Many Reasons To Intervene

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Many Reasons To Intervene

Author : Karl Blanchet
ISBN : 0231702620
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69.71 MB
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Always the first to respond to a crisis, whether war, famine, or natural disaster, M decins Sans Fronti res and its sister organization, M decins du Monde, combine rapid intervention with invaluable critical assessment, setting a precedent for effective humanitarian action that has yet to be surpassed. However, their techniques were not developed in a vacuum. A comparative history of humanitarianism, especially among groups operating within the United States, Great Britain, and Switzerland, reveals existing forms of action that M decins Sans Fronti res, M decins du Monde, and others have perfected over time and through rigorous trials. The contributors to this volume develop just such a history, focusing on the Red Cross's relief practices and their integration with Amnesty International's public opinion mobilization efforts, which today form the basis of the world's leading humanitarian programs. Contributors also compare competing French and "Anglo-Saxon" models of intervention and assess the future of humanitarianism in the twenty-first century.
Category: Political Science

Official Foreign Exchange Intervention

Author : Mr.Jorge Iván Canales Kriljenko
ISBN : 1589064216
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74.77 MB
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Despite increasing exchange rate flexibility, central banks in emerging markets still intervene in their foreign exchange markets for several reasons. In doing so, they face many operational questions, including on the degree of transparency and the choice of markets and counterparties. This paper identifies elements of best practice in official foreign exchange intervention, presents survey evidence on intervention practices in developing countries, and assesses the effectiveness of intervention in Mexico and Turkey.
Category: Business & Economics

Handbook Of Health And Rehabilitation Psychology

Author : Anthony J. Goreczny
ISBN : 9781489910288
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67.59 MB
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Despite medical technological advances, the major killers with which we must currently contend have remained essentially the same for the past few decades. Stroke, cancer, and heart disease together account for the vast majority of deaths in the United States. In addition, due to improved medical care, many Americans who would previously have died now survive these disorders, necessitating that they receive appropriate rehabilitation efforts. One result of our own medical advances is that we must now accept the high costs associated with providing quality care to individuals who develop one of these problems, and we must avail ourselves to assist of afflicted individuals. families Despite the relative stability of causes of death and disability, the health-care field is currently experiencing tremendous pressures, both from professionals with in the field, who desire more and better technology than is currently available, and from the public and other payers of health care (e.g., insurance companies), who seek an end to increasing health-care costs. These pressures, along with an increased emphasis on providing evidence of cost-effectiveness and quality assurance, are substantially changing the way that health-care professionals perform their jobs.
Category: Psychology

American Military Intervention In Unconventional War

Author : W. Bert
ISBN : 9780230337817
Genre : History
File Size : 89.16 MB
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A study of the major U.S. military interventions in unconventional war, this book looks at four wars that occurred while the U.S. was a superpower in the post-war WW II period and one in the Philippines in 1898.
Category: History

The Decision To Intervene

Author : George Frost Kennan
ISBN : 0691008426
Genre : History
File Size : 51.76 MB
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In 1918 the U.S. government decided to involve itself with the Russian Revolution by sending troops to Siberia. This book re-creates that unhappily memorable storythe arrival of British marines at Murmansk, the diplomatic maneuvering, the growing Russian hostility, the uprising of Czechoslovak troops in central Siberia which threatened to overturn the Bolsheviks, the acquisitive ambitions of the Japanese in Manchuria, and finally the decision by President Wilson to intervene with American troops. Of this period Kennan writes, "Never, surely, in the history of American diplomacy, has so much been paid for so little."
Category: History

