Measuring And Managing Information Risk A Fair Approach

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Measuring And Managing Information Risk

Author : Jack Freund
ISBN : 9780127999326
Genre : Computers
File Size : 55.21 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Using the factor analysis of information risk (FAIR) methodology developed over ten years and adopted by corporations worldwide, Measuring and Managing Information Risk provides a proven and credible framework for understanding, measuring, and analyzing information risk of any size or complexity. Intended for organizations that need to either build a risk management program from the ground up or strengthen an existing one, this book provides a unique and fresh perspective on how to do a basic quantitative risk analysis. Covering such key areas as risk theory, risk calculation, scenario modeling, and communicating risk within the organization, Measuring and Managing Information Risk helps managers make better business decisions by understanding their organizational risk. Uses factor analysis of information risk (FAIR) as a methodology for measuring and managing risk in any organization. Carefully balances theory with practical applicability and relevant stories of successful implementation. Includes examples from a wide variety of businesses and situations presented in an accessible writing style.
Category: Computers

Information Security Governance

Author : Andrej Volchkov
ISBN : 9780429791253
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46.5 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This book presents a framework to model the main activities of information security management and governance. The same model can be used for any security sub-domain such as cybersecurity, data protection, access rights management, business continuity, etc.
Category: Business & Economics

Cloud Computing Security

Author : John R. Vacca
ISBN : 9781482260953
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35.62 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This handbook offers a comprehensive overview of cloud computing security technology and implementation, while exploring practical solutions to a wide range of cloud computing security issues. With more organizations using cloud computing and cloud providers for data operations, proper security in these and other potentially vulnerable areas have become a priority for organizations of all sizes across the globe. Research efforts from both academia and industry in all security aspects related to cloud computing are gathered within one reference guide.
Category: Computers

How To Measure Anything In Cybersecurity Risk

Author : Douglas W. Hubbard
ISBN : 9781119085294
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 31.81 MB
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A ground shaking exposé on the failure of popular cyber risk management methods How to Measure Anything in Cybersecurity Risk exposes the shortcomings of current "risk management" practices, and offers a series of improvement techniques that help you fill the holes and ramp up security. In his bestselling book How to Measure Anything, author Douglas W. Hubbard opened the business world's eyes to the critical need for better measurement. This book expands upon that premise and draws from The Failure of Risk Management to sound the alarm in the cybersecurity realm. Some of the field's premier risk management approaches actually create more risk than they mitigate, and questionable methods have been duplicated across industries and embedded in the products accepted as gospel. This book sheds light on these blatant risks, and provides alternate techniques that can help improve your current situation. You'll also learn which approaches are too risky to save, and are actually more damaging than a total lack of any security. Dangerous risk management methods abound; there is no industry more critically in need of solutions than cybersecurity. This book provides solutions where they exist, and advises when to change tracks entirely. Discover the shortcomings of cybersecurity's "best practices" Learn which risk management approaches actually create risk Improve your current practices with practical alterations Learn which methods are beyond saving, and worse than doing nothing Insightful and enlightening, this book will inspire a closer examination of your company's own risk management practices in the context of cybersecurity. The end goal is airtight data protection, so finding cracks in the vault is a positive thing—as long as you get there before the bad guys do. How to Measure Anything in Cybersecurity Risk is your guide to more robust protection through better quantitative processes, approaches, and techniques.
Category: Business & Economics

The Open Fair Body Of Knowledge A Pocket Guide

Author : Andrew Josey et al.
ISBN : 9789401800181
Genre : Education
File Size : 66.53 MB
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This pocket guide provides a first introduction to the Open FAIR™ Body of Knowledge. It will be of interest to individuals who require a basic understanding of the Open FAIR Body of Knowledge, and professionals who are working in roles associated with a risk analysis project, such as those responsible for information system security planning, execution, development, delivery, and operation. The Open FAIR Body of Knowledge provides a taxonomy and method for understanding, analyzing and measuring information risk. The outcomes are more cost-effective information risk management, greater credibility for the information security profession, and a foundation from which to develop a scientific approach to information risk management. This allows organizations to: • Speak in one language concerning their risk • Consistently study and apply risk analysis principles to any object or asset • View organizational risk in total • Challenge and defend risk decisions The audience for this Pocket Guide is: • Individuals who require a basic understanding of the Open FAIR Body of Knowledge • Professionals who are working in roles associated with a risk analysis project, such as those responsible for information system security planning, execution, development, delivery, and operation • Risk analysts who are looking for a first introduction to the Open FAIR Body of Knowledge
Category: Education

