Managing And Preventing Obesity

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Managing And Preventing Obesity

Author : Timothy Gill
ISBN : 9781782420996
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.34 MB
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Obesity is an increasing problem on a global scale, and strategies for its prevention involve experts from many disciplines including nutritionists, physicians, policy-makers and public health professionals. This book covers the latest advances in obesity development, management and prevention with specific focus on dietary interventions. Part one covers the development of obesity and key drivers for its continuation and increase. Part two looks at the role of specific dietary components in obesity management, and part three discusses the role of behavioural factors such as eating patterns in managing and preventing obesity. Part four focuses on structured dietary interventions for obesity treatment, and part five looks at public interventions and consumer issues. Reviews how different foods and diets can affect obesity management Examines various ways of preventing and treating obesity Explores how governments and industries are preventing and treating obesity
Category: Technology & Engineering

Obesity

Author : World Health Organization
ISBN : 9789241208949
Genre : Cooking
File Size : 47.98 MB
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This report issues a call for urgent action to combat the growing epidemic of obesity, which now affects developing and industrialized countries alike. Adopting a public health approach, the report responds to both the enormity of health problems associated with obesity and the notorious difficulty of treating this complex, multifactorial disease. With these problems in mind, the report aims to help policy-makers introduce strategies for prevention and management that have the greatest chance of success. The importance of prevention as the most sensible strategy in developing countries, where obesity coexists with undernutrition, is repeatedly emphasized. Recommended lines of action, which reflect the consensus reached by 25 leading authorities, are based on a critical review of current scientific knowledge about the causes of obesity in both individuals and populations. While all causes are considered, major attention is given to behavioural and societal changes that have increased the energy density of diets, overwhelmed sophisticated regulatory systems that control appetite and maintain energy balance, and reduced physical activity. Specific topics discussed range from the importance of fat content in the food supply as a cause of population-wide obesity, through misconceptions about obesity held by both the medical profession and the public, to strategies for dealing with the alarming prevalence of obesity in children. The report has eleven chapters presented in five parts. Part one, which assesses the magnitude of the problem, explains the system for classifying overweight and obesity based on the body mass index, considers the importance of fat distribution, and provides an overview of trends in all regions of the world, concluding that obesity is increasing worldwide at an alarming rate. Chapters in part two evaluate the true costs of obesity in terms of physical and mental ill health, and the human and financial resources diverted to deal with these problems. Specific health consequences discussed include increased risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other noncommunicable diseases, endocrine and metabolic disturbances, debilitating health problems, and psychological problems. The health benefits and risks of weight loss are also assessed. Part three draws on the latest research findings to consider specific factors involved in the development of overweight and obesity. Discussion centres on factors, such as high intakes of fat, that may disrupt normal physiological regulation of appetite and energy balance, and the role of dietary factors and levels of physical activity. In terms of opportunities for prevention, particular attention is given to the multitude of environmental and societal forces that adversely affect food intake and physical activity and may thus overwhelm the physiological regulatory systems that keep weight stable in the long term. The possible role of genetic and biological susceptibility is also briefly considered. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive part maps out strategies for prevention and management at both the population and individual levels. Separate chapters address the need to develop population-based strategies that tackle the environmental and societal factors implicated in the development of obesity, and compare the effectiveness of current options for managing overweight or obese individuals. Specific strategies discussed include dietary management, physical activity and exercise programmes, behaviour modification, drug treatment, and gastric surgery. While noting striking recent progress in the development of drug treatments, the report concludes that gastric surgery continues to show the best long-term success in treating the severely obese. The final part sets out key conclusions and recommendations for responding to the global obesity epidemic and identifies priority areas where more research is urgently needed. "... the volume is clearly written, and carries a wealth of summary information that is likely to be invaluable for anyone interested in the public health aspects of obesity and fatness, be they students, practitioner or researcher." - Journal of Biosocial Science
Category: Cooking

Nutrition And Obesity

Author : Alexandra Kazaks
ISBN : 9780763778507
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 52.43 MB
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Provides an up-to-date, scientifically accurate study of the causes, consequences, and potential of individual and public responses to the serious health issue of obesity. Presents major concepts about obesity including health risks, energy balance, eating behaviours, the biology of hunger and satiety, and pharmacotherapy and surgery as treatment.
Category: Health & Fitness

