Liquid Separations With Membranes

Download Liquid Separations With Membranes ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to Liquid Separations With Membranes book pdf for free now.

Liquid Separations With Membranes

Author : Karl W. Böddeker
ISBN : 3540474536
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.32 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 371
Read : 1216

The plan of this book is to present the relevant thermodynamic features of fluid mixtures in contact with semipermeable barriers, then to apply this information in deriving the design requirements of individual membrane separation processes. The membranes, by this approach, are introduced by way of the mass transport and selectivity demands which they are to meet. This book gives a survey, in systematic order, of the terms and concepts by which barrier separations operate.
Category: Science

Liquid Membranes

Author : Vladimir S Kislik
ISBN : 0080932568
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 263
Read : 1272

Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Membrane Separations Technology

Author : R.D. Noble
ISBN : 0080536182
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71.57 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 403
Read : 1182

The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Liquid Membranes

Author : Takeo Araki
ISBN : 0849353149
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45.14 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 703
Read : 712

This interesting work extensively describes newer applications of liquid membrane systems which contain molecular and/or ion recognizing carrier compounds and the related characteristic membrane materials. This volume focuses on the current knowledge about chemistry, biology and related technology of liquid membranes. It reviews the most recent advances in design and characteristics of synthetic liquid membrane transport. Additionally, this fascinating reference discusses up-to-date topics in the analytical and separation science, plus biomimetic membrane technology. Because this book is presented in a compact, understandable format, readers can start from biological cell membranes, then net aspects of host-guest chemistry for effective recognition of ions and molecules, followed by its application for artificial sensors-such as neuro-systems, functionalized new detergents, mechanochemical systems, and separation chemistry. This publication is ideal for graduate-level students and will stimulate university and industry researchers.
Category: Medical

Microporous Materials For Separation Membranes

Author : Xiaoqin Zou
ISBN : 9783527343973
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.86 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 718
Read : 517

A guide to membrane separation based on a variety of porous materials with promising separation applications Microporous Materials for Separation Membranes offers an in-depth guide that explores microporous materials? potential for membrane applications. The authors?two experts on the topic?examine a wide range of porous materials that have application potential including: microporous silica, porous carbons, zeolites, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and porous organic frameworks (POFs). Comprehensive in scope, the book covers a broad range of topics on membrane separations such as: hydrogen recovery, carbon dioxide capture, air purification, hydrocarbon separation, pervaporation, and water treatment. In addition, this up-to-date resource explores the most recent materials for preparing microporous membranes and explores the most promising applications for industrial use. This important book: -Examines the use of microporous materials as membranes to perform with different gases and liquids -Offers an overview of the basic knowledge of membrane separation and an intense examination of separations -Describes the state-of-the-art of membrane separation with porous materials -Highlights the most promising applications of industrial interest Written for scientists working in the fields of membranes, gas and liquid, Microporous Materials for Separation Membranes offers a valuable guide to the potential of microporous materials for membrane applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Chemical Separations With Liquid Membranes

Author : Richard A. Bartsch
ISBN : UOM:39015036070467
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21.45 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 546
Read : 1097

Reviews a variety of liquid membrane configurations, transport mechanisms, and experimental techniques. Describes separations of metal ions, anionic species, organic molecules, and gas mixtures that involve liquid membrane processes. Provides coverage of theory, including mechanisms, carrier design and synthesis, and applications in chemical separations. Covers a broad range of separation processes, including carbon dioxide from nitrogen, unsaturated hydrocarbons, individual transition and heavy metal cations, selenium from contaminated waters, radiotoxic species from nuclear wastes, and sugars from aqueous solutions. Presents state-of-the-art information for both the novice and practitioner.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Author : K. Scott
ISBN : 9789401106276
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.63 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 814
Read : 1135

Membrane science and technology is an expanding field and has become a prominent part of many activities within the process industries. It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas. This, however, does not do justice to the wide field of separations in which membranes are used. No other 'single' process offers the same potential and versatility as that of membranes. The word separation classically conjures up a model of removing one component or species from a second component, for example a mass transfer process such as distillation. In the field of synthetic membranes, the terminology 'separation' is used in a wider context. A range of separations of the chemical/mass transfer type have developed around the use of membranes including distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption and stripping, as well as separations of the physical type such as filtration. Synthetic membranes are an integral part of devices for analysis, energy generation and reactors (cells) in the electrochemical industry.
Category: Science

Solid Liquid Separation

Author : Richard Wakeman
ISBN : 1856174190
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.32 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 598
Read : 304

