Japanese Society At War

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Japanese Society At War

Author : Naoko Shimazu
ISBN : 9780521859349
Genre : History
File Size : 78.74 MB
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As the first international conflict of the twentieth-century, the Russo-Japanese War attracted much contemporary global interest. This is the first full-length study to examine the war from the perspective of its impact on Japanese society, and sheds new light on its implications for modern Japan. What did the war mean to the Japanese people and how did they respond to it? Naoko Shimazu presents a fascinating and highly innovative account of the attitudes of ordinary Japanese people towards the war through a wide range of sources including personal diaries, letters, and contemporary images. She deals with themes such as conscripts and battlefield death, war commemoration, heroic myths, and war in popular culture. Challenging the orthodox view of Meiji Japan as monolithic, she shows that there existed a complex and ambivalent relationship between the Japanese state and society.
Category: History

Japan At War

Author : Louis G. Perez
ISBN : 9781598847413
Genre : History
File Size : 73.14 MB
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This compelling reference focuses on the events, individuals, organizations, and ideas that shaped Japanese warfare from early times to the present day. * Topic finder lists * A comprehensive timeline * 10 maps of key military theaters * Essential primary source documents related to the military history of Japan
Category: History

Family Change And Housing In Post War Japanese Society

Author : Misa Izuhara
ISBN : 9781351937153
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.61 MB
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This book explores the experiences of older women in post-war Japanese society through analysis of their family and housing histories. Three broad themes - family relations, welfare systems and housing - were chosen to highlight issues surrounding the changing role and position of women in the family and society. A qualitative approach is used to address a gap in the literature and to illustrate the real-life experiences of women in Japan. Many aspects of the book are comparable, or related, to studies exploring other industrial and East Asian societies and the book thus contributes to international debates surrounding housing policy, the ageing society and the changing nature of the family. It also provides useful insights into and analysis of, Japan’s society and socio-economic system.
Category: Social Science

Japan S War Economy

Author : Erich Pauer
ISBN : 0415154723
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74.5 MB
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This book explores the substantial and dynamic innovations of the wartime era, identifying this period as the most influential for Japan's post-war economic structure. Erich Pauer and a team of leading Japanese and German scholars discuss important aspects of the Japanese wartime economy, including: * ideological background * the Japanese 'planned economy' * technical mobilization * women and the war economy * socio-economic change * food shortages, the black market and economic crime * national policy companies * financial reforms
Category: Business & Economics

Japan And Its War Time Past

Author : Nina Eder-Haslehner
ISBN : 9783640823987
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.3 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Far East, grade: 2, Loughborough University (Politics, International Relations and European Studies), course: The Asia-Pacific in Global Politics, language: English, abstract: “Remembering is never a quiet act of introspection or retrospection. It is a painful remembering, a putting together of the dismembered past to make sense of the trauma of the present.” Homi K. Bhabba (Y. Igarashi 3 2000) When we observe Japan and how it deals with its history, the question occurs if Japan tries to whitewash its wartime past or if there are any other reasons behind is. The aim of this essay is to discuss this question. In the first part of it I will try to outline the known fact of the Japanese contribution on the World War II as a kind of approach to this sensitive topic. The second part will be dedicated to the role of the “International Military trial for the Far East” in the accounting of the wartime past within the Japanese society. The third part will deal with the sensitive issue of the so-called comfort women and how official Japan deals with this topic. The controversial topic of historical textbooks and how they try to show the role of Japan during the war will be the subject of the fourth part and in the last part I will discuss how the Japanese society in general sees the Second World War and the fact that executed war criminals are still worshiped by the Japanese community.
Category: Political Science