Pediatric Skills For Occupational Therapy Assistants E Book

Author : Jean W. Solomon
ISBN : 9780323291637
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34.17 MB
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Utilizes a family-centered perspective, using the terminology of the AOTA Practice Framework, which focuses on tailoring the OT approach to meet the needs of children within the context of their own environments. Includes evidence-based content such as clinical trials and outcome studies that demonstrate the basis for OTA best practices. Presents case examples that show how key concepts apply to real-life situations. UNIQUE! Features expert advice and tips from the authors and contributors in highlighted Clinical Pearls boxes. Addresses cultural diversity and sensitivity to introduce you to the wide groups of people that OTAs treat. Incorporates prevention as a role OTA’s have in addition to intervention and treatment. Contains suggested activities in each chapter that help bridge the gap between the classroom and the clinic. Prepares you for the information you’re expected to learn from the chapter with key terms, chapter outlines, and chapter objectives at the beginning of each chapter. Helps you assess and evaluate what you’ve learned with review questions and summaries at the end of each chapter. UNIQUE! Evolve website offers a variety of video clips and learning activities to help reinforce the material you learn in the text. UNIQUE! Demonstrates how concepts apply to practice with video clips on the Evolve website that exhibit pediatric clients involved in a variety of occupational therapy interventions. UNIQUE! Prepares you for new career opportunities with content on emerging practice areas such as community systems. UNIQUE! Offers new assessment and intervention strategies with the addition of content on Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) assessments and physical agent modalities (PAMS). Provides the latest information on current trends and issues such as childhood obesity, documentation, neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT), and concepts of elongation.
Category: Medical

Children Obesity And Exercise

Author : Andrew P. Hills
ISBN : 9781134132263
Genre : Education
File Size : 35.9 MB
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Throughout the developed world there is an increasing prevalence of childhood obesity. Because of this increase, and awareness of the risks to long term health that childhood obesity presents, the phenomena is now described by many as a global epidemic. Children, Obesity and Exercise provides sport, exercise and medicine students and professionals with an accessible and practical guide to understanding and managing childhood and adolescent obesity. It covers: overweight, obesity and body composition; physical activity, growth and development; psycho-social aspects of childhood obesity; physical activity behaviours; eating behaviours; measuring children’s behaviour; interventions for prevention and management of childhood obesity. Children, Obesity and Exercise addresses the need for authoritative advice and innovative approaches to the prevention and management of this chronic problem.
Category: Education

Managing Obesity

Author : Cathy Nonas
ISBN : 9780880914253
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74.82 MB
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This clinical manual is a fundamental resource for nutrition professionals and other health care providers working with the obese client. Structured to provide the latest research findings and clinical implications of these findings, this title examines the assessment of overweight patients, behavior modification, pharmacotherapy, gastric bypass surgery and maintaining weight loss. In addition, print, Web and video resources are provided for the professional and their client.
Category: Medical

Public Health Mini Guides Obesity E Book

Author : Nick Townsend
ISBN : 9780702047206
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51.34 MB
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Obesity and its linked morbidity and mortality is a significant public health challenge on a global scale and places a burden not only on the individual but also on society as a whole. This Mini-Guide presents key themes relating to this challenge, including the means of measuring obesity, the most recent prevalence and trends, the health consequences and causes of obesity along with approaches to counter obesity both at an individual and a population level. Understanding is facilitated through: Case Studies Boxed examples Thinking Points Summary Points at ends of chapters. Links to webpages, resources and further reading. The Public Health Mini-Guides provide up-to-date, evidence-based information in a convenient pocket-sized format, on a range of current key public health topics. They support the work of health and social care practitioners and students on courses related to public health and health promotion. Each volume provides an objective and balanced introduction to an overview of the epidemiological, scientific, and other factors relating to public health. The Mini-Guides are structured to provide easy access to information. The first chapters cover background information needed to quickly understand the issue, including the epidemiology, demography and physiology. The later chapters examine examples of public health action to address the issue, covering health promotion intervention, legislative and other measures. The Mini-Guides are designed to be essential reference texts for students, practitioners and researchers with a professional interest in public health and health promotion. Students will find the books useful to cover assignments and on the ward, and practitioners will love the quick-reference format for use on the ward and in giving patient advice and running clinics on these topics. There will be a title providing essential information on the priority areas of: Obesity Smoking Alcohol misuse Sexual health Mental health Diabetes Non-communicable diseases Exercise Drug misuse Health inequalities
Category: Medical

