Londons Underground

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London S Underground Spaces

Author : Haewon (University of Hong Kong) Hwang
ISBN : 9780748676088
Genre : History
File Size : 71.48 MB
Format : PDF
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Provides an innovative approach to articulate what 'underground' meant to the Victorians The construction of London's underground sewers, underground railway and suburban cemeteries created seismic shifts in the geography and the psychological apprehension of the city. Yet, why are there so few literary and aesthetic interventions in Victorian representations of subterranean spaces? What is London's answer to the Parisian sewers of Victor Hugo or the unflinching realism of Émile Zola's underworld? Where is the great English underground novel? This study explores this elision not as an absence of imaginative output, but as a presence and plenitude of anxiety and fears that haunt the pages of Charles Dickens, George Gissing, Bram Stoker and Mary Elizabeth Braddon. The way in which these writers negotiated the dirt and messiness of underground spaces reveals both the emergence of Gothic, socialist, and modernist sensibilities, and the way all modern cities deal with what is unseen, intangible and inarticulable. The inclusion of illustrations of Victorian maps, cartoons, photographs and art bring the period to life. Key Features: An interdisciplinary study that explores Victorian maps, guidebooks, cartoons and advertisements, alongside literature, journals, photographs and art to bring the period to life Draws on modern critical frameworks of Derrida, Lefebvre, and Kristeva to recover and to conceptualize the lost spaces of the Victorian city Redefines 'underground' beyond its spatial usage to look at the emergence of underground revolutionary movements in fin-de-siècleLondon Argues for the distinctiveness of London's underground culture and its influence on other global cities
Category: History

Walk The Lines

Author : Mark Mason
ISBN : 9781446473023
Genre : Games & Activities
File Size : 42.67 MB
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The only way to truly discover a city, they say, is on foot. Taking this to extremes, Mark Mason sets out to walk the entire length of the London Underground - overground - passing every station on the way. In a story packed with historical trivia, personal musings and eavesdropped conversations, Mark learns how to get the best gossip in the City, where to find a pint at 7am, and why the Bank of England won't let you join the M11 northbound at Junction 5. He has an East End cup of tea with the Krays' official biographer, discovers what cabbies mean by 'on the cotton', and meets the Archers star who was the voice of 'Mind the Gap'. Over the course of several hundred miles, Mark contemplates London's contradictions as well as its charms. He gains insights into our fascination with maps and sees how walking changes our view of the world. Above all, in this love letter to a complicated friend, he celebrates the sights, sounds and soul of the greatest city on earth.
Category: Games & Activities

Underground London

Author : Stephen Smith
ISBN : 9780748123940
Genre : Travel
File Size : 36.28 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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What is visible to the naked eye has been exhaustively raked over; in UNDERGROUND LONDON, acclaimed travel writer Stephen Smith provides an alternative guide and history of the capital. It's a journey through the passages and tunnels of the city, the bunkers and tunnels, crypts and shadows. As well as being a contemporary tour of underground London, it's also an exploration through time: Queen Boudicca lies beneath Platform 10 at King's Cross (legend has it); Dick Turpin fled the Bow Street Runners along secret passages leading from the cellar of the Spaniards pub in North London; the remains of a pre-Christian Mithraic temple have been found near the Bank of England; on the platforms of the now defunct King William Street Underground, posters still warn that 'Careless talk costs lives'. Stephen Smith uncovers the secrets of the city by walking through sewers, tunnels under such places as Hampton Court, ghost tube stations, and long lost rivers such as the Fleet and the Tyburn. This is 'alternative' history at its best.
Category: Travel

