Mechanization Takes Command

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Mechanization Takes Command

Author : Siegfried Giedion
ISBN : STANFORD:20500085306
Genre : Industrial arts
File Size : 23.50 MB
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Category: Industrial arts

Mechanization Takes Command

Author : Sigfried Giedion
ISBN : 081669043X
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 46.17 MB
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First published in 1948, Mechanization Takes Command is an examination of mechanization and its effects on everyday life. A monumental figure in the field of architectural history, Sigfried Giedion traces the evolution and resulting philosophical implications of such disparate innovations as the slaughterhouse, the Yale lock, the assembly line, tractors, ovens, and “comfort” as defined by advancements in furniture design. A groundbreaking text when originally published, Giedion's pioneering work remains an important contribution to architecture, philosophy, and technology studies.
Category: Architecture

Mechanization Takes Command

Author : Jeremy Atack
ISBN : OCLC:1163689921
Genre :
File Size : 31.22 MB
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Abstract: During the nineteenth century, the US manufacturing sector shifted away from the "hand labor" mode of production, characteristic of artisan shops, to the "machine labor" of the factory. This was the focus of an extremely detailed but extraordinarily complex study by the Commissioner of Labor published in 1899 that has until now defied systematic analysis. Here, we explore the overall productivity gains associated with these changes in production methods and the specific, causal role of inanimate power. Under the machine labor mode, the time necessary to complete production tasks declined by 85 percent, a remarkable gain in labor productivity. We also present OLS and IV estimates of the effects of using inanimate power, such as steam, at the production operation level Our IV is based on the gerunds describing the various production activities. Treating our IV estimates as causal, about one-third of the higher productivity of machine labor is attributed to greater use of inanimate power per se

Capitalism Takes Command

Author : Michael Zakim
ISBN : 9780226451091
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51.7 MB
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Most scholarship on nineteenth-century America’s transformation into a market society has focused on consumption, romanticized visions of workers, and analysis of firms and factories. Building on but moving past these studies, Capitalism Takes Command presents a history of family farming, general incorporation laws, mortgage payments, inheritance practices, office systems, and risk management—an inventory of the means by which capitalism became America’s new revolutionary tradition. This multidisciplinary collection of essays argues not only that capitalism reached far beyond the purview of the economy, but also that the revolution was not confined to the destruction of an agrarian past. As business ceaselessly revised its own practices, a new demographic of private bankers, insurance brokers, investors in securities, and start-up manufacturers, among many others, assumed center stage, displacing older elites and forms of property. Explaining how capital became an “ism” and how business became a political philosophy, Capitalism Takes Command brings the economy back into American social and cultural history.
Category: Business & Economics

Software Takes Command

Author : Lev Manovich
ISBN : 9781623567453
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.20 MB
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Offers the first look at the aesthetics of contemporary design from the theoretical perspectives of media theory and 'software studies'.
Category: Social Science


Author : Nadir Lahiji
ISBN : 1568981074
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 78.76 MB
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One of the fundamental tenets of modernism was its image of hygiene, its ideal of bringing cleanliness and order to the great unwashed, as evident in Adolf Loos's 1898 article, Plumbers. Using Loos as a point of departure, the essays in this collection examine architecture through the multiple meanings inherent in plumbing - from the pipes of modern hygiene, to the plumb line of the right angle, to Marcel Duchamp's Ready-made urinal.
Category: Architecture

Architectural Principles In The Age Of Cybernetics

Author : Christopher Hight
ISBN : 9781134173853
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 40.27 MB
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A theoretical history of anthropomorphism and proportion in modern architecture, this volume brings into focus the discourse around proportion with current problems of post-humanism in architecture alongside the new possibilities made available through digital technologies. The book examines how the body and its ordering has served as a central site of architectural discourse in recent decades, especially in attempts to reformulate architecture’s relationship to humanism, modernism and technology. Challenging some concepts and categories of architectural history and situates current debates within a broader cultural and technological context, Hight makes complex ideas easily accessible. Extensively illustrated and written without academic jargon for an informed but non-specialized architectural audience, this book elucidates the often obscure debates of avant-garde architectural discourse and design, while demonstrating how these debates have affected everyday places and concepts of architecture. As a result, it will appeal to professional architects, academics and students, combining as it does an insightful introduction to the fundamental issues of architectural history and theory over the past fifty years with entirely new formulations of what that history is and means.
Category: Architecture