Comparing Post War Japanese And Finnish Economies And Societies

Author : Yasushi Tanaka
ISBN : 9781317597636
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 83.25 MB
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This book compares two countries with striking parallels in economic and political outcomes, yet with some distinct features in terms of institutional structures, relative size, and culture. Therefore, this book forms a fruitful platform for the study of the similarities and differences in the economic and societal development of Japan and Finland. Despite their geographic distance from one another and the aforementioned differences, both countries experienced rather similar economic and societal development patterns after the Second World War. The study of these societies both individually and through commonalities will provide a unique perspective on the emergence of modern economies and institutions. The book provides comprehensive coverage on issues such as welfare state formation and society, security and military spending, education system, industrial development, international trade, governmental economic policies, energy solutions, and bubbles and their collapse; thus, issues typical for these countries, as well as most modern states, studied from a longitudinal perspective. The book aims to answer a fundamental question in social science: Why do there seem to be common trends and developmental paths among countries differing in size, culture, and economic structure? This book will provide insights for those seeking to decipher how the developments in their own countries came about and where they may be headed to.
Category: Business & Economics

Japanese War Criminals

Author : Sandra Wilson
ISBN : 9780231542685
Genre : History
File Size : 43.49 MB
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Beginning in late 1945, the United States, Britain, China, Australia, France, the Netherlands, and later the Philippines, the Soviet Union, and the People's Republic of China convened national courts to prosecute Japanese military personnel for war crimes. The defendants included ethnic Koreans and Taiwanese who had served with the armed forces as Japanese subjects. In Tokyo, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East tried Japanese leaders. While the fairness of these trials has been a focus for decades, Japanese War Criminals instead argues that the most important issues arose outside the courtroom. What was the legal basis for identifying and detaining subjects, determining who should be prosecuted, collecting evidence, and granting clemency after conviction? The answers to these questions helped set the norms for transitional justice in the postwar era and today contribute to strategies for addressing problematic areas of international law. Examining the complex moral, ethical, legal, and political issues surrounding the Allied prosecution project, from the first investigations during the war to the final release of prisoners in 1958, Japanese War Criminals shows how a simple effort to punish the guilty evolved into a multidimensional struggle that muddied the assignment of criminal responsibility for war crimes. Over time, indignation in Japan over Allied military actions, particularly the deployment of the atomic bombs, eclipsed anger over Japanese atrocities, and, among the Western powers, new Cold War imperatives took hold. This book makes a unique contribution to our understanding of the construction of the postwar international order in Asia and to our comprehension of the difficulties of implementing transitional justice.
Category: History

Modern Japanese Society Edited By Josef Kreiner Ulrich Hohwald And Hans Dieter Olschleger

Author : Josef Kreiner
ISBN : 9004105166
Genre : History
File Size : 34.63 MB
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Is Japanese society essentially different from other modern industrialized societies, or not? This survey work with contributions from the leading scholars in this complicated field, presents a full overview of the most important aspects of Japanese society which may lead the reader to find an answer to these two often-asked questions. Japanese society, defined as those institutions shaping the life of individuals and groups, as well as being responsible for the dynamics of social development, is shown to be as modern as any other industrialized society; definitely distinct, though, are the ways in which institutions are defined and organised as a result of different social and historical roots of the process of modernization.
Category: History

China In The Anti Japanese War 1937 1945

Author : Richard Stücklen
ISBN : UOM:39015049555322
Genre : History
File Size : 65.58 MB
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This book is a collection of eleven articles written by scholars of international repute that specializes in the history of China during her long war against Japan from 1937 to 1945. The topics addressed include political, economic, social, and diplomatic issues related to wartime China based on materials newly opened for research. They give strong evidence that the Sino-Japanese War was of a complexity and magnitude that must be understood in terms that go far beyond those solely of its military dimensions.
Category: History