The Fundamentals Of Risk Measurement

Author : Christopher Marrison
ISBN : 0071386270
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 55.80 MB
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TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1: The Basics of Risk Management This chapter introduces how banks work. It describes how they make money, how they often lose money, and how they try to manage their losses. It includes thirteen short case studies showing how banks have lost money. Chapter 2: Risk Measurement at the Corporate Level: Economic Capital and RAROC Chapter Two discusses the meaning of capital and how the risks that a bank faces are related to the amount of capital that the bank should hold. It then describes the two fundamental building blocks of integrated risk measurement: Economic Capital and Risk Adjusted Return on Capital (RAROC). Chapter 3: Review of Statistics Chapter Three is useful for those readers who do not have a recent working knowledge of statistics. It reviews the statistical relationships that are commonly used in risk measurement and provides reference material for the rest of the book. Examples are provided using financial loss data. MARKET RISK SECTION Chapter 4: Background on Traded Instruments This chapter gives an overview of the main types of traded instruments: bonds, equities and derivatives. It gives a qualitative description of the instrument, examples of calculating the instrument’s value and the basic risk metrics such as duration and the Greeks. This chapter is useful for those readers who are new to the finance industry. Chapter 5: Market Risk Measurement This chapter describes the most common ways to measure market risks: Sensitivity analysis, Stress testing, Scenario testing, Sharpe Ratio and Value at Risk. It gives detailed examples of using each of the metrics. Chapter 6: The Three Common Approaches for Calculating Value at Risk Value at Risk (VaR) has become the standard approach for measuring market risk. This chapter is devoted to explaining the details of the three common approaches to calculating VaR: Parametric VaR, Historical VaR and Monte Carlo VaR. We work though increasingly complex examples and compare the strengths of each approach. (Note: many readers will be particularly interested in this chapter because the name “VaR” is well known and has a certain mystery) Chapter 7: Value at Risk Contribution The Value at Risk Contribution (VaRC) is a useful way of pinpointing the source of the portfolio’s risk. VaRC can break down the risk by instrument, trading desk or market risk factor. Examples are given for several types of VaRC. Chapter 8: Testing VaR Results to Ensure Proper Risk Measurement This chapter discusses the procedures required by regulators to backtest VaR calculators to check that their predictions of losses are consistent with market events. Chapter 9: Calculating Capital for Market Risk VaR is used as the basis for calculating both Regulatory Capital and Economic Capital for Market Risks. In this chapter VaR also extended to measure the risk of Asset Management operations. Chapter 10: Overcoming VaR Limitations Although VaR is the best single metric for market risks, is has several limitations. The limitations and typical solutions are discussed in this chapter. Chapter 11: The Management of Market Risk This chapter concludes the market risk section by describing how the results of risk measurement are used by management to identify the sources of risk. It also describes the process of setting VaR Limits. (Note: readers should be particularly interested in VaR Limits because it is difficult and an important element in controlling a bank’s risk). ASSET/LIABILITY MANGEMENT SECTION Chapter 12: Introduction to Asset Liability Management Asset Liability Management (ALM) is primarily concerned with the interest rate and liquidity risks that are created when commercial banks take in short term deposits from customers and give out long term loans. This chapter describes how those risks arise and the risk characteristics of different types of deposits and loans. Chapter 13: Measurement of Interest Rate Risk for ALM This chapter discussed the primary techniques used to measure interest rate risk: Gap reports, Rate shift scenarios and Simulations Chapter 14: Funding Liquidity Risk in ALM The measurement of liquidity risk is broken into three groups: expected, unusual and crisis events. Measurement techniques are given for each group. Chapter 15: Funds Transfer Pricing and the Management of ALM Risks A key use of asset/liability measurement is the calculation of the fair price at which funds should be lent from one department to another within a bank. This is one of the keys to integrated risk measurement and is a critical component in measuring risk-adjusted profitability and setting prices to customers. A typical balance sheet is used to illustrate how transfer pricing works in detail. CREDIT RISK SECTION Chapter 16: Introduction to Credit Risk This chapter discusses the sources of credit risk and how measurement is used to manage the risks Chapter 17: Types of Credit Structure For readers who are unfamiliar with lending operations, we discuss the ways that credit exposures are structured in commercial and retail lending. It also describes the calculation of credit exposure for derivatives trading operations and gives an overview of credit derivatives. Chapter 18: Risk Measurement for a Single Facility This chapter shows how the Expected Loss and Unexpected Loss for a loan can be calculated from the Probability of Default, Loss In the Event of Default, Exposure at Default and the Grade Migration Matrix. Chapter 19: Estimating Parameter Values for Single Facilities One of the main difficulties in credit risk measurement is the estimation of values for Probability of Default, Loss Given Default and Exposure at Default. This chapter discusses estimation techniques such as Discriminant Analysis and the Merton Model. It also gives parameter values that can be used as the basis for the reader’s own models. The parameter values are used in examples to demonstrate how the credit risk calculations are used. Chapter 20: Risk Measurement For A Credit Portfolio: Part One To estimate the overall risk for a portfolio many credit instruments, we must examine the correlation between losses. This chapter describes the Covariance Credit Portfolio Model and the different approaches available for estimating default correlations. It also describes how the correlations can be used to estimate the Unexpected Loss Contribution and the Economic Capital for a single facility within a portfolio. Chapter 21: Risk Measurement For A Credit Portfolio: Part Two This chapter describes the four other widely used approaches for estimating the risk of credit portfolios: the actuarial model, the Merton-based simulation model, the macro economic default model and the macro economic cashflow model used for structured and project finance. It concludes with a section describing how the models can be combined in a unified framework to create an integrated simulation of all the bank’s risks Chapter 22: Risk Adjusted Performance and Pricing for Loans Knowing the economic capital for a loan, this chapter shows how to calculate the minimum price that should be charged to a loan customer. The analysis shows how to include multi-year effects such as grade migration. Illustrative examples are included. (Note: this chapter should be of interest to readers because loan pricing is another difficult and important subject that is rarely discussed in other books) Chapter 23: Regulatory Capital for Credit Risk The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (often called the BIS) is planning fundamental changes to the way that banks must calculate the capital that they hold. The new calculations will be very similar to the calculations described in the rest of this book for economic capital. This chapter summarizes the history of the Capital Accords then compares the different approaches that the BIS will allow. It also gives a standard plan for implementing the new Accords. (Note: this should be of interest to readers because the shift to BIS measurement is of major importance, it will be difficult for most banks, and it must be completed by 2005) OPERATING RISK SECTION Chapter 24: Operating risk The quantification of Operating Risks is on the frontier of the industry’s understanding of risk measurement. The risk estimation approaches can be categorized as either qualitative, structural or actuarial. These approaches are described including Key Risk Indicators and the BIS approaches. INTEGRATED RISK SECTION Chapter 25: Inter-risk Diversification and Bank-Level RAROC This chapter describes how all the models are linked to calculate Economic Capital and Risk Adjusted Profitability for the Bank as a whole. It concludes with of the steps normally required to implement the bank-wide measurement of Economic Capital and RAROC.pital and RAROC.
Category: Business & Economics

