Mechanisms Of Syntactic Change

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Mechanisms Of Syntactic Change

Author : Charles N. Li
ISBN : 9781477301050
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 60.92 MB
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Historical linguistics, the oldest field in linguistics, has been traditionally dominated by phonological and etymological investigations. Only in the late twentieth century have linguists begun to focus their interest and research on the area of syntactic change and the insight it provides on the nature of language. This volume represents the first major contribution on the mechanisms of syntactic change. The fourteen articles that make up this volume were selected from the Symposium on the Mechanisms of Syntactic Change held at the University of California, Santa Barbara, in 1976, one of a series of three conferences sponsored by the National Science Foundation. These papers clearly demonstrate that the generative approach to the study of language does not explain diachronic processes in syntax. This collection is enlightening, provocative, and carefully documented with data drawn from a great variety of language families.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Mechanisms Of Syntactic Change

Author : University of Califor Symposium on the Mechanisms of Syntactic Change
ISBN : UCAL:B4350336
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 69.52 MB
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Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Mechanisms Of Syntactic Change

Author : Charles N. Li
ISBN : 1477301046
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 53.84 MB
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Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Targets And Syntactic Change

Author : John Haiman
ISBN : UOM:39015009052054
Genre : Generative grammar
File Size : 64.60 MB
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The present work is a synchronic and historical investigation of a most restricted area of German syntax, namely, the position of the verb. Central to this particular treatment is the crucial notion of "linguistic target," a concept which represents an emendation of the classical theory of transformational generative grammar.
Category: Generative grammar

Diachronic Syntax

Author : Susan Pintzuk
ISBN : 0198250274
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 22.32 MB
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This book is a collection of studies on the ways languages change structurally over time. It brings together current research, approaching language change from different formal perspectives. The contributions are contextualized in the introduction and provide a state-of-the-art account of current understanding of syntactic change from a generative perspective.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Historical Linguistics

Author : Lyle Campbell
ISBN : 0262532670
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 52.21 MB
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This accessible, hands-on text not only introduces students to the important topicsin historical linguistics but also shows them how to apply the methods described and how to thinkabout the issues; abundant examples and exercises allow students to focus on how to do historicallinguistics. Distinctive to this text is its integration of the standard topics with others nowconsidered important to the field, including syntactic change, grammaticalization, sociolinguisticcontributions to linguistic change, distant genetic relationships, areal linguistics, and linguisticprehistory. Examples are taken from a broad range of languages; those from the more familiarEnglish, French, German, and Spanish make the topics more accessible, while those fromnon-Indo-European languages show the depth and range of the concepts they illustrate.This secondedition features expanded explanations and examples as well as updates in light of recent work inlinguistics, including a defense of the family tree model, a response to recent claims on lexicaldiffusion/frequency, and a section on why languages diversify and spread.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Morphology And Universals In Syntactic Change

Author : Brian D. Joseph
ISBN : 9781315515717
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54.26 MB
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This book, first published in 1990, is a study of both the specific syntactic changes in the more recent stages of Greek and of the nature of syntactic change in general. Guided by the constraints and principles of Universal Grammar, this hypothesis of this study allows for an understanding of how these changes in Greek syntax occurred and so provides insight into the mechanism of syntactic change. This title will be of interest to students of language and linguistics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Historical Syntax In Cross Linguistic Perspective

Author : Alice C. Harris
ISBN : 0521478812
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 89.44 MB
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Comprehensive treatment of syntactic change, drawing on data from a wide range of languages.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Prepositional Infinitives In Romance

Author : Kim Schulte
ISBN : 3039113275
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 59.97 MB
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This book examines the present-day distribution and diachronic evolution of a set of infinitival structures in Spanish, Portuguese and Romanian, making use of extensive corpus data and investigating how pragmatic factors and usage patterns interact with syntax. After a contrastive account of the patterns of clausal subordination in Latin and Romance, the rise of prepositional infinitives is traced through the documented history of the three languages, revealing astonishing parallels in their development. The analysis of the data shows how cognitive principles such as reanalysis and entrenchment combine with parameters such as relevance and usage frequency to cause syntactic change. Beyond providing a genuine explanation for the observed processes in the Romance languages, this study offers new evidence for the existence of language-independent, cross-linguistically applicable principles and mechanisms in language change.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Gradience Gradualness And Grammaticalization

Author : Elizabeth Closs Traugott
ISBN : 9789027206718
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
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This volume, which emerged from a workshop at the "New Reflections on Grammaticalization 4" conference held at KU Leuven in July 2008, contains a collection of papers which investigate the relationship between synchronic gradience and the apparent gradualness of linguistic change, largely from the perspective of grammaticalization. In addition to versions of the papers presented at the workshop, the volume contains specially commissioned contributions, some of which offer commentaries on a subset of the other articles. The articles address a number of themes central to grammaticalization studies, such as the role of reanalysis and analogy in grammaticalization, the formal modelling of grammaticalization, and the relationship between formal and functional change, using data from a range of languages, and (in some cases) from particular electronic corpora. The volume will be of specific interest to historical linguists working on grammaticalization, and general linguists working on the interface between synchrony and diachrony.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Competing Models Of Linguistic Change