The Russo Japanese War And Its Shaping Of The Twentieth Century

Author : Frank Jacob
ISBN : 9781315451916
Genre : History
File Size : 85.69 MB
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The Russo-Japanese War was in essence a colonial conflict between the expanding interests of Russia and Japan in East Asia. However, while appearing regional, the war itself in fact had a major global impact. The conflict and Japanese victory stimulated the Russian revolutionary movement in 1905 and hence the Russian Revolution of 1917. In addition, the Peace Treaty of Portsmouth created a tension between the United States and Japan that would establish the starting point for the road directly leading to Pearl Harbor in 1941. Eventually the war had a major impact on Germany, whose diplomats wanted to use the war to bind St Petersburg to Berlin, and whose military planners closely observed the events to prepare themselves for the next possible conflict. This book makes a strong argument for the consideration of initially minor events in the analysis of global history. By describing and analyzing the interrelationship between the events in East Asia and the major developments in Europe and the United States, it shows the significance of the Russo-Japanese War as a key factor in determining the most momentous historical events of the twentieth century: The First World War, the Second World War, and the Cold War.
Category: History

The Political Economy Of Japanese Society Volume 2 Internationalization And Domestic Issues

Author : Junji Banno
ISBN : 9780191584381
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20.92 MB
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Until recently, many Japanese believed that they lived in the richest country in the world, and in the early 1990s, they welcomed the end of one-party dominance. However, by the middle of the 1990s, many Japanese are no longer confident in their economy, nor optimistic in their politics. This authoritative study analyses various aspects of Japanese society and economy in order to provide a balanced view between the optimism of the 1980s and the pessimism characteristic of more recent years. The Political Economy of Japanese Society is a revision and translation of a multidisciplinary research project carried out by the Institute of Social Science at the University of Tokyo. Beginning with the late nineteenth century, it examines the historical developments of Japan's contemporary political economy, paying particular attention to the changes that have occurred 'from below'. Social actors who have often been given peripheral treatment, such as opposition parties, the aged, female workers and foreign workers, are brought to the forefront of the analysis, alongside those considered more mainstream, such as the governing party, large corporations and labour unions. The Japanese political economy of the 1980s and 90s has had a strong impact on the global economy, and this book also analyses selective influences on the outside world, in particular on other Asian nations and the USA. Volume 1 analyses the structures of the Japanese political economy which encouraged continuous economic growth in the period from 1955 to 1990, focusing on such phenomena as Japanese political management, the Japanese employment system, and one-party dominance in politics. Volume 2 examines some of the problems inherited from this period of dramatic economic growth.
Category: Political Science

Dimensions Of Japanese Society

Author : K. Henshall
ISBN : 9780333981092
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.39 MB
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Japan remains one of the most intriguing yet least understood nations. In a much needed, balanced and comprehensive analysis, among other remarkable revelations, this book presents for the first time a vital key to understanding the organisation of Japan's society and the behaviour of its people. The Japanese are not driven by a universal morality based on Good and Evil, but by broad aesthetic concepts based on Pure and Impure. What they include as 'impure' will surprise many readers.
Category: Social Science

Tumultuous Decade

Author : Masato Kimura
ISBN : 9781442612341
Genre : History
File Size : 62.52 MB
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Featuring an interdisciplinary and international group of scholars, Tumultuous Decade examines Japanese domestic and foreign affairs between 1931 and 1941.
Category: History