Wiley Ifrs 2015

Author : PKF International Ltd
ISBN : 9781118889534
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.13 MB
Format : PDF
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The globally-sourced guide to the latest IFRS, with practical application advice Wiley IFRS 2015 is a complete guide to the latest International Financial Reporting Standards set forth by the International Accounting Standards Board. Written by an international team of experts in global accounting standards, this guide provides detailed information on the latest changes to the IFRS, with comprehensive coverage of IFRIC interpretations and the tools needed to maintain IFRS-compliance. Readers will find clear, concise explanations delineated by topic for easy navigation, designed for both quick reference in-depth study, with practical advice for implementing IFRS in real-life scenarios. The goal of the IASB is to achieve global convergence of accounting standards, reducing preparation costs and facilitating the assessment of business outcomes. The IFRS are a key part of the strategy, simplifying reporting for multinational corporations and the analysts and investors tasked with evaluating results. Wiley IFRS 2015 details the most recent changes to the standards, with expert guidance toward implementation. Readers will: Grasp the underlying framework of the International Financial Reporting Standards Understand how to interpret the standards and apply them in the real world Follow the Disclosure Checklist to verify completeness and IFRS compliance Learn from the experts when implementing IFRS for the first time More and more countries are either adopting IFRS or adapting local standards to align with those set by the IASB. The standards change annually, and failure to stay up to date can affect business strategy and outcomes, especially when working internationally. Wiley IFRS 2015 provides the latest information and expert guidance, helping practitioners match IFRS to real-world practice.
Category: Business & Economics