Solid/ fluid separation is a major element in the processes performed in many industries, such as pharmaceutical, food, beverage, water, pulp and paper. Several books now exist on the more esoteric aspects of the techniques, but accounts of the fundamental principles involved are few. In this book, two well-known chemical engineers review the scientific and engineering bases for solid/ fluid separation processes in an approachable style. Coverage is comprehensive, with emphasis being given to fluid dynamics, gravity, centrifugal and membrane separations, filter cake formation, deliquoring and washing. An extensive bibliography allows the reader to pursue topics in greater depth.This book forms part of a five-volume set on all aspects of filtration and separation processes. Another volume currently available from the set is: Wakeman & Tarleton: Solid/ Fluid Separation Processes: Equipment Scale-up for Liquid Filtration. ISBN 185617 4204 * Comprehensive coverage of the scientific and engineering bases for solid/fluid separation processes * Emphasis given to fluid dynamics, gravity, centrifugal and membrane separations, filter cake formation, deliquoring and washing * Includes an extensive bibliography
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Membrane Separations

Author : Anil K. Pabby
ISBN : 9780849395499
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.39 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 675
Read : 791

The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, and Biotechnological Applications provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies as they have evolved over the past decades. To provide a basic understanding of membrane technology, this book documents the developments dealing with these technologies. It explores chemical, pharmaceutical, food processing and biotechnological applications of membrane processes ranging from selective separation to solvent and material recovery. This text also presents in-depth knowledge of membrane separation mechanisms, transport models, membrane permeability computations, membrane types and modules, as well as membrane reactors.
Category: Science

Membrane Separation Processes

Author : KAUSHIK NATH
ISBN : 9788120352919
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 551
Read : 1123

This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).
Category: Business & Economics

Materials Science Of Membranes For Gas And Vapor Separation

Author : Benny Freeman
ISBN : 0470029048
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30.70 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 712
Read : 829

Materials Science of Membranes for Gas and Vapor Separation is a one-stop reference for the latest advances in membrane-based separation and technology. Put together by an international team of contributors and academia, the book focuses on the advances in both theoretical and experimental materials science and engineering, as well as progress in membrane technology. Special attention is given to comparing polymer and inorganic/organic separation and other emerging applications such as sensors. This book aims to give a balanced treatment of the subject area, allowing the reader an excellent overall perspective of new theoretical results that can be applied to advanced materials, as well as the separation of polymers. The contributions will provide a compact source of relevant and timely information and will be of interest to government, industrial and academic polymer chemists, chemical engineers and materials scientists, as well as an ideal introduction to students.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Solid Liquid Separation

Author : Ladislav Svarovsky
ISBN : 9781483162805
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 601
Read : 833

Solid-Liquid Separation, Third Edition reviews the equipment and principles involved in the separation of solids and liquids from a suspension. Some important aspects of solid-liquid separation such as washing, flotation, membrane separation, and magnetic separation are discussed. This book is comprised of 23 chapters and begins with an overview of solid-liquid separation processes and the principles involved, including flotation, gravity sedimentation, cake filtration, and deep bed filtration. The following chapters focus on the characterization of particles suspended in liquids; the efficiency of separation of particles from fluids; coagulation and flocculation; gravity thickening; and the operating characteristics, optimum design criteria, and applications of hydrocyclones. The reader is also introduced to various solid-liquid separation processes such as centrifugal sedimentation, screening, and filtration, along with the use of filter aids. Countercurrent washing of solids and problems associated with fine particle recycling are also considered. The final chapter is devoted to the thermodynamics of particle-fluid interaction. This monograph will be useful to chemical engineers and process engineers, particularly those in plant operation, plant design, or equipment testing and commissioning. It can also be used as a textbook for both undergraduate and postgraduate students.
Category: Science

Carbon Membrane Technology

Author : Xuezhong He
ISBN : 9780429820342
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.48 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 367
Read : 401

Carbon membranes have great advantages of strong mechanical strength and high chemical stabilities, as well as high separation performance to reach the industrial attractive region. Further improvement on membrane performance can potentially offset the relatively high production cost compared to polymeric membranes. However, there are still some challenges related to fabrication of asymmetric carbon membranes, the controlling of structure and pore-size and module up-scaling for commercial application. The aim of this book is to provide the fundamentals on carbon membrane materials for the young researchers and engineers to develop frontier membrane materials for energy efficient separation process. This book describes the status and perspectives of both self-supported and supported carbon membranes from fundamentals to applications. The key steps on the development of high performance carbon membranes including precursor selection, tuning carbon membrane structure and regeneration are discussed. In the end, different potential applications both in gas and liquids separation are well described, and the future directions for carbon membrane development were pointed out. To this end, membrane science and engineering are set to play crucial roles as enabling technologies to provide energy efficient and cost-effective future solutions for energy and environment related processes. Based on this approach the research projects which are trying to find attractive carbon materials in our days are many. The published papers, per year, in the topic of carbon membranes, especially for biogas upgrading, natural gas sweetening and hydrogen purification, are numerous with very high impact. However, only few are the books which include relevant to the topic of carbon membrane technology. This book offers the condensed and interdisciplinary knowledge on carbon membranes, and provides the opportunity to the scientists who are working in the field of carbon membrane technology for gas and liquid separations to present, share, and discuss their contributions within the membrane community.
Category: Science

Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes

Author : Donald R. Paul
ISBN : 0849344158
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77.34 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 281
Read : 170

Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes is an outstanding reference devoted to discussing the separation of gases by membranes. An international team of contributors examines the latest findings of membrane science and practical applications and explores the complete spectrum of relevant topics from fundamentals of gas sorption and diffusion in polymers to vapor separation from air. They also compare membrane processes with other separation technologies. This essential book will be valuable to all practitioners and students in membrane science and technology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Progress In Filtration And Separation

Author :
ISBN : 9780123983077
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33.87 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 442
Read : 1242

Progress in Filtration and Separation contains reference content on fundamentals, core principles, technologies, processes, and applications. It gives detailed coverage of the latest technologies and research, models, applications and standards, practical implementations, case studies, best practice, and process selection. Extensive worked examples are included that cover basic calculations through to process design, including the effects of key variables. Techniques and topics covered include pervaporation, electrodialysis, ion exchange, magnetic (LIMS, HIMS, HGMS), ultrasonic, and more. Solves the needs of university based researchers and R&D engineers in industry for high-level overviews of sub-topics within the solid-liquid separation field Provides insight and understanding of new technologies and methods Combines the expertise of several separations experts
Category: Technology & Engineering

Basic Principles Of Membrane Technology

Author : Marcel Mulder
ISBN : 079234247X
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 835
Read : 1313

The field of synthetic membrane science and technology is an active, growing field involving an interdisciplinary mixture of polymer chemistry, physical chemistry, and chemical engineering. Some membrane processes are reasonably well understood, and have been commercialised for some period of time. Other membrane processes have only recently been employed in commercial applications, and still other processes are only in formative research stages. This volume gives a comprehensive compendium of the basic principles in the field of synthetic membranes. The following topics are covered: basic aspects of membrane processes; materials and material properties; membrane preparation and characterisation; membrane transport; concentration polarisation and fouling; process and module design. The second edition of this well-established text has been considerably expanded and updated, and many chapters now contain sections giving solved and unsolved problems. Audience: This book is recommended as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a comprehensive reference for engineers, scientists, and technical management.
Category: Science

Membrane Processes In Separation And Purification

Author : J.G. Crespo
ISBN : 0792329295
Genre : Nature
File Size : 65.92 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 373
Read : 1238

The current vigour in separations research principally derives from the need for pioneering separations processes in an emerging technology (biotechnology), from new societal emphases (reduction of chemical emissions into the environment), as well as from opportunities for achieving dramatic improvements in the efficiency of a number of manufacturing technologies through the development of a new generation of membranes (novel membrane applications). Accordingly, the contributions to this volume are grouped into `Membranes in Biotechnology' (11 papers), `Membranes in Environmental Technology' (6 papers), and `New Concepts' (4 papers). This is followed by one contribution each on `Energy Requirements' and `Education', i.e. membrane processes within an academic curriculum. The book thus amounts to a state-of-the-art review of applied membrane processes. Even though other texts have appeared in recent years, a more documented, practical book is needed, with a strong interaction with the collateral disciplines of materials sciences, life sciences and environmental science. This book emphasizes the need for such an integrated approach to membrane processes.
Category: Nature

Membrane Separations Technology

Author : E.J. Hoffman
ISBN : 0080496547
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.42 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 290
Read : 722

The petroleum, natural gas, and the chemical & petrochemical process industries, variously require the separation of mixtures -- whether of raw feedstream materials, reactants, intermediates, or products -- as comprising gases, liquids, or solutions. Membrane separations add another weapon to the arsenal of separation methods, including the upgrading of subquality natural gas reserves. This book furnishes the necessary derivations and calculations for numerically predicting the separations that can be obtained, based on the known respective membrane permeabilities of the pure components. A verstile text, Membrane Separations Technology is suitable both as a reference and a textbook for the practicing process engineer, the researcher, and chemical & petrochemical engineering faculty and students. Has cutting-edge scientific methods for liquifying and transporting natural gas Written for the engineer in the field, for easy access to important information Also contains problems and solutions for the student and professor in chemical engineering departments
Category: Technology & Engineering