Laser Scanning For The Environmental Sciences

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Laser Scanning For The Environmental Sciences

Author : George Heritage
ISBN : 1444311948
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.30 MB
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3D surface representation has long been a source of information describing surface character and facilitating an understanding of system dynamics from micro-scale (e.g. sand transport) to macro-scale (e.g. drainage channel network evolution). Data collection has been achieved through field mapping techniques and the use of remotely sensed data. Advances in this latter field have been considerable in recent years with new rapid-acquisition methods being developed centered around laser based technology. The advent of airborne and field based laser scanning instruments has allowed researchers to collect high density accurate data sets and these are revealing a wealth of new information and generating important new ideas concerning terrain characterisation and landform dynamics. The proposed book collates a series of invited peer revieved papers presented at the a conference on geoinformatics and LIDAR to be held at the National Centre for Geocomputation based in the National University of Ireland, Maynooth. Current constraints in field survey and DEM construction are reviewed together with technical and applied issues around the new technology. The utility of the data in process modelling is also covered. The book will be of great value to researchers in the field of geomorphology, geostatistics, remote sensing and GIS and will prove extremely useful to students and practitioners concerned with terrain analysis. The proposed work will: Highlight major technological breakthrough in 3D data collection. Feature examples of application across a wide range of environmental areas. Critically evaluate the role of laser based techniques in the environment. Detail theory and application of laser techniques in the natural environment.
Category: Science

Fluvial Remote Sensing For Science And Management

Author : Patrice Carbonneau
ISBN : 9781118351529
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69.18 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive overview of progress in thegeneral area of fluvial remote sensing with a specific focus on itspotential contribution to river management. The book highlights arange of challenging issues by considering a range of spatial andtemporal scales with perspectives from a variety of disciplines.The book starts with an overview of the technical progress leadingto new management applications for a range of field contexts andspatial scales. Topics include colour imagery, multi-spectral andhyper-spectral imagery, video, photogrammetry and LiDAR. The bookthen discusses management applications such as targeted, networkscale, planning, land-use change modelling at catchment scales,characterisation of channel reaches (riparian vegetation,geomorphic features) in both spatial and temporal dimensions, fishhabitat assessment, flow measurement, monitoring river restorationand maintenance and, the appraisal of human perceptions ofriverscapes. Key Features: • A specific focus on management applications in a period ofincreasing demands on managers to characterize river features andtheir evolution at different spatial scales • An integration across all scales of imagery with a cleardiscussion of both ground based and airborne images • Includes a wide-range of environmental problems • Coverage of cutting-edge technology • Contributions from leading researchers in the field
Category: Technology & Engineering

Spectroscopy In Environmental Science

Author : R. J. H. Clark
ISBN : UCSD:31822009016601
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.35 MB
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With increasing importance being placed on environmental monitoring and measurements, this topical volume presents an authoritative overview of key spectroscopic techniques used in the field. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert and covers a wide range of methods and their applications including Lidar tunable diode laser spectroscopy and the study of atmospheric cryochemistry.
Category: Science

Annual Report

Author : Illinois Council on Food and Agricultural Research
ISBN : UIUC:30112121913476
Genre : Agricultural colleges
File Size : 32.39 MB
Format : PDF
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Category: Agricultural colleges

Forestry Applications Of Airborne Laser Scanning

Author : Matti Maltamo
ISBN : 9789401786638
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.3 MB
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Airborne laser scanning (ALS) has emerged as one of the most promising remote sensing technologies to provide data for research and operational applications in a wide range of disciplines related to management of forest ecosystems. This book provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the research and application of ALS in a broad range of forest-related disciplines, especially forest inventory and forest ecology. However, this book is more than just a collection of individual contributions – it consists of a well-composed blend of chapters dealing with fundamental methodological issues and contributions reviewing and illustrating the use of ALS within various domains of application. The reviews provide a comprehensive and unique overview of recent research and applications that researchers, students and practitioners in forest remote sensing and forest ecosystem assessment should consider as a useful reference text.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Dictionary Of Environmental Science And Technology

Author : Andrew Porteous
ISBN : 0471634700
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.91 MB
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Now in its third edition, this superb and highly-acclaimed dictionary includes over 4000 in-depth entries on scientific and technical terminology associated with environmental protection and resource management. In addition, it contains numerous illustrations, more international case studies than previous editions, and extensive cross-references to guide the reader. As concern for the environment continues to grow, the need to consider the environmental impacts for any industrial activity, is now taken for granted. Environmental science has become an interdisciplinary subject dealing with elements of ecology, chemistry, economics, engineering, biochemistry, politics and sociology. This clearly presented and thoroughly comprehensive Dictionary, is indispensable to all those concerned with the world's environment.
Category: Science

Toxic Phytoplankton Blooms In The Sea

Author : Theodore J. Smayda
ISBN : UCSD:31822016270134
Genre : Science
File Size : 29.35 MB
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Hardbound. This book discusses the findings of most of the active researchers in taxonomy, molecular biology, ecology, physiology and toxicology, and public health officials concerned with the apparent global epidemic of harmful, toxic, noxious and nuisance phytoplankton events in the sea. It will be of great value to public health officials and organizations; coastal management specialists; international, national, regional and state agencies concerned with the sea and its resources; and aquaculturists.
Category: Science

Applications Of Photogrammetry For Environmental Research

Author : Francesco Mancini
ISBN : 9783039281800
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.33 MB
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The book presents a collection of papers focused on recent progress in key areas of photogrammetry for environmental research. Applications oriented to the understanding of natural phenomena and quantitative processes using dataset from photogrammetry (from satellite to unmanned aerial vehicle images) and terrestrial laser scanning, also by a diachronic approach, are reported. The book covers topics of interest of many disciplines from geography, geomorphology, engineering geology, geotechnology, including landscape description and coastal studies. Mains issues faced by the book are related to applications on coastal monitoring, using multitemporal aerial images, and investigations on geomorphological hazard by the joint use of proximal photogrammetry, terrestrial and aerial laser scanning aimed to the reconstruction of detailed surface topography and successive 2D/3D numerical simulations for rock slope stability analyses. Results reported in the book bring into evidence the fundamental role of multitemporal surveys and reliable reconstruction of morphologies from photogrammetry and laser scanning as support to environmental researches.
Category: Science

Laser Scanning Applications In Landslide Assessment

Author : Biswajeet Pradhan
ISBN : 9783319553429
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.38 MB
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This book is related to various applications of laser scanning in landslide assessment. Landslide detection approaches, susceptibility, hazard, vulnerability assessment and various modeling techniques are presented. Optimization of landslide conditioning parameters and use of heuristic, statistical, data mining approaches, their advantages and their relationship with landslide risk assessment are discussed in detail. The book contains scanning data in tropical forests; its indicators, assessment, modeling and implementation. Additionally, debris flow modeling and analysis including source of debris flow identification and rockfall hazard assessment are also presented.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Natural Resource Management Using Remote Sensing And Gis

Author : Jerry D. Greer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105029606196
Genre : Forests and forestry
File Size : 70.73 MB
Format : PDF
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"Sponsored by: United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Remote Sensing Applications Center, Salt Lake City, Utah and Stephen F. Austin State University, Arthur Temple College of Forestry, Nacogdoches, Texas."
Category: Forests and forestry