Cancer Prevention And Management Through Exercise And Weight Control

Author : Anne McTiernan
ISBN : 9781420026641
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50.62 MB
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“..it is increasingly clear that cancer is also a disease of inertia. In this book, a broadly multidisciplinary group presents the evidence and provides the recommendations. ... The antidote to diseases of inertia is movement — let’s move!” John Potter, M.D.,Ph.D., from the Foreword The American Cancer Society estimates that a third of all cancer deaths could be prevented through avoidance of obesity and the rejection of sedentary lifestyles. The World Health Organization also supports this claim. Additionally, these and other organizations now recognize the role that activity can play in improving the quality of life for cancer patients. Cancer Prevention and Management through Exercise and Weight Control provides us with the support necessary to make a call to action. Itbrings together the contributions of world-class researchers to lay out the evidence and a plan of attack for coping with this crisis. The text begins by focusing on the research methods used in assessing the complex associations between activity, energy balance, and risk and prognosis. In comprehensive literature reviews, the authors consider the role of physical activity in the incidence of individual cancers, then explore the mechanisms that might explain this connection. They continue with a look at the relation between weight and cancer incidence, including a consideration of genetics. Research is also provided linking physical activity and weight control to a cancer patient’s quality of life and prognosis. The work concludes with ideas on how a plan of action might be implemented at the individual, clinical, and public health levels. It also provides guidance on incorporating exercise and diet recommendations into clinical oncology practice.
Category: Medical

Obesity

Author : Ross Andersen
ISBN : 0736003282
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82.7 MB
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As obesity continues to increase at an alarming rate throughout the world, this reference provides practitioners with insight into integrating physical activity, nutrition, psychology, and medicine to help obese patients manage their weight.
Category: Medical

Obesity Its Pathogenesis And Management

Author : J.T. Silverstone
ISBN : 9789401171557
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48.78 MB
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What I had in mind when I started planning this book was a collection of scholarly essays, each dealing with the problem of obsesity from a particular point of view, which I hoped would be of value to all those working in the field, either as researchers or as therapists. I approached my task in the spirit of an art collector. Such a person must soon recognise that he or she can never, unless possessed of quite extraordinary powers, (and I certainly am not), gather unto himself all the known examples of the works he wishes to collect. Rather he must select, picking out those items which he believes to be most important in the area he is covering. That is what I have tried to do in this book. As with an art collection, an editor of a series of essays must select both for content and for author. I realise that any such selection is bound to be some what arbitrary, but I have tried to include those topics related to obesity which I consider to be, not only the most relevant, but also those in which the most significant theoretical and practical advances are currently being made. The first four of the seven contributions included in the book are concerned with pathogenesis, and the remaining three with management. The first chapter, by Dr. John Garrow, is an overall review of the metabolic influences on body weight as a whole.
Category: Medical

Nutrition In The Prevention And Treatment Of Disease

Author : Ann M. Coulston
ISBN : 9780123741189
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68.11 MB
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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease has been proving itself in the classroom for nearly 10 years and is praised as being accessible, applicable and a valuable textbook. It focuses specifically on the relationship between disease and nutrition, an area of ever increasing interest and concern as health care costs and availability continue to be an issue worldwide. Now reaching beyond just the individual healthcare concern, the potential for nutritional interventions to improve health status is also of heightened interest to public health professionals who are faced with an aging, obese, at-risk-of-diabetes population who may or may not have access to insurance. This textbook is the foundation of understanding how nutrition can be used to improve health status. New to this edition: 100% overall new material. 26 new authors or co-authors and all chapters have been completed updated 4 completely new chapters: Surgery for Severe Obesity Snacking and Energy Balance in Humans Phytochemicals in the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity and Its Related Cancers Bioavailability and Metabolism of Bioactive Compounds from Foods New section on Dietary Bioactive Compounds for Health explores bioactive components present in edible plants of particular interest for the prevention of disease New to the obesity section is a chapter on the management of patients who have undergone surgical treatment for obesity Selected for inclusion in Doody's Core Titles 2013, an essential collection development tool for health sciences libraries Integration of food issues with nutrition provides a unique perspective to disease prevention/control Material in the book is up-to-date with current research Individual sections of the book can be used for mini-courses or in-depth study Diversity of material makes this text useful for nutritional scientists and also for upper division nutrition course work
Category: Medical

