Lignocellulosic Fibers And Wood Handbook

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Lignocellulosic Fibers And Wood Handbook

Author : Mohamed Naceur Belgacem
ISBN : 9781118773833
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.90 MB
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This book will focus on lignocellulosic fibres as a raw material for several applications. It will start with wood chemistry and morphology. Then, some fibre isolation processes will be given, before moving to composites, panel and paper manufacturing, characterization and aging.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advanced Green Chemistry Part 1 Greener Organic Reactions And Processes

Author : Horvath Istvan T
ISBN : 9789813228122
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.61 MB
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Green Chemistry has evolved in response to several environmental issues in the second half of the last century, mostly due to the almost freely expanding chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical industries. During the past two decades Green Chemistry grew rapidly and we can now consider this area as a mature and powerful field. Tremendous development has taken place in many important areas including renewable energy and resources, reaction environments, catalysis, synthesis, chemical biology, green materials, in situ monitoring and facile recycling. The combination of Green Chemistry with engineering, biology, toxicology, and physics will lead to novel interdisciplinary systems, which can now lift Green Chemistry to the next, advanced level. The editors of this book have assembled as authors among the best specialists of this growing area of research. This collection of reviews and perspectives provides an exciting vision of the more recent developments in Green Chemistry. It illustrates the breath of the field and its role to address environmental issues. This volume will serve as a book of reference showing a panoramic view of the field and a preview of its future direction as well as a book of inspiration for those aiming to further advance its frontiers. Contents: Preface (István T Horváth and Max Malacria)Evolution of Green Chemistry (Paul T Anastas)Carbohydrates as Renewable Resources for Carbon Chemicals (Laszlo T Mika)Solvation Behavior of Ionic Liquids and Their Role in the Production of Lignocellulosic Biofuels and Sustainable Chemical Feedstocks (Coby Clarke, Wei-Chien Tu, Lisa Weigand, Agnieszka Brandt and Jason Hallet)Aliphatic Nitro Compounds as Key Precursors for the Eco-Friendly Synthesis of Fine Chemicals Under Solvent Free Conditions (Roberto Ballini and Alessandro Palmieri)Green Reaction Media for Cross-Coupling Reactions: A Recent Overview and Possible Directions (Stefano Santoro, Assunta Marrocchi, Oriana Piermatti and Luigi Vaccaro )In-situ Monitoring of the Electrochemical Surface Modification by Thin Organic Layers (Jörg Rappich, Guoguang Sun and Karsten Hinrichs)Continuous Flow Technologies in the Development of 'Green' Organic Reactions and Processes (Klaus Hellgardt and King Kuok (Mimi) Hii) Readership: Graduate students, researchers and professionals in catalyst chemistry, environmental/atmospheric chemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, biological chemistry. Keywords: Green;Sustainable;Renewable Energy and Resources;Reaction Environments;Catalysis;Synthesis (Cascade, Domino, Tandem);Chemical Biology;Green MaterialsReview: Key Features: The editors have assembled as authors among the best specialists of this growing area of researchThis collection of reviews and perspectives provides an exciting vision of the more recent developments in Green ChemistryIt illustrates the breath of the field and its role to address environmental issuesThis volume will serve as a book of reference showing a panoramic view of the field and a preview of its future direction as well as a book of inspiration for those aiming to further advance its frontiers
Category: Science

Handbook On Coal Coke Cotton Lignin Hemicellulose Wood Wood Polymer Composites Lignocellulosic Plastic Composites From Recycled Materials Wood Fiber Rosin And Rosin Derivatives

Author : Dr. Himadri Panda
ISBN : 9789381039861
Genre :
File Size : 89.83 MB
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Coal is the product of plants, mainly trees that died tens or hundreds of millions of years ago. Coal is a fossil fuel and is the altered remains of prehistoric vegetation that originally accumulated in swamps and peat bogs. The energy we get from coal today comes from the energy that plants absorbed from the sun millions of years ago. Coal is used primarily as an energy source, either for heat or electricity. It was once heavily used to heat homes and power locomotives and factories. Bituminous coal is also used to produce coke for making steel and other industrial process heating. Lignin is a constituent of the cell walls of almost all dry land plant cell walls. It is the second most abundant natural polymer in the world, surpassed only by cellulose. Lignin is found in all vascular plants, mostly between the cells, but also within the cells, and in the cell walls. Wood is an aggregate of cells essentially cellulose in composition, which are cemented together by a substance called lignin. The cells are made of three substances called cellulose (about 50 percent), lignin (which makes up a fifth to a quarter of hardwoods but a quarter to a third of softwoods), and hemicellulose. Rosin refers to an extraction process that utilizes a combination of heat and pressure to nearly instantaneously squeeze resinous sap from your initial starting material In India's energy sector, coal accounts for the majority of primary commercial energy supply. With the economy poised to grow at the rate of 8-10% per annum, energy requirements will also rise at a reasonable level. The Indian coal industry aspires to reach the 1.5 billion tonne (BT) mark by FY 2020. In fore-coming years, the industry will naturally need to focus on building on the success, and be on track for reaching the FY 2020 goal. One of the primary goals of the Government of India is to ensure that it is able to meet the country's power generation needs. Another aim is to lower the country's reliance on coal imports by boosting the coal production quickly. The Major contents of the book are Coal, Analysis of Coal and Coke, Cotton, Lignin and Hemicelluloses, Degradation of Wood, CCA-Treated Wood, Wood-Polymer Composites, Lignocellulosic-Plastic Composites from Recycled Materials, Chemical Modification of Wood Fiber, Delignification of Wood with Pernitric Acid, Rosin and Rosin Derivatives, Polymerizable Half Esters of Rosin and Photographs of Plant & Machinery with Supplier’s Contact Details. It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, those studying and researching in this important area and others interested in the field of these industries.