The London Underground And The Public Private Partnership Agreements

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Transport Committee
ISBN : 0215038312
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 34.81 MB
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This report from the Transport Committee, examines London Underground and the Public-Private Partnership Agreements. The Government originally announced proposals for modernising the London Underground network system via Public-Private Partnership (PPP) agreements in 1998. Three contracts were drawn up with: (i) Tube Lines for the maintenance and renewal of the Jubilee, Piccadilly and Northern Lines; (ii) with Metronet Rail BVC for the maintenance and renewal of the Bakerloo, Central, Victoria & Waterloo & City Lines; (iii) with Metronet Rail SSL, responsible for the maintenance and renewal of the "sub-surface lines": the Circle, District, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan & East London Lines. These PPP Agreements, 30 years in duration, were arrangements to maintain, renew and upgrade parts of London Underground by private sector infrastructure companies (Infracos), whilst London Underground is responsible for services to customers. The PPP Agreements also set out a performance-related incentive and penalty scheme to remunerate the Infracos for the improvements they make to the network. In May 2007, Metronet admitted an overspend of £1 billion and was refused access to loan facilities by the banks. It then made a reference to the PPP Arbiter, which in turn triggered an Extraordinary Review (which occurs when extra costs are incurred above the level allowed for the bid). Metronet put in a bid for £551m but the PPP Arbiter provisionally concluded that a sum of £121m was appropriate. Metronet subsequently went into administration on 18 July 2007. The report sets out a number of conclusions and recommendations, including: contracts that were supposed to deliver 35 station upgrades, in fact delivered only 14, 40% of the requirement; stations that were supposed to cost Metronet SSL £2m, cost £7.5m, with only 65% of schedule track renewal accomplished; the Committee criticises the consequences of the imposition of PPP on Transport for London, as a "lamentable state of affairs", with the future of most of London Underground's upgrade and maintenance work in doubt; the Committee states, that the Government should remember the failure of Metronet before it considers entering similar arrangements; that the Government should publish a candid analysis of the events preceding Metronet's collapse and its consequences; the Committee believe that the PPP model was flawed and probably inferior to traditional public-sector management; that the Government needs to prioritise transparency and clarity to taxpayers and ensure that any future contracts result in clear accountability.
Category: Business & Economics

London S Underground

Author : Oliver Green
ISBN : 9780711240131
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 50.13 MB
Format : PDF
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It is impossible to imagine London without the Tube: the beating heart of the city, the Underground shuttles over a billion passengers each year below its busy streets and across its leafy suburbs. The distinctive roundel, colour-coded maps and Johnston typeface have become design classics, recognised and imitated worldwide. Opening in 1863, the first sections were operated by steam engines, yet throughout its long history the Tube has been at the forefront of contemporary design, pioneering building techniques, electrical trains and escalators, and business planning. Architects such as Leslie W. Green and Charles Holden developed a distinctively English version of Modernism, and the latest stations for the Jubilee line extension, Overground and Elizabeth line carry this aesthetic forward into the twenty-first century. In this major work published in association with Transport for London, Tube expert Oliver Green traces the history of the Underground, following its troubles and triumphs, its wartime and peacetime work, and the essential part it has played in shaping London’s economy, geography, tourism and identity. Specially commissioned photography by Benjamin Graham (UK Landscape Photographer of the Year 2017) brings the story to life in vivid portraits of London Underground’s stations, tunnels and trains.
Category: Transportation

The Subterranean Railway

Author : Christian Wolmar
ISBN : 9781848872530
Genre : History
File Size : 22.4 MB
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Since the Victorian era, London's Underground has had played a vital role in the daily life of generations of Londoners. In The Subterranean Railway, Christian Wolmar celebrates the vision and determination of the nineteenth-century pioneers who made the world's first, and still the largest, underground passenger railway: one of the most impressive engineering achievements in history. From the early days of steam to electrification, via the Underground's contribution to twentieth-century industrial design and its role during two world wars, the story comes right up to the present with its sleek, driverless trains and the wrangles over the future of the system. The Subterranean Railway reveals London's hidden wonder in all its glory and shows how the railway beneath the streets helped create the city we know today.
Category: History

Update On The London Underground And The Public Private Ppp Partnership Agreements

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Transport Committee
ISBN : 0215545303
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88.92 MB
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Update on the London Underground and the public-private (PPP) partnership Agreements : Seventh report of session 2009-10, report, together with formal minutes, oral and written Evidence
Category: Political Science

Imagined Londons

Author : Pamela K. Gilbert
ISBN : 9780791487976
Genre : History
File Size : 83.49 MB
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Imagined Londons explores the diverse ways that Britain's "global city" has been imagined and represented in literature, history, the arts, and popular culture, from the mid-nineteenth century to the present day. American and British contributors examine a variety of topics, ranging from poetry to architecture, from dance music to gay pornography, from "tube" maps to the role of Bangladeshi communities in shaping contemporary London politics. Broadly interdisciplinary and deeply attentive to London's historical diversity, the book is unified by its attention to a single question: How have the many imaginations and representations of London shaped -- and been shaped by -- history and culture? The answers provided within this volume offer the chance to view London in surprising new ways.
Category: History

