Medicines Use Reviews

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Medicines Use Reviews

Author : Susan Youssef
ISBN : 9780853698876
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21.64 MB
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Provides evidence-based information, tips and guidance on how to conduct successful Medicines Use Reviews (MURs). The ten main chapters identify and discuss specific medical conditions seen in community pharmacy while further sub chapters include advice on treatment options and relevant practical tips. This comprehensive book also includes: an overview of MURs; explanation of the accreditation process; advice on MUR form documentation; guidance on providing a patient-focused service. This excellent reference will enable pharmacists to provide high quality advice to patients. It will be invaluable for all pharmacists carrying out MURs, pre-registration and newly registered pharmacists, clinical pharmacy students, accredited pharmacists setting up a MUR service, pharmacy students and lecturers in pharmacy practice.
Category: Medical

Medication Safety

Author : Molly Courtenay
ISBN : 9781139482424
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.5 MB
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The supply and administration of medicines is an area of practice in which a number of healthcare professionals (e.g. nurses, pharmacists and allied health professionals) are involved. Prescribing is a relatively new role which many of these healthcare professionals have adopted. Medication Safety focuses on promoting safety in the delivery of medicines. Chapters explore the various stages in the medication process including safety in prescribing, dispensing and administering drugs. Adverse reactions, parenteral administration, dosage calculations, safety with controlled drugs, and reporting errors and near misses are all addressed in evidence-based contributions from a highly experienced team of contributors. This text is essential reading for all healthcare professionals involved in the delivery of medicines to patients.
Category: Medical

Encyclopedia Of Pharmacy Practice And Clinical Pharmacy

Author :
ISBN : 9780128127360
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52.92 MB
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Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy covers definitions, concepts, methods, theories and applications of clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice. It highlights why and how this field has a significant impact on healthcare. The work brings baseline knowledge, along with the latest, most cutting-edge research. In addition, new treatments, algorithms, standard treatment guidelines, and pharmacotherapies regarding diseases and disorders are also covered. The book's main focus lies on the pharmacy practice side, covering pharmacy practice research, pharmacovigilance, pharmacoeconomics, social and administrative pharmacy, public health pharmacy, pharmaceutical systems research, the future of pharmacy, and new interventional models of pharmaceutical care. By providing concise expositions on a broad range of topics, this book is an excellent resource for those seeking information beyond their specific areas of expertise. This outstanding reference is essential for anyone involved in the study of pharmacy practice. Provides a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the field Meticulously organized, with articles split into three clear sections, it is the ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals to find relevant information Contains concise and accessible chapters that are ideal as an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from the undergraduate level upwards Includes multimedia options, such as hyperlinked references and further readings, cross-references and videos
Category: Medical

Prescribing Costs In Primary Care

Author : Great Britain: National Audit Office
ISBN : 0102945179
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31.30 MB
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The National Health Service spends £8 billion a year on prescription drugs in primary care in England. This has grown 60% in real terms over the last decade and the trend continues to be upward. This report examines how the money could be spent more efficiently, without compromising clinical outcomes. It looks principally at the scope for more cost-effective prescribing; supporting the GPs and PCTs in getting better value for money; and the wastage of drugs. For four groups of drugs (which account for 19% of the total drugs bill), it finds a wide disparity in prescribing behaviour. It estimates that if all PCTs attained the standard of the best 25%, £200 million could be saved. The analysis shows that there are several mechanism to improve value for money. They include: personalised communication with GPs from local experts, financial and practical incentives, and involving the whole primary and local care community in decisions about drug policy. Wastage of drugs is a problem but the level is not monitored and the uptake of initiatives to reduce the amount of waste is low. Assessing whether local prescribing volumes are consistent with clinical need is complex, but combining prescription data with local prevalence data can provide benchmark information.
Category: Medical

Pharmacy Practice E Book

Author : Jennie Watson
ISBN : 9780702074288
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85.62 MB
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The sixth edition of PharmacyPractice brings the contents completely up to date, reflecting emerging new roles for pharmacists both within the traditional employment areas of hospital and community pharmacy, as well as other developing roles supporting the public health agenda, governance, risk management, prescribing and pharmaco-economics. Each chapter begins with Study Points and ends with Key Points to reinforce learning. Appendices include medical abbreviations, Latin terms and abbreviations, systems of weights and measurements and presentation skills. Some chapters also carry self-assessment questions for more complex areas of pharmaceutical practice. New editor on the team, Louise Cogan. Many new contributors, comprising practising pharmacists, teachers of pharmacy, and pharmacists with joint appointments between hospital/community pharmacy and universities. Now with companion e-book included on StudentConsult New chapters on Consent History Taking/ Gathering Information Advice giving and the pharmacist as a Health Trainer Using calculations in pharmacy practice Continuing professional development and revalidation Intra and inter professional working, The role of the pharmacist in medicines optimization
Category: Medical