Handbook Of Wood Chemistry And Wood Composites

Author : Roger M. Rowell
ISBN : 9781439853818
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.49 MB
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Wood has played a major role throughout human history. Strong and versatile, the earliest humans used wood to make shelters, cook food, construct tools, build boats, and make weapons. Recently, scientists, politicians, and economists have renewed their interest in wood because of its unique properties, aesthetics, availability, abundance, and perha
Category: Science

Wood Handbook

Author : Forest Products Laboratory (U.S.)
ISBN : UOM:39015000158041
Genre : Fasteners
File Size : 54.87 MB
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Category: Fasteners

Handbook Of Composites From Renewable Materials Physico Chemical And Mechanical Characterization

Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur
ISBN : 9781119224303
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.18 MB
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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 3rd volume of the Handbook is solely focused on the Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Characterization of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: structural and biodegradation characterization of supramolecular PCL/HAP nano-composites; different characterization of solid bio-fillers based agricultural waste material; poly (ethylene-terephthalate) reinforced with hemp fibers; poly (lactic acid) thermoplastic composites from renewable materials; chitosan –based composite materials: fabrication and characterization; the use of flax fiber reinforced polymer (FFRP) composites in the externally reinforced structures for seismic retrofitting monitored by transient thermography and optical techniques; recycling and reuse of fiber reinforced polymer wastes in concrete composite materials; analysis of damage in hybrid composites subjected to ballistic impacts; biofiber reinforced acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO) biocomposites; biopolyamides and high performance natural fiber-reinforced biocomposites; impact of recycling on the mechanical and thermo-mechanical properties of wood fiber based HDPE and PLA composites; lignocellulosic fibers composites: an overview; biodiesel derived raw glycerol to value added products; thermo-mechanical characterization of sustainable structural composites; novel pH sensitive composite hydrogel based on functionalized starch/clay for the controlled release of amoxicillin; preparation and characterization of biobased thermoset polymers from renewable resources; influence of natural fillers size and shape into mechanical and barrier properties of biocomposites; composite of biodegradable polymer blends of PCL/PLLA and coconut fiber - the effects of ionizing radiation; packaging composite materials from renewable resources; physicochemical properties of ash based geopolymer concrete; a biopolymer derived from castor oil polyurethane; natural polymer based biomaterials; physical and mechanical properties of polymer membranes from renewable resources
Category: Technology & Engineering

Science And Technology Of Polymers And Advanced Materials

Author : International Conference on Frontiers of Polymers and Advanced Materials
ISBN : UOM:39015047452183
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.38 MB
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Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Frontiers of Polymers and Advanced Materials held in Cairo, Egypt, January 4-9, 1997
Category: Science

Forest Products Journal

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951D00406018E
Genre : Forest products
File Size : 20.43 MB
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Category: Forest products

1991 Sae Handbook

Author : Society of Automotive Engineers
ISBN : 1560910941
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.25 MB
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Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Reinforced Plastics Of The Society Of The Plastics Industry Inc

Author : Samuel S. Oleesky
ISBN : UOM:39015012220870
Genre : Reinforced plastics
File Size : 57.67 MB
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A condensation of the Proceedings of the annual technical sessions of the Reinforced Plastics Division of the Society of the Plastics Industry,together with additional material,prepared at the request of the society.
Category: Reinforced plastics

Handbook Of Pulping And Papermaking

Author : Christopher J. Biermann
ISBN : 9780080533681
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.56 MB
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In its Second Edition, Handbook of Pulping and Papermaking is a comprehensive reference for industry and academia. The book offers a concise yet thorough introduction to the process of papermaking from the production of wood chips to the final testing and use of the paper product. The author has updated the extensive bibliography, providing the reader with easy access to the pulp and paper literature. The book emphasizes principles and concepts behind papermaking, detailing both the physical and chemical processes. A comprehensive introduction to the physical and chemical processes in pulping and papermaking Contains an extensive annotated bibliography Includes 12 pages of color plates
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Encyclopedia Of Wood

Author : United States. Forest Service
ISBN : UOM:39015015527040
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 75.91 MB
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A complete reference work and how to build with it.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Synthetic Fuels Handbook

Author : James Speight
ISBN : 9781260128970
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23.78 MB
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Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. A thoroughly revised all-in-one guide to synthetic and alternative energy This fully updated resource discusses the benefits and trade-offs of numerous alternative fuels and contains complete coverage of the properties, processes, and performance characteristics of each fuel. You will get detailed explanations of the concept systems and technologies involved in fuel production on both industrial and individual scales. Written by internationally renowned fuels expert Dr. James G. Speight, Synthetic Fuels Handbook: Properties, Process, and Performance, Second Edition, contains the latest data and applications for gaseous, liquid, and solid fuels from a wide range of sources. Covers fuels from: Natural gas Crude oil Heavy oil Tar sand bitumen Coal Oil shale Biomass Crops Wood Domestic waste Industrial waste Landfill gas Synthesis gas
Category: Technology & Engineering