybylski
ISBN : 9781558601369
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37.84 MB
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A widely read and authoritative book for hardware and software designers. This innovative book exposes the characteristics of performance-optimal single- and multi-level cache hierarchies by approaching the cache design process through the novel perspective of minimizing execution time.
Category: Computers

Static Analysis

Author : Jens Palsberg
ISBN : 9783642032363
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45.31 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Symposium on Static Analysis, SAS 2009, held in Los Angeles, CA, USA in August 2009 - co-located with LICS 2009, the 24th IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science. The 21 revised full papers presented together with two invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 52 submissions. The papers address all aspects of static analysis including abstract domains, abstract interpretation, abstract testing, compiler optimizations, control flow analysis, data flow analysis, model checking, program specialization, security analysis, theoretical analysis frameworks, type based analysis, and verification systems.
Category: Computers

The Memory System

Author : Bruce Jacob
ISBN : 9781598295887
Genre : Computers
File Size : 36.13 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Today, computer-system optimization, at both the hardware and software levels, must consider the details of the memory system in its analysis; failing to do so yields systems that are increasingly inefficient as those systems become more complex. This lecture seeks to introduce the reader to the most important details of the memory system; it targets both computer scientists and computer engineers in industry and in academia. Roughly speaking, computer scientists are the users of the memory system and computer engineers are the designers of the memory system. Both can benefit tremendously from a basic understanding of how the memory system really works: the computer scientist will be better equipped to create algorithms that perform well and the computer engineer will be better equipped to design systems that approach the optimal, given the resource limitations. Currently, there is consensus among architecture researchers that the memory system is "the bottleneck," and this consensus has held for over a decade. Somewhat inexplicably, most of the research in the field is still directed toward improving the CPU to better tolerate a slow memory system, as opposed to addressing the weaknesses of the memory system directly. This lecture should get the bulk of the computer science and computer engineering population up the steep part of the learning curve. Not every CS/CE researcher/developer needs to do work in the memory system, but, just as a carpenter can do his job more efficiently if he knows a little of architecture, and an architect can do his job more efficiently if he knows a little of carpentry, giving the CS/CE worlds better intuition about the memory system should help them build better systems, both software and hardware. Table of Contents: Primers / It Must Be Modeled Accurately / ...\ and It Will Change Soon
Category: Computers

Portable Electronics World Class Designs

Author : John Donovan
ISBN : 0080950833
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43.20 MB
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All the design and development inspiration and direction an electronics engineer needs in one blockbuster book! John Donovan, Editor-in Chief, Portable Design has selected the very best electronic design material from the Newnes portfolio and has compiled it into this volume. The result is a book covering the gamut of electronic design from design fundamentals to low-power approaches with a strong pragmatic emphasis. In addition to specific design techniques and practices, this book also discusses various approaches to solving electronic design problems and how to successfully apply theory to actual design tasks. The material has been selected for its timelessness as well as for its relevance to contemporary electronic design issues. Contents: Chapter 1 System Resource Partitioning and Code Optimization Chapter 2 Low Power Design Techniques, Design Methodology, and Tools Chapter 3 System-Level Approach to Energy Conservation Chapter 4 Radio Communication Basics Chapter 5 Applications and Technologies Chapter 6 RF Design Tools Chapter 7 On Memory Systems and Their Design Chapter 8 Storage in Mobile Consumer Electronics Devices Chapter 9 Analog Low-Pass Filters Chapter 10 Class A Amplifiers Chapter 11 MPEG-4 and H.264 Chapter 12 Liquid Crystal Displays *Hand-picked content selected by John Donovan, Editor-in Chief, Portable Design *Proven best design practices for low-power, storage, and streamlined development *Case histories and design examples get you off and running on your current project
Category: Technology & Engineering

Computer Organization And Architecture

Author : William Stallings
ISBN : 9780136073734
Genre : Computers
File Size : 84.28 MB
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Four-time winner of the best Computer Science and Engineering textbook of the year award from the Textbook and Academic Authors Association, Computer Organization and Architecture: Designing for Performance provides a thorough discussion of the fundamentals of computer organization and architecture, covering not just processor design, but memory, I/O, and parallel systems. Coverage is supported by a wealth of concrete examples emphasizing modern RISC, CISC, and superscalar systems. Undergraduates and professionals in computer science, computer engineering, and electrical engineering courses will learn the fundamentals of processor and computer design from this award-winning text. The eighth revision has been updated to reflect major advances in computer technology, including multicore processors and embedded processors. Interactive simulations have been expanded and keyed into relevant sections of text.
Category: Computers

Architecture Of Computing Systems Arcs 2013

Author : Hana Kubatova
ISBN : 9783642364242
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65.60 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Architecture of Computing Systems, ARCS 2013, held in Prague, Czech Republic, in February 2013. The 29 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 73 submissions. The topics covered are computer architecture topics such as multi-cores, memory systems, and parallel computing, adaptive system architectures such as reconfigurable systems in hardware and software, customization and application specific accelerators in heterogeneous architectures, organic and autonomic computing including both theoretical and practical results on self-organization, self-configuration, self-optimization, self-healing, and self-protection techniques, operating systems including but not limited to scheduling, memory management, power management, RTOS, energy-awareness, and green computing.
Category: Computers

Computer Organisation And Architecture

Author : D.A.Godse A.P.Godse
ISBN : 818941156X
Genre :
File Size : 82.96 MB
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OverviewGeneral organization and architecture; Structural/functional view of a computer; Evolution/brief history of computers.System busesComputer components-memory, cpu, i/o; Interconnection structures; Bus interconnection, multiple bus hierarchies, pci bus structure.Memory organizationInternal memory-characteristics, hierarchy; Semiconductor main memory-types of ram, chip logic, memory module organisation; cache memory-elements of cache design, address mapping and translation, replacement algorithms; Advanced dram organization; Performance characteristics of two-level memories; External memory : magnetic disk, tape, raid, optical memory; High speed memories : associative and interleaved memories.Data path designFixed point representation; Floating point representation; Design of basic serial and parallel high speed adders, subtractors, multipliers, Booth's algorithm; The arithmetic and logic unit (ALU) : Combinational and sequential ALU's.The central processing unitBasic instruction cycle; Instructions sets, formats and addressing; Processor organization;Register organization; Instruction pipelining; Co-processors, pipeline processors; RISC computers, RISC versus CISC characteristics.The control unitMicro-operations; Hardwired implementation; Microprogrammed control; Micro-instruction format; Applications of microprogramming.Input and output unitExternal devices : keyboard, monitor, disk drive and device drivers; I/O modules : programmed I/O, interrupt driven I/O, DMA, I/O channels and I/O processors; Serial transmission and synchronization.Multiple processor organizationsFlynn's classification of parallel processing systems; Pipelining concepts.
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