China S War With Japan 1937 1945

Author : Rana Mitter
ISBN : 9781846148040
Genre : History
File Size : 30.19 MB
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In Rana Mitter's tense, moving and hugely important book, the war between China and Japan - one of the most important struggles of the Second World War - at last gets the masterly history it deserves Different countries give different opening dates for the period of the Second World War, but perhaps the most compelling is 1937, when the 'Marco Polo Bridge Incident' plunged China and Japan into a conflict of extraordinary duration and ferocity - a war which would result in many millions of deaths and completely reshape East Asia in ways which we continue to confront today. With great vividness and narrative drive Rana Mitter's new book draws on a huge range of new sources to recreate this terrible conflict. He writes both about the major leaders (Chiang Kaishek, Mao Zedong and Wang Jingwei) and about the ordinary people swept up by terrible times. Mitter puts at the heart of our understanding of the Second World War that it was Japan's failure to defeat China which was the key dynamic for what happened in Asia. Reviews: 'A remarkable story, told with humanity and intelligence; all historians of the second world war will be in Mitter's debt ... [he] explores this complex politics with remarkable clarity and economy ... No one could ask for a better guide than Mitter to how [the rise of modern China] began in the cauldron of the Chinese war' Richard Overy, Guardian 'Rana Mitter's history of the Sino-Japanese War is not only a very important book, it also has a wonderful clarity of thought and prose which make it a pleasure to read' Antony Beevor 'The best study of China's war with Japan written in any language ... comprehensive, thoroughly based on research, and totally non-partisan. Above all, the book presents a moving account of the Chinese people's incredible suffering ... A must read for anyone interested in the origins of China's contribution to the making of today's world' Akira Iriye About the author: Rana Mitter is Professor of the History and Politics of Modern China at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of St Cross College. He is the author of A Bitter Revolution: China's Struggle with the Modern World. He is a regular presenter of Night Waves on Radio 3.
Category: History

Embracing Defeat Japan In The Wake Of World War Ii

Author : John W. Dower
ISBN : 9780393345247
Genre : History
File Size : 48.80 MB
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Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, the 1999 National Book Award for Nonfiction, finalist for the Lionel Gelber Prize and the Kiriyama Pacific Rim Book Prize, Embracing Defeat is John W. Dower's brilliant examination of Japan in the immediate, shattering aftermath of World War II. Drawing on a vast range of Japanese sources and illustrated with dozens of astonishing documentary photographs, Embracing Defeat is the fullest and most important history of the more than six years of American occupation, which affected every level of Japanese society, often in ways neither side could anticipate. Dower, whom Stephen E. Ambrose has called "America's foremost historian of the Second World War in the Pacific," gives us the rich and turbulent interplay between West and East, the victor and the vanquished, in a way never before attempted, from top-level manipulations concerning the fate of Emperor Hirohito to the hopes and fears of men and women in every walk of life. Already regarded as the benchmark in its field, Embracing Defeat is a work of colossal scholarship and history of the very first order. John W. Dower is the Elting E. Morison Professor of History at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award for War Without Mercy.
Category: History

Understanding Japanese Society

Author : Joy Hendry
ISBN : 9780415263825
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55.35 MB
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This is a welcome new edition of this bestselling textbook. It provides a clear, accessible and readable introduction to Japanese society which does not require any previous knowledge of the country. Fully updated, revised and expanded, the 3rd edition contains new material on: · the effects of the Asian crisis and recession in Japan · the emergence of the millennial cults such as the Aum Shinrikyo · major advances in sport and leisure such as the 2002 World Cup and the amazing global cultural success of Pokemon and Japanese animation and computer games · the tumultuous changes of the Japanese ruling elite · the Ainu and other Japanese minorities · debates about the future of the Japanese constitution and the resurgence of nationalism and militarism.
Category: Social Science

Japan 1868 1945

Author : Takao Matsumura
ISBN : 9781317883944
Genre : History
File Size : 69.39 MB
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The history of Imperial Japan, from the Meiji Restoration through to defeat and occupation at the end of the Second World War, is central to any understanding of the way in which modern Japan has developed and will continue to develop in the future. This wide-ranging accessible and up-to-date interpretation of Japanese history between 1868 and 1945 provides both a narrative and analysis. Describing the major changes that took place in Japanese political, economic and social life during this period, it challenges widely-held views about the uniqueness of Japanese history and the homogeneity of Japanese society.
Category: History

Japan S First Modern War

Author : Stewart Lone
ISBN : 0312122772
Genre : Chinese-Japanese War, 1894-1895.
File Size : 61.14 MB
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Category: Chinese-Japanese War, 1894-1895.