Alive And Well At The End Of The Day

Author : Paul D. Balmert
ISBN : 9781118211359
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47.64 MB
Format : PDF
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Proven strategies and tactics that you can use to lead workers to safety Industrial facilities supervisors, from front-line managers to CEOs, can depend on Alive and Well at the End of the Day for tested and proven management and leadership practices that ensure the safety of their workers. With more than thirty years of hands-on experience in the chemical industry, including front-line management, author Paul Balmert understands the challenges facing supervisors in industrial facilities. His advice, based on firsthand experience, shows you how to identify and correct flaws in industrial practices. Moreover, he shows you how to lead by example, overcoming all obstacles that interfere with safety. Rather than focus on theory, this book offers concrete strategies and tactics that enable you to: Recognize and capitalize on the moments when workers are most receptive to learning safety Discover what's really going on when you tour and inspect plant operations Engage in a helpful discussion with someone who is not following safety guidelines Understand the various types of risk involved in an industrial operation Implement a comprehensive strategy to manage and minimize risk Throughout the book, plenty of case studies and examples illustrate key challenges alongside step-by-step solutions. You'll also learn how to understand and leverage the psychology and motivations of your staff in order to fully implement safety practices and procedures. In short, with this book as your guide, you will be equipped and ready to lead your staff to safety.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Deciding To Intervene

Author : James M. Scott
ISBN : 0822317893
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70.67 MB
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Using a comparative case study method, Scott examines the historical, intellectual, and ideological origins of the Reagan Doctrine as it was applied to Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, Nicaragua, Mozambique, and Ethiopia. Scott draws on many previously unavailable government documents and a wide range of primary material to show both how this policy in particular, and American foreign policy in general, emerges from the complex, shifting interactions between the White House, Congress, bureaucratic agencies, and groups and individuals from the private sector."--
Category: Political Science

My Revision Notes Ocr A Level History Civil Rights In The Usa 1865 1992

Author : Mike Wells
ISBN : 9781471875892
Genre : History
File Size : 74.82 MB
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Exam Board: OCR Level: A-Level Subject: History First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: Summer 2016 Target success in OCR A-level History with this proven formula for effective, structured revision; key content coverage is combined with exam preparation activities and exam-style questions to create a revision guide that students can rely on to review, strengthen and test their knowledge. - Enables students to plan and manage a successful revision programme using the topic-by-topic planner - Consolidates knowledge with clear and focused content coverage, organised into easy-to-revise chunks - Encourages active revision by closely combining historical content with related activities - Helps students build, practise and enhance their exam skills as they progress through activities set at three different levels - Improves exam technique through exam-style questions with sample answers and commentary from expert authors and teachers - Boosts historical knowledge with a useful glossary and timeline
Category: History

Humanitarian Intervention

Author : Aleksandar Jokic
ISBN : 1551114895
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75.44 MB
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International law makes it explicit that states shall not intervene militarily or otherwise in the affairs of other states; it is a central principle of the charter of the United Nations. But international law also provides an exception; when a conflict within a state poses a threat to international peace, military intervention by the UN may be warranted. (Indeed, the UN Charter provides for an international police force, though nothing has ever come of this provision). The Charter and other UN documents also assert that human rights are to be protected—but in the past the responsibility for the protection of human rights has for the most part been allowed to rest on the government of the state where the violation of rights occurs. Not surprisingly in this context, the question of what protection (if any) should be provided by the UN or otherwise to individuals when their human rights are violated by their governments or with the complicity of their governments remains a contentious issue. Should the principle of respect for state sovereignty trump the principle of respect for human rights? Historically it has been allowed to do so, but recently it has been more and more widely argued that when states fail to respect the human rights of their citizens (or of others who reside within their boundaries), they may be held accountable for their actions. Is military humanitarian intervention justifiable? And if so, under what circumstances? Those are the questions addressed in this collection of essays. The focus of the volume is on the abstract principles involved; though reference is sometimes made to specific cases, the essays here consist primarily of philosophical reflection on the abstract issues. (A companion volume on the specific issues surrounding a particular case, Lessons of Kosovo, is being published simultaneously.)
Category: Philosophy