Rockingham County

Author : Scott Hamilton Suter
ISBN : 0738517240
Genre : History
File Size : 43.44 MB
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Named for a British Prime Minister and carved from Augusta County in 1777, Rockingham County lies at the heart of Virginia's Shenandoah Valley. As home to a portion of the Great Wagon Road running southwest from Pennsylvania, the county's culture and landscape reflect the influence of ethnic groups migrating to the frontier along this trail. Rockingham County's rich agricultural traditions have been a constant throughout its history, and while recent population increases have led to the disappearance of much of its rolling farmland, the county maintains a strong adherence to its agricultural past.
Category: History


Author : Katherine Ashenburg
ISBN : 9781847653369
Genre : History
File Size : 84.95 MB
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'I return to Paris in five days. Stop washing.' So wrote Napoleon to Josephine in an age when body odour was considered an aphrodisiac. In stark contrast, the Romans used to bath for hours each day. Ashenburg's investigation of history's ambivalence towards personal hygiene takes her through plague-ridden streets, hospitals and battlefields. From the bizarre prescriptions of doctors to the eccentricities of famous bathers, she presents us with all the twists and turns that have led us to our own, arbitrary notion of 'clean'.
Category: History


Author : Richard Hamilton
ISBN : 3037645040
Genre : Technology in art
File Size : 44.56 MB
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The starting point of this publication -- and its eponymous exhibition held in Zurich in Spring 2017 -- is the conceptual encounter between British Pop art artist, Richard Hamilton (1922-2011) and Swiss historian and critic of architecture Sigfried Giedion (1888-1968), famous for his landmark book, Space, Time, and Architecture which is an influential history of modern architecture published in 1941.In 1949 Richard Hamilton -- then a member of the London-based Independent Group -- realized the, Reaper print series as a reaction to Giedion's 1948 book, Mechanization Takes Command in which he describes the mechanization of everyday life.Reproducing Hamilton's complete Reaper series juxtaposed with selected examples of illustrations created by Giedion alongside many related illustrations, this publication brings together seven essays by renowned international scholars, all of whom question the relationships between visual arts, technology, science, and architecture.Among the many topics discussed are Hamilton's early works and exhibition installation practice, post-war British biotechnology and architecture, Hippie Modernism, and the visual strategy of Giedion's books.Published on the occasion of the exhibition, Reaper: Richard Hamilton and Sigfried Giedion at Graphische Sammlung ETH Z�rich (3 May - 25 June 2017). A co-operation between Graphische Sammlung ETH Z�rich, gta exhibitions, and gta archive.English and German text.
Category: Technology in art


Author : Rebecca M. Herzig
ISBN : 9781479840250
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85.74 MB
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From the clamshell razors and homemade lye depilatories used in colonial America to the diode lasers and prescription pharmaceuticals available today, Americans have used a staggering array of tools to remove hair deemed unsightly, unnatural, or excessive. This is true especially for women and girls; conservative estimates indicate that 99% of American women have tried hair removal, and at least 85% regularly remove hair from their faces, armpits, legs, and bikini lines. How and when does hair become a problem—what makes some growth “excessive”? Who or what separates the necessary from the superfluous? In Plucked, historian Rebecca Herzig addresses these questions about hair removal. She shows how, over time, dominant American beliefs about visible hair changed: where once elective hair removal was considered a “mutilation” practiced primarily by “savage” men, by the turn of the twentieth century, hair-free faces and limbs were expected for women. Visible hair growth—particularly on young, white women—came to be perceived as a sign of political extremism, sexual deviance, or mental illness. By the turn of the twenty-first century, more and more Americans were waxing, threading, shaving, or lasering themselves smooth. Herzig’s extraordinary account also reveals some of the collateral damages of the intensifying pursuit of hair-free skin. Moving beyond the experiences of particular patients or clients, Herzig describes the surprising histories of race, science, industry, and medicine behind today's hair-removing tools. Plucked is an unsettling, gripping, and original tale of the lengths to which Americans will go to remove hair.
Category: Social Science