Wiley Gaap 2015

Author : Joanne M. Flood
ISBN : 9781118945063
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 44.47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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The quick, complete, cross-referenced GAAP guide, with illustrations, explanations, and examples Wiley GAAP 2015 contains the most comprehensive coverage of all GAAP pronouncements in a single volume, providing professionals with a complete reference to the entire GAAP hierarchy. This new edition includes the latest updates to the standards, along with AICPA ASEC statements of position and a comprehensive cross-reference of accounting topics to the new FASB codification system. All pronouncements are fully explained in detail, including terminology, and practice exercises demonstrate real-world application. Each chapter includes a discussion of perspectives and issues, sources of GAAP, definitions, concepts, rules, and examples, with specific appendices where applicable. This useful guide contains more examples and illustrations than any other GAAP reference, and all original pronouncements are referenced to the FASB Current Text. GAAP is constantly being updated, and users require expert interpretation and explanation of relevant principles with every new pronouncement. This book provides clear, user-friendly guidance, including FASB Technical Bulletins, AcSEC Practice Bulletins, FASB Implementation Guides, and AICPA Statements of Position and Accounting Interpretations. Readers will: Refer to GAAP standards and ASEC statements quickly and easily Understand relevant terminology, concepts, and rules Study detailed examples to gain a solid working knowledge of the standards Gain confidence by practicing GAAP applications before using it in the field This guide represents the most complete, comprehensive GAAP reference available, and the digital format allows for instant access to needed information through the point-and-click index and Table of Contents. Busy professionals need to get up to speed quickly without sacrificing a solid understanding, and Wiley GAAP 2015 is the essential user-friendly reference.
Category: Study Aids

Risk Management And Shareholders Value In Banking

Author : Andrea Sironi
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123272119
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76.29 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This text covers all main aspects of risk management, capital management and value creation for financial institutions.
Category: Business & Economics

The Basel Ii Risk Parameters

Author : Bernd Engelmann
ISBN : 3642161146
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90.44 MB
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The estimation and the validation of the Basel II risk parameters PD (default probability), LGD (loss given fault), and EAD (exposure at default) is an important problem in banking practice. These parameters are used on the one hand as inputs to credit portfolio models and in loan pricing frameworks, on the other to compute regulatory capital according to the new Basel rules. This book covers the state-of-the-art in designing and validating rating systems and default probability estimations. Furthermore, it presents techniques to estimate LGD and EAD and includes a chapter on stress testing of the Basel II risk parameters. The second edition is extended by three chapters explaining how the Basel II risk parameters can be used for building a framework for risk-adjusted pricing and risk management of loans.
Category: Business & Economics

Public Debt Sustainability And Management In A Compound Option Framework

Author : Mr. Jorge A. Chan-Lau
ISBN : 9781451918519
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 34.44 MB
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This paper introduces the Asset and Liability Management (ALM) compound option model. The model builds on the observation that the public sector net worth in a multi-period setting corresponds to the value of an option on an option on total government assets. Hence, the ALM compound option model is better suited for analyzing and evaluating the risk profile of public debt than existing one-period models, and is especially useful for analyzing the soundness of exit strategies from the large fiscal expansions undertaken by G-20 countries in the wake of the recent financial crisis. As an illustration, the model is used to analyze the risk profile and sustainability of Australia''s public debt under different policies.
Category: Business & Economics

Analyzing And Managing Banking Risk

Author : Hennie van Greuning
ISBN : 0821354183
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42.92 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This is the second edition of this book which considers issues involved in the assessment, analysis, and management of financial risks in banking. It highlights risk-management principles and the accountability of key players in corporate governance process, as well as discussing transparency in bank's financial statements. It also contains new material including chapters on the management of the treasury function, management of a stable liquidity investment portfolio, and a discussion of proprietary trading activities and asset management liability components. A hardback version is also available (ISBN 0821354655) containing illustrative prototype software and Excel spreadsheets which can be adapted for banking diagnostic processes.
Category: Business & Economics

Security In A Web 2 0 World

Author : Carlos Curtis Solari
ISBN : 9780470971086
Genre : Computers
File Size : 67.20 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Discover how technology is affecting your business, and why typical security mechanisms are failing to address the issue of risk and trust. Security for a Web 2.0+ World looks at the perplexing issues of cyber security, and will be of interest to those who need to know how to make effective security policy decisions to engineers who design ICT systems – a guide to information security and standards in the Web 2.0+ era. It provides an understanding of IT security in the converged world of communications technology based on the Internet Protocol. Many companies are currently applying security models following legacy policies or ad-hoc solutions. A series of new security standards (ISO/ITU) allow security professionals to talk a common language. By applying a common standard, security vendors are able to create products and services that meet the challenging security demands of technology further diffused from the central control of the local area network. Companies are able to prove and show the level of maturity of their security solutions based on their proven compliance of the recommendations defined by the standard. Carlos Solari and his team present much needed information and a broader view on why and how to use and deploy standards. They set the stage for a standards-based approach to design in security, driven by various factors that include securing complex information-communications systems, the need to drive security in product development, the need to better apply security funds to get a better return on investment. Security applied after complex systems are deployed is at best a patchwork fix. Concerned with what can be done now using the technologies and methods at our disposal, the authors set in place the idea that security can be designed in to the complex networks that exist now and for those in the near future. Web 2.0 is the next great promise of ICT – we still have the chance to design in a more secure path. Time is of the essence – prevent-detect-respond!
Category: Computers