Rwanda And The Moral Obligation Of Humanitarian Intervention

Author : Joshua James Kassner
ISBN : 9780748670482
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80.91 MB
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A new approach to an issue of tremendous moral, political and legal importance, and explains why the international community should have intervened in Rwanda.
Category: Political Science

Justifying Interventions In Africa

Author : N. Wilén
ISBN : 9780230374966
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.70 MB
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This new paperback edition of Justifying Interventions in Africa includes a new preface written by Professor Annika Björkdahl from Lund University. Analysing the UN interventions in Liberia, Burundi and the Congo, Wilén poses the question of how one can stabilize a state through external intervention without destabilizing sovereignty. She critically examines the justifications for international and regional interventions through a social constructivist framework.
Category: Political Science

The Debate About Military Intervention

Author : Kaye Stearman
ISBN : 1404237569
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 38.66 MB
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Discusses military intervention, including why and how it is used, and what happens when there is no intervention.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

An Introduction To Agricultural Geography

Author : David Grigg
ISBN : 9781134887644
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.6 MB
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Employing nearly half of the world's workforce, agriculture is clearly of great economic and social importance. An incredible variety of methods are used globally; the Western world has the latest scientific and industrial advancements at its disposal, yet in the Thrid World a living is made using tools that have hardly changed in two thousand years. An Introduction to Agricultural Geography provides an extensive guide through this diverse and increaslingly important geographical subject, aiming to show that a wide range of factors explain how agricultural practices differ from place to place. Dealing with the physical environment, economic behaviour and demands, institutional and social influences and the impact of farming upon the environment, the author has produced an important introductory text that is topical, incisive and ultimately essential to reach an understanding of the remarkable diversity of the world's major industry.
Category: Science

The Respectful School

Author : Stephen Wessler
ISBN : 9781416612131
Genre : Education
File Size : 33.87 MB
Format : PDF
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Not a school day goes by without some student facing teasing or slurs in the hallways, classrooms, or playgrounds. Left unchecked, such harassment can escalate and create an oppressive school climate where stress and fear overpower learning. In The Respectful School, Stephen L. Wessler and contributing author William Preble vividly describe how words can hurt--both emotionally and physically--and how words can heal. Drawing on his experience as a former state prosecutor overseeing hate crime enforcement and as current director of the Center for the Prevention of Hate Violence, Wessler discusses what educators can do to create a truly respectful environment that promotes positive interactions among staff and students. He relates the experiences of young victims and the hopeful stories of programs that have reduced harassment, showing how educators can both protect and enlighten students through coordinated efforts such as: * Learning effective intervention skills, * Modeling civility, * Developing student peer leader programs, * Working with student victims and their parents, * Creating comprehensive antiharassment polices, * Confronting perpetrators and their crimes, and * Responding to the effects of terrorist acts and related prejudice. Throughout the book, Wessler and Preble urge us to remember that we need to nurture the courage and compassion of young people to create supportive learning communities. Only then can students and educators join in speaking out for a respectful school, where tolerance and civility overcome the language of hate. Note: This product listing is for the Adobe Acrobat (PDF) version of the book.
Category: Education

The Purpose Of Intervention

Author : Martha Finnemore
ISBN : 9780801467066
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69.4 MB
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Violence or the potential for violence is a fact of human existence. Many societies, including our own, reward martial success or skill at arms. The ways in which members of a particular society use force reveal a great deal about the nature of authority within the group and about its members' priorities. Martha Finnemore uses one type of force, military intervention, as a window onto the shifting character of international society. She examines the changes, over the past 400 years, in why countries intervene militarily as well as in the ways they have intervened. It is not the fact of intervention that has altered, she says, but rather the reasons for and meaning behind intervention—the conventional understanding of the purposes for which states can and should use force. Finnemore looks at three types of intervention: collecting debts, addressing humanitarian crises, and acting against states perceived as threats to international peace. In all three, she finds that what is now considered "obvious" was vigorously contested or even rejected by people in earlier periods for well-articulated and logical reasons. A broad historical perspective allows her to explicate long-term trends: the steady erosion of force's normative value in international politics, the growing influence of equality norms in many aspects of global political life, and the increasing importance of law in intervention practices.
Category: Political Science