Geriatric Medicine An Evidence Based Approach

Author : Frank Lally
ISBN : 9780191003868
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76.93 MB
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People are living longer and the population over the age of 60 is burgeoning, with repercussions for health services and healthcare expenditure in developed countries. Crucially, disease aetiology, diagnosis, and treatment in older people differ from the general adult population. Older people often have complicated co-morbidities and respond to treatment in different ways compared to younger people. Evidence of efficacy of different treatments is often lacking because older people are under-represented in clinical trials, and the specific needs of older people are rarely discussed specifically in more general texts. Geriatric medicine: an evidence based approach is a clinical reference for health care professionals who manage older patients, and summarizes up-to-date research literature in a style that can be directly applied by busy healthcare professionals and provide a useful resource for reference.
Category: Medical

Pharmaceutical Practice International Edition E Book

Author : Arthur J. Winfield
ISBN : 9780702041877
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90.7 MB
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This comprehensive book covers a wide range of subjects relevant to pharmacy practice, including communication skills, managing a business, quality assurance, dispensing, calculations, packaging, storage and labeling of medicines, sterilization, prescriptions, hospital-based services, techniques and treatments, adverse drug reactions, pharmacoeconomics, and medicines management. Features useful appendices on medical abbreviations, pharmaceutical Latin terms, weights and measures, and presentation skills. This is a core text for pharmacy practice and dispensing modules of the pharmacy curriculum Covers key exam material for essential review and test preparation Features a user-friendly design with clear headings, chapter summaries, helpful boxes, and key points Text restructured with 14 new or radically revised chapters. All text revised in light of current pharmaceutical practice. New design using two colours.
Category: Medical

Nursing Knowledge And Practice E Book

Author : Maggie Mallik
ISBN : 9780702037528
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66.88 MB
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Nursing knowledge and practice is a comprehensive textbook which forms an ideal basis for foundation nursing students. The core emphasis in the organisation and presentation of knowledge in this third edition remains focused on the in-depth knowledge required by nurses to deliver care in the practice setting. The chapter contents encompass knowledge that applies to all branches of nursing e.g. Communication, Confusion, Aggression and Rehabilitation Safety and Risk, Infection Control, Medicines etc. The structure of all chapters is unique in integrating knowledge from subject areas often taught separately in the nursing curriculum. This enables the foundation student to integrate this range of knowledge in making decisions about the delivery of nursing care to patients/clients in all fields of nursing. Exercises are included to encourage reflection on practice and develop critical thinking skills. It also promotes the expansion of professional knowledge through the development of portfolio evidence. Building on the outstanding success of previous editions the authors have drawn extensively on current best evidence, including research, policy and substantial internet based resources, reflecting UK and international perspectives. • Each chapter begins with an overview of the content and concludes with a summary to help evaluate learning • Case studies reflect the diverse range of client needs and care settings of the four nursing branches and help relate theory to practice • Reflective exercises and suggestions for portfolio evidence, along with decision-making activities, promote reflection on personal experience and links to nursing practice using a problem-based approach • Current research is highlighted throughout, demonstrating the evidence-base for practice decisions. • Key web sites, annotated further reading and references encourage readers to pursue contemporary evidence that underpins competency-based practice. Full colour throughout Content fully updated in line with developments in clinical practice, teaching requirements and the evidence-base Free electronic ancillaries on Evolve enhance the knowledge provided in each chapter with additional information, exercises and resources An introductory chapter on ‘Nursing Knowledge and Practice’ explores the role and context of nursing, nationally and internationally, providing foundation information on core knowledge areas common to all nursing curricula.
Category: Medical