Underground London

Author : John Hollingshead
ISBN : OXFORD:590496223
Genre : London
File Size : 30.94 MB
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Category: London

London Underground

Author : David Ashford
ISBN : 9781781389317
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 67.14 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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In London Underground: A Cultural Geography, David Ashford sets out to chart one of the strangest, as well as the most familiar, spaces in London. This book provides a theoretical account of the evolution of an archetypal modern environment. The first to complete that slow process of estrangement from the natural topography initiated by the Industrial Revolution, the London Underground is shown to be what French anthropologist Marc Augé has termed non-lieu - a non-place, like motorway, supermarket or airport lounge, compelled to interpret its relationship to the invisible landscape it traverses through the medium of signs and maps. Surveying an unusually wide variety of material, ranging from the Victorian triple-decker novel, to Modernist art and architecture, to Pop music and graffiti, this cultural geography suggests that the tube-network is a transitional form, linking the alienated spaces of Victorian England to the virtual spaces of our contemporary consumer-capitalism. Recounting the history of the production of this new space, and of the struggles it has generated, London Underground is nothing less than the story of how people have attempted to make a home in the psychopathological spaces of the modern world.
Category: Literary Criticism

London Under

Author : Peter Ackroyd
ISBN : 9780385531511
Genre : History
File Size : 30.25 MB
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In this vividly descriptive short study, Peter Ackroyd tunnels down through the geological layers of London, meeting the creatures that dwell in darkness and excavating the lore and mythology beneath the surface. There is a Bronze Age trackway below the Isle of Dogs, Anglo-Saxon graves rest under St. Pauls, and the monastery of Whitefriars lies beneath Fleet Street. To go under London is to penetrate history, and Ackroyd's book is filled with the stories unique to this underworld: the hydraulic device used to lower bodies into the catacombs in Kensal Green cemetery; the door in the plinth of the statue of Boadicea on Westminster Bridge that leads to a huge tunnel packed with cables for gas, water, and telephone; the sulphurous fumes on the Underground's Metropolitan Line. Highly imaginative and delightfully entertaining, London Under is Ackroyd at his best.
Category: History

London Underground Public Private Partnerships

Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Committee of Public Accounts
ISBN : 0215023498
Genre : Public-private sector cooperation
File Size : 42.53 MB
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In March 2003, the Government signed three 30-year public private partnership (PPP) deals worth an estimated £15.7 billion for the maintenance and renewal of London Underground trains and stations, track and signalling, after a five-year procurement process which cost £455 million. Under the PPPs, London Underground retains responsibility for operations and safety, whilst three private sector infrastructure companies (infracos) maintain and renew the infrastructure. There is a built-in periodic review mechanism, untried in any other PPP arrangement, which enables the parties to respecify requirements and make changes to prices. Ownership of London Underground was transferred to Transport for London in July 2003, which reports to the Mayor of London, although the Department for Transport still retains an interest. Following on from two NAO reports (HCP 644, session 2003-04, ISBN 0102928339 and HCP 645, session 2003-04, ISBN 0102928320) published in June 2004, the Committee's report examines the rationale for the PPPs, the contract price and other costs, and the contract management arrangements.
Category: Public-private sector cooperation

House Of Commons Transport Committee The Performance Of The London Underground

Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Transport Committee
ISBN : 0215022912
Genre : Subways
File Size : 43.13 MB
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The Public Private Partnership (PPP) for London Underground was signed on 31 December 2002 and two consortia look after the infrastructure of the Tube network on thirty-year contracts, which are reviewed every seven and a half years. The concern of the Committee is to monitor how the arrangements are working in practice and this report, with its evidence is part of that process. The subjects covered are: major works; performance; safety; London Underground's powers; ownership. On the evidence it has received the Committee doubts that the improvements in facilities and performance are in proportion to the sums of money flowing through the PPP.
Category: Subways