Psychotherapy With Older Adults

Author : Bob G. Knight
ISBN : 9781452238180
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67.62 MB
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This Third Edition of the bestselling Psychotherapy with Older Adults continues to offer students and professionals a thorough overview of psychotherapy with older adults. Using the contextual, cohort-based, maturity, specific challenge (CCMSC) model, it draws upon findings from scientific gerontology and life-span developmental psychology to describe how psychotherapy needs to be adapted for work with older adults, as well as when it is similar to therapeutic work with younger adults. Sensitively linking both research and experience, author Bob G. Knight provides a practical account of the knowledge, technique, and skills necessary to work with older adults in a therapeutic relationship. This volume considers the essentials of gerontology as well as the nature of therapy in depth, focusing on special content areas and common themes.
Category: Social Science

Humanitarian Intervention

Author : Sean D. Murphy
ISBN : 0812233824
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32.68 MB
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Over the centuries, societies have gradually developed constraints on the use of armed force in the conduct of foreign relations. The crowning achievement of these efforts occurred in the midtwentieth century with the general acceptance among the states of the world that the use of military force for territorial expansion was unacceptable. A central challenge for the twenty-first century rests in reconciling these constraints with the increasing desire to protect innocent persons from human rights deprivations that often take place during civil war or result from persecution by autocratic governments. Humanitarian Intervention is a detailed look at the historical development of constraints on the use of force and at incidents of humanitarian intervention prior to, during, and after the Cold War.
Category: Political Science

Education Philosophy And The Ethical Environment

Author : Graham Haydon
ISBN : 9781134250363
Genre : Education
File Size : 76.60 MB
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How much can we reasonably expect from education? This book, written by a philosopher of education, casts new light on this question by seeing values education, not as a separate activity within schools, but as an aspect of education that both reflects the surrounding climate of values and can help to change it. Graham Haydon argues that all of us – whether as teachers, parents, students or citizens – share in a responsibility for the quality of that ethical environment. He argues that we must ensure that what happens in schools will: enable young people to appreciate the diversity of our ethical environment help them find their way through its complexities contribute to developing a climate of values that is desirable for all. This book shows that values education is too demanding to be left to parents and too important to be entrusted to government initiatives. For teachers engaged in values education, this book brings a fresh perspective to what they are doing, within a realistic view of their responsibilities. For students of education, it shows that practical issues can be illuminated by insights from philosophy.
Category: Education

Foreign Exchange Intervention As A Monetary Policy Instrument

Author : Felix Hüfner
ISBN : 3790801283
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63.85 MB
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Foreign exchange intervention is frequently being used by central banks in countries which have a floating exchange rate. Most theoretical monetary policy models, however, do not take this phenomenon into account. This book contributes to closing this gap between theory and practice by interpreting foreign exchange intervention as an additional monetary policy instrument for inflation targeting central banks. In-depth empirical analyses of the foreign exchange operations and interest rate policy of five inflation targeting countries (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Sweden and the United Kingdom) demonstrate how foreign exchange intervention is used in practice.
Category: Business & Economics

Suicide Intervention In The Schools

Author : Scott Poland
ISBN : 0898622328
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 50.80 MB
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A comprehensive, school-based crisis intervention program can do a great deal to prevent teenage suicide, and to help the school community survive if a tragedy cannot be averted. In this important book, Scott Poland, who has written and lectured extensively on the topic, provides professionals with practical, step-by-step guidelines for setting up and maintaining such a program. Including numerous illustrative case examples, the book emphasizes the role played by all school personnel in suicide intervention and prevention. It is an invaluable resource for school psychologists, counselors, teachers, and administrators.
Category: Psychology