Author : Ole Nedergaard Thomsen
ISBN : 9789027247940
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.40 MB
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The articles of this volume are centered around two competing views on language change originally presented at the 2003 International Conference on Historical Linguistics in the two important plenary papers by Henning Andersen and William Croft. The latter proposes an evolutionary model of language change within a domain-neutral model of a 'generalized analysis of selection', whereas Henning Andersen takes it that cultural phenomena could not possibly be handled, i.e. observed, described, understood, in the same way as natural phenomena. These papers are models of succinct presentation of important theoretical framework. The other papers present and discuss additional models of change, e.g. invisible hand-processes, system-internal models, functional and cognitive models. Most papers do not subscribe to the evolutionary model; instead, they focus on functional factors in the selection and propagation of variants (as opposed to factors of code efficiency), or on cognitive and pragmatic perspectives. Several papers are inspired by the late Eugenio Coseriu and by Henning Andersen's theories on language change. In particular, the volume contains articles proposing interesting grammaticalization studies and extended models of grammaticalization. The clear presentation of important and competing approaches to fundamental questions concerning language change will be of high interest for scholars and students working in the field of diachrony and typology. The languages referred to in the papers include Cantonese, the Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages, Danish, English, Eskimo languages, German, Norwegian, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Kratylos

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000047685650
Genre : Indo-European philology
File Size : 73.42 MB
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Category: Indo-European philology

Language Change At The Syntax Semantics Interface

Author : Chiara Gianollo
ISBN : 9783110352306
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 24.11 MB
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Bringing together diachronic research from a variety of perspectives, notably typology, formal syntax and semantics, this volume focuses on the interplay of syntactic and semantic factors in language change - an issue so far largely neglected both in (mostly lexical) historical semantics as well as historical syntax, but recently brought into focus by grammaticalization theory as well as Minimalist diachronic syntax. The contributions draw on data from numerous Indo-European languages including Vedic Sanskrit, Middle Indic, Greek as well as English and German, and discuss a range of phenomena such as change in negation markers, indefinite articles, quantifiers, modal verbs, argument structure among others. The papers analyze diachronic evidence in the light of contemporary syntactic and semantic theory, addressing the crucial question of how syntactic and semantic change are linked, and whether both are governed by similar constraints, principles and systematic mechanisms. The volume will appeal to scholars in historical linguistics and formal theories of syntax and semantics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language

Author : George Melville Bolling
ISBN : UOM:39015067436827
Genre : Comparative linguistics
File Size : 78.19 MB
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Category: Comparative linguistics

Perspectives On Historical Syntax

Author : Carlotta Viti
ISBN : 9789027268938
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65.78 MB
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This volume discusses topics of historical syntax from different theoretical perspectives, ranging from Indo-European studies to generative grammar, functionalism, and typology. It examines mechanisms of syntactic change such as reanalysis, analogy, grammaticalization, independent drift, and language contact, as well as procedures of syntactic reconstruction. More than one factor is considered to explain a syntactic phenomenon, since it is maintained that an accurate account of multiple causations, of both structural and social nature, is to be preferred to considerations of economy. Special attention is given to the relationship between principles of syntactic theory and a search for data reliability through the methods of corpus linguistics. Data are drawn from a variety of languages, including Hittite, Vedic, Ancient Greek, Latin, Romance, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Austroasiatic, Gulf of Guinea creoles. The book may be therefore of interest for specialists of these languages in addition to scholars and advanced students of syntax and historical linguistics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Change And Typological Variation Grammatical Universals And Typology

Author : Edgar C. Polomé
ISBN : 0941694690
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 83.77 MB
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PREFACE: Grammatical AbbreviationsBibliographical Abbreviations.I. UNIVERSAL ISSUES:Paolo Ramat: On Categories and CategorizationsPieter A. M. Seuren: Topic and CommentRobert Longacre: A Footnote to Lehmann?s OV/VO Typology. II. TYPOLOGICAL ISSUES:A. CATEGORIES AND RELATIONS: Theodora Bynon: Schleicher?s Reconstruction of a Sentence?Back to Pre Pre Indo EuropeanFrancisco R. Adrados: Hacia una tipologia de las combinaciones de rasgos linguisticosHenrik Birnbaum: On the Relationship of Typology and Genealogy in Language Classification?Some Theoretical Considerations and Applications to Indo EuropeanAnthony Aristar: Typology and the Saussurean Dichotomy. B. CONSTITUENT ORDER: Subhadra Kumar Sen: On the Syntax of the Anitta TextDouglas Mitchell: Lehmann?s Use of Syntactic TypologyMichael Clyne: Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism. C. ALIGNMENT & CONTENTIVE TYPE: Bridget Drinka: Alignment in Early Proto Indo EuropeanHelena Kurzova: Syntax in the Indo European Morphosyntactic TypeGeorgij A. Klimov: On the Pre accusative Component of the Structure of the Kartvelian LanguagesKarl Horst Schmidt: On Congruence in Languages of Active TypologyLaszlo Deszo: On the Structuring of Early Indo European in Areal Typological PerspectiveBernard Comrie & Maria Polinsky: Gender in Historical Perspective?Radial Categories Meet LanguageBrigitte Bauer: Impersonal Habet constructions in Latin?At the Crossroads of Indo European InnovationCarol F. Justus: Indo European 'have??a Grammatical Etymology.
Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Grammatical Change

Author : Rachel Hendery
ISBN : UCSD:31822036570166
Genre : Generative grammar
File Size : 21.19 MB
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This volume comprises a collection of papers on the theme of grammatical change that evolved out of a workshop sponsored by the Centre for Research on Language Change (The Australian National University). The papers extend the boundaries of what has been addressed under the label of 'grammatical change' by applying theories and models of grammatical change to new evidence; by illuminating the historical relationships between grammar and other levels of linguistics; and by extending the range of languages that have been examined from the perspective of grammatical change. Languages discussed include Murriny Patha, Walpiri, Gurindji, Walmajarri, and Kayardild, Lardil, Yukulta, English, Dutch, German, Afrikaans, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovenian, Albanian, Greek, Old Church Slavonic, Tocharian, Mandarin, Cantonese, Quechua, Basque, and Tok Pisin
Category: Generative grammar