Pharmacy In England

Author : Great Britain. Department of Health
ISBN : 0101734123
Genre : Drugstores
File Size : 37.60 MB
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This White Paper (Cm. 7341, ISBN 9780101734127), sets out a programme for future NHS pharmaceutical services in England. Divided into 8 chapters with 2 annexes, it covers the following areas: the background to the White Paper; the context of change, looking at the major health and social challenges that have prompted a review of pharmacy services; expanding access and choice through more help with medicines; more pharmacy services supporting healthy living and better care; communications and relationships and how these can be improved by highlighting the varied services and benefits offered by pharmacies and pharmacists; research and innovation in practice; the pharmacy profession; the current structure and contractual arrangements of the pharmacy system. The Government has set out a future vision for the pharmacy services in England, including a number of specific objectives, including: making pharmacies into "healthy living centres", promoting health and helping people to take care of themselves; offer NHS treatment for minor ailments; provide specific support for people who are starting a new course of treatment; offer screening for those at risk of vascular disease; use new technologies to expand choice and improve care in hospitals and the community; become commissioned based on the range and quality of the services being delivered. Related publications to this White Paper, include: The Future of Pharmacy (http://www.appg.org.uk/documents/ThefutureofPharmacy_006.pdf); Our Health, Our Care (Cm.6737, ISBN 0101673728); Our NHS, Our Future (http://www.ournhs.nhs.uk/fromtypepad/283411_OurNHS_v3acc.pdf); A Vision for Pharmacy in the New NHS, July 2003 (http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Consultations/Closedconsultations/DH_4068353?).
Category: Drugstores

Drugs In Use

Author : Linda J. Dodds
ISBN : 9780857110916
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.12 MB
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Drugs in Use is a popular textbook that addresses one of the key issues for pharmacy students – putting their learning into practice. The text presents a series of clinical case studies to illustrate how pharmacists can optimize drug therapy in response to the needs of individual patients.
Category: Medical

Clinical Pharmacy And Therapeutics E Book

Author : Roger Walker
ISBN : 9780702048487
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84.94 MB
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Now in its fifth edition, this best-selling, multidisciplinary textbook continues to draw on the skills of pharmacists and clinicians to present optimal drug regimens. The authors integrate an understanding of the disease processes with an appreciation of pathophysiological processes, clinical pharmacy and the evidence base. New to this edition: Stronger emphasis on understanding both the prescribing process and the clinical pharmacy process. All chapters completely revised and updated. Thirty-eight leading new authors. Features: Key points boxes at the beginning of every chapter Case study tests at the end of every chapter Chapters co-authored by pharmacists and clinicians Organised by body system Consistent, clearly signposted chapter layout ‘...a unique and valuable support for all those involved or interested in drug therapy. This is a textbook that no university or pharmacy department, particularly those with employees studying at any level, and no pharmacist trying to develop their knowledge base should be without." Dr Chris Green and John Sexton, The Pharmaceutical Journal Now in its fifth edition, this best-selling, multidisciplinary textbook continues to draw on the skills of pharmacists and clinicians to present optimal drug regimens. The authors integrate an understanding of the disease processes with an appreciation of pathophysiological processes, clinical pharmacy and the evidence base. New to this edition: Stronger emphasis on understanding both the prescribing process and the clinical pharmacy process. All chapters completely revised and updated. Thirty-eight leading new authors. Features: Key points boxes at the beginning of every chapter Case study tests at the end of every chapter Chapters co-authored by pharmacists and clinicians Organised by body system Consistent, clearly signposted chapter layout ‘...a unique and valuable support for all those involved or interested in drug therapy. This is a textbook that no university or pharmacy department, particularly those with employees studying at any level, and no pharmacist trying to develop their knowledge base should be without." Dr Chris Green and John Sexton, The Pharmaceutical Journal Stronger emphasis on understanding both the prescribing process and the clinical pharmacy process. All chapters completely revised and updated. Thirty-eight leading new authors.
Category: Medical

End Of Life Care

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Committee of Public Accounts
ISBN : 0215530152
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80.23 MB
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This report examines the scale and quality of end of life care; the current and future approach to commissioning and funding of services; and the capability and capacity of NHS and social care staff to provide such care. In England approximately half a million people die each year. Around three quarters of deaths follow a period of chronic illness, such as cancer or heart disease, where people may need access to end of life care. End of life care services seek to support those with advanced, progressive, incurable illness to live as well as possible until they die. The provision of end of life care is becoming increasingly complex, often requiring a complex mix of health and social care services. End of life care is delivered by many people, including families and friends, specialist palliative care staff, and generalist staff such as doctors, nurses and social workers, for whom end of life care represents a varying proportion of their role. There are no full estimates of the full financial cost of end of life care, but in 2006-07 primary care trusts estimated they spent £245 million on specialist palliative care, delivered by around 5,500 staff with specific training in the management of pain and other symptoms. Most people would prefer not to die in hospital but a lack of NHS and social care support services means that many people do so when there is no clinical need for them to be there. The Department of Health published its End of Life Care Strategy in 2008 which commits additional funding of £286 million over two years, and aims to increase the availability of services in the community and develop the skills of health and social care staff.
Category: Political Science