Michael Brein S Guide To London By The Underground

Author : Michael Brein, Ph.D.
ISBN : 9781886590410
Genre : Travel
File Size : 48.48 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This is the ‘full’ expanded PDF desktop version of MIchael Brein's Travel Guide to London which includes an ultra-large, zoomable official map of London's subway (Underground) system with embedded links to visitor attractions. This version of the London guide is optimized for desktops and tablets. A 'lite' version ($3.99) for mobile devices is also available but without these special features of the 'full' expanded edition. Michael Brein’s London Travel Guide helps you get to the city's top 50 visitor attractions easily and cheaply using London's excellent Underground system. From the British Museum to the London Eye, with this ultra simple guide you can discover and get to London’s 50 top points of interest, or London’s top 10 "Must See" attractions if you have limited time; find the nearest Underground station and which lines to take; see how to exit the station and walk to the attraction; note other nearby points of interest; view the attraction's location on the official London Underground map; get to attractions without needing wireless internet access. Michael Brein’s London Travel Guide is compact, concise and comprehensive and is so simple and convenient to use--it is really all you need on your mobile device to get to all of London’s top sights. And since it's based on Michael Brein’s acclaimed travel guide series to sightseeing by public transportation, it's the simplest way to get around the world's big cities. Similar guides to Paris, Honolulu, Los Angeles, Chicago, Washington, DC, and Madrid are also available, and others are planned.
Category: Travel

London Underground The Quiz Book

Author : Mike Dugdale
ISBN : 9781783332939
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 58.41 MB
Format : PDF
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For the last 150 years, every Londoner, tourist, and visitor uses the tube to explore and enjoy London. But behind the facade of ox-blood brick buildings and colourful diagrams lies a wealth of history and interesting facts. This book tests your knowledge in this area with 250 questions (and answers) about this incredible network.
Category: Transportation

Secret Underground London

Author : Nick Catford
ISBN : 0956440576
Genre : London (England)
File Size : 73.84 MB
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Much has been written about the mysterious underground world that lies beneath the streets of London but few have ever had the opportunity to see so many aspects of it first-hand and make a detailed photographic record of all that they have seen. This is one of the two factors that make this book so different from all the others that have come before it. The second factor is the meticulous research that has gone into ensuring that the history and background narrative to each of the locations described and illustrated are both concise and accurate.
Category: London (England)

The London Underground Quiz Book

Author : Chris Cowlin
ISBN : 9781908752055
Genre : Games
File Size : 32.31 MB
Format : PDF
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Brief Description: Are you a regular commuter on the London Underground? Do you use the tube to get around for business or pleasure? Or maybe you have travelled on the underground during a visit to the UK capital? If so, just how much can you remember about the world’s oldest underground system? Which tube station is the busiest, with 77 million passengers each year? If you were travelling on the Piccadilly Line, which tube station would you get off at if you were visiting Arsenal Football Club? In which year during the 1940s did the central line extend from Liverpool Street to Stratford? The answers to these and many more brain-teasing questions are all in this quiz book. Find out how well you know your way around the tube or challenge your colleagues, family and friends to discover who is the most knowledgeable about London Underground. Full of fascinating facts The London Underground Quiz Book is both fun and informative and an excellent way to help pass away the hours you spend travelling.
Category: Games

From The Underground Busking In London Chapter2 7 July 2005 London Bombings

Author : Hideaki Domon
Genre :
File Size : 66.98 MB
Format : PDF
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From The Underground Buskingin London CHAPTER2 7 July 2005 London bombings How many people in Japan know what “busking” means? In Britain, busking is “to earn money by singing or playing a musical instrument in public places,” and singers or players are called “buskers.” Busking has thrived in the London Underground for many years, and has become an established part of the music culture. It gives the travelling public a brief and transient moment to unwind and enjoy music; it is also a tourist attraction at the same time. However, with the modernisation of stations and the increasing number of passengers, busking caused some problems, such as noise, jeopardising passengers’ safety, disputes between buskers, etc. So in 2003 the London Underground Authority introduced a licensing system which requires that anyone wanting to be a busker must pass an audition. Luckily, I was the first Japanese to acquire an official busking licence. This book is a record of my busking between April and November 2005, but other occurrences and anecdotes that took place before those eight months are also included. I hope you will enjoy the book - just like you enjoy listening to your favourite music time and time again! The diary of laughter with the tear of Mr. Domon who was basking in the same time at London Underground as the author "James Bowen" of the books "street cat named a bob".

London Underground At War

Author : Nick Cooper
ISBN : 9781445622170
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 81.25 MB
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The first in a three part series of books on London transport during the Second World War - The Underground, Railways and Buses. Nick Cooper explores the impact of the war upon the running of the Underground and the role it played in so many people's lives.
Category: Transportation