Accounting Standards

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924088576784
Genre : Accounting
File Size : 54.71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Category: Accounting

The Oxford Guide To Financial Modeling

Author : Thomas S. Y. Ho
ISBN : 0199727708
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The essential premise of this book is that theory and practice are equally important in describing financial modeling. In it the authors try to strike a balance in their discussions between theories that provide foundations for financial models and the institutional details that provide the context for applications of the models. The book presents the financial models of stock and bond options, exotic options, investment grade and high-yield bonds, convertible bonds, mortgage-backed securities, liabilities of financial institutions--the business model and the corporate model. It also describes the applications of the models to corporate finance. Furthermore, it relates the models to financial statements, risk management for an enterprise, and asset/liability management with illiquid instruments. The financial models are progressively presented from option pricing in the securities markets to firm valuation in corporate finance, following a format to emphasize the three aspects of a model: the set of assumptions, the model specification, and the model applications. Generally, financial modeling books segment the world of finance as "investments," "financial institutions," "corporate finance," and "securities analysis," and in so doing they rarely emphasize the relationships between the subjects. This unique book successfully ties the thought processes and applications of the financial models together and describes them as one process that provides business solutions. Created as a companion website to the book readers can visit www.thomasho.com to gain deeper understanding of the book's financial models. Interested readers can build and test the models described in the book using Excel, and they can submit their models to the site. Readers can also use the site's forum to discuss the models and can browse server based models to gain insights into the applications of the models. For those using the book in meetings or class settings the site provides Power Point descriptions of the chapters. Students can use available question banks on the chapters for studying.
Category: Business & Economics

Fair Value Measurements

Author : Mark L. Zyla
ISBN : 9780470588772
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 71.27 MB
Format : PDF
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A hands-on volume for financial executives with guidance on the fair value measurement process In today's dynamic and volatile markets, whether buying or selling, what corporate officers need to know is the worth of an asset today, a task that for many has become complex and at times confusing. Fair Value Measurements: Practical Guidance and Implementation demystifies this topic, offering you a nuts-and-bolts guide of the most recent developments in preparing financial statements using fair value measurements. This straightforward book covers the best practices on measuring fair value in a business combination and how to subsequently test the value of these assets for impairment. Filters complicated insider concepts into easy-to-understand information on the valuation specialist's function Discusses the many new FASB pronouncements involving fair value Instantly familiarizes you on the ins and outs of fair value financial disclosure Well-written, conversational in tone, and filled with valuable insights, Fair Value Measurements: Practical Guidance and Implementation lifts the veil of confusion from the substantial and growing requirements for fair value disclosures.
Category: Business & Economics

Value Oriented Risk Management Of Insurance Companies

Author : Marcus Kriele
ISBN : 9781447163053
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21.1 MB
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Value- and risk-oriented management is a holistic method of managing businesses. In this book both actuarial methods and methods pertaining to classical internal control and classical risk management are used. Therefore the approach taken is necessarily interdisciplinary. Indeed, there is a new dynamically developing field for actuaries as a result of the emphasis now on the measurement of risk. This book provides the required basic knowledge for this subject from an actuarial perspective. It enables the reader to implement in practice a risk management system that is based on quantitative methods. With this book, the reader will additionally be able to critically appraise the applicability and the limits of the methods used in modern risk management. Value-oriented Management of Risk in Insurance focuses on risk capital, capital allocation, performance measurement and value-oriented management. It also makes a connection to regulatory developments (for example, Solvency II). The reader should have a basic knowledge of probability and familiarity with mathematical concepts. It is intended for working actuaries and quantitative risk managers as well as actuarial students.
Category: Business & Economics

The Essentials Of Risk Management Chapter 9 Credit Scoring And Retail Credit Risk Management

Author : Michel Crouhy
ISBN : 9780071731393
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51.64 MB
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Here is a chapter from The Essentials of Risk Management, a practical, non-ivory tower approach that is necessary to effectively implement a superior risk management program. Written by three of the leading figures with extensive practical and theoretical experience in the global risk management and corporate governance arena, this straightforward guidebook features such topics as governance, compliance and risk management; how to implement integrated risk management; measuring, managing and hedging market, and more.
Category: Business & Economics