Evidence Based Neonatal Pharmacotherapy An Issue Of Clinics In Perinatology E Book

Author : Alan R. Spitzer
ISBN : 9781455743032
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33.24 MB
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Dr. Spitzer has created an issue devoted to the evidence-based pharmacologic care of the neonate. The issue opens with an important article on A Quality Improvement Approach to Modifying Medication Use in the NICU. The expert authors he has secured have contributed articles in the areas of therapeutic drug monitoring, off-label use of medications in the NICU, antenatal and post-natal corticosteroids, antibiotics, antifungals, and antivirals, as well as bronchodilators and nitric oxide. Other articles also present evidence-based use of oxygen, dopamine, anesthetics and analgesics, and erythropoetin.
Category: Medical

Department Of Health

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Committee of Public Accounts
ISBN : 0215037995
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83.57 MB
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This report, from the Committee of Public Accounts, examines the cost of prescriptions in primary care. It is estimated that around a quarter of all expenditure in primary care is on drugs. In 1996, the number of prescriptions was 485 million, dispensed in England; by 2006 this had increased by 55% to 752 million, with the primary care drugs bill increasing from £4.0 billion to £8.2 billion, a 60% increase. The Committee took evidence from the Department of Health, on the basis of an earlier report from the NAO (HCP 173, session 2006-07, ISBN 9780102945171). The Committee has set out a number of conclusions and recommendations, including: that the NHS could save more than £200 million a year by GPs prescribing lower cost drugs, particularly those described as generic versions of the drug, as opposed to brand name drugs; that the proportion of lower cost prescriptions for some common conditions varies greatly between Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), and that the Strategic Health Authorities should work with the National Prescribing Centre to develop best practice in prescriptions; that an index comparing GP practices and PCTs on efficient prescribing might promote a culture of best practice; that the influence of pharmaceutical companies on prescribing decisions should be monitored by the Department of Health, with a minimal level set for gifts and hospitality offered by such companies to GPs and PCTs; there should be better information on unused and wasted drugs in the NHS, with an estimated cost of £100 million a year; that the Department of Health should explore with the pharmaceutical industry to achieve greater consistency in labelling and packaging of generic versions of the more common drugs supplied to the NHS
Category: Medical

Ethics For Living And Working

Author : Simon Robinson
ISBN : 9781848760028
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.95 MB
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In this work, Botin begins by reflecting on the development of electronic records in the Danish healthcare system. Richard Cooper takes the theme of electronic health records into the field of pharmacy. On the face of it both of these would seem to provide a way of improving service. However, the more we use technology the more it is important to examine underlying values and ethical issues, and this leads to an increased focus on developing and maintaining the autonomy and responsibility of the patient or customer. Rolv Blaker, Eileen Nafstad and Norman Andressen then take the focus to psychology. Blaker directly addresses the ideology that may be predominant in a society and thus may be reflected in any professional practice whereas Norman Anderssen and Ingrid Dundas take this further in analyzing underlying ideologies in teaching research methodology in psychology.Hilde Eileen Nafstad in the following chapter takes this theme to a more profound level by focusing on the ideology-based assumptions in research on human suffering, concretized by studies of Post Traumatic Stress Syndromes in relation to war experiences. Simon Robinson invites us to look at the moral context of employability and Elizabeth Ozorak looks at the world-views and values underlying the student experience of 'service' or volunteer learning. Bruce Macfarlane takes the debate further in chapter eight by focusing on the academic profession and the idea of academic citizenship. Derek Sellman takes this theme and applies it to the profession of nursing while Joan Whitman Hoff in her chapter takes us into what still for many people is uncharted ethical territory, the world of IT as it used in teaching. Suzy Jagger's chapter focuses on the teaching of computer ethics. Like Sellman she wants to focus on the moral development of the students and looks to how this might be charted.Development, ethical development or any other, involves change and John Strain considers whether we ought to take history more seriously in the ethical education. In an age which is persistently confronted with innovation, it is understandable that ethics is regarded as something that people will find compelling on account of its innovative character. This book then argues that Applied and Professional Ethics is not to be confined to any predetermined shape. Along with the dilemmas and the theories there are those underlying values and world views that are of equal importance in creating ethos and community, and in enabling creative response. Such values are there at the heart of virtue ethics. Because of the plurality of the educational and professional community, values and perspectives and assessments of values differ and thus dialogue is at the heart such ethics.This book suggests that the teaching of Applied and Professional Ethics has to engage at all these levels, and thereby both take seriously all aspects of ethics, for living and working. All of these chapters began their life as either keynote lectures or papers at the Second International Conference on Teaching Applied and Professional Ethics in Higher Education, the 'Real World - Real People Conference: Ethics in a Virtual World' , London, 30th August to September 1st, 2005.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Parliamentary Debates Hansard

Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons
ISBN : UCR:31210021731086
Genre : Great Britain
File Size : 50.85 MB
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Contains the 4th session of the 28th Parliament through the session of the Parliament.
Category: Great Britain

Reviews Of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology

Author : George Ware
ISBN : 9780387404028
Genre : Science
File Size : 62.88 MB
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Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy, and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.
Category: Science

Issues In Sociology And Social Work Aging Medical And Missionary Research And Application 2011 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781464966774
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74.76 MB
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Issues in Sociology and Social Work: Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Sociology and Social Work—Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Sociology and Social Work: Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Sociology and Social Work—Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Sociology and Social Work: Aging, Medical, and Missionary Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Category: Social Science

Resilient Health Care Volume 2

Author : Robert L. Wears
ISBN : 9781472437846
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42.91 MB
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Health systems everywhere are expected to meet increasing public and political demands for accessible, high-quality care. Policy-makers, managers, and clinicians use their best efforts to improve efficiency, safety, quality, and economic viability. One solution has been to mimic approaches that have been shown to work in other domains, such as quality management, lean production, and high reliability. In the enthusiasm for such solutions, scant attention has been paid to the fact that health care as a multifaceted system differs significantly from most traditional industries. Solutions based on linear thinking in engineered systems do not work well in complicated, multi-stakeholder non-engineered systems, of which health care is a leading example. A prerequisite for improving health care and making it more resilient is that the nature of everyday clinical work be well understood. Yet the focus of the majority of policy or management solutions, as well as that of accreditation and regulation, is work as it ought to be (also known as ‘work-as-imagined’). The aim of policy-makers and managers, whether the priority is safety, quality, or efficiency, is therefore to make everyday clinical work - or work-as-done - comply with work-as-imagined. This fails to recognise that this normative conception of work is often oversimplified, incomplete, and outdated. There is therefore an urgent need to better understand everyday clinical work as it is done. Despite the common focus on deviations and failures, it is undeniable that clinical work goes right far more often than it goes wrong, and that we only can make it better if we understand how this happens. This second volume of Resilient Health Care continues the line of thinking of the first book, but takes it further through a range of chapters from leading international thinkers on resilience and health care. Where the first book provided the rationale and basic concepts of RHC, the Resilience of Everyday Clinical Work breaks new ground by analysing everyday work situations in primary, secondary, and tertiary care to identify and describe the fundamental strategies that clinicians everywhere have developed and use with a fluency that belies the demands to be resolved and the dilemmas to be balanced. Because everyday clinical work is at the heart of resilience, it is essential to appreciate how it functions, and to understand its characteristics.
Category: Political Science

Forensic Pathology Reviews

Author : Michael Tsokos
ISBN : 1592599109
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38.70 MB
Format : PDF
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A collection of cutting-edge accounts of special topics from various fields of forensic pathology and death scene investigation. The authors offer critical insight into the medicolegal investigation of bodies found in water, the forensic aspects of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection of the central nervous system, deaths in a head-down position, and forensic bitemark analysis. Additional chapters address taphonomic changes in human bodies during the early postmortem interval, arrhythmogenic ventricular dysplaisia that produces sudden death in young people, the postmortem diagnosis of death in anaphylaxis, and iatrogenici deaths. The forensic aspects of suicide, murder-suicide, and suicide trends in the United States are also discussed, along with the evaluation of fatal pulmonary thromboembolism and the use of radiology in medicolegal investigations.
Category: Medical