Mcluhan In Space

Author : Richard Cavell
ISBN : 0802086586
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.55 MB
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Demonstrates how McLuhan extended insights derived from advances in physics and artistic experimentation into a theory of acoustic space which he then used to challenge the assumptions of visual space that had been produced through print culture.
Category: Science


Author : Tobin Siebers
ISBN : 0472105574
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63.63 MB
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Considers the uses and dangers of utopian thinking in the postmodern world
Category: Political Science

Assembling Art

Author :
ISBN : 1617033510
Genre : Art
File Size : 70.89 MB
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"By interweaving biography and art history and by synthesizing a wide spectrum of approaches from cultural and gender studies, Assembling Art offers provocative insights into the way this art registers tensions between genders and races, between elitist and popular cultures, and between transatlantic national cultures."--BOOK JACKET.
Category: Art

The Parable Of The Tribes

Author : Andrew Bard Schmookler
ISBN : 0791424200
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.19 MB
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This is a new view of the role of power in social evolution. It shows how, as human societies evolved, intersocietal conflicts necessarily developed, and how humanity can choose peace over war.
Category: Social Science

Space Time And Architecture

Author : Sigfried Giedion
ISBN : 0674830407
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 75.93 MB
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Analyzes contemporary architectural techniques, potentialities, innovations, and concepts as they apply to city planning
Category: Architecture

On Weathering

Author : Mohsen Mostafavi
ISBN : 026263144X
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 78.69 MB
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In a clear and direct account, supplemented by photographs, Mostafavi and Leatherbarrow examine buildings and other projects to show that continual refinishing of a building by natural forces is a continuation of the building process rather than a force antagonistic to it. Original paperback.
Category: Architecture

The Gutenberg Galaxy

Author : Marshall McLuhan
ISBN : 9781442660816
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.38 MB
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The Gutenberg Galaxy catapulted Marshall McLuhan to fame as a media theorist and, in time, a new media prognosticator. Fifty years after its initial publication, this landmark text is more significant than ever before. Readers will be amazed by McLuhan’s prescience, unmatched by anyone since, predicting as he did the dramatic technological innovations that have fundamentally changed how we communicate. The Gutenberg Galaxy foresaw the networked, compressed ‘global village’ that would emerge in the late-twentieth and twenty-first centuries — despite having been written when black-and-white television was ubiquitous. This new edition of The Gutenberg Galaxy celebrates both the centennial of McLuhan’s birth and the fifty-year anniversary of the book’s publication. A new interior design updates The Gutenberg Galaxy for twenty-first-century readers, while honouring the innovative, avant-garde spirit of the original. This edition also includes new introductory essays that illuminate McLuhan’s lasting effect on a variety of scholarly fields and popular culture. A must-read for those who inhabit today’s global village, The Gutenberg Galaxy is an indispensable road map for our evolving communication landscape.
Category: Social Science

The Dynamics Of Science And Technology

Author : W. Krohn
ISBN : 9789400998285
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.46 MB
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The interrelations of science and technology as an object of study seem to have drawn the attention of a number of disciplines: the history of both science and technology, sociology, economics and economic history, and even the philosophy of science. The question that comes to mind is whether the phenomenon itself is new or if advances in the disciplines involved account for this novel interest, or, in fact, if both are intercon nected. When the editors set out to plan this volume, their more or less explicit conviction was that the relationship of science and technology did reveal a new configuration and that the disciplines concerned with 1tS analysis failed at least in part to deal with the change because of conceptual and methodological preconceptions. To say this does not imply a verdict on the insufficiency of one and the superiority of any other one disciplinary approach. Rather, the situation is much more complex. In economics, for example, the interest in the relationship between science and technology is deeply influenced by the theoretical problem of accounting for the factors of economic growth. The primary concern is with technology and the problem is whether the market induces technological advances or whether they induce new demands that explain the subsequent diffusion of new technologies. Science is generally considered to be an exogenous factor not directly subject to market forces and, therefore, appears to be of no interest.
Category: Science