Handbook Of Obesity Prevention

Author : Shiriki Kumanyika
ISBN : 9780387478609
Genre : Medical
File Size : 65.24 MB
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Comprehensive in scope and meticulously researched, Handbook of Obesity Prevention analyzes the intricate causes of this public health crisis, and sets out concrete, multilevel strategies for meeting it head-on. This innovative handbook clearly defines obesity in clinical, epidemiologic, and financial terms, and offers guidelines for planning and implementing programs and evaluating results. This systematic approach to large-scale social and policy change gives all parties involved—from individual practitioners to multinational corporations—the tools to set and attain realistic goals based on solid evidence and best practice in public health. A sample of topics covered: The individual: risk factors and prevention across the lifespan, specific populations (pregnant women, ethnic and regional groups). Levers for change in schools and workplaces. Community settings: role of the physical environment. "De-marketing" obesity: food industries and the media. Grassroots action: consumers and communities. The global obesity epidemic: rapid developments, potential solutions. From obesity prevention to health promotion: the future of the field. Its level of detail and wide range of topics make the Handbook of Obesity Prevention a bedrock sourcebook, overview, reference, or teaching text. Read by topic or cover to cover, here is accurate, up-to-date information for professionals and students in all areas of public health.
Category: Medical

Practical Weight Management In Dogs And Cats

Author : Todd L. Towell
ISBN : 9780470960981
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33.39 MB
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Practical Weight Management in Dogs and Cats is a comprehensive, clinical reference for the veterinary health team, providing the necessary tools to successfully manage pet obesity. Bringing together specialists in nutrition, internal medicine, critical care, and surgery and rehabilitation, the book provides an overview of prevention techniques, clinical management, and practical tips for implementing successful programs and educating owners. Covering topics ranging from taking a nutritional history and body condition scoring to calculating food dosage and client communication tips, this book is a resource for both veterinarians and veterinary technicians to address the growing problem of pet obesity. The book begins by explaining the clinical importance of obesity, then moves on to diagnosing and preventing obesity. The heart of the book is devoted to managing body weight, with chapters on nutritional, pharmacotherapeutic, and exercise strategies, and two unique chapters cover owner compliance and wellness programs. Practical Weight Management in Dogs and Cats offers a collaborative approach to managing weight in pet dogs and cats.
Category: Medical

The Management Of Eating Disorders And Obesity

Author : David J. Goldstein
ISBN : 9781592596942
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.54 MB
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The mission of the Nutrition and Health Series of books is to provide health profes sionals with texts that are considered essential, because each book includes (I) a synthesis of the state of the science, (2) timely, in-depth reviews by the leading researchers in their respective fields, (3) extensive, up-to-date-fully annotated reference list, (4) a detailed index, (5) relevant tables and figures, (6) identification of paradigm shifts and their consequences, (7) virtually no overlap of information between chapters, but targeted interchapter referrals, (8) suggestions of areas for future research, and (9) balanced, data driven answers to patients' questions, which are based on the totality of evidence rather than the findings of any single study. The series volumes are not the outcome of a symposium. Instead, each editor has the potential to examine a chosen area with a broad perspective, both in subject matter as well as choice of chapter authors. The international perspective, especially with regard to public health initiatives, is emphasized where appropriate. The editors, whose training are both research and practice oriented, have the opportunity to develop a primary objec tive for their books, definite the scope and focus, and invite leading international authori ties to be part of their initiative. The authors are encouraged to provide an overview of the field, discuss their own research, and relate their research findings to potential human health consequences.
Category: Science

Childhood Obesity Prevention And Treatment

Author : Jana Parizkova
ISBN : 9781420038965
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57.37 MB
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Childhood Obesity Prevention and Treatment, Second Edition summarizes the latest scientific knowledge on obesity in children. This edition focuses on the developmental aspects of obesity, especially on the influences and factors predisposing individuals to obesity from early periods of life. This new body of knowledge stems from both basic
Category: Medical

Weighing The Options

Author : Committee to Develop Criteria for Evaluating the Outcomes of Approaches to Prevent and Treat Obesity
ISBN : 9780309521369
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23.96 MB
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Nearly one out of every three adults in America is obese and tens of millions of people in the United States are dieting at any one time. This has resulted in a weight-loss industry worth billions of dollars a year and growing. What are the long-term results of weight-loss programs? How can people sort through the many programs available and select one that is right for them? Weighing the Options strives to answer these questions. Despite widespread public concern about weight, few studies have examined the long-term results of weight-loss programs. One reason that evaluating obesity management is difficult is that no other treatment depends so much on an individual's own initiative and state of mind. Now, a distinguished group of experts assembled by the Institute of Medicine addresses this compelling issue. Weighing the Options presents criteria for evaluating treatment programs for obesity and explores what these criteria mean--to health care providers, program designers, researchers, and even overweight people seeking help. In presenting its criteria the authors offer a wealth of information about weight loss: how obesity is on the rise, what types of weight-loss programs are available, how to define obesity, how well we maintain weight loss, and what approaches and practices appear to be most successful. Information about weight-loss programs--their clients, staff qualifications, services, and success rates--necessary to make wise program choices is discussed in detail. The book examines how client demographics and characteristics--including health status, knowledge of weight-loss issues, and attitude toward weight and body image--affect which programs clients choose, how successful they are likely to be with their choices, and what this means for outcome measurement. Short- and long-term safety consequences of weight loss are discussed as well as clinical assessment of individual patients. The authors document the health risks of being overweight, summarizing data indicating that even a small weight loss reduces the risk of disease and depression and increases self-esteem. At the same time, weight loss has been associated with some poor outcomes, and the book discusses the implications for program evaluation. Prevention can be even more important than treatment. In Weighing the Options, programs for population groups, efforts targeted to specific groups at high risk for obesity, and prevention of further weight gain in obese individuals get special attention. This book provides detailed guidance on how the weight-loss industry can improve its programs to help people be more successful at long-term weight loss. And it provides consumers with tips on selecting a program that will improve their chances of permanently losing excess weight.
Category: Medical

A Clinical Guide For Management Of Overweight And Obese Children And Adults

Author : Caroline M. Apovian
ISBN : 1420004646
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20.39 MB
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While unhealthy diet and sedentary behaviors are second only to smoking as the leading preventable cause of death in the U.S., less than 45 percent of adult and pediatric obese patients received any prior advice from a physician to lose weight. The low rate of identification and treatment of obesity by physicians can often be attributed to lack of
Category: Medical

Primary Care Of The Child With A Chronic Condition E Book

Author : Patricia Jackson Allen
ISBN : 9780323080880
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.70 MB
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Written by nurse practitioners for nurse practitioners, this one-of-a-kind resource provides the expert guidance you need to provide comprehensive primary care to children with special needs and their families. It addresses specific conditions that require alterations in standard primary care and offers practical advice on managing the major issues common to children with chronic conditions. A consistent format makes it easy to locate essential information on each condition. Plus, valuable resources help you manage the issues and gaps in health care coverage that may hinder quality care. This is the only book authored by Nurse Practitioners that focuses on managing the primary health care needs of children with chronic conditions. More than 60 expert contributors provide the most current information available on specific conditions. Comprehensive summary boxes at the end of all chronic conditions chapters provide at-a-glance access to key information. Resource lists at the end of each chronic condition chapter direct you to helpful websites, national organizations, and additional sources of information that you can share with parents and families. Updated references ensure you have access to the most current, evidence-based coverage of the latest research findings and management protocols. Four new chapters — Celiac Disease, Eating Disorders, Muscular Dystrophy, and Obesity — keep you up to date with the latest developments in treating these conditions. Autism content is updated with the latest research on autism spectrum disorders, including current methods of evaluation, identification, and management. Coverage of systems of care features new information on how to help families obtain high-quality and cost-effective coordinated services within our complex health care system. Easy-to-find boxes in the chronic conditions chapters summarize important information on treatment, associated problems, clinical manifestations, and differential diagnosis.
Category: Medical

Treating And Preventing Obesity

Author : Jan Östman
ISBN : 9783527605934
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 28.12 MB
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Obesity now represents a serious problem in industrialized nations. An increasingly large number of people, especially children, are overweight - leading to subsequent illness and a reduced life expectancy. At long last, with this first evidence-based review of the current intervention strategies for treating and preventing obesity clinicians and health insurers have a guide that allows them to select the most efficient and cost-effective method of treatment for any given state of the illness. The whole is backed by extensive tables, a checklist for quality assurance and an extensive glossary. With a foreword by George A. Bray, Boyd Professor at Louisiana State University and Chief of the Clinical Obesity section: ""Treating and Preventing Obesity - An Evidence Based Review" provides a careful and thoughtful assessment of this disease and the options for its control and treatment. It started with the medical model where cure is the outcome. This valuable report provides a timely new analysis of a growing problem